Practice Sets - English

CGL-16 TIER-I QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION (01-09-2016 — 2nd shift)

QUESTION PAPER (ENGLISH SECTION) DATED 01-09-2016 (2nd Shift)

QUESTIONS: 25                                                                                            MAXIMUM TIME: 15 Minutes

SYNONYMS/ANTONYMS/SPELLINGS
Question 76
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word.
ADVERSITY
1) CHANCE
2) CAPACITY
3) JOY
4) MISFORTUNE
Question 77
In the following question, out of the four alternatives, choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the given word.
TERMINATE
1) CONFINE
2) REPEAL
3) COMMENCE
4) PROGRESS
Question 78
Four words are given, out of which only one word is spelt correctly. Choose the correctly spelt word.
1) Quintessance
2) Quintessence
3) Quaintessence
4) Quintassence

ERROR FINDING
Question 79
If the farmer got a washing machine/his wife can/do the laundry quickly./No error
Question 80
They had often heard/about the ship/they have to travel on./No error
Question 81
He’d no sooner/seen one continent/when he saw another./No error

FILL IN THE BLANKS
Question 82
The ship with its crew ______ gone to the bottom of the sea.
1) has
2) have
3) are
4) none
Question 83
The peon respectfully asked if he ______ go there.
1) may
2) might
3) can
4) will
Question 84
I know _____ certain that he has gone to England
1) with
2) of
3) by
4) for

IDIOMS/PHRASES
Question 85
To eat humble pie
1) To eat an unsavoury pie
2) To be served food that is rotten
3) To yield under humiliating circumstances
4) To give in to political pressure
Question 86
To end in smoke
1) To fail
2) To create smoke
3) To end
4) To emit smoke
Question 87
To spill the beans
1) To reveal partial truth
2) To be untidy
3) To reveal a secret
4) To conceal a fact

ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION
Question 88
Committing murder in revenge
1) Massacre
2) Vendetta
3) Homicide
4) Regicide
Question 89
The thing that can be easily broken
1) Amorphous
2) Brittle
3) Subtle
4) Solid
Question 90
An unimportant person
1) Nonagenarian
2) Nonentity
3) Nonpareil
4) Nonconformist

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT
Question 91
The tribe lived with different customs.
1) on
2) by
3) through
4) No improvement
Question 92
Dumbfounded by the accusation, he could offer no serious defence.
1) correct
2) certain
3) severe
4) No improvement
Question 93
Ramu never makes at least a century each time he plays cricket.
1) seldom
2) forever
3) always
4) No improvement
Question 94
He is given to gambling and drinking.
1) given away
2) given in
3) given up
4) No improvement
Question 95
I would soon walk than stand in the cold waiting for the bus.
1) hardly
2) longer
3) sooner
4) No improvement

PASSAGE
The stranger agreed to join Robin’s band only on one condition. He wanted to join a competition of shooting arrows with Robin. If he was defeated in that competition, he would gladly join Robin and his men. Soon arrangements for the competition was made. Robin’s men carved bull’s eye on the trunk of a tree at a distance of about fifty yards. Taking out his bow and arrow the man carefully shot an arrow which struck right into the centre of the bull’s eye. Robin’s men were surprised at the man’s skill. Then Robin took the bow and shot an arrow which not only hit the bull’s eye in the centre but broke the strangers arrow in the middle. Robin thus proved that he had better skills than the stranger. The stranger was amazed to see this and said,” I have never seen such a skill in all my life. it will be a pleasure for me to join you and your men. My name is John Little. Robin and his men gladly welcomed him. But Robin said that from then on he would be known as Little John.

Question 96
What was the stranger’s condition for joining Robin’s band?
1) Only if he and Robin have a competition of shooting arrows
2) Only if he is defeated by Robin in a competition of shooting arrows
3) Only if he should be better than Robin in shooting arrows
4) Only if Robin would let him be better at shooting arrows
Question 97
What did Robin’s men do?
1) They refused to let the stranger prove his skills
2) They sent the stranger away
3) They made arrangements for the competition
4) They made the stranger prove his skill
Question 98
How did the stranger know that Robin had better skill than him?
1) When Robin’s arrow hit the bull’s eye
2) When Robin agreed to let him compete with him
3) When Robin beat him in the competition
4) When Robin’s arrow hit the bull’s eye and broke the stranger’s arrow
Question 99
What name did Robin give him?
1) Robin Little
2) John Little
3) Robin
4) Little John
Question 100
What did Robin do after the competition?
1) He welcomed the stranger to the band and changed his name
2) He changed the stranger’s name
3) He welcomed the stranger
4) He sent the stranger away

MAHA GUPTA)
76. Option ‘4’ (MISFORTUNE)

77. Option ‘3’ (COMMENCE)

78. Option ‘2’ (Quintessence)

79. Replace CAN by COULD in part ‘B’ as the sentence is in the past.

80. NO ERROR

81. Replace WHEN by THAN in part ‘C’. We us THAN with NO SOONER, not WHEN.

82. Option ‘1’ (HAS). Words joined to another word or set of words by WITH, AS WELL AS, ALONG WITH, etc are called parenthetical (word or group of words giving extra information). As such they are not part of the true subject. The verb, therefore, also does not get affected by a parenthetical. With, AS WELL AS, ALONG WITH, etc are prepositions and the other group of words attached is only the object of that preposition, so an object can’t ever be a subject.

Though such a group of words appears to be the part of subject, but it’s not like that. Therefore the verb is according to the REAL subject. Here the real subject is SHIP, which is singular; therefore we need a singular verb for it

EXAMPLES

  1. The house, with its contents, was insured.
  2. The Mayor, with his Councillors, is to be present.
  3. Silver, as well as cotton, has fallen in price.

83. Option ‘2’ (MIGHT). The sentence is in indirect speech and the reporting verb (here ASKED) is in the past, so we need a past tense here.

84. Option ‘4’ (FOR). FOR CERTAIN is an idiom which means DEFINITELY. Hindi translation: Main nishchit roop se ye jaanta hoon ki wah England gyaa huaa hai.

85. Option ‘3’ (To yield under humiliating circumstances). YIELD = jhuk jaanaa. HUMILIATING = making someone feel ashamed or lose respect for himself or herself.

86. Option ‘1’ (To fail)

87. Option ‘3’ (To reveal a secret). BEAN = a seed of various climbing plants, eaten as a vegetable; e.g.

Coffee beans are the bean-like seeds of the coffee tree.

88. Option ‘2’ (Vendetta)

89. Option ‘2’ (Brittle)

90. Option ‘2’ (Nonentity)

91. Option ‘2’ (BY). LIVE BY = to follow a particular belief or set of principles. Hindi translation: Wah janjaati (us janjaati ke log) vibhinn riti-riwaajon ko apnaate thi.
LIVE ON = to eat a particular type of food to live. Small birds live mainly on insects.
LIVE THROUGH = to experience a disaster or other unplesant situation and survive it. He has lived through two world wars.

92. No improvement

93. Option ‘3’ (ALWAYS)

94. No improvement. GIVEN TO = to be likely to do something. Members of the academic community are given to attending meetings and conferences. If the subject is followed by BE (here IS) we use GIVEN TO. GIVEN UP is wrong here as the subject, then, must follow HAS/HAVE. Hindi translation: Uske joowaa aur sharaab peene ki habit ki sambhawanaa hai.

95. Option ‘3’ (SOONER). WOULD SOONER (or WOULD RATHER) is the correct grammar item here. We use WOULD SOONER or WOULD RATHER to talk about preferring one thing to another. Hindi translation: Mujhe thand mein bus ki intejaar karne ki bjaaye chalnaa jyaadaa achchha lagtaa hai.

96. Option ‘2’ (Only if he is defeated by Robin in a competition of shooting arrows)

97. Option ‘3’ (They made arrangements for the competition)

98. Option ‘4’ (When Robin’s arrow hit the bull’s eye and broke the stranger’s arrow)

99. Option ‘4’ (Little John)

100. Option ‘1’ (He welcomed the stranger to the band and changed his name)

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)