Error FindingPractice Sets - English

ERROR FINDING – PRACTICE SET-3 – SOLVED (ENGLISH & HINDI)

Here is a Practice Set on Error Finding. All the question included in this Practice Set are supported by the answer key of the set. Each question of this Practice Set is also well supported by lucid and detailed explanation both in English and Hindi. I’m sure you won’t face a problem in understanding those explanations.

Further, I want to ensure you that this Practice Set on Error Finding will be very useful for any competitive exams of the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) or Grade-II DASS Exam of the DSSSB, and other similar exams and will help you score good score. Names of some exams are given below for example:

1. Combined Graduate Level (CGL) Exam Tier-I & Tier-II
2. Combined Higher Secondary (10+2) Exam (CHSL) Tier-I
3. SI in Delhi Police and CPO Exam Paper-I & Paper-II
4. Stenographers Exam
5. Grade-II DASS Exam conducted by Delhi Staff Subordinate Services (DSSSB)

 

Error Finding — Practice Set-3 — Solved (Both English & Hindi)

NUMBER OF QUESTIONS: 25                                                                                                  MAXIMUM TIME: 10 minutes

1. He said that / he always kept in his pocket / a bundle of one hundred rupees notes. / NE

2. I am / learning a / new poetry. / NE

3. I will not / stay here another minute / if I can help it. / NE

4. I am sorry / but I will not believe the story / you have told me. / NE

5. Three fourths of the population / have no access to / clean water. / NE

6. My grandfather owns/ fifty acre / of wet land. / NE

7. The temple is / within a hundred yards / from my house / NE

8. It is I / who is responsible / for the delay. / NE

9. I will try to be on time / but don’t worry / when I am late. / NE

10. If you had told me / I would have helped you / solve the problem / NE

11. This machine looks / good but is very / badly designed and doesn’t work good. / NE

12. No country can long endure / if its foundations / are not laid deep in the material prosperity. / NE

13. A computer virus works exactly / like the biological variety / which invade the human body. / NE

14. I took her for a ride / on the motorcycle / which Rohit has bought yesterday. / NE

15. Go up the beach and watch for tourists / so you could warn anyone / before they get to the water. / NE

16. Whom would / you like to be / if you weren’t yourself? / NE

17. My scooter is being serviced / so I am going to the office / by walk. / NE

18. He was irritated at her suggestion / that he cooked / while she went out shopping. / NE

19. When the professors are on strike / and a notice of this effect is pasted on the university gate / there is no sense to go there. / NE

20. I remember / meet him / five years ago. /NE

21. Dipu hopes to become an officer after / he will complete / his higher education. / NE

22. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam’s life was a / sage of dedication in the / cause of educational reforms in India. / NE

23. Sunita is feeling little uncomfortable today / because she is ill, so she can perform / her work after having some rest for a while. / NE

24. Everything are packed / and ready / to leave. / NE

25. Book I gave / you is very good for /any competitive exam. /NE

Answer Key

1. C 2. C 3. D 4. B 5. B 6. B 7. D 8. B 9. C 10. D
11. C 12. A 13. C 14. C 15. B 16. A 17. C 18. B 19. C 20. B
21. B 22. B 23. A 24. A 25. A

Solution with explanation (in Hindi)

1. Replace RUPEES by RUPEE in Part ‘C’. यदि शब्द Words rupee, day, month, minute, mile, kilo, dozen, gross, pair, score, hundred, thousand, million, billion, trillion, etc. किसी संख्या के साथ दिए गये हों और इनके तुरंत बाद कोई noun दी गयी हो तो इन शब्दों को एकवचन (singular) form में use किया जाता है.  यहाँ ONE HUNDRED वह संख्या है और NOTES noun है.

2. Replace POETRY by POEM in part ‘C’. POETRY  एक uncountable noun है, लेकिन article ‘A’ के use के कारण से हमें यहाँ एक  countable noun की जरूरत है,  POEM एक countable noun होती है.

3. No error. IF ONE CAN HELP IT एक idiom है, इसका अर्थ है — अगर कोई किसी स्थिति से बचने (avoid करना) में सक्षम हो पता है; जैसे

a) Are you going to watch the school play? — Not if I can help it.
b) Is he taking a second job? — Not if his wife can help it.
c) He’s not riding on the back of that motorcycle, not if I can help it.

Translation in Hindi: अगर मैं ये avoid कर पाया तो मैं यहाँ एक मिनट भी नहीं रुकुंगा l

NOTE: This, Every, Another HIS, EVERY, ANOTHER और Last/Next + Time से पहले नहीं किसी preposition का प्रयोग नहीं किया जाता; जैसे

a) We can’t afford a holiday this year.
b) Where did you go last weekend?
c) My exams finish next Tuesday afternoon.
d) I will not stay here another minute.

4. Replace WILL NOT BELIEVE by DO NOT BELIEVE in part ‘B’. Verb BELIEVE का प्रयोग future tense में नहीं किया जाता.

5. Replace HAVE by HAS in part ‘B’. यदि निम्नलिखित के बाद singular countable, अथवा  uncountable nouns का प्रयोग हो तो हम singular verbs का प्रयोग करते हैं, और इनके बाद यदि plural countable nouns का प्रयोग हो तो plural verbs का प्रयोग होता है:

One third of Two thirds of Three fourths of, etc. The rest of
A quarter of Part of

a) Three fourths of the wheat has been consumed.
b) One third of the house is yet to be repaired.
c) One third of the students have passed.

NOTE: संख्या ONE के बाद singular fractional number का प्रयोग होता है, और किसी plural number के बाद plural fractional number का प्रयोग होता है, जैसे

a- i) one fourth
11) two fourths

b-i) one third
ii) three thirds

6. Replace ACRE by ACRES in part ‘B’. यदि किसी NUMBER (यहाँ FIFTY) के तुरंत बाद बिन preposition OF के कोई unit (यहाँ ACRE) हो तो हम उस unit को singular form में प्रयोग करते हैं, लेकिन unit के बाद यहाँ preposition OF का use है तो unit plural form में  आएगी.

7. No error. यहाँ article ‘A’ का use HUNDRED के लिए हुआ है, YARDS के लिए नहीं. A HUNDRED = one hundred.

8. Replace WHO IS by WHO AM in part ‘B’. Relative pronouns जैसे कि WHO, WHICH, THAT के लिए verb इनके antecedents  (वह noun या  pronoun जिसके लिए कोई relative pronoun use होती है) के अनुसार आती है. दिए गये वाक्य में relative pronoun WHO का antecedent pronoun ‘I’ है, इसलिए verb AM का use होगा; e.g.

INCORRECT: I, who is a doctor, will examine you.
CORRECT: I, who am a doctor, will examine him.

INCORRECT: The boys who lives here are always disturbing.
CORRECT: The boys who live here are always disturbing.

9. Replace WHEN by IF in part ‘C’. Clause I AM LATE यहाँ कारण है, इसलिए ये एक conditional clause बनेगा.

10. No error. Verb HELP + OBJECT के बाद TO+V1 भी सही होती है और V1 WITHOUT TO भी सही होती है, अर्थात यहाँ SOLVE भी शुद्ध है और TO SOLVE भी.

11. Replace GOOD by WELL in part ‘C’. GOOD केवल एक adjective होता है जबकि WELL एक adjective भी होता है और एक adverb भी. यहाँ हमें एक ऐसे शब्द की जरूरत है जो  verb (WORK) को  describe कर सके. ऐसा शब्द जो किसी verb को describes करता हो उसको adverb कहते हैं, adjective नहीं, इसलिए यहाँ WELL शुद्ध होगा.

12. Shift LONG after ENDURE, अर्थात part ‘A’ में ये ENDURE LONG होगा. LONG adjective भी होता है और adverb भी. यहाँ हमें verb (ENDURE) को describe करने वाला शब्द चाहिए. ऐसा शब्द जो किसी verb को describes करता हो उसको adverb कहते हैं, adjective नहीं. शब्द LONG जब कोई adverb होता है तो ये verb के बाद use होता है.

13. Replace INVADE by INVADES in part ‘C’. WHICH यहाँ noun VIRUS के लिए relative pronoun है जो की एक singular noun है.

14. Replace HAS BOUGHT by BOUGHT in part ‘C’ क्योंकि YESTERDAY का use Simple Past Tense के लिए ही होता है.

15. Replace SO by SO THAT in part ‘B’. COULD WARN ANYONE यहाँ BEACH पर जाने का उद्देश्य (purpose) है. किसी purpose के लिए SO THAT use किया जाता है, SO नहीं.

16. Replace WHOM by WHO in part ‘A’. यहाँ हमें infinitive TO BE के लिए pronoun की जरूरत है. Infinitive TO BE के लिए pronoun subjective case में use की जाती है, objective case में नहीं. Subjective pronoun WHO होती है, WHOM तो objective pronoun है.

NOTE: लेकिन यदि infinitive TO BE के लिए subject और object दोनों ही में pronouns की आवश्यकता होती है तो दोनों ही जगह objective pronouns का use किया जाता है, जैसे

They guessed HIM to be ME. (Here HIM is the subject of TO BE, and ME the object of TO BE.

17. Replace BY WALK by ON FOOT in part ‘C’. कहीं पैदल जाने के लिए शुद्ध phrase ON FOOT होता है, BY WALK नहीं; जैसे

a) The bus didn’t come, so we set off on foot.
b) It takes about 30 minutes on foot, or 10 minutes by car.

18. Replace COOKED by COOK in part ‘B’.  ऐसा ही एक और example:

He was chafing at her suggestion that he stay at home while she went on a vacation.
CHAFE = बहुत अधिक चिडचिडा होना या गुस्से में होना

19. Replace TO GO by IN GOING in part ‘C’. SENSE IN DOING SOMETHING = कुछ करने का कारण होना, इसलिए यहाँ उचित phrase NO SENSE IN GOING होगा. ऐसे ही कुछ और examples:

a) What is the sense in making things more difficult for yourself?
b) There’s no sense in waiting, the next train isn’t for two hours.

20. Replace MEET by MEETING in part ‘B’. यह past की किसी घटना का स्मरण होना है, ऐसे में हम  verb REMEMBER के साथ ING FORM का use करते हैं. ये समझने के लिए ये पढ़िए:

Remember + -ing form
अगर हमारे mind में past की किसी घटना का स्मरण होता है तो verb REMEMBER के साथ ING FORM का use किया जाता है ; जैसे

a) I remember meeting her once, it must have been about five years ago. (Not remember to meet)
b) She said she didn’t remember getting an email from him.
c) I remember asking one of my sons about this.

NOTE: Remember + to-infinitive
जब हम कुछ करना भूलते नहीं हैं तो verb REMEMBER के साथ TO-INFINITIVE का use किया जाता है; जैसे

a) He remembered to turn the gas off.
b) Remember to save your work often, just in case your computer crashes.

21. Replace WILL COMPLETE by HAS COMPLETED in part ‘B’. Time clauses में future time को बताने के लिए आमतौर पर Present Simple Tense का use किया जाता है. लेकिन यदि हम एक ऐसे action की बात कर रहे हों जो एक लम्बी अवधि में होता है तो AFTER के बाद Present Perfect tense का use किया जाता है. यहाँ AFTER एक conjunction है,  AFTER जब एक conjunction होता है तो इसके बाद वाला clause एक Time Clause होता है; जैसे

After I have finished typing this paper, I’m going to meet my uncle.

22. Replace DEDICATION IN by DEDICATION TO in part ‘B’. जब किसी कार्य को करने या किसी उद्देश्य के प्रति प्रतिबद्धता होती है तो DEDICATION के साथ preposition TO का use किया जाता है,

23. Replace LITTLE by A LITTLE in part ‘A’. शब्द LITTLE का प्रयोग almost negative अर्थों में किया जाता है. लेकिन context के अनुसार हमें यहाँ positive अर्थ वाला शब्द चाहिए, इसलिए यहाँ A LITTLE शुद्ध होगा.

24. Replace ‘EVERYTHING ARE’ by ‘ALL ARE’ in part ‘A’. यहाँ हमें persons को refer कने वाला शब्द चाहिये.

25. Replace BOOK by THE BOOK in part ‘A’. यदि किसी noun के बाद किसी phrase या clause का प्रयोग हुआ हो तो वह noun specific बन जाती है, और इसलिए उस noun से पहले article THE का use होता है. यहाँ noun BOOK के बाद एक clause (I GAVE YOU) का प्रयोग हुआ है, अतः यहाँ भी noun BOOK के पहले article THE का use होगा; जैसे

a) The girl in blue is my sister. (IN BLUE is a phrase which has made the girl specific)
b) The boy that I met is a tennis player. (THAT I MET is a clause which has made the boy specific)

NOTE: Clause I GAVE YOU से पहले यहाँ Relative  Pronoun THAT का use किया भी जा सकता है और नहीं भी, ये यहाँ समझिये:

The Relative Pronoun can be removed if it’s in the Objective Case of a Defining Clause; e.g.

a) She is the girl whom I love.
= She is the girl I love.

b) He is the actor that I like most.
= He is the actor I like most.

c) This is the flat which Mohan bought.
= This is the flat Mohan bought.

Solution with explanation (in English)

1. Replace RUPEES by RUPEE in Part ‘C’. Words rupee, day, month, minute, mile, kilo, dozen, gross, pair, score, hundred, thousand, million, billion, trillion, etc when used with a number immediately before a noun, are never made plural. Here ONE HUNDRED is that number and NOTES the noun.

2. Replace POETRY by POEM in part ‘C’. POETRY is uncountable, but here because of the use of article ‘A’ we need a countable noun, POEM is a countable noun.

3. No error. IF ONE CAN HELP IT is an idiom, it means if one is able to prevent or avoid something/situation. It’s usually used after negative verb constructions; e.g.

a) Are you going to watch the school play? — Not if I can help it.
b) Is he taking a second job? — Not if his wife can help it.
c) He’s not riding on the back of that motorcycle, not if I can help it.

Translation in Hindi: अगर मैं ये avoid कर पाया तो मैं यहाँ एक मिनट भी नहीं रुकुंगा l

NOTE: We don’t use a preposition before time phrases beginning with THIS, EVERY, ANOTHER and LAST/NEXT; e.g.

a) We can’t afford a holiday this year.
b) Where did you go last weekend?
c) My exams finish next Tuesday afternoon.
d) I will not stay here another minute.

4. Replace WILL NOT BELIEVE by DO NOT BELIEVE in part ‘B’. Verb BELIEVE can neither be used in the continuous nor in a future tense.

5. Replace HAVE by HAS in part ‘B’. See the rule: If the following expressions are followed by singular countable, or uncountable nouns we use singular verbs. If they are followed by plural countable nouns we use plural verbs:

One third of Two thirds of Three fourths of, etc. The rest of
A quarter of Part of

a) Three fourths of the wheat has been consumed.
b) One third of the house is yet to be repaired.
c) One third of the students have passed.

NOTE: After ONE a fractional number is singular, and after any plural cardinal number, the fraction is plural; e.g.

a- i) one fourth
11) two fourths

b-i) one third
ii) three thirds

6. Replace ACRE by ACRES in part ‘B’. When there is directly a UNIT without OF (here ACRE) after a number (here FIFTY) we use that unit in the singular, but here there is use of OF after a number, so we need the unit in the plural.

7. No error. Here use of the article ‘A’ is for HUNDRED not YARDS. A HUNDRED = one hundred.

8. Replace WHO IS by WHO AM in part ‘B’. Verb of a relative pronoun like WHO, WHICH, THAT is always according to its antecedent; e.g.

INCORRECT: I, who is a doctor, will examine you.
CORRECT: I, who am a doctor, will examine him.

INCORRECT: The boys who lives here are always disturbing.
CORRECT: The boys who live here are always disturbing.

9. Replace WHEN by IF in part ‘C’. I AM LATE is the reason, therefore it should be a conditional clause.

10. No error. After the verb HELP + OBJECT both TO+V1 and V1 WITHOUT TO are correct, means here we can use either SOLVE or TO SOLVE.

11. Replace GOOD by WELL in part ‘C’. GOOD is only an adjective whereas WELL is both an adjective and an adverb. Here we need a word that can describe the verb WORK. A word that describes a verb is an adverb, not an adjective, therefore WELL is correct.

12. Shift LONG after ENDURE, means it will be ENDURE LONG in part ‘A’. LONG is both an adjective and an adverb. Here we need a word describing the verb ENDURE. Means we need an adverb here. LONG as an adverb is used after its verb.

13. Replace INVADE by INVADES in part ‘C’. Here WHICH is the relative pronoun for the noun VIRUS, which is singular.

14. Replace HAS BOUGHT by BOUGHT in part ‘C’ as YESTERDAY is only used only with the Simple Past Tense.

15. Replace SO by SO THAT in part ‘B’. If you see COULD WARN ANYONE is the purpose of going up the beach. For a purpose we use SO THAT, not SO.

16. Replace WHOM by WHO in part ‘A’. Here we need a pronoun for the infinitive TO BE. For TO BE we use a pronoun in the subjective case, not in the objective case. WHO is a subjective pronoun whereas WHOM an objective pronoun.

NOTE: But if TO BE has a pronoun as its subject as well as the object, we use objective pronouns at both the places; e.g.

They guessed HIM to be ME. (Here HIM is the subject of TO BE, and ME the object of TO BE.

17. Replace BY WALK by ON FOOT in part ‘C’. The correct phrase is ON FOOT, not BY WALK; e.g.

a) The bus didn’t come, so we set off on foot.
b) It takes about 30 minutes on foot, or 10 minutes by car.

18. Replace COOKED by COOK in part ‘B’. Another such example:

He was chafing at her suggestion that he stay at home while she went on a vacation.
CHAFE = feel extreme irritation or anger

19. Replace TO GO by IN GOING in part ‘C’. SENSE IN DOING SOMETHING = the reason for doing something, therefore the correct phrase here will be NO SENSE IN GOING. See more such examples:

a) What is the sense in making things more difficult for yourself?
b) There’s no sense in waiting, the next train isn’t for two hours.

20. Replace MEET by MEETING in part ‘B’. This is a case of remembrance of a past event. In such a case we use ING FORM of a verb with REMEMBER. Read this:

Remember + -ing form
If your mind has an impression of something you did in the past we use REMEMBER + ING FORM; e.g.

a) I remember meeting her once, it must have been about five years ago. (Not remember to meet)
b) She said she didn’t remember getting an email from him.
c) I remember asking one of my sons about this.

NOTE: Remember + to-infinitive
When we don’t forget to do something, and a verb form is needed we use REMEMBER + TO-INFINITIVE; e.g.

a) He remembered to turn the gas off.
b) Remember to save your work often, just in case your computer crashes.

21. Replace WILL COMPLETE by HAS COMPLETED in part ‘B’. In time clauses normally we use the Present Simple Tense to represent future. But we use the Present Perfect if we talk about an action that takes place over a period of time; e.g.

After I have finished typing this paper, I’m going to meet my uncle.

NOTE: If you do not need a clause, you then will have to remove the subject HE from part ‘B’ and replace HE WILL COMPLETE by COMPLETING or THE COMPLETION OF

22. Replace DEDICATION IN by DEDICATION TO in part ‘B’. When it’s a commitment to a task or any purpose we use TO after DEDICATION.

23. Replace LITTLE by A LITTLE in part ‘A’. LITTLE has almost negative effect, therefore it’s contextually incorrect here.

24. Replace ‘EVERYTHING ARE’ by ‘ALL ARE’ in part ‘A’. Here we need a subject referring to person/s.

25. Replace BOOK by THE BOOK in part ‘A’. If a noun follows a phrase or a clause it becomes specific. Here the noun BOOK is following a clause (I GAVE YOU), therefore use of the article THE is necessary before the noun BOOK; e.g.

a) The girl in blue is my sister. (IN BLUE is a phrase which has made the girl specific)
b) The boy that I met is a tennis player. (THAT I MET is a clause which has made the boy specific)

NOTE: Use of the relative pronoun THAT before the clause I GAVE YOU is optional here. Read this to understand:

The Relative Pronoun can be removed if it’s in the Objective Case of a Defining Clause; e.g.

a) She is the girl whom I love.
= She is the girl I love.

b) He is the actor that I like most.
= He is the actor I like most.

c) This is the flat which Mohan bought.
= This is the flat Mohan bought.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

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