Error FindingPractice Sets - English

ERROR FINDING – PRACTICE SET-11 – SOLVED (Hindi & English)

Click Here to Buy Online Practice Sets exclusivly on Testbook.com

 Error Finding — Practice Set-11 — Solved (Both Hindi & English)

Number of Questions: 25                                                                                                        Maximum Time: 10 minutes

1. The Principal started / his lecture / with a pessimistic note. / NE

2. Kalidas is / a Shakespeare / of India. / NE

3. The patient died / despite he had received / the best medical help. / NE

4. He left for Mumbai on Saturday / arriving there / on Sunday. / NE

5. As soon as they / entered the temple / they prayed to the gods on bent knees. / NE

6. What to speak of milk/even water was/not available there./NE

7. Every Saturday / I go out / for shopping. / NE

8. The beggar whom we had suspected / to be guilty turned out / to be the innocent. / NE

9. He walks / as if the earth / belonged to him. / NE

10. To gain reputation among your clients, / you ought to finish every assignment you undertake / within the stipulated deadline. / NE

11. I have done my best;/the whole thing is now/in the laps of the gods./NE

12. There would have been/a disaster/and for your prompt action./NE

13. Bran was / so learned that / he was seemed knowing everything. / NE

14. Ancient artifacts are a part of global heritage / and should not be sold / to the highest bidder. / NE

15. Her talk was judged by many / as one of the most important talk / given in the seminar. / NE

16. I was so interested / to play football / from childhood. / NE

17. I will remember / posting the letter / to my mother. / NE

18. It is / nothing else / than pride. / NE

19. Too great a variety / of studies / distract the mind. / NE

20. The team was /now in the field and / about to take their place. / NE

21. Long life is good/ if one be happy/ and has friends. / NE

22. It is these obscene films / that lead the youths / to their moral degradation. / NE

23. Aren’t your father / and your elder brother / out of town? / NE

24. The company is using / influence to persuade people / to buy its refrigerators. / NE

25. We have paid for our travel and accommodation expenses/so we need only to take/ some pocket-money with us. / NE

Answer Key

1. C 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. C 6. A 7. C 8. C 9. D 10. C
11. C 12. C 13. C 14. A 15. B 16. A 17. B 18. C 19. C 20. C
21. B 22. B 23. D 24. B 25. B

Solution with explanation (in Hindi)

1. Replace ‘with’ by ‘on’ in part ‘C’. ‘On a humorous/positive/negative, etc. note’ एक idiom होता है जिसका अर्थ होता है ‘एक विशिष्ट मनोदशा अथवा अंदाज)’. On a pessimistic note = खराब मनोदशा में; जैसे

a) His presidency began on an optimistic note.
b) I’d like to end the discussion on a more cheerful note.

2. Replace the article A by ‘the’ in part ‘B’. आमतौर पर किसी व्यक्ति/वस्तु के नाम के पहले कोई article use नहीं होता; परन्तु यदि किसी व्यक्ति/वस्तु की तुलना किसी अन्य व्यक्ति/वस्तु के किसी गुण से की जा रही हो तो उस व्यक्ति/वस्तु के नाम के साथ article ‘the’ का use किया जाता है; जैसे

INCORRECT: Kalidas was Shakespeare of India.
CORRECT: Kalidas was the Shakespeare of India.

INCORRECT: She is a Lata Mangeshkar of Rajasthan.
CORRECT: She is the Lata Mangeshkar of Rajasthan.

INCORRECT: Mumbai is London of India.
CORRECT: Mumbai is the London of India.

3. Either replace ‘despite’ by ‘although’ or ‘despite he had received’ by ‘despite receiving’ in part ‘B’. शब्द ‘Despite’ के साथ एक clause का use नहीं किया जा सकता, इसके साथ केवल किसी noun अथवा gerund (ing form) का ही use किया जा सकता है. यदि हमें एक clause का ही use करना हो तो उस clause के पहले शब्द ‘despite’ की अपेक्षा ‘although’ का use किया जाता है. Despite = although; जैसे

a) Despite my sickness I went to the office.
= Despite being sick I went to the office.
= Although I was sick I went to the office.

b) He managed to eat a big lunch despite having eaten an enormous breakfast.

NOTE: शब्द ‘despite’ के साथ एक clause का use तभी किया जा सकता है जब ‘despite’ के साथ ‘the fact that’ का use भी किया गया हो; जैसे

Despite the fact that she fell midway through the race, she won.

4. Replace ‘arriving’ by ‘to arrive’ or ‘and arrived’ in part ‘C’. ‘To arrive’ = पहुँचने के लिए.

वाक्य का हिंदी में अनुवाद: वह रविवार को मुंबई पहुँचने लिए शनिवार को निकला.

5. Replace ‘on bent knees’ by ‘on bended knee’ in part ‘C’. ‘On bended knee’ एक idiom है. इस idiom का use आदर भाव प्रदर्शित करने के लिए किया जाता है जबकि किसी का एक अथवा दोनों घुटने जमीन को छू रहे होते हैं; जैसे

He went down on bended knee to ask her to marry him.

NOTE: यहाँ ‘gods’ का अर्थ भगवान् नहीं है; बल्कि इसका अर्थ है ‘देवता’.

6. Replace ‘what to speak of’ by ‘not to speak of’ in part ‘A’. जब भी हम ये कहना चाहते हैं कि किसी अन्य बात का जिक्र करना ही उचित नहीं है तो हम ‘not to speak of’ का use करते हैं.

7. Remove the preposition ‘for’ from part ‘C’. जब हम किसी सामान्य activity जिसमें कोई movement होती है की बात करते हैं तो हम ‘go out + gerund’ का use भी कर सकते हैं और ‘go + gerund’ का भी; जैसे

They have gone fishing until later this evening.
= They have gone out fishing until later this evening.

It was pouring with rain and all we could do was to go shopping.
= It was pouring with rain and all we could do was to go out shopping.

8. Remove the article ‘the’ from part ‘C’. ‘Innocent’ एक adjective है. किसी adjective के पहले कोई article use नहीं किया जा सकता जब तक उसके साथ कोई noun नहीं हो. Adjective ‘innocent’ के साथ इस वाक्य में कोई noun नहीं है.

9. No error. ‘As if’ अथवा ‘as though’ से शुरू होने वाले clauses में यदि past tense की verb हो तो वह उस clause में दी गयी स्थिति वास्तविक नहीं होती; यदि present tense की verb हो तो वह उस clause में दी गयी स्थिति वास्तविक होती है. दिए गये वाक्य में ‘As if’ clause की verb (belonged) past tense में है; अतः पृथ्वी के किसी व्यक्ति का होने की स्थिकी अवास्तविक है.

दिए गये वाक्य का हिंदी में अनुवाद: वह इस तरह से चलता है जैसे पृथ्वी उसी की हो.

10. Replace ‘within’ by ‘by’ in part ‘C’. कोई निश्चित समय, वर्ष, आदि (point in time) के लिए preposition ‘by’ का use होता है जबकि समय की किसी अवधी (period of time) के लिए preposition ‘within’ का use होता है. कोई समय सीमा (deadline) एक निश्चित तारीख अथवा समय पर समाप्त होती है; अतः यह हमेशा एक ‘point in time’ होती है; जैसे

a) The job application must be submitted by 31 January 2015. (एक तिथि ‘point in time’ होती है; अतः इस वाक्य में preposition ‘within’ का use नहीं हो सकता.)

b) Our electricity bill must be paid within 2 weeks. (‘2 सप्ताह का समय’ एक समयावधि होती है; अतः इस वाक्य में preposition ‘by’ का use नहीं हो सकता.)

11. Replace ‘laps’ by ‘lap’ in part ‘C’. ‘The lap of the gods’ एक idiom है. जब कोई व्यक्ति कोई कार्य नहीं कर पाता है तो कहा जाता है कि अब तो यह भाग्य के हाथों में है; इस बात को अभिव्यक्त करने के लिए इस idiom का use किया जाता है.

12. Replace ‘and for’ by ‘but for’ in part ‘C’. ‘But for’ एक idiom है जिसका अर्थ है ‘if it were not for’ (अगर ऐसा नहीं होता तो)

13. Replace ‘was seemed’ by ‘seemed to have known’ in part ‘C’. Verb ‘seem’ को passive form में use नहीं किया जा सकता. और verb ‘seem’ के साथ जब कोई action word दिया गया हो तो to-infinitive (to + V1) का use किया जाता है किसी gerund का नहीं. अतः इस वाक्य में शब्द ‘knowing’ का use अशुद्ध है. form. क्योंकि यह घटना भूतकाल की है इसलिए यहाँ perfect infinitive का use होगा; अर्थात ‘seemed to have known’ का use होगा.

14. Remove the article ‘a’ from part ‘A’. यहाँ ‘part’ = किसी वस्तु का कोई हिस्सा. इस अर्थ में ‘part’ एक uncountable noun होती है; अतः इस वाक्य में शब्द ‘part’ के साथ  article ‘a’ का use नहीं किया जा सकता.

15. Replace ‘talk’ by ‘talks’ in part ‘B’. ‘One of’ के बाद की nouns/pronouns plural form में use की जाती है.

16. Replace ‘so’ by ‘very’, ‘much’, or ‘very much’ in part ‘A’. ऐसे adjective जो Past Participles की form में होते हैं उनके पहले ‘so’ का use नहीं किया जाता; ऐसे adjectives के पहले ‘very’, ‘much’ अथवा  ‘very much’ का use होता है; खासतौर पर वो adjectives जो किसी के मन की कोई दशा, अथवा कोई भावपूर्ण अवस्था बताते हों जैसे कि admired, amused, bored, distressed, frightened, impressed, interested liked, shocked, struck, upset, आदि; जैसे

Rohan must have been very worried about her.
= Rohan must have been much worried about her.
= Rohan must have been very much worried about her.

17. Replace ‘posting’ by ‘to post’ in part ‘B’. Verbs ‘remember’ के साथ कोई gerund (ing form), तब आती है जब gerund वाला action verb ‘remember’ के action से पहले हुआ हो; लेकिन इस वाक्य में letter को post करने का action तो अभी हुआ ही नहीं है; अर्थात ये future के किसी समय में होगा. ऐसी स्थिति में verb ‘remember’ के साथ ‘to-infinitive’ का use होता है; अर्थात इस वाक्य में ‘posting’ के स्थान पर ‘to post’ का use होगा; जैसे

तुलना कीजिये:
a) I remember asking one of my sons about this.

[इस वाक्य में verb ‘remember’ के साथ gerund (asking) का use है; अर्थात ये भूत काल की कोई बात है. — कि इस बारे में मैंने अपने एक पुत्र से पूछा मुझे याद है.]

b) I will remember to ask one of my sons about this.

[इस वाक्य में verb ‘remember’ के साथ to-infinitive (to ask) का use है; अर्थात पूछने का कार्य अभी होना है. —  इस बारे में अपने एक पुत्र से पूछना मुझे याद रहेगा.]

18. Replace ‘than’ by ‘but’ in part ‘C’. यदि आवश्यक हो तो ‘else’ के साथ preposition But, Except, अथवा  Besides का use होता है ‘than’ का नहीं.); जैसे

No one else but Reema saw the accident.

INCORRECT: I have nobody else with me to play than Kanchan.
CORRECT: I have nobody else with me to play but Kanchan.

19. Replace ‘distract’ by ‘distracts’ in part ‘C’. Verb ‘distract’ का subject ‘Too great a variety’ है; जिसका main word (real subject)  ‘variety’ है. क्योंकि ये singular है इसलिए verb भी singular आएगी.

20. Replace ‘their’ by ‘its’ in part ‘C’. ‘Team’ एक समूहवाचक (collective) noun है. Collective nouns को singular मान के भी use किया जा सकता है और plural मान कर भी. Part ‘A’ में verb ‘was’ singular है; अर्थात collective noun ‘team’ को इस वाक्य में singular मान कर use किया गया है. अतः ‘their’ को भी singular form में होना चाहिए था; अर्थात ये ‘its’ होना चाहिए था.

21. Replace ‘be’ by ‘is’ in part ‘B’. Part ‘B’ में ‘Be’ एक verb है. जब ‘be’ एक verb होती है तो ‘be’ खुद use नहीं होती बल्कि इसके स्थान पर इसकी कोई form use की जाती है. क्योंकि subject ‘one’ singular है इसलिए ‘be’ के स्थान पर ‘is’ का use होगा.

22. Replace ‘youths’ by ‘youth’ in part ‘B’.  यहाँ ‘youths’ का अर्थ है ‘युवा व्यक्ति’. इस अर्थ में ‘youth’ एक uncountable noun होती है; अर्थात यहाँ आप इसको plural form में use नहीं कर सकते.

23. No error. ‘Your’ को यहाँ दोहराना बिल्कुल शुद्ध है क्योंकि father और brother दोनों अलग-अलग व्यक्ति हैं.

24. Place ‘its’ before influence’ in part ‘B’ क्योंकि यहाँ possessive adjective का use किये जाने की आवश्यकता है; जैसे

a) The government should continue to use its influence for the release of all hostages.
b) He used his influence to get his son into medical school.

25. Shift ‘only’ between ‘we’ and ‘need’ in part ‘B’. यदि वाक्य में किसी helping verb का use नहीं है तो main verb ‘be’ को छोड़कर शब्द ‘only’ को subject और main verb के बीच में रखा जाता है; जैसे

INCORRECT: She goes to temple once a week only.
CORRECT: She only goes to temple once a month.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

Solution with explanation (in English)

1. Replace ‘with’ by ‘on’ in part ‘C’. ‘On a humorous/positive/negative, etc. note’ is an idiomatic construction which means ‘a particular mood or style’. On a pessimistic note = in a bad mood; e.g.

a) His presidency began on an optimistic note.
b) I’d like to end the discussion on a more cheerful note.

2. Replace the article A by ‘the’ in part ‘B’. Normally no article is used before the name of a person. However, we use the article ‘the’ before the name of a person/thing if it is used to completely compare the qualities of another person/thing.

INCORRECT: Kalidas was Shakespeare of India.
CORRECT: Kalidas was the Shakespeare of India.

INCORRECT: She is a Lata Mangeshkar of Rajasthan.
CORRECT: She is the Lata Mangeshkar of Rajasthan.

INCORRECT: Mumbai is London of India.
CORRECT: Mumbai is the London of India.

3. Either replace ‘despite’ by ‘although’ or ‘despite he had received’ by ‘despite receiving’ in part ‘B’. ‘Despite’ is not followed by a clause; we use a noun or gerund (ing form) with it instead. If we want to use a clause we use ‘although’ before that clause then. Despite = although; e.g.

a) Despite my sickness I went to the office.
= Despite being sick I went to the office.
= Although I was sick I went to the office.

b) He managed to eat a big lunch despite having eaten an enormous breakfast.

NOTE: However, we can use a clause after ‘in spite of/despite’ if we have ‘the fact that’ with it; e.g.

In spite of/despite the fact that she fell midway through the race, she won.

4. Replace ‘arriving’ by ‘to arrive’ or ‘and arrived’ in part ‘C’. ‘To arrive’ = in order to arrive.

Hindi translation: वह रविवार को मुंबई पहुँचने लिए शनिवार को निकला.

5. Replace ‘on bent knees’ by ‘on bended knee’ in part ‘C’. ‘On bended knee’ is an idiom. This idiom is used to show respect while one or both our keens are touching the ground. It means ‘in a position in which the knee of one leg is touching the floor’; e.g.

He went down on bended knee to ask her to marry him.

NOTE: Here ‘gods’ doesn’t mean God; rather it means देवता.

6. Replace ‘what to speak of’ by ‘not to speak of’ in part ‘A’. When we want to indicate that there is so little of something that it is hardly worth mentioning we use ‘not to speak of’.

7. Remove the preposition ‘for’ from part ‘C’. When we speak about general activities that involve movement we can use either ‘go out + gerund)’ or ‘go + gerund’; e.g.

They have gone fishing until later this evening.
= They have gone out fishing until later this evening.

It was pouring with rain and all we could do was to go shopping.
= It was pouring with rain and all we could do was to go out shopping.

8. Remove the article ‘the’ from part ‘C’. ‘Innocent’ is an adjective. No article can be placed before an adjective unless it’s followed by a noun.

9. No error. Clauses that start with ‘as if’ or ‘as though’ describe an unreal situation if they are followed by an unreal tense (the Past Subjunctive or the Past Perfect Subjunctive). If the tense after them is real, they express that the statement is true.

In the given statement after ‘as if’ is unreal as the earth cannot belong to anyone.

Hindi translation of the given sentence: वह इस तरह से चलता है जैसे पृथ्वी उसी की हो.

10. Replace ‘within’ by ‘by’ in part ‘C’. With a ‘point in time’ we use ‘by’ whereas with a ‘period of time’ we use ‘within’. Any deadline is always a fixed date or time; so it indicates a ‘point in time’; e.g.

a) The job application must be submitted by 31 January 2015. (Any date is a point in time; therefore you can’t use ‘within’ here.)

b) Our electricity bill must be paid within 2 weeks. (‘2 weeks’ is a period of time; therefore you can’t use ‘by’ here.)

11. Replace ‘laps’ by ‘lap’ in part ‘C’. ‘The lap of the gods’ is an idiom. If the result of something is in the lap of the gods, you do not know what will happen because it depends on luck or things you cannot control.

12. Replace ‘and for’ by ‘but for’ in part ‘C’. ‘But for’ is an idiom which means ‘if it were not for’ (अगर ऐसा नहीं होता तो)

13. Replace ‘was seemed’ by ‘seemed to have known’ in part ‘C’. Verb ‘seem’ cannot be used in the passive as it’s not a deliberate action, also if an action word is there just after verb ‘seem’ (here ‘knowing’) we use it in the to-infinitive (to + V1) form. As it’s a past event we need it to be a perfect infinitive, so it will be ‘seemed to have known’.

14. Remove the article ‘a’ from part ‘A’. Here ‘part’ = some but not all of a thing. In this meaning ‘part’ is an uncountable noun; therefore we cannot use the article ‘a’ with it.

15. Replace ‘talk’ by ‘talks’ in part ‘B’. After the use ‘one of’ we use nouns/pronouns in the plural.

16. Replace ‘so’ by ‘Very’, ‘Much’, or ‘Very much’ in part ‘A’. We do not use ‘so’ before adjectives that are in the form of Past Participles . With such adjectives we use ‘very’, ‘much’ or ‘very much’ mostly, especially when they refer to a state of mind or emotional condition like admired, amused, bored, distressed, frightened, impressed, interested liked, shocked, struck, upset, etc.; e.g.

Rohan must have been very worried about her.
= Rohan must have been much worried about her.
= Rohan must have been very much worried about her.

17. Replace ‘posting’ by ‘to post’ in part ‘B’. When verbs ‘remember’ is followed by a gerund (ing form), the gerund refers to an action that happened earlier than the verb ‘remember’; but here in the given sentence the action of ‘posting the letter’ has to be performed in the future. For future contexts we use ‘to-infinitive’ with the verb ‘remember; e.g.

Compare:
a) I remember asking one of my sons about this. (past memory)
b) I will remember to ask one of my sons about this. (future context)

18. Replace ‘than’ by ‘but’ in part ‘C’. If needed we use preposition But, Except, or Besides with ‘else’ (not ‘than’); e.g.

No one else but Reema saw the accident.

INCORRECT: I have nobody else with me to play than Kanchan.
CORRECT: I have nobody else with me to play but Kanchan.

19. Replace ‘distract’ by ‘distracts’ in part ‘C’. Subject of the verb ‘distract’ is ‘Too great a variety’ whose main word (real subject)  is ‘variety’. As it’s singular we also need the verb in the singular.

20. Replace ‘their’ by ‘its’ in part ‘C’. ‘Team’ is a collective noun. Collective nouns can be used as singular nouns as well as plural nouns. Verb ‘was’ in part ‘A’ is telling us that here it is treated as singular noun. Therefore, we need to use it everywhere as a singular noun. But ‘their’ is a plural adjective, so we need to make it in the singular.

21. Replace ‘be’ by ‘is’ in part ‘B’. ‘Be’ in this sentence is a verb. When ‘be’ is a verb we do not use it itself, rather we use a form of it. As the subject of this verb is singular therefore its form ‘is’ will be used.

22. Replace ‘youths’ by ‘youth’ in part ‘B’.  Here ‘youths’ means ‘young people’. In this meaning ‘youth’ is an uncountable noun; therefore you can’t make it in the plural.

23. No error. Repetition of ‘your’ is necessary in this sentence as father and brother are two different people.

24. Place ‘its’ before influence’ in part ‘B’ as use of a possessive adjective is necessary here; e.g.

a) The government should continue to use its influence for the release of all hostages.
b) He used his influence to get his son into medical school.

25. Shift ‘only’ between ‘we’ and ‘need’ in part ‘B’. If there is no helping verb we put ‘only’ between the subject and the main verb except verb ‘be’; e.g.

INCORRECT: She goes to temple once a week only.
CORRECT: She only goes to temple once a month.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

Previous post

Arise/Rise/Raise & Arouse/Rouse (Explained in Hindi & English)

Next post

Use of 'Lest' (Explained in Hindi & English)

Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

No Comment

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published.