Practice Sets - English

CGL-16 TIER-I QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (31-08-2016 — 3rd shift)

QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) DATED 31-08-2016 (3rd Shift)

QUESTIONS: 25                                                                                            MAXIMUM TIME: 15 Minutes

SYNONYMS/ANTONYMS/SPELLINGS
Question 76
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word.
ARDUOUS
1) FERVENT
2) STRONG
3) ENTHUSIASTIC
4) STRENUOUS
Question 77
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the given word.
QUIESCENT
1) IGNORANT
2) DORMANT
3) INNOCENT
4) IMPROPER
Question 78
Four words are given, out of which only one word is spelt correctly. Choose the correctly spelt word.
1) Commemmorate
2) Commemorate
3) Comemmorate
4) Comemorate

ERROR FINDING
Question 79
Beside, writing is my hobby,/I had ideas for a couple of short stories/that needed further thought./No Error
Question 80
He recommended/my case/with the supervisor./No Error
Question 81
Her knowledge in English/gives her great advantage/over me./No Error

FILL IN THE BLANKS
Question 82
Do not _____ your own personal views upon the reader.
1) expose
2) interpose
3) express
4) impose
Question 83
This school isn’t _____ from the last one.
1) more different
2) any different
3) difference
4) any difference
Question 84
I have decided _____ my course of action.
1) upon
2) with
3) for
4) of

IDIOMS/PHRASES
Question 85
To bury the hatchet
1) To make peace
2) To dig the ground
3) To negotiate
4) To make war
Question 86
Selling like hot cakes
1) To have a good season
2) To become as planned
3) To have a very slow sale
4) To have a very good sale
Question 87
Scot free
1) Unlimited
2) Unpunished
3) To freedom
4) Unrepentant

ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION
Question 88
A thing no longer in use
1) Illusion
2) Illegal
3) Obsolete
4) Historic
Question 89
A place where astronomical observations are made
1) Laboratory
2) Observatory
3) Astrolibrary
4) Astrophery
Question 90
Killing one’s sister
1) Regicide
2) Fratricide
3) Matricide
4) Sororicide

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT
Question 91
Government officials keep throwing the buck to others.
1) giving
2) passing
3) donating
4) No improvement
Question 92
She angrily broke up the letter.
1) tore up
2) break in
3) teared up
4) No improvement
Question 93
They told me that they had build a new house.
1) have built
2) have build
3) had built
4) No improvement
Question 94
One should exercise their right to vote
1) his
2) our
3) one’s
4) No improvement
Question 95
She sank back with a mourn of pain
1) morn
2) mourne
3) moan
4) No improvement

PASSAGE
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose, one of the greatest of modern scientists, graduated from St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata. He then obtained Tripos of Cambridge University and joined the Presidency College, Kolkata, as Professor of Physics. He was a pioneer in the discovery of the wireless and radio and the Microwave. He made remarkable contribution to the science of Botany by proving with the help of an instrument of his own invention that not only do trees and plants have life, but feel pleasure and pain as we do. He was perhaps the first scientist to suggest the possibility of gathering and utilising energy from solar rays. Last but not least was the Bose Institute which he founded in 1917. It has now become a world-famous Research Laboratory doing yeoman’s service to various branches of science.

Question 96
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose, one of the greatest of modern scientists, graduated from which college?
1) St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata
2) Cambridge University
3) Presidency College, Kolkata
4) Bose Institute
Question 97
What is meant by yeoman service?
1) Minimal
2) Invaluable
3) Discreet
4) Sporadic
Question 98
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose was a pioneer in the discovery of the wireless, radio and the _____ .
1) Toaster
2) Oven
3) Microwave
4) Radio
Question 99
Jagadish Chandra Bose made remarkable contribution to the science of Botany by proving with the help of an instrument of his own invention that trees and plants have not only life, but _____ .
1) feel joyous and excited as we do.
2) feel happy and sad as we do.
3) feel excitement and pain as we do.
4) feel pleasure and pain as we do.
Question 100
What is meant by a Tripos from Cambridge University?
1) A scholarship
2) A trophy
3) A degree
4) A medallion

SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (By MAHA GUPTA)

76. Option ‘4’ (STRENUOUS). ARDUOUS = difficult

77. Wrongly framed question as no answer option seeming to be correct.

78. Option ‘2’ (Commemorate)

79. Replace BESIDE by BESIDES in part ‘A’. BESIDE = ‘next to’ or ‘at the side of something/somebody’. It is also means ‘compared to’. BESIDES = in addition/also. To understand the difference between beside and besides read the following link:
CLICK HERE TO SEE

80. Replace WITH by TO in part ‘C’. When a suggestion is sent to a person (here THE SUPERVISOR) we use preposition TO with the verb RECOMMEND. So here it will be RECOMMENDED MY CASE TO.

81. Replace IN by OF in part ‘A’.

82. Option ‘4’ (impose). IMPOSE = to force someone to accept something, especially a belief or way of living; e.g.

  • I don’t want them to impose their religious beliefs on my children.
  • We must impose some kind of order on the way this office is run.

83. Option ‘2’ (any different)

84. Option ‘1’ (upon). DECIDE ON/UPON = to choose (something) after thinking about the possible choices; e.g.

He decided on blue rather than green.

85. Option ‘1’ (To make peace). BURY = put or hide underground. HATCHET = a small axe with a short handle for use in one hand

86. Option ‘4’ (To have a very good sale)

87. Option ‘2’ (Unpunished)

88. Option ‘3’ (Obsolete)

89. Option ‘2’ (Observatory). ASTRONOMY = the scientific study of the universe and of objects that exist naturally in space, such as the moon, the sun, planets, and stars

90. Option ‘4’ (Sororicide)

91. Option ‘2’ (passing). PASS THE BUCK = to blame someone or make them responsible for a problem that you should deal with.

92. Option ‘1’ (tore up) TEAR UP = to pull apart or in pieces by force

93. Option ‘3’ (had built) Three form of the verb build: BUILD    BUILT    BUILT

94. Option ‘3’ (one’s). Possessive adjective of ONE is ONE’S, not THEIR’S.

95. Option ‘3’ (moan). MOAN = to make a long, low sound of pain, suffering, or another strong emotion; e.g.

  • He moaned with pain before losing consciousness.
  • “Let me die,” he moaned.

96. Option ‘1’ (St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata)

97. Option ‘2’ (Invaluable)

98. Option ‘3’ (Microwave)

99. Option ‘4’ (feel pleasure and pain as we do.)

100. Option ‘3’ (A degree)

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)