ENGLISHMiscellaneous English Grammar

Arise/Rise/Raise & Arouse/Rouse (Explained in Hindi & English)

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Arise/Rise/Raise & Arouse/Rouse का प्रयोग (Explained in Hindi)

1. Arise/Rise/Raise

A) ARISE = समस्या, अवसर, आवश्यकता आदि का उत्पन्न होना. ये verb अकर्मक (intransitive) होती है; अतः ये verb अपने साथ कोई object नहीं लेती.  इस verb को भाववाचक (abstract) nouns के साथ use किया जाता है. इसकी तीन form ये हैं:

arise arose arisen

a) He decided to take the job in Kolkata as soon as an opportunity arose.
b) A problem has arisen with my passport.
c) When there is a written agreement, misunderstandings normally do not arise.
d) If the need arises, you’d better buy your own car.

B) RISE = कीमतों, आदि में वृद्धि होना; सूर्य का उदय होना. ये verb अकर्मक (intransitive) होती है; अतः ये verb अपने साथ कोई object नहीं लेती. इसकी तीन form ये हैं:

rise rose risen

a) Rents have risen sharply in this part of city.
b) The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
c) Vegetable prices have risen a lot since last year.

C) RAISE = Verb ‘raise’ का अर्थ भी वही होता जो verb ‘rise’ का होता है. परन्तु verb ‘raise’ सकर्मक (transitive) होती है; अतः इस verb के साथ किसी object का use आवश्यक होता है. इसकी तीन form ये हैं:

raise raised raised

a) Raise your hand if you know the answer.
b) That restaurant has raised its prices again.

2. Arouse/Rouse

A) AROUSE = किसी व्यक्ति के अन्दर कोई भावना (feeling) विशेष जागृत करना; ; किसी के अन्दर यौन उत्तेजना (sexual excitement) जागृत करना. यह verb सकर्मक (transitive) होती है; अतः इस verb के साथ किसी object का use आवश्यक होता है. इसकी तीन form ये हैं:

arose aroused aroused

a) Both lecturers aroused a lot of interest in the subject of geology.
b) It’s a subject that has aroused a lot of interest.
c) Something he said as he was leaving really aroused my curiosity.
d) Cricket arouses a good deal of passion among its supporters.

B) ROUSE = किसी को जगाना अथवा किसी को क्रियाशील (active) बनाना ’. यह verb सकर्मक (transitive) होती है; अतः इस verb के साथ किसी object का use आवश्यक होता है. इसकी तीन form ये हैं:

rouse roused roused

The goal roused the supporters and they began to really get behind the team. (get behind = support)

NOTE: Verb ‘rouse’ को एक reflexive verb के रूप में भी use किया जा सकता है; जैसे

She finally roused herself at lunchtime and got out of bed.

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Arise/Rise/Raise & Arouse/Rouse (Explained in English)

1. Arise/Rise/Raise

A) ARISE = happen or occur. It has no object and we use it with abstract nouns. Its three forms are:

arise arose arisen

a) He decided to take the job in Kolkata as soon as an opportunity arose.
b) A problem has arisen with my passport.
c) When there is a written agreement, misunderstandings normally do not arise.
d) If the need arises, you’d better buy your own car.

B) RISE = go up. Verb ‘rise’ does not take an object, as it is an intransitive verb. Its three forms are:

rise rose risen

a) Rents have risen sharply in this part of city.
b) The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
c) Vegetable prices have risen a lot since last year.

C) RAISE = Verb ‘raise’ also can be used in the meaning as that of ‘rise’. But verb ‘raise’ must have an object as it is a transitive verb. Its three forms are

raise raised raised

a) Raise your hand if you know the answer.
b) That restaurant has raised its prices again.

2. Arouse/Rouse

A) AROUSE = to cause someone to have a particular feeling; to cause someone to feel sexual excitement. It’s a transitive verb and hence has an object. Its three forms are:

arose aroused aroused

a) Both lecturers aroused a lot of interest in the subject of geology.
b) It’s a subject that has aroused a lot of interest.
c) Something he said as he was leaving really aroused my curiosity.
d) Cricket arouses a good deal of passion among its supporters.

B) ROUSE = ‘wake someone up’ or ‘make someone active’. It’s also a transitive verb and hence has an object. Its three forms are:

rouse roused roused

The goal roused the supporters and they began to really get behind the team. (get behind = support)

NOTE: We also use rouse as a reflexive verb; e.g.

She finally roused herself at lunchtime and got out of bed.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

 

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

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