Practice Sets - English

CGL-16 TIER-I QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (08-09-2016 — 3rd shift)

QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) DATED 08-09-2016 (3rd Shift)

QUESTIONS: 25                                                                                            MAXIMUM TIME: 15 Minutes

SYNONYMS/ANTONYMS/SPELLINGS
Question 76
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word.
REPROOF
1) WARNING
2) RIDICULE
3) REBUKE
4) THREAT
Question 77
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the given word.
INVALUABLE
1) PRICELESS
2) RARE
3) INESTIMABLE
4) WORTHLESS
Question 78
Four words are given, out of which only one word is spelt correctly. Choose the correctly spelt word.
1) Stagnetion
2) Stagnasion
3) Stagnation
4) Stegnation

ERROR FINDING
Question 79
I have come/as soon as/the customers leave your shop./No Error
Question 80
I called/at his house yesterday/and have given him money./No Error
Question 81
The reason for/my absence is/due to ill health./No Error

FILL IN THE BLANKS
Question 82
I like __________ in the sun.
1) laying
2) lay
3) lie
4) lying
Question 83
Please do not __________ an offer made by the Chairman.
1) deny
2) refuse
3) refrain
4) refuge
Question 84
The clerk asked for my __________.
1) determination
2) destiny
3) destination
4) designation

IDIOMS/PHRASES
Question 85
Evening of life
1) Old age
2) A party
3) Holiday
4) None of these
Question 86
Button her lip
1) Tell us more
2) Stop talking
3) Invite us too
4) Enjoy herself
Question 87
Invent cock and bull stories
1) Delightful fables
2) Eco-friendly accounts
3) Absurd and unlikely stories
4) Credible tales

ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION
Question 88
Act of making things like new again.
1) Innovate
2) Renovate
3) Motivate
4) Activate
Question 89
One who knows everything.
1) Omniscient
2) Conscious
3) Intellectual
4) Learned
Question 90
Any morbid dread of water.
1) Hydrofoil
2) Hydrophobia
3) Hydraulic
4) Hyacinth

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT
Question 91
You have come here with the intention in insulting me.
1) for insulting me
2) of insulting me
3) on insulting me
4) No improvement
Question 92
I did not give at the examination as my circumstances are bad.
1) write
2) sit
3) appear
4) No improvement
Question 93
Though he worked hard, but he failed.
1) and
2) yet
3) then
4) No improvement
Question 94
No sooner did the teacher come into the class when we stood up.
1) since
2) then
3) than
4) No improvement
Question 95
He was so much a coward to help his friend.
1) so much cowardly
2) too much of a coward
3) as coward
4) No improvement

PASSAGE
In the world today we make health an end in itself. We have forgotten that health really means to enable a person to do his work and do it well. A lot of modern medicine, and this includes many patients as well as many physicians, pay very little attention to health but very much attention to those who imagine they are ill. Our great concern with health is shown by the medical columns in newspapers, the health articles in popular magazines and the popularity of television programmes and all those books on medicine. We talk about health all the time. Yet for the most part the only result is more people with imaginary illness. A healthy man should not be wasting time talking about health : he should be using health for work.

Question 96
Modern medicine is primarily concerned with
1) promotion of good health
2) people suffering from imaginary illness
3) people suffering from real illness
4) increased efficiency in work
Question 97
The passage suggests that
1) health is an end in itself
2) health is a blessing
3) health is only a means to an end
4) we should not talk about health
Question 98
Talking about health all the time makes people
1) always suffer from imaginary illness
2) sometimes suffer from imaginary illness
3) rarely suffer from imaginary illness
4) often suffer from imaginary illness
Question 99
The passage tells us
1) how medicine should be manufactured
2) what a healthy man should or should not do
3) what television programmes should be about
4) how best to imagine illness
Question 100
A healthy man should be concerned with
1) his work which good health makes possible
2) looking after his health
3) his health which makes work possible
4) talking about health

SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (By MAHA GUPTA)

76. Option ‘3’ (REBUKE). REPROOF is a noun which means ‘criticism’; its verb is REPROVE which means to criticize, or to tell someone that you disapprove of their bad or silly behaviour; e.g.

The teacher gently reproved the boys for not paying attention.

77. Option ‘4’ (WORTHLESS)

78. Option ‘3’ (Stagnation)

79. Replace HAVE by WILL in part ‘A’. AS SOON AS is a conjunction. You use AS SOON AS to say that something will happen immediately after something else has happened; e.g.

As soon as we get the tickets we’ll send them to you.

When we talk about the future, we usually use the present simple after AS SOON AS and the future simple tense in the main clause. Don’t say, for example, ‘I will call you as soon as I will get home’. You say ‘I will call you as soon as I get home’.

When you are talking about the past, you use the past simple or the past perfect after as soon as; e.g.

  • As soon as she got out of bed the telephone stopped ringing.
  • As soon as she had gone, he started eating the cake.

80. Replace HAVE GIVEN by GAVE in part ‘C’. The sentence is in past.

81. Replace DUE TO by MY in part ‘C’.

82. Option ‘4’ (lying). LAYING is transitive, so it must have an object after, but you see it’s not there in the sentence. LYING is intransitive, so it’s correct. As the verb of the sentence is LIKE and all words given in the answer options are actions, we, therefore need a gerund (verb+ing) form here, so both the options ‘2’ and ‘3’ are impossible, hence incorrect.

83. Option ‘2’ (refuse). DENY: to say that something is not true e.g. He denied the charge of murder that was leveled against him by the police.

REFUSE: to say that you will not do something that somebody has asked you to do e.g. She will not refuse if you ask her to post this letter.

84. Option ‘4’ (designation)

85. Option ‘1’ (Old age)

86. Option ‘2’ (Stop talking)

87. Option ‘3’ (Absurd and unlikely stories)

88. Option ‘2’ (Renovate)

89. Option ‘1’ (Omniscient)

90. Option ‘2’ (Hydrophobia). MORBID = having an unusual interest in death or unpleasant events; DREAD =  डर. MORBID DREAD = mrne kaa dar

91. Option ‘2’ (of insulting me)

92. Option ‘3’ (appear)

93. Wrongly framed question as no no given answer is correct. After THOUGH/ALTHOUGH we do not use any conjunction, so the correct sentence will be: Though he worked hard, he failed.

94. Option ‘3’ (than). The correct combination is NO SOONER —- THAN.

95. Option ‘2’ (too much of a coward). If you see the meaning of the sentence is negative, for a negative sense we use TOO —- TO construction, so the correct sentence is: He was too much of a coward to help his friend.

96. Option ‘2’ (people suffering from imaginary illness)

97. Option ‘3’ (health is only a means to an end). MEANS TO AN END is an idiom which means: something done to achieve something else; e.g.

You may get tired of regular physical exercise, but it’s simply a means to an end.

98. Option ‘4’ (often suffer from imaginary illness)

99. Option ‘2’ (what a healthy man should or should not do)

100. Option ‘1’ (his work which good health makes possible)

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)