Practice Sets - English

CGL-16 TIER-I QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (10-09-2016 — 1st shift)

QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) DATED 10-09-2016 (1st Shift)

QUESTIONS: 25                                                                                            MAXIMUM TIME: 15 Minutes

SYNONYMS/ANTONYMS/SPELLINGS
Question 76
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word.
FORSWEAR
1) SWEAR
2) OATH
3) ABUSE
4) FORSAKE
Question 77
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the given word.
INCLEMENT
1) RADICAL
2) MILD
3) HARSH
4) TYRANNICAL
Question 78
Four words are given, out of which only one word is spelt correctly. Choose the correctly spelt word.
1) ANTICEPTIC
2) ANTECEPTIC
3) ANTICEPTIQUE
4) ANTISEPTIC

ERROR FINDING
Question 79
The doctor says that/the patient will recover/in few days./No Error
Question 80
I do not think that/I can cope up/with this problem./No Error
Question 81
The mother/yearns for/her only child./No Error

FILL IN THE BLANKS
Question 82
Since last year his condition has been________
1) deteriorate
2) deteriorating
3) severely deteriorated
4) deterioratingly
Question 83
Most children remain______school between the ages of seven and ten.
1) in
2) under
3) at
4) inside
Question 84
The quake also_______ mudslides on the outskirts of the city.
1) tempered
2) tampered
3) erupted
4) triggered

IDIOMS/PHRASES
Question 85
Wet behind the ears
1) Skillful
2) Young and rich with experience
3) Young and without much experience
4) Hearing impaired
Question 86
Under a cloud
1) Sheltered from the sun
2) Under suspicion
3) Out in the open
4) Get wet
Question 87
Get the sack
1) Look for a sack
2) Find a sack
3) Get a call back
4) Be dismissed

ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION
Question 88
A person’s peculiar habit
1) Trait
2) Idiosyncracy
3) Idiolect
4) Talent
Question 89
Speech delivered without preparation
1) Rhetoric
2) Oration
3) Extempore
4) Maiden speech
Question 90
One who will do any job for anyone for money
1) Mercenary
2) Recruit
3) Hoodlum
4) Merchant

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT
Question 91
The more they earn, more they spend.
1) The more they earn, the more they spend.
2) More they earn, the more they spend.
3) More they earn, more they spend.
4) No improvement
Question 92
The offerings were placed on the alter.
1) on the altar
2) on the steps
3) on the platform
4) No improvement
Question 93
Really speaking, no man is perfect.
1) Strictly
2) slightly
3) vaguely
4) No improvement
Question 94
Mankind does not know this.
1) do
2) had
3) is
4) No improvement
Question 95
Practically every part of the coconut tree is used by man.
1) each
2) most
3) any
4) No improvement

PASSAGE
Dyslexia is a perceptual disorder often occurring in persons of normal, or even above average intelligence. The reader is unable to perceive correctly what is on a page. Letters and numbers often appear reversed: “b” seems to be “d”,”quite” is “quiet” and “from” is “form”. The reader tends to leave out letters or words or insert words or letters that are not there. Vowel and consonant sounds may be confused. Many dyslexics are left-handed or able to write with either hand. They often confuse left and right. Learning to speak may also be delayed beyond infancy. The condition seems to be inherited. It may persist into adulthood. However, with early recognition and specialized approaches to teaching reading, most dyslexics can learn to read.

Some researchers believe that latent dyslexia may be aggravated by the way reading is taught. The modern whole-word, or look-and-say, method seems to be more of a hindrance to learning for dyslexics than it is for ordinary pupils. The phonetic method of teaching students to learn letters and sound them out appears to achieve better reading results. The problem of words that cannot be sounded out – such as rough, laugh or through – is not solved by phonetics. These words must simply be memorized. However, for children with dyslexia the problem can be compounded by the failure of parents or teachers to recognize the condition. This can easily lead to emotional problems for dyslexic children, who cannot understand their failure to keep up with their classmates.

Question 96
Dyslexia, often occurring in persons of normal, or even above average intelligence, is a __________
1) Conceptual disorder
2) Pathological disease
3) Perceptive disorder
4) Perceptual disorder
Question 97
In Dyslexia, letters and figures often appear __________
1) Inverted
2) Blurred
3) Reversed
4) Clustered
Question 98
People suffering from dyslexia are often ___________
1) right handed
2) far sighted
3) ambidextrous
4) only left handed
Question 99
Dyslexia may ___________
1) be noticed during infancy
2) last till childhood
3) persist into adulthood
4) end when one goes to school
Question 100
The problem of perception can be compounded by the failure of parents and teachers to
1) provide treatment
2) recognize the condition
3) correct the child at infancy
4) understand the child

SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (By MAHA GUPTA)

76. Option ‘4’ (FORSAKE)

77. Option ‘2’ (MILD). INCLEMENT = (of the weather) unpleasantly cold or wet; e.g.

Walkers should be prepared for inclement weather.

78. Option ‘4’ (ANTISEPTIC)

79. Replace FEW by A FEW in part ‘C’. FEW is negative word whereas A FEW is positive. Here we need a word giving positive meaning. Understand the difference between FEW and A FEW here:
CLICK HERE TO SEE

80. Remove UP from part ‘B’. The correct expression is COPE (not COPE UP). COPE = to deal successfully with a difficult situation; e.g.

  • It must be really hard to cope with three young children and a job.
  • It’s only been a year since he died – how’s she coping?
  • Will she be able to cope with the work?
  • The hostages had been confined for so long that they couldn’t cope with the outside world.
  • Get a good night’s sleep and you’ll feel better able to cope.
  • The teacher said that he found it difficult to cope with a class of disaffected teenagers.
  • The emergency services are working at full stretch today to cope with the accident.

81. NO ERROR. YEARN = to wish very strongly

82. Option ‘2’ (deteriorating). The sentence is a perfect continuous  tense, so we need a verb with ING here.

83. Option ‘3’ (at). We use IN when we are talking about a place as an area; we use AT when we see a place as a point. SCHOOL here is a place seen as a point, not as an area. To understand this see ‘A’ here:
CLICK HERE TO SEE

84. Option ‘4’ (triggered). TRIGGER = to initiate a reaction, process, or chain of events

85. Option ‘3’ (Young and without much experience)

86. Option ‘2’ (Under suspicion)

87. Option ‘4’ (Be dismissed)

88. Option ‘2’ (Idiosyncracy). PECULIAR =  belonging to, relating to, or found in only particular people or things; e.g.

  • He gets on with things in his own peculiar way/manner/fashion.
  • They noted that special manner of walking that was peculiar to her alone.
  • This type of building is peculiar to the south of the country.

89. Option ‘3’ (Extempore)

90. Option ‘1’ (Mercenary)

91. Option ‘1’ (The more they earn, the more they spend). The given sentence is a case of PARALLEL INCREASE, in parallel increase we use THE before both the adjectives. To know more about, see 2 (11) here:
CLICK HERE TO SEE

92. Option ‘1’ (on the altar). ALTAR = a type of table used in ceremonies in a Christian church or in other religious buildings

93. Option ‘1’ (Strictly)

94. NO IMPROVEMENT

95. NO IMPROVEMENT. To understand this see query 10 (1) here:
CLICK HERE TO SEE

96. Option ‘4’ (Perceptual disorder)

97. Option ‘3’ (Reversed)

98. Option ‘3’ (ambidextrous). AMBIDEXTROUS = able to use the right and left hands equally well

99. Option ‘3’ (persist into adulthood)

100. Option ‘2’ (recognize the condition)

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)