Practice Sets - English

CGL-16 TIER-I QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (07-09-2016 — 2nd shift)

QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) DATED 07-09-2016 (2nd Shift)

QUESTIONS: 25                                                                                            MAXIMUM TIME: 15 Minutes

SYNONYMS/ANTONYMS/SPELLINGS
Question 76
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word.
INVIGORATING
1) VIBRATING
2) REFRESHING
3) EXAGGERATED
4) ACCELERATING
Question 77
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the given word.
EVADE
1) INVADE
2) ESCAPE
3) SHUN
4) CONFRONT
Question 78
Four words are given, out of which only one word is spelt correctly. Choose the correctly spelt word.
1) Phenamenon
2) Phenomenon
3) Phenominon
4) Phenomenan

ERROR FINDING
Question 79
He is jealous for/my success/and wants to destroy me./No Error
Question 80
The main purpose of the visit/is to develop a close relationship/among the two countries./No Error
Question 81
I left/no stone unturned/to achieve for my object./No Error

FILL IN THE BLANKS
Question 82
I cannot conceive of _____________ accepting the post.
1) he
2) his
3) him
4) he’ll
Question 83
The maestro’s son has no taste _________ music.
1) about
2) with
3) in
4) to
Question 84
Rita promised to come but she never turned ________ .
1) in
2) out
3) down
4) up

IDIOMS/PHRASES
Question 85
Weal and woe
1) Friends and enemies
2) Be in danger
3) Adversity
4) Good times and bad times
Question 86
Call in question
1) Summon as a witness
2) Doubtful
3) Prove a theory
4) Challenge
Question 87
Make both ends meet
1) Live within means
2) Achieve a solution
3) Live among people
4) End of the road

ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION
Question 88
A drug which makes one see things that are not really there.
1) Aphrodisiac
2) Steroid
3) Carcinogen
4) Hallucinogen
Question 89
Providing relief
1) Reissue
2) Reprieve
3) Rejoinder
4) Refuge
Question 90
The philosophy of putting another’s welfare above one’s own.
1) Agnosticism
2) Polytheism
3) Altruism
4) Iconoclasm

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT
Question 91
This book is adopted to the needs of beginners.
1) adapted to
2) adapted for
3) adopted for
4) No improvement
Question 92
There are a good many tigers in this forest.
1) some good many tigers
2) the good many tigers
3) an good many tigers
4) No improvement
Question 93
London is one of the oldest towns of England.
1) in
2) at
3) besides
4) No improvement
Question 94
You will be late if you do not leave now.
1) will not leave now
2) did not leave now
3) left now
4) No improvement
Question 95
People ask me why I decide to start a new magazine.
1) will decide
2) am deciding
3) have decided
4) No improvement

PASSAGE
Learning is the knowledge of that which is not generally known to others, and which we can only derive at second-hand from books or other artificial sources. The knowledge of that which is before us, or about us, which appeals to our experience, passions, and pursuits, to the bosoms and businesses of men, is not learning. Learning is the knowledge of that which none but the learned know. He is the most learned man who knows the most of what is farthest removed from common life and actual observation. The learned man prides himself in the knowledge of names, and dates, not of men or things. He thinks and cares nothing about his next-door neighbours, but he is deeply read in the tribes and castes of the Hindoos and Calmuc Tartars. He can hardly find his way into the next street, though he is acquainted with the exact dimensions of Constantinople and Peking. He does not know whether his oldest acquaintance is a knave or a fool, but he can pronounce a pompous lecture on all the principal characters in history. He cannot tell whether an object is black or white, round or square, and yet he is a professed master of the optics and the rules of perspective.

Question 96
Learning is defined as
1) the knowledge of that which is before us
2) the knowledge about us
3) the knowledge of that which is not generally known to others
4) the knowledge related to the businesses of men
Question 97
The most learned man is he who
1) knows about all the principal characters in history
2) sees not with the eyes of others
3) is acquainted with the streets of Constantinople and Peking
4) knows the most of what is farthest removed from common life and actual observation.
Question 98
A learned man, as described in the passage,
1) cares about men and things
2) does not care about men and things
3) cares about the shapes of objects.
4) cares about his neighbours
Question 99
The passage suggests that a learned man
1) understands his neighbours
2) does not know his old acquaintances
3) is not concerned about names and dates
4) is interested in travelling
Question 100
The given passage implies that
1) knowledge of the learned is exclusive to them
2) a learned man cannot deliver lectures
3) a learned man is not interested in Calmuc Tartars
4) a learned man is not aware of the optics and the rules of perspective

SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (By MAHA GUPTA)

76. Option ‘2’ (REFRESHING)

77. Option ‘4’ (CONFRONT). EVADE = to avoid or escape from someone or something; e.g.

  • She leaned forward to kiss him but he evaded her by pretending to sneeze.
  • An Olympic gold medal is the only thing that has evaded her in her remarkable career.

78. Option ‘2’ (Phenomenon)

79. Replace FOR by OF in part ‘A’. We use the preposition OF with JEALOUS in this sense.

80. Replace AMONG by BETWEEN in part ‘C’. We use AMONG for more than two.

81. Remove FOR from part ‘C’. We do not use any preposition with ACHIEVE.

82. Option ‘2’ (his). CONCEIVE =  to imagine something; e.g.

  • I think my uncle still conceives of me as a four-year-old.
  • He couldn’t conceive of a time when he would have no job.

NOTE: If it is necessary, in formal English the possessive adjective is used before the gerund, not the objective pronoun; so we’ll use here HER, not HIM/HE. To know that more see point 2 (g) here
CLICK HERE TO SEE

83. Option ‘3’ (in). When TASTE means a person’s ability to judge and recognize what is good or suitable, especially relating to such matters as art, style, beauty, and behaviour, we use the preposition IN if needed, no other prepositions; e.g.

His taste in clothes leaves a little to be desired.

84. Option ‘4’ (up). TURN UP = to arrive or appear somewhere; e.g.

  • Do you think many people will turn up?
  • She turned up at my house late one night.

85. Option ‘4’ (Good times and bad times). WEAL = happiness; WOW = big problems or troubles

86. Option ‘4’ (Challenge)

87. Option ‘1’ (Live within means)

88. Option ‘4’ (Hallucinogen)

89. Option ‘2’ (Reprieve)

90. Option ‘3’ (Altruism)

91. Option ‘1’ (adapted to). ADAPT TO = to change something to suit different conditions or uses

92. NO IMPROVEMENT. A GOOD MANY is used for plural nouns

93. Option ‘1’ (in)

94. NO IMPROVEMENT. If it’s a future tense in the main clause, we use simple present in the IF-CLAUSE. This is TYPE-I conditional sentence, to understand this well see point number 1 here
CLICK HERE TO SEE

95. Option ‘3’ (have decided). The verb DECIDE can’t be used in the simple present, future simple, and present continuous tenses, so the given sentence is incorrect and options ‘1’ and option ‘2’ are also incorrect.

96. Option ‘3’ (the knowledge of that which is not generally known to others)

97. Option ‘4’ (knows the most of what is farthest removed from common life and actual observation.)

98. Option ‘2’ (does not care about men and things)

99. Option ‘2’ (does not know his old acquaintances)

100. Option ‘1’ (knowledge of the learned is exclusive to them)

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)