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ADDITION TO REMARKS (so do I, neither do I, etc.) — Explained in Hindi & English)

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ADDITION TO REMARKS (so do I, neither do I, etc.) — Explained in Hindi)

किसी remark में कुछ add करना Addition to Remarks कहलाता है. ऐसा करने के लिए पूरे के पूरे remark/sentence को repeat नहीं किया जाता, बल्कि अपना opinion बताने के लिए हम केवल कुछ words को ही कहते हैं; जैसे

I’m going to invite her for lunch tomorrow. — So am I.

[इस वाक्य में ‘I’m going to invite her for lunch tomorrow’ remark है, और ‘so am I’ addition.]

Additions to Remarks बनाते समय हमें निम्नलिखित दो बातों का ध्यान रखना होता है:

a) Remark और Addition के subject हमेशा अलग-अलग व्यक्ति होते हैं क्योंकि ये दोनों अलग-अलग व्यक्तियों के द्वारा ही कहे जाते हैं.
b) Addition का tense और Remark का tense हमेशा एक ही होता है. यदि किसी Remark में किसी modal verb का use हुआ है तो Addition में भी वही modal verb आती है.

‘Additions to Remarks’ निम्न दो तरह के होते हैं:

1. सकारात्मक (Affirmative) Additions 

A) Affirmative Additions to Affirmative Remarks

Affirmative Additions to Affirmative Remarks निम्न प्रकार से बनाये जाते हैं:

Subject + Helping verb of the remark + Too/Also
OR
So + Helping verb of the remark + Subject

i) I’m going to invite her for lunch tomorrow. — I’m too/also.
= I’m going to invite her for lunch tomorrow. — So am I.

ii) Mohan would like it and Rahul would too/also.
= Mohan would like it and so would Rahul.

iii) Sohan likes to play cricket and Pankaj does too/also.
= Sohan likes to play cricket and so does Pankaj.

[Remark की verb ‘likes’ Present Simple Tense में है. इसलिए addition का tense भी यही रहेगा. Present Simple Tense की helping verb ‘do/does’ होती है.]

iv) They came on time. We did too/also.
= They came on time. So did we.

[Remark की verb ‘came’ Past Simple Tense में है. इसलिए addition का tense भी यही रहेगा. Past Simple Tense की helping verb ‘did’ होती है.]

v) I dislike this book, and they do too/also.
= I dislike this book, and so do they.

vi) Hari and Sohan are coming. Mahima is too/also.
= Hari and Sohan are coming. So is Mahima.

B) Affirmative Additions to Negative Remarks

Affirmative Additions to Negative Remarks निम्न प्रकार से बनाये जाते हैं:

But + Subject + Affirmative Helping Verb of the remark

i) Sohan hasn’t ridden a horse ever. — But Rahul has.
ii) She doesn’t like to watch movies but her husband does.
iii) The horse wasn’t hurt but the rider was.

2. Negative Additions

A) Negative Additions to Affirmative Remarks

Negative Additions to Affirmative Remarks निम्न प्रकार से बनाये जाते हैं:

But + Subject + Negative Helping Verb of the remark

i) He can go to swim but I can’t.
ii) He is a writer but I’m not.

[‘I am not’ की संक्षिप्त (Contracted) form I’m not होती है; I amn’t नहीं.]

B) Negative Additions to Negative Remarks

Negative Additions to Negative Remarks निम्न प्रकार से बनाये जाते हैं:

Neither/Nor + Affirmative Helping Verb of the remark + Subject
OR
Subject Negative Helping Verb of the remark Either

i) Mohan never goes to cinema, neither does his wife.
= Mohan never goes to cinema, nor does his wife.
= Mohan never goes to cinema, his wife doesn’t either.

ii) Reena doesn’t have a purse. — Neither do I.
= Reena doesn’t have a purse. — Nor do I.
= Reena doesn’t have a purse. — I don’t either.

NOTE-I: Remark में जब कोई helping verb नहीं होती, और उसकी main verb is BE (is/am/are/was/were) होती है तो Addition में भी BE (is/am/are/was/were) ही use की जाती है; जैसे

Ravi is a poet, Mahima is too/also.

NOTE-II: इसी प्रकार Remark में जब कोई helping verb नहीं होती, और उसकी main verb is ‘have/has’ होती है तो Addition में भी ‘have/has’ ही use की जाती है; जैसे

Ravi has a car, Mahima has too/also.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

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For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

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ADDITION TO REMARKS (so do I, neither do I, etc.) — Explained in English)

To add something to a remark is known as addition. Additions are mostly done at the end of a remark to beautify the sentence or to confirm what is said before. To do this we do not repeat the entire remark/sentence the other person says; instead, we use some Additions to give our opinion of the topic of discussion. See the following to understand this.

I’m going to invite her for lunch tomorrow. — So am I.

[In the above sentence ‘I’m going to invite her for lunch tomorrow’ is the remark and ‘so am I’ is the addition.]

We have to keep the following two points in mind while forming Additions to Remarks:

a) Subjects of the Remark and the Addition are always different as they are not said by the same person.
b) Tense of the Addition and Tense of the Remark do not change. If there is use of a modal verb in the Remark; the same is also repeated in the Addition.

There are two kinds of Additions to Remarks:

1. Affirmative Additions 

A) Affirmative Additions to Affirmative Remarks

Affirmative Additions to Affirmative Remarks are made with:

Subject + Helping verb of the remark + Too/Also
OR
So + Helping verb of the remark + Subject

i) I’m going to invite her for lunch tomorrow. — I’m too/also.
= I’m going to invite her for lunch tomorrow. — So am I.

ii) Mohan would like it and Rahul would too/also.
= Mohan would like it and so would Rahul.

iii) Sohan likes to play cricket and Pankaj does too/also.
= Sohan likes to play cricket and so does Pankaj.

[Verb ‘likes’ of the remark is in the Present Simple Tense, the helping verb of this tense is ‘do/does’.]

iv) They came on time. We did too/also.
= They came on time. So did we.

[Verb ‘came’ of the remark is in the Past Simple Tense, the helping verb of this tense is ‘did’.]

v) I dislike this book, and they do too/also.
= I dislike this book, and so do they.

vi) Hari and Sohan are coming. Mahima is too/also.
= Hari and Sohan are coming. So is Mahima.

B) Affirmative Additions to Negative Remarks

Affirmative Additions to Negative Remarks are made with:

But + Subject + Affirmative Helping Verb of the remark

i) Sohan hasn’t ridden a horse ever. — But Rahul has.
ii) She doesn’t like to watch movies but her husband does.
iii) The horse wasn’t hurt but the rider was.

2. Negative Additions

A) Negative Additions to Affirmative Remarks

Negative Additions to Affirmative Remarks are made with:

But + Subject + Negative Helping Verb of the remark

i) He can go to swim but I can’t.
ii) He is a writer but I’m not.

[Contracted form of ‘I am not’ is I’m not (not I amn’t).]

B) Negative Additions to Negative Remarks

Negative Additions to Negative Remarks are made with:

Neither/Nor + Affirmative Helping Verb of the remark + Subject
OR
Subject Negative Helping Verb of the remark Either

i) Mohan never goes to cinema, neither does his wife.
= Mohan never goes to cinema, nor does his wife.
= Mohan never goes to cinema, his wife doesn’t either.

ii) Reena doesn’t have a purse. — Neither do I.
= Reena doesn’t have a purse. — Nor do I.
= Reena doesn’t have a purse. — I don’t either.

NOTE-I: When there is no helping verb in the remark, and the main verb is BE (is/am/are/was/were), the helping verb of the addition is also BE (is/am/are/was/were); e.g.

Ravi is a poet, Mahima is too/also.

NOTE-II: Likewise when there is no helping verb in the remark, and the main verb is ‘have/has’, the helping verb of the addition is also ‘have/has’; e.g.

Ravi has a car, Mahima has too/also.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

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