CGL-16 TIER-I QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (03-09-2016 — 2nd shift)
QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) DATED 03-09-2016 (2nd Shift)
QUESTIONS: 25 MAXIMUM TIME: 15 Minutes
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word.
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the given word.
Four words are given, out of which only one word is spelt correctly. Choose the correctly spelt word.
The trek is difficult/but it is far worth/the endeavour./No Error
What man can die/better than/serving his country?/No Error
The teacher prevented/the boys/to go there./No Error
FILL IN THE BLANKS
He has no recommendations; he will _____ , get the job.
Leaves _____ in autumn.
1) fall down
2) fall of
3) fall on
4) fall off
Each time he tried to climb the tree, he failed to do _____ .
A cuckoo in the nest
1) One who likes to stay at home
2) A view from a high place
3) An unwelcome intruder
4) One who is chosen as the leader of the group
A house of cards
1) An insecure scheme
2) A gambling house
3) A plan with high stakes
4) A place where cards are printed
To smell a rat
1) To see signs of plague epidemic
2) To get the bad smell of a dead rat
3) To suspect foul dealings
4) To be in a bad mood
ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION
A small shop that sells fashionable clothes, cosmetics etc.
Interval between two events
A person’s peculiar habit
The priest told the devotees that the wages of sin are death.
4) No improvement
Careful drivers never take eyes of the road.
4) No improvement
For all his wealth, he has no joy in life.
3) Despite of
4) No improvement
The teacher asked him where did he live.
1) he has been living
2) he lives
3) he lived
4) No improvement
The meeting was advanced until the following Monday.
4) No improvement
Of the many changes that have taken place thanks to liberalisation, a major one is that today’s youngsters are earning more than ever before. In some cases, they draw even fatter salaries than their parents. But are they blowing it up or sensibly saving it? Though some tend to splurge there are many who have started saving. Some of them go in for mutual funds and tax saving bonds. Some even go in for investments which give them tax breaks – insurance, home loans, mutual fund savings schemes. In fact the average age of a person taking a housing loan has come down from 41 to 28 in the last five years. Now, where do they get their investment advice from? Some feel its a combination of friends, family, broker – advisors, the media and the net.
Liberalisation has enabled our youngsters to:
1) Be paid more
2) Work hard
3) Blow up money
4) Look after their money
‘Blowing it up’ means:
1) Spending extravagantly
3) Spending on smoking
4) Donating liberally
The average age of a person taking housing loan has come down because he:
1) Gets fat salaries even at a young age.
2) Has wealthy parents.
3) Goes in for mutual funds.
4) Buys lottery tickets.
Which of the following is ‘False’?
The investment that give people tax breaks are:
1) Mutual funds
2) Home loans
3) Savings scheme
4) Purchasing jewellery
Which of the following is true’?
1) The youngsters today spend all the money they get.
2) All the youngsters save all the money they get.
3) Many youngsters save all the money they get.
4) A few youngsters spend more while some save.
76. Option ‘3’ (UNSUCCESSFUL)
77. Option ‘3’ (AMIABLE)
78. Option ‘2’ (Thoroughly)
79. Replace FAR WORTH by WELL WORTH in part ‘B’ as we need a positive expression here. We say WELL WORTH, not FAR WORTH. WELL WORTH = certainly worth. WORTH = useful or important. ENDEAVOUR = to try to do something. Hindi translation: Rasta bahut mushkil hai lekin ye is par jaane ke liye (is pe jaane ke try karne ke liye) bahut mjedaar hoga.
80. Replace WHAT MAN CAN DIE by HOW CAN MAN DIE in part ‘A’. If you see this is a question as it ends with a question mark. Therefore, the helping verb (here CAN) must go before the subject. Also WHAT needs to be replaced by HOW.
81. Replace TO GO by FROM GOING in part ‘C’. The verb PREVENT takes FROM+ingVERB.
82. Option ‘1’ (HOWEVER). HOWEVER is used to introduce a statement that contrasts with or seems to contradict something that has been said previously; despite this. RECOMMENDATION = a suggestion that something is good or suitable for a particular purpose or job.
83. Option ‘1’ (FALL DOWN). FALL DOWN = to fall to the ground: ‘Our apple tree fell down in the storm.’
‘He stumbled and fell down.’ Use of FALL OF is incorrect here as it means TO BECOME LESS; DECREASE: ‘Stock prices have fallen off’. ‘The number of staff meetings fell off after a few months.
84. Option ‘3’ (SO). You can use SO after DO to refer back to an action that has just been mentioned. For example, instead of saying ‘He crossed the street. As he crossed the street, he whistled’, you say ‘He crossed the street. As he did so, he whistled’.
1. He went to close the door, falling over as he did so.
2. A signal which should have turned red failed to do so.
NOTE: Use of THIS in this sense is incorrect.
85. Option ‘3’ (An unwelcome intruder). CUCKOO = a grey bird with a two-note call that sounds similar to its name; e.g.
Cuckoos lay their eggs in other birds’ nests.
86. Option ‘1’ (An insecure scheme)
87. Option ‘3’ (To suspect foul dealings)
88. Option ‘3’ (Boutique)
89. Option ‘2’ (Interlude)
RECESS = a period of time when the proceedings of a parliament, committee, court of law, or other official body such as school are temporarily suspended; e.g.
- Talks resumed after a month’s recess.
INTERLUDE = a short period when a situation or activity is different from what comes before and after it; e.g.
- Except for a brief Christian interlude at the beginning of the 11th century, Istanbul has been a Muslim city for almost 1,300 years.
- The musical interludes don’t really fit in with the rest of the play.
90. Option ‘4’ (Idiosyncracy)
91. Option ‘2’ (IS). The given sentence is in indirect speech. WAGES OF SIN IS DEATH is a proverb. Tense of a proverb in the indirect speech does not change. As WAGES is a singular noun, we’ll use IS (not ARE). Hindi translation: Pujaari ne bhakton se kahaa ki paap ki kmaai mrityu ke smaan hoti hai.
92. Option ‘3’ (OFF). OFF = away from the place in question; to or at a distance. Hindi translation: Achchhe driver kabhi bhi apni nazren road se nhin htaate.
93. No improvement. FOR ALL is an idiom which means DESPITE. Hindi translation: Daulat hote hue bhi uski life mein koi khushi nhin hai.
94. Option ‘3’ (HE LIVED). The given sentence is the indirect speech. In the indirect speech we do not use question form a clause/sentence. DID HE LIVE is in the question form as helping verb DID is appearing before the subject. So it will be HE LIVED.
95. Option ‘1’ (ADJOURNED). ADJOURN = to have a pause or rest during a formal meeting or trial: ‘The meeting was adjourned until Tuesday.’ ‘Shall we adjourn for lunch?’ ADVANCE = to go or move something forward, or to develop or improve something. SUSPEND = to stop something from being active, either temporarily or permanently.
96. Option ‘1’ (Be paid more)
97. Option ‘1’ (Spending extravagantly)
98. Option ‘1’ (Gets fat salaries even at a young age.)
99. Option ‘4’ (Purchasing jewellery)
100. Option ‘4’ (A few youngsters spend more while some save.)