Practice Sets - English

CGL-16 TIER-I QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (02-09-2016 — 3rd shift)

QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) DATED 02-09-2016 (3rd Shift)

SYNONYMS/ANTONYMS/SPELLINGS
Question 76
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word.
MASTICATE
1) CHEW
2) CHOKE
3) BITE
4) SWALLOW
Question 77
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the given word.
FEROCIOUS
1) MILD
2) SWEET
3) BRUTAL
4) WILD
Question 78
Four words are given, out of which only one word is spelt correctly. Choose the correctly spelt word.
1) Alleviate
2) Allaviate
3) Alliveate
4) Allaevate

ERROR FINDING
Question 79
The reason Janet came dressed/as Lady Gaga was because she’d been told/it was a costume party./No error
Question 80
The path to/the famous church passes/through a forest./No error
Question 81
A first European sailor/who came to India/was Vasco-da-Gama./No error

FILL IN THE BLANKS
Question 82
Legislation was passed to punish brokers who ________ their client’s funds.
1) devastate
2) devour
3) defalcate
4) dawdle
Question 83
His father was _________ the same business.
1) managing over
2) engaged in
3) endowed with
4) enlisted in
Question 84
It is due to this lethargy that the plan fell _____.
1) off
2) out
3) through
4) away

IDIOMS/PHRASES
Question 85
Bad blood
1) Shooting
2) Anaemia
3) Enmity
4) Mourning
Question 86
To beat about the bush
1) To try to win favours
2) To talk well
3) To talk about relevant things
4) To talk about irrelevant things
Question 87
Maiden speech
1) Bachelor’s speech
2) First speech
3) Last speech
4) Extempore speech

ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION
Question 88
A place where money is coined.
1) Bank
2) Mint
3) Firm
4) Parliament
Question 89
The process by means of which plants and animals breathe.
1) Respiration
2) Germination
3) Absorption
4) Transpiration
Question 90
One who sneers at the aims and beliefs of his fellow men.
1) Critic
2) Connoisseur
3) Pedant
4) Cynic

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT
Question 91
He started at the bottom rung of the ladder and then gained success.
1) bottom rung of the stair
2) lower rung of the ladder
3) lower rung of the stair
4) No improvement
Question 92
The judge gave the verdict against the Government.
1) pronounced
2) declared
3) sentenced
4) No improvement
Question 93
The fire service personnel put off the fire with much difficulty.
1) put on
2) put out
3) put away
4) No improvement
Question 94
He has the irritating habit of playing his own trumpet all the time.
1) blowing his own trumpet
2) pumping his own trumpet
3) bringing up his own trumpet
4) No improvement
Question 95
His illness means he must resign his chairmanship impromptu.
1) fast
2) forthwith
3) earliest
4) No improvement

PASSAGE
There is a growing parallel between India and Europe in terms of language policy and challenges of maintaining a balance between regional languages, minority languages and the rising demand for English.

The EU’s language policy promotes multinationalism and the idea that every EU citizen should learn and speak at least two foreign languages in addition to their mother tongue. In practice, the foreign language curriculum in European countries is dominated now by the need to learn English. So the defacto policy is that children should, in addition to the language of their member state, learn English and one other European language. English has become not only the language of business across Europe, but also the corporate language of many French, German, Dutch and Spanish enterprises.

The trend across Europe is for schools to begin teaching English in Class I, treating it as a basic skill rather than a foreign language. This trend began in earnest only after 2000. However, the methods to teach English are diverse an increasingly popular trend is towards bilingual schools, which teach through more than one
language medium.

Question 96
There is a parallel between India and Europe as regards
1) language policy
2) trade policy
3) foreign policy
4) cultural policy
Question 97
According to the passage, the foreign language policy in the EU aims to foster
1) English
2) Multilingualism
3) Bilingualism
4) Only native language
Question 98
The passage says that the rising demand for English in the EU is because of
1) immigrants
2) emigrants
3) Government policy
4) trade and commerce
Question 99
EU schools regard English as
1) a foreign language
2) a difficult language
3) a basic skill
4) an adult skill
Question 100
In Europe the usual pattern is that
1) children should study English late in life
2) children should start learning English from class I
3) children may not study English when they are at school
4) children ought to study English just as a lingua franca

MAHA GUPTA
76. Option ‘1’ (CHEW)

77. Option ‘1’ (MILD)

78. Option ‘1’ (Alleviate)

79. Replace BECAUSE by THAT (or remove BECAUSE) in part ‘B’ as the word REASON means ‘because’ i.e. it includes the meaning ‘because of’. We use THAT (or do not use any conjunction) before a clause (not BECAUSE) when the first clause has the word REASON mentioned.

80. NO ERROR

81. Replace the article ‘A’ by ‘THE’ in part ‘A’ as we need the definite article i.e. THE here.

82. Option ‘3’ (DEFALCATE). DEFALCATE = the taking or illegal use of money by someone who has responsibility for it, such as a company or government official: ‘The officials were charged with defalcating government money.’

83. Option ‘2’ (ENGAGED IN). ENGAGED = fully occupied or having your full attention. If you’re busy or involved with something, you’re engaged in it.

84. Option ‘3’ (THROUGH). FALL THROUGH = to not be completed, or not happen. ‘Our plans fell through because of lack of money.

85. Option ‘3’ (Enmity)

86. Option ‘4’ (To talk about irrelevant things)

87. Option ‘2’ (First speech)

88. Option ‘2’ (Mint)

89. Option ‘1’ (Respiration)

90. Option ‘4’ (Cynic). SNEER = to talk about or look at someone or something in an unkind way that shows you do not respect or approve of him, her, or it; e.g.

She’ll probably sneer at my new shoes because they’re not expensive.

91. No improvement

92. Option ‘1’ (PRONOUNCED). PRONOUNCE = to say something officially or certainly.

93. Option ‘2’ (PUT OUT). PUT OUT = to extinguish or douse (a fire, light, etc): ‘He put out the fire.’ Hindi translation: Aag bujhaane waale employees ne aag ko bdi mushkil se bujhaaya.

94. Option ‘1’ (BLOWING HIS OWN TRUMPET). BLOW ONE’S OWN TRUMPET = talk boastfully about one’s achievements. (Apni deenge haanknaa; apni khud ki bdaai karnaa.

95. Option ‘2’ (FORTHWITH). FORTHWITH = (especially in official use) immediately; without delay.
IMPROMPTU = done or said without earlier planning or preparation

96. Option ‘1’ (language policy)

97. Option ‘2’ (Multilingualism)

98. Option ‘4’ (trade and commerce)

99. Option ‘3’ (a basic skill)

100. Option ‘2’ (children should start learning English from class I)

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)