Practice Sets - English

CGL-16 TIER-I QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (29-08-2016 — 3rd shift)

QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) DATED 29-08-2016 (3rd Shift)

QUESTIONS: 25                                                                                            MAXIMUM TIME: 15 Minutes

SYNONYMS/ANTONYMS/SPELLINGS
Question 76
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word.
REVILE
1) REVIVE
2) REVIEW
3) ABUSE
4) REVEAL
Question 77
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the given word.
SQUANDER
1) SPEND
2) REDUCE
3) SLANDER
4) SKIMP
Question 78
Four words are given, out of which only one word is spelt correctly. Choose the correctly spelt word.
1) Sanctaries
2) Sanctauries
3) Santuaries
4) Sanctuaries

ERROR FINDING
Question 79
He had already sent me message/that his arrival/was scheduled for Thursday./No error
Question 80
Science and technology and/their fallouts do not/complete human culture./No error
Question 81
The angry bird flap/her wings, flies a short/distance and returns./No error

FILL IN THE BLANKS
Question 82
The clock has __________ for want of winding.
1) run down
2) run short
3) run past
4) run up
Question 83
Few people know that flowers use textures to __________ different kinds of insects.
1) signal
2) feel
3) attract
4) distract
Question 84
They abandoned their comrades __________ the wolves.
1) by
2) between
3) on
4) among

IDIOMS/PHRASES
Question 85
For keeps
1) Himself
2) Away
3) Forever
4) Hid
Question 86
Pale into insignificance
1) Seemed less important
2) Was less exciting
3) Was less hectic
4) Was dull and pale
Question 87
With one voice
1) By one man
2) By one community
3) Unanimously
4) In disharmony

ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION
Question 88
Drug which causes people to sleep easily
1) Poppy
2) Soporific
3) Beguile
4) Pedant
Question 89
The branch of philosophy concerned with the study of the principles of beauty, especially in art
1) Artistic
2) Aesthetics
3) Ethics
4) Metaphysics
Question 90
The study of skin
1) Dermatology
2) Dermatoglyphics
3) Stratigraphy
4) Oncology

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT
Question 91
She has that rare character – the ability to listen to people.
1) rare ear
2) rare characteristic
3) rare sense
4) No improvement
Question 92
Both of them have not apologized yet.
1) Neither of them has
2) Any of them have
3) None of the two
4) No improvement
Question 93
The greater the demand, higher the price.
1) the high
2) a higher
3) the higher
4) No improvement
Question 94
His appointment as coach is yet another feather in his wing.
1) feather in his hat
2) badge in his hat
3) feather in his cap
4) No improvement
Question 95
The majority of the rain-fed Indian rivers, either dry up, or become trickle after the monsoon.
1) the trickle
2) a trickle
3) an trickle
4) No improvement

PASSAGE
It’s nothing short of a revolution in how we eat, and it’s getting closer every day. Yes, a lot of people are obese, and yes, the definition of “healthy eating” seems to change all the time. But in labs and research centres around the world, scientists are racing to match our genes and our taste buds, creating the perfect diet for each of us, a diet that will fight disease, increase longevity, boost physical and mental performance, and taste great to boot. As food scientist J.Bruce German says, “The foods we like the most will be the most healthy for us.”

Is that going to be a great day, or what?

All this will come to pass, thanks to genomics, the science that maps and describes an individual’s genetic code. In the future, personalized DNA chips will allow us to assess our own inherited predispositions for certain diseases, then adjust our diets accordingly. So, if you’re at risk for heart disease, you won’t just go on a generic low-fat diet. You’ll eat foods with just the right amount and type of fat that’s best for you. You’ll even be able to track your metabolism day-to-day to determine what foods you should eat at any given time, for any given activity. “Since people differ in their genetics and metabolism, one diet won’t fit all,” says German.

As complex as all this sounds, it could turn out to be relatively simple.

Question 96
What are scientists doing?
1) Racing in labs and research centres around the world
2) Asking us to start dieting
3) Creating the perfect diet for us
4) Try and make us taller
Question 97
What does J. Bruce German say?
1) The food we like is not healthy for us
2) The food we like is the healthiest one for us
3) The most healthy food should be liked by us
4) Food scientists like healthy food
Question 98
What is genomics?
1) The science which describes about maps
2) The science which describes an individual
3) The science which deals with years
4) The science that maps and describes an individual’s genetic code
Question 99
Why won’t a common diet fit everybody?
1) Because different people eat different food
2) Because their genes are different
3) Since they differ in genetics and metabolism
4) Because of their different moods
Question 100
What will be possible in the future?
1) Personalised DNA chips for people to assess their own inherited predispositions
2) You are at great risk for heart disease
3) You will not be able to determine what food you should eat
4) You will be unable to adjust your diet

SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (By MAHA GUPTA)

76. Option ‘3’ (ABUSE)

77. Option ‘4’ (SKIMP)

78. Option ‘4’ (Sanctuaries)

79. Use the article ‘a’ before MESSAGE in part ‘A’.

80. Replace THEIR by ITS in part ‘B’ as SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY is one single item, and hence singular.

81. Replace FLAP by FLAPS in part ‘A’ as the sentence is in the present simple tense, and the subject i.e. THE ANGRY BIRD is in singular form.

82. Option ‘1’ (run down). RUN DOWN [for something] = to lose power and stop working.

  • The clock ran down because no one was there to wind it.
  • The toy ran down and wouldn’t go again until it had been wound.

83. Option ‘3’ (attract)

84. Option ‘4’ (among)

85. Option ‘3’ (Forever)

86. Option ‘1’ (Seemed less important)

87. Option ‘3’ (Unanimously)

88. Option ‘2’ (Soporific)

89. Option ‘2’ (Aesthetics)

90. Option ‘1’ (Dermatology)

91. No improvement

92. Option ‘1’ (Neither of them has). This is a negative statement, and we use NEITHER or NEITHER OF to make a negative statement about two people or things.

93. Option ‘3’ (the higher). The sentence is a case of parallel increase of a quality. In parallel increase we use the article THE before the comparative degree. So it will be THE HIGHER (not HIGHER). To understand this more, see 2 (11) here:
CLICK HERE TO SEE

94. Option ‘3’ (feather in his cap). Right idiom is FEATHER IN ONE’S CAP. It means ‘an achievement to be proud of’

It’s a real feather in our cap to be playing in the state championship.

95. Option ‘2’ (a trickle). TRICKLE is a noun, it must be preceded by the article ‘A’ here. TRICKLE = a very small number of people or things arriving or leaving somewhere.

We usually only get a trickle of customers in the mornings.

96. Option ‘3’ (Creating the perfect diet for us)

97. Option ‘2’ (The food we like is the healthiest one for us.)

98. Option ‘4’ (The science that maps and describes an individual’s genetic code)

99. Option ‘3’ (Since they differ in genetics and metabolism)

100. Option ‘1’ (Personalised DNA chips for people to assess their own inherited predispositions)

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)