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ERROR FINDING – PRACTICE SET-3 – SOLVED (Hindi & English)

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Error Finding — Practice Set-3 — Solved (Both Hindi & English)

NUMBER OF QUESTIONS: 25                                                                                                  MAXIMUM TIME: 10 minutes

1. He said that / he always kept in his pocket / a bundle of one hundred rupees notes. / NE

2. I am / learning a / new poetry. / NE

3. I will not / stay here another minute / if I can help it. / NE

4. I am sorry / but I will not believe the story / you have told me. / NE

5. Three fourths of the population / have no access to / clean water. / NE

6. My grandfather owns/ fifty acre / of wet land. / NE

7. The temple is / within a hundred yards / from my house / NE

8. It is I / who is responsible / for the delay. / NE

9. I will try to be on time / but don’t worry / when I am late. / NE

10. If you had told me / I would have helped you / solve the problem / NE

11. This machine looks / good but is very / badly designed and doesn’t work good. / NE

12. No country can long endure / if its foundations / are not laid deep in the material prosperity. / NE

13. A computer virus works exactly / like the biological variety / which invade the human body. / NE

14. I took her for a ride / on the motorcycle / which Rohit has bought yesterday. / NE

15. Go up the beach and watch for tourists / so you could warn anyone / before they get to the water. / NE

16. Whom would / you like to be / if you weren’t yourself? / NE

17. My scooter is being serviced / so I am going to the office / by walk. / NE

18. He was irritated at her suggestion / that he cooked / while she went out shopping. / NE

19. When the professors are on strike / and a notice of this effect is pasted on the university gate / there is no sense to go there. / NE

20. I remember / meet him / five years ago. /NE

21. Dipu hopes to become an officer after / he will complete / his higher education. / NE

22. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam’s life was a / sage of dedication in the / cause of educational reforms in India. / NE

23. Sunita is feeling little uncomfortable today / because she is ill, so she can perform / her work after having some rest for a while. / NE

24. Everything are packed / and ready / to leave. / NE

25. Book I gave / you is very good for /any competitive exam. /NE

Answer Key

1. C 2. C 3. D 4. B 5. B 6. B 7. D 8. B 9. C 10. D
11. C 12. A 13. C 14. C 15. B 16. A 17. C 18. B 19. C 20. B
21. B 22. B 23. A 24. A 25. A

Solution with explanation (in Hindi)

1. Replace ‘rupees’ by ‘rupee’ in Part ‘C’. ‘Rupees notes’ एक compound noun (ऐसी noun जो दो या अधिक शब्दों से बनी हो). इस वाक्य में हमें इस noun के plural use की आवश्यकता है. Compound noun ‘rupees notes’ अशुद्ध रूप से plural बनाई गयी है क्योंकि जब किसी compound noun को plural बनाया जाता है तो केवल उसके main word को ही plural बनाया जाता है. इस compound noun का main word ‘note’ है, अतः इसका शुद्ध plural होगा ‘rupee notes’.

2. Replace ‘poetry’ by ‘poem’ in part ‘C’. ‘Poetry’  एक uncountable noun है, लेकिन article ‘A’ के use के कारण से हमें यहाँ एक  countable noun की जरूरत है,  ‘poem’ एक countable noun होती है.

3. No error. ‘If one can help it’ एक idiom है, इसका अर्थ है — अगर कोई किसी स्थिति से बचने (avoid करना) में सक्षम हो; जैसे

a) Are you going to watch the school play? — Not if I can help it.
b) Is he taking a second job? — Not if his wife can help it.
c) He’s not riding on the back of that motorcycle, not if I can help it.

Translation in Hindi: अगर मैं ये avoid कर पाया तो मैं यहाँ एक मिनट भी नहीं रुकुंगा l

NOTE: This, Every, Another HIS, EVERY, ANOTHER और Last/Next + Time से पहले नहीं किसी preposition का प्रयोग नहीं किया जाता; जैसे

a) We can’t afford a holiday this year.
b) Where did you go last weekend?
c) My exams finish next Tuesday afternoon.
d) I will not stay here another minute.

4. Replace ‘will not believe’ by ‘do not believe’ in part ‘B’. Verb ‘believe’ का प्रयोग future tense में नहीं किया जाता.

5. Replace ‘have’ by ‘has’ in part ‘B’. यदि निम्नलिखित के बाद singular countable, अथवा  uncountable nouns का प्रयोग हो तो हम singular verbs का प्रयोग करते हैं, और इनके बाद यदि plural countable nouns का प्रयोग हो तो plural verbs का प्रयोग होता है:

One third of Two thirds of Three fourths of, etc. The rest of
A quarter of Part of

a) Three fourths of the wheat has been consumed.
b) One third of the house is yet to be repaired.
c) One third of the students have passed.

NOTE: संख्या ‘one’ के बाद singular fractional number का प्रयोग होता है, और किसी plural number के बाद plural fractional number का प्रयोग होता है, जैसे

a- i) one fourth
11) two fourths

b-i) one third
ii) three thirds

6. Replace ‘acre’ by ‘acres’ in part ‘B’. यदि किसी number (यहाँ ‘fifty) के तुरंत बाद बिन preposition ‘of’ के कोई unit (यहाँ ‘acre’) हो तो हम उस unit को singular form में प्रयोग करते हैं, लेकिन unit के बाद यहाँ preposition OF का use है तो unit plural form में  आएगी.

7. No error. यहाँ article ‘A’ का use ‘hundred’ के लिए हुआ है, ‘yards’ के लिए नहीं. A hundred  = one hundred.

8. Replace ‘who is’ by ‘who am’ in part ‘B’. Relative pronouns जैसे कि Who, Which, That के लिए verb इनके antecedents  (वह noun या  pronoun जिसके लिए कोई relative pronoun use होती है) के अनुसार आती है. दिए गये वाक्य में relative pronoun ‘who’ का antecedent pronoun ‘I’ है, इसलिए verb ‘am’ का use होगा; e.g.

INCORRECT: I, who is a doctor, will examine you.
CORRECT: I, who am a doctor, will examine him.

INCORRECT: The boys who lives here are always disturbing.
CORRECT: The boys who live here are always disturbing.

9. Replace ‘when’ by ‘if’ in part ‘C’. Clause ‘I am late’ यहाँ कारण है, इसलिए ये एक conditional clause बनेगा.

10. No error. Verb ‘help + object’ के बाद ‘TO + V1’ भी सही होती है और ‘V1 without TO’ भी सही होती है, अर्थात यहाँ ‘solve’ भी शुद्ध है और ‘to solve’ भी.

11. Replace ‘good’ by ‘ ‘well’ in part ‘C’. ‘Good’ केवल एक adjective होता है जबकि ‘well’ एक adjective भी होता है और एक adverb भी. यहाँ हमें एक ऐसे शब्द की जरूरत है जो  verb (work) को  describe कर सके. ऐसा शब्द जो किसी verb को describes करता हो उसको adverb कहते हैं, adjective नहीं, इसलिए यहाँ ‘well’ शुद्ध होगा.

12. Shift ‘long’ after ‘endure’, अर्थात part ‘A’ में ये ‘endure long’. ‘Long’ adjective भी होता है और adverb भी. यहाँ हमें verb (endure) को describe करने वाला शब्द चाहिए. ऐसा शब्द जो किसी verb को describes करता हो उसको adverb कहते हैं, adjective नहीं. शब्द ‘long’ जब कोई adverb होता है तो ये verb के बाद use होता है.

13. Replace ‘invade’ by ‘invades’ in part ‘C’. ‘Which’ यहाँ noun ‘virus’ के लिए relative pronoun है जो की एक singular noun है.

14. Replace ‘has bought’ by ‘bought’ in part ‘C’ क्योंकि ‘yesterday’ का use Simple Past Tense के लिए ही होता है.

15. Replace ‘so’ by ‘so that’ in part ‘B’. ‘Could warn anyone’ यहाँ ‘beach’ पर जाने का उद्देश्य (purpose) है. किसी purpose के लिए ‘so that’ use किया जाता है, ‘so’ नहीं.

16. Replace ‘whom’ by ‘who’ in part ‘A’. यहाँ हमें infinitive ‘to be’ के लिए pronoun की जरूरत है. Infinitive ‘to be’ BE के लिए pronoun subjective case में use की जाती है, objective case में नहीं. Subjective pronoun ‘who’ होती है, ‘whom तो objective pronoun है.

NOTE: लेकिन यदि infinitive ‘to be’ के लिए subject और object दोनों ही में pronouns की आवश्यकता होती है तो दोनों ही जगह objective pronouns का use किया जाता है, जैसे

They guessed him to be me. (इस वाक्य में ‘to be’ का subject ‘him’ है और इसका object ‘me’ है.)

17. Replace ‘by walk’ by ‘on foot’ in part ‘C’. कहीं पैदल जाने के लिए शुद्ध phrase ‘on foot’ होता है, ‘by walk’ नहीं; जैसे

a) The bus didn’t come, so we set off on foot.
b) It takes about 30 minutes on foot, or 10 minutes by car.

18. Replace ‘cooked’ by ‘cook’ in part ‘B’.  ऐसा ही एक और example:

He was chafing at her suggestion that he stay at home while she went on a vacation.
Chafe = बहुत अधिक चिडचिडा होना या गुस्से में होना

19. Replace ‘to go’ by ‘in going’ in part ‘C’. ‘Sense in doing something’ = कुछ करने का कारण होना, इसलिए यहाँ उचित phrase ‘no sense in going’ होगा. ऐसे ही कुछ और example:

a) What is the sense in making things more difficult for yourself?
b) There’s no sense in waiting, the next train isn’t for two hours.

20. Replace ‘meet’ by ‘meeting’ in part ‘B’. यह past की किसी घटना का स्मरण होना है, ऐसे में हम  verb ‘remember’ के साथ ‘ing form’ का use करते हैं. ये समझने के लिए ये पढ़िए:

Remember + -ing form
अगर हमारे mind में past की किसी घटना का स्मरण होता है तो verb ‘remember’ के साथ ‘ing form’ का use किया जाता है ; जैसे

a) I remember meeting her once, it must have been about five years ago. (Not remember to meet)
b) She said she didn’t remember getting an email from him.
c) I remember asking one of my sons about this.

NOTE: Remember + to-infinitive
जब हम कुछ करना भूलते नहीं हैं तो verb ‘remember’ के साथ ‘to-infinitive’ का use किया जाता है; जैसे

a) He remembered to turn the gas off.
b) Remember to save your work often, just in case your computer crashes.

21. Replace ‘will complete’ by ‘has completed’ in part ‘B’. Time clauses में future time को बताने के लिए आमतौर पर Present Simple Tense का use किया जाता है. लेकिन यदि हम एक ऐसे action की बात कर रहे हों जो एक लम्बी अवधि में होता है तो ‘after’ के बाद Present Perfect tense का use किया जाता है. यहाँ ‘after’ एक conjunction है,  ‘after’ जब एक conjunction होता है तो इसके बाद वाला clause एक Time Clause होता है; जैसे

After I have finished typing this paper, I’m going to meet my uncle.

22. Replace ‘dedication in’ by ‘dedication to’ in part ‘B’. जब किसी कार्य को करने या किसी उद्देश्य के प्रति प्रतिबद्धता होती है तो ‘dedication’ के साथ preposition ‘to’ का use किया जाता है,

23. Replace ‘little’ bt ‘a little’ in part ‘A’. शब्द ‘little’ का प्रयोग almost negative अर्थों में किया जाता है. लेकिन context के अनुसार हमें यहाँ positive अर्थ वाला शब्द चाहिए, इसलिए यहाँ ‘a little’ शुद्ध होगा.

24. Replace ‘everything are’ by ‘all are’ in part ‘A’. यहाँ हमें persons को refer कने वाला शब्द चाहिये.

25. Replace ‘book’ by ‘the book’ in part ‘A’. यदि किसी noun के बाद किसी phrase या clause का प्रयोग हुआ हो तो वह noun specific बन जाती है, और इसलिए उस noun से पहले article ‘the’ का use होता है. यहाँ noun ‘book’ के बाद एक clause (I gave you) का प्रयोग हुआ है, अतः यहाँ भी noun ‘book’ के पहले article ‘the’ का use होगा; जैसे

a) The girl in blue is my sister. (‘In blue’ is a phrase which has made the girl specific)
b) The boy that I met is a tennis player. (‘That I met’ is a clause which has made the boy specific)

NOTE: Clause ‘I gave you’ से पहले यहाँ Relative  Pronoun ‘that’ का use किया भी जा सकता है और नहीं भी, ये यहाँ समझिये:

The Relative Pronoun can be removed if it’s in the Objective Case of a Defining Clause; e.g.

a) She is the girl whom I love.
= She is the girl I love.

b) He is the actor that I like most.
= He is the actor I like most.

c) This is the flat which Mohan bought.
= This is the flat Mohan bought.

Solution with explanation (in English)

1. Replace ‘rupees’ by ‘rupee’ in Part ‘C’. In the given sentence ‘rupees notes’ is a compound noun (a noun made up of two or more words). Here we need this noun to be in the plural. Compound noun ‘rupees notes’ is incorrect as when a compound noun is made in the plural, only the main word of that noun is made in the plural. In this noun, noun ‘note’ is the main word. Therefore the correct plural form of it will be ‘rupee notes’.

2. Replace ‘poetry’ by ‘poem’ in part ‘C’. ‘Poetry’ is uncountable, but here because of the use of article ‘A’ we need a countable noun, ‘poem’ is a countable noun.

3. No error. ‘If one can help it’ is an idiom, it means if one is able to prevent or avoid something/situation. It’s usually used after negative verb constructions; e.g.

a) Are you going to watch the school play? — Not if I can help it.
b) Is he taking a second job? — Not if his wife can help it.
c) He’s not riding on the back of that motorcycle, not if I can help it.

Translation in Hindi: अगर मैं ये avoid कर पाया तो मैं यहाँ एक मिनट भी नहीं रुकुंगा l

NOTE: We don’t use a preposition before time phrases beginning with This, Every, Another and Last/Next; e.g.

a) We can’t afford a holiday this year.
b) Where did you go last weekend?
c) My exams finish next Tuesday afternoon.
d) I will not stay here another minute.

4. Replace ‘will not believe’ by ‘do not believe’ in part ‘B’. Verb ‘believe’ can neither be used in the continuous nor in a future tense.

5. Replace ‘have’ by ‘has’ in part ‘B’. See the rule: If the following expressions are followed by singular countable, or uncountable nouns we use singular verbs. If they are followed by plural countable nouns we use plural verbs:

One third of Two thirds of Three fourths of, etc. The rest of
A quarter of Part of

a) Three fourths of the wheat has been consumed.
b) One third of the house is yet to be repaired.
c) One third of the students have passed.

NOTE: After ‘one’ a fractional number is singular, and after any plural cardinal number, the fraction is plural; e.g.

a- i) one fourth
11) two fourths

b-i) one third
ii) three thirds

6. Replace ‘acre’ by ‘acres’ in part ‘B’. When there is directly a unit without use of the preposition ‘of’ (here ‘acre’) after a number (here ‘fifty’) we use that unit in the singular, but here there is use of the preposition ‘of’ after a number, so we need the unit in the plural.

7. No error. Here use of the article ‘A’ is for ‘hundred’ not ‘yards’. A hundred = one hundred.

8. Replace ‘who is’ by ‘who am’ in part ‘B’. Verb of a relative pronoun like Who, Which, That is always according to its antecedent; e.g.

INCORRECT: I, who is a doctor, will examine you.
CORRECT: I, who am a doctor, will examine him.

INCORRECT: The boys who lives here are always disturbing.
CORRECT: The boys who live here are always disturbing.

9. Replace ‘when’ by ‘if’ in part ‘C’. ‘I am late’ is the reason, therefore it should be a conditional clause.

10. No error. After the verb ‘help + object’ both ‘TO + V1’ and ‘V1 without TO’ are correct, means here we can use either ‘solve’ or ‘to solve’.

11. Replace ‘good’ by ‘well’ in part ‘C’. ‘Good’ is only an adjective whereas ‘well’ is both an adjective and an adverb. Here we need a word that can describe the verb ‘work’. A word that describes a verb is an adverb, not an adjective, therefore ‘well’ is correct.

12. Shift ‘long’ after ‘endure’, means it will be ‘endure long’ in part ‘A’. ‘Long’ is both an adjective and an adverb. Here we need a word describing the verb ‘endure’. Means we need an adverb here. ‘Long’ as an adverb is used after its verb.

13. Replace ‘invade’ by invades’ in part ‘C’. Here ‘which’ is the relative pronoun for the noun ‘virus’, which is singular.

14. Replace ‘has bought’ by ‘bought’ in part ‘C’ as ‘yesterday’ is only used only with the Simple Past Tense.

15. Replace ‘so’ by ‘so that’ in part ‘B’. If you see ‘could warn anyone’ is the purpose of going up the beach. For a purpose we use ‘so that’, not ‘so’.

16. Replace ‘whom’ by ‘who’ in part ‘A’. Here we need a pronoun for the infinitive ‘to be’. For ‘to be’ we use a pronoun in the subjective case, not in the objective case. ‘Who’ is a subjective pronoun whereas ‘whom’ an objective pronoun.

NOTE: But if ‘to be’ has a pronoun as its subject as well as the object, we use objective pronouns at both the places; e.g.

They guessed him to be me. (Here ‘him’ is the subject of ‘to be’, and ‘me’ the object of ‘to be’.)

17. Replace ‘by walk’ by ‘on foot’ in part ‘C’. The correct phrase is ‘on foot’, not ‘by walking’; e.g.

a) The bus didn’t come, so we set off on foot.
b) It takes about 30 minutes on foot, or 10 minutes by car.

18. Replace ‘cooked’ by ‘cook’ in part ‘B’. Another such example:

He was chafing at her suggestion that he stay at home while she went on a vacation.
Chafe = feel extreme irritation or anger

19. Replace ‘to go’ by ‘in going’ in part ‘C’. Sense in doing something = the reason for doing something, therefore the correct phrase here will be ‘no sense in going’. See more such examples:

a) What is the sense in making things more difficult for yourself?
b) There’s no sense in waiting, the next train isn’t for two hours.

20. Replace ‘meet’ by ‘meeting’ in part ‘B’. This is a case of remembrance of a past event. In such a case we use ‘ing form’ of a verb with ‘remember’. Read this:

Remember + -ing form
If your mind has an impression of something you did in the past we use ‘remember + ing form’; e.g.

a) I remember meeting her once, it must have been about five years ago. (Not remember to meet)
b) She said she didn’t remember getting an email from him.
c) I remember asking one of my sons about this.

NOTE: Remember + to-infinitive
When we don’t forget to do something, and a verb form is needed we use ‘remember + to-infinitive; e.g.

a) He remembered to turn the gas off.
b) Remember to save your work often, just in case your computer crashes.

21. Replace ‘will complete’ by ‘has completed’ in part ‘B’. In time clauses normally we use the Present Simple Tense to represent future. But we use the Present Perfect if we talk about an action that takes place over a period of time; e.g.

After I have finished typing this paper, I’m going to meet my uncle.

NOTE: If you do not need a clause, you then will have to remove the subject ‘he’ from part ‘B’ and replace ‘he will complete’ by ‘completing’ or ‘the completion of’.

22. Replace ‘dedication in’ by ‘dedication to’ in part ‘B’. When it’s a commitment to a task or any purpose we use ‘to’ after ‘dedication’.

23. Replace ‘little’ by ‘a little’ in part ‘A’. ‘Little’ has almost negative effect, therefore it’s contextually incorrect here.

24. Replace ‘everything are’ by ‘all are’ in part ‘A’. Here we need a subject referring to person/s.

25. Replace ‘book’ by ‘the book’ in part ‘A’. If a noun follows a phrase or a clause it becomes specific. Here the noun ‘book’ is following a clause (I gave you), therefore use of the article ‘the’ is necessary before the noun ‘book’; e.g.

a) The girl in blue is my sister. (‘In blue’ is a phrase which has made the girl specific)
b) The boy that I met is a tennis player. (‘That I met’ is a clause which has made the boy specific)

NOTE: Use of the relative pronoun ‘that’ before the clause ‘I gave you’ is optional here. Read this to understand:

The Relative Pronoun can be removed if it’s in the Objective Case of a Defining Clause; e.g.

a) She is the girl whom I love.
= She is the girl I love.

b) He is the actor that I like most.
= He is the actor I like most.

c) This is the flat which Mohan bought.
= This is the flat Mohan bought.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

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