Error FindingPractice Sets - English

ERROR FINDING – PRACTICE SET-5 – SOLVED (Hindi & English)

Error Finding — Practice Set-5 — Solved (Both Hindi & English)

NUMBER OF QUESTIONS: 25                                                            MAXIMUM TIME: 10 minutes

1. Under no circumstances / have I harmed him / and he knows. / NE

2. The beggar who we had suspected / to be guilty turned out / to be innocent. /NE

3. I ordered some books on English Grammar / but none / has arrived yet. / NE

4. He insisted on me to accompany / him / in the journey. / NE

5. He threw / the ball / in the well. /NE

6. Although the police officer sympathised with poor, / he refused to take an action / against the rich man. / NE

7. These superstitions / live on / in the backwaters of America. / NE

8. It is not / such a pretty place / that I had expected. / NE

9. The warden / forbade the students / from leaving the hostel. /NE

10. I am afraid / I did a mistake / in the calculation. / NE

11. Their company is going to incur / heavy losses this year because / of the big discounts they offers to customers / NE

12. When I fail / to solve the problem myself, / I unhesitatingly called for his help. / NE

13. As a boy Dhritiman is very obedient, polite and hard-working / but as a student he is / always inattentive in study. / NE

14. I am coming directly / to my office / from the station. /NE

15. I cannot believe that / he is wasting time / all along his life. / NE

16. When I reached school / the bell / already had been rung. / NE

17. Have you / forgot / my name? / NE

18. Never before did / I have such an opportunity of loving / any young human creatures. / NE

19. A senior doctor / expressed concern / about physicians recommended the vaccine. / NE

20. I really do regret / not to learn to play the violin / when I had so many opportunities to learn and practise in school. / NE

21. If the motorists do not observe / the traffic regulations, / they will be stopped, ticketed and have to pay a fine. / NE

22. You have acted / nobler than / all of us. / NE

23. Sudoku was first designed in the 1970s / by a retired architect / and freelance puzzle constructor. / NE

24. The doctor asked / his patient / to regularly take his medicine. / NE

25. Today I met a lady who / had been my teacher / fifteen year ago. / NE

Answer Key

1. C 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. C 6. A 7. D 8. C 9. D 10. B
11. C 12. C 13. C 14. B 15. B 16. C 17. B 18. C 19. C 20. B
21. C 22. B 23. D 24. C 25. B

Solution with explanation (in Hindi)

1. Replace ‘knows’ by ‘knows it’ in part ‘C’. यहाँ verb ‘know’ का use एक सकर्मक (transitive) verb के रूप में होगा, और इसलिए हमें इसका एक object चाहिए जो की यहाँ ‘it’ होगा.

NOTE: हालाँकि यह कोई question नहीं है, लेकिन फिर भी यहाँ helping verb ‘have’ को subject (‘I’) के पहले सही ही रखा हुआ है. ये पढ़िए:

जब किसी sentence अथवा clause का आरंभ ‘preposition + no’ से होता है तो verb को invert किया जाता है, अर्थात उसकी helping verb को उस clause के subject के पहले रखा जाता है. ऐसी कुछ expressions हैं:

At no time Under no circumstances In no way On no account
On no condition

a) Under no circumstances will I go there.
b) At no time was the minister known with the disaster caused by the fire.
c) On no account should one drink and drive.

The doctor told his patient that he should on no account return to work until he had made a complete recovery.
= The doctor told his patient that on no account should he return to work until he had made a complete recovery.

2. Replace ‘who’ by ‘whom’ in part ‘A’.

‘Who’ और ‘whom’ के use में यदि कोई confusion हो तो वाक्य में दी गयी verbs की संख्या को गिनिये और देखिये की क्या उनके subjects की संख्या भी उतनी ही है. Subjects और verbs की वह संख्या यदि एक समान है तो ‘whom’ का use होना है, और यदि संख्या एक समान नहीं है तो ‘who’ का use होना है.

दिए गये वाक्य में दी गयी verbs संख्या में ये 2 हैं: ‘had suspected’ और ‘turned out’. Verb ‘had suspected’ का subject ‘we’ और verb ‘turned out’ का subject ‘beggar’ है, अर्थात जितनी verb उतने ही subject. अब ये स्पष्ट है की यहाँ ‘who’ के स्थान पर ‘whom’ का use होगा. एक और example देखिये:

The doctor who/whom you recommended is not available for three months.

(इस वाक्य में verb ‘recommended’ का subject ‘you’ है, verb ‘is’ का subject ‘doctor’ है. अब और कोई verb शेष नहीं बची, अर्थात subjects और verbs की संख्या बराबर है, इसलिए यहाँ objective case ‘whom’ का use होगा.)

3. Replace ‘has’ by ‘have’ in part ‘C’. ‘None’ के बाद की verb हम singular भी use कर सकते हैं और plural भी, ये इस बात पर निर्भर करता है कि ‘none’ का use singular noun के लिए किया गया है अथवा plural noun के लिए; जैसे

a) I’m always looking for inspiration. None ever comes. (‘Inspiration’ एक singular noun है जिसके लिए pronoun ‘none’ का use हुआ है, और इसलिए ही verb भी यहाँ singular form में use हुई है.)

b) She’s always looking for ideas. None ever come. (‘Ideas’ एक plural noun है जिसके लिए pronoun ‘none’ का use हुआ है, और इसलिए ही verb भी यहाँ plural form में use हुई है.)

c) None of this furniture is ready to use yet. (‘Furniture’ एक uncountable noun है जिसके लिए pronoun ‘none’ का use हुआ है, सभी uncountable nouns के लिए singular verb को use किया जाता है.)

दिए गये sentence में pronoun ‘none’ का use ‘books’ के लिए हुआ है जो एक plural noun है.

NOTE: ‘None of’ के बाद verb singular भी use की जा सकती है और plural भी, ये हमारी मर्जी पर होता है; जैसे

None of these suggestions is very helpful.
= None of these suggestions are very helpful.

4. Replace ‘me to accompany’ by ‘my accompanying ‘my accompanying’ in part ‘A’. Verb ‘insist’ on’ के बाद कोई object नहीं आता.

5. Replace ‘in’ by ‘into’ in part ‘C’. जब कोई आदमी या वस्तु किसी चीज के बाहर से उसके भीतर की ओर जाता/जाती है तो preposition ‘into’ का use किया जाता है, और जब कोई किसी चीज की boundary को पार करके उस से बाहर नहीं जाता अथवा वह उस चीज में पहले से ही मोजूद होता है तो preposition ‘in’ का use किया जाता है; जैसे

She was walking in the garden. Then she walked into the house.

Compare:

a) Sunita was in the house. (सुनीता पहले से घर में मोजूद थी.)
b) Sunita went into the house. (सुनीता बाहर से घर के अंदर गयी.)

a) They are sitting in the bus. (वे पहले से ही बस के अंदर थे.)
b) They climbed into the bus. (वे बाहर से बस के अंदर गये.)

NOTE: Verb ‘put’ के साथ ‘in’और ‘into’ दोनों ही preposition सही होते हैं; जैसे

She put her hands in her pockets.
= She put her hands into her pockets.

6. Place the article ‘the’ before ‘poor’ in part ‘A’. ‘Poor’ व्यक्तियों की दशा बताने वाला एक adjective होता है, जब हम व्यक्तियों की दशा बताने वाले किसी adjective के पहले article ‘the’ लगा देते हैं तो वह adjective एक noun बन जाता है, वह एक ऐसा noun बन जाता है जो उस वर्ग के सभी व्यक्तियों को इंगित करता है. ऐसे ही कुछ adjectives की सूची नीचे दी गयी है:

Blind Deaf Disabled Healthy Sick Living Dead
Rich Poor Unemployed Old Young

Some examples of such an use:

a) The poor get poorer, the rich get richer. (The poor  = all the poor people; The rich = all rich people)
b) The city government has made a good provision for the disabled this year. (all the disabled people)

INCORRECT: This government hospital is not suitable for sick.
CORRECT: This government hospital is not suitable for the sick. (THE SICK = all sick people)

7. No error. यहाँ preposition ‘on’ और ‘in’ का एक साथ use सही किया गया है. यहाँ ‘live on’ एक idiom है, जिसका अर्थ है किसी चीज का कहीं विद्यमान होना, पाया जाना

Backwater = पिछड़ा हुआ क्षेत्र

Translation in Hindi: ये अन्धविश्वास (superstitions) अमेरिका देश के पिछड़े इलाकों (backwaters) में पाए जाते हैं.

8. Replace ‘that’ by ‘as’ in part ‘C’. आमतौर पर ‘such’ के use के बाद relative pronoun ‘as’ का use किया जाता है, लेकिन यदि ‘such-clause’ में किसी बात का कारण बताया गया हो और उसके आगे वाले clause में उस कारण का परिणाम दिया गया हो तो ‘such’ के use के बाद relative pronoun ‘that’ का use किया जाता है, ‘as’ का नहीं; e.g.

There was such a noise that I was not able to hear anything. (इस sentence में  शोर (noise) कारण है, और कुछ भी नहीं सुन पाना (not able to hear anything) परिणाम है उस शोर का.)

9. No error. Verb ‘forbid’ के साथ To + V1 और gerund (ing form) दोनों का use शुद्ध होता है, अर्थात यहाँ ‘to leave’ भी सही है और ‘from leaving’ भी.

10. Replace ‘did’ by ‘made’ in part ‘B’. जब भी verb ‘do’ का use किसी noun के साथ होता है तो इसका अर्थ यहाँ बताना होता है कि कुछ किस तरह किया गया है, लेकिन verb ‘make’ का किसी noun के साथ use किसी कार्य के परिणाम को बताने पर जोर देना होता है; जैसे

When I was doing the calculations, I made two mistakes.

(देखिये इस sentence में ‘do’ और ‘make’ दोनों ही का use किया गया है. Verb ‘do’ (doing) का आशय कुछ calculate करने की प्रक्रिया को बताना है जबकि ‘mistakes’ का होना calculate करने की प्रक्रिया का परिणाम (outcome/result) है. इसलिए ही दूसरे clause में verb ‘make’ (made) का प्रयोग किया गया है.

एक और उदाहरण देखिये:

I did some work for her last summer; I made a pond in her garden. (पहला clause कार्य करने का एक्शन है जबकि दूसरा clause उस कार्य का परिणाम है.)

11. Replace ‘they’ by ‘it’ in part ‘C. ‘Company’ एक collective noun है. जब भी हम कंपनी अथवा किसी कंपनी/संगठन का नाम लिखते हैं तो उन्हें singular भी treat किया जा सकता है और plural भी. ध्यान में रखने की बात ये होती है कि किसी collective noun को अगर हमने पहले ही singular treat कर दिया है तो फिर उसको उस sentence में बाकी की सब जगह भी singular ही treat करना होगा, और अगर उसको हमने पहले ही plural treat कर दिया है तो फिर उसको उस sentence में बाकी की सब जगह भी plural ही treat करना होगा.

दिए गये वाक्य में helping verb ‘is’ हमें बता रही है कि कंपनी को हमने पहले ही singular मान लिया है, इसलिए बाद में भी उसको हमें singular ही मानना होगा. अतः यहाँ ‘they’ के स्थान पर ‘it’ use करना पड़ेगा.

NOTE: अगर किसी company/organization के लिए हम pronoun ‘they’ अथवा ‘who’ का प्रयोग करते हैं तो उसको plural माना जाता है, और अगर  ‘it’ अथवा ‘which’ का प्रयोग करते हैं तो उसको singular माना जाता है.

12. Replace ‘called’ by ‘call’ in part ‘C’ क्योंकि sentence का time present में है. हालाँकि sentence को उसके part ‘A’ में verb ‘fail’ को ‘failed’ से replace करके भी सही किया जा सकता है  लेकिन हम यहाँ ऐसा कर नहीं सकते क्योंकि जब भी अगर किसी sentence को उसके किन्ही भी 2 parts में से 1 में correction करके सही किया जा सकता है तो पहले वाले part को correct मान लिया जाता है.

13. Replace ‘in’ by TO in part ‘C’. शब्द ‘inattentive’ के साथ preposition ‘to’ का use होता है, ‘in’ का नहीं. यहाँ conjunction ‘but’ का use सही है क्योंकि दोनों ही clause विरोधाभास (contrast) लिए हुए हैं.

14. Replace ‘my office’ by ‘our office’ or ‘the office’ in part ‘B’. यहाँ Adverb ‘directly’ का use बिल्कुल सही हुआ है, यहाँ यह adverb verb को qualify नहीं कर रही है बल्कि यहाँ यह preposition ‘to’ को qualify कर रही है. Verb ‘coming’ बिल्कुल यह साफ़ कर रही है है कि वह office में आने की बात या तो office के ही किसी कर्मचारी को कह रहा है या फिर अपने बॉस को. ऐसे में वह office के लिए ‘my’ का use नहीं कर सकता.

15. Replace ‘is wasting’ by ‘has been wasting’ in part ‘B’. All along = किसी समय के प्रारंभ से ही; जैसे

Do you think he’s been lying to us all along?

यदि कोई action किसी past time में शुरू हुआ हो और अभी भी जारी हो, अथवा अभी-अभी समाप्त हुआ है को व्यक्त करने के लिए present perfect tense अथवा present perfect continuous tense का use किया जाता है. इन tenses का use ‘since’ और ‘for’ की time expressions के साथ भी किया जाता है; जैसे

a) He has been sleeping for an hour.
b) They have been playing since five o’clock.
c) She has been living in Delhi for ten years.
d) People have been saying for ages that the building be/should be pulled down.

16. Shift the adverb ‘already’ between ‘had’ and ‘been’ in part ‘C’, अर्थात यह ‘had already been’ होगा. जब verb में एक ही word होता है तो  already, hardly, nearly, just, quite, आदि adverbs को subject और verb के बीच में रखा जाता है, अगर verb में 1 से अधिक word होते हैं तो इनको verb के पहले word के बाद रखा जाता है; जैसे

a) I never go for a morning walk. (one word verb)
b) He has never seen a lion. (two word verb)
c) She quite agrees with me. (one word verb)
d) We usually have breakfast at eight. (one word verb)
e) He has just gone out to buy bread. (two word verb)
f) The letter has already been posted. (three word verb)

17. Replace ‘forgot’ by ‘forgotten’ in part ‘B’. Verb ‘forget’ की three forms Forget, Forgot, Forgotten होती हैं. American English में ‘forget’ की third form ‘forgot’ भी होती है, लेकिन exams में American English अशुद्ध होती है. .

NOTE: Verb ‘get’ की three forms Get, Got, Got होती हैं, लेकिन American English में ‘get’ की third form ‘gotten’ भी होती है.

18. Replace ‘human creatures’ by either ‘humans’ or ‘human beings’ in part ‘C’. ‘Humans’ के लिए noun ‘creature’ को आमतौर पर use नहीं किया जाता.

NOTE: ‘Humans’ के लिए noun ‘creature’ को तभी use किया जा सकता है जब उनके लिए हम अपना कोई विचार बता रहे हों; जैसे

a) Shruti is a strange creature.
b) A lovely blonde creature (= a beautiful blonde woman) walked into the room.
c) It seems clear to me that people are creatures of emotion.

19. Insert the relative pronoun ‘who’ after ‘physicians’, and the article ‘the’ before it in part ‘C’. Relative pronoun को यहाँ से हटाया नहीं जा सकता.

20. Replace ‘not to learn’ by ‘not learning’ or ‘not having learnt’ in part ‘B’.

जब कोई action verb ‘regret’ से पहले घटित होता है तो verb ‘regret’ के बाद gerund (ing form) का use किया जाता है. उस gerund की जगह present perfect participle (having + V3) का भी use शुद्ध होता है, अर्थ में कोई फर्क नहीं पड़ता; जैसे

He regretted speaking so rudely.
= He regretted having spoken so rudely.

NOTE: जब कोई action verb ‘regret’ के साथ-साथ ही होता है तो इसके बाद infinitive (to + V1) का use किया जाता है. ऐसे में हम किसी बात के लिए sorry का इजहार करना चाहते हैं; जैसे

a) We regret to inform you that your application has not been successful. (= Our regret comes before the information.)
b) We regret to announce the late arrival of the 12.45 from London. (= Our regret comes before the announcement)

21. Replace ‘have to pay’ a fine’ by ‘fined’ in part ‘C’. Sentence का दूसरा clause यहाँ passive voice में है. Verbs ‘stopped’ और ‘ticketed’ passive voice में हैं क्योंकि इनके साथ helping verb ‘will be’ लगी हुई है, किसी verb की third form के पहले अगर helping verb ‘be’ की कोई form हो तो वह sentence passive voice का बन जाता है. लेकिन यहाँ ‘have to pay’ का use active voice में हुआ है, इसलिए इसको भी passive voice में बनाना आवश्यक है, अतः यहाँ verb ‘fine’ की third form जो ‘fined’ होती है का use होना आवश्यक है.

22. Replace ‘nobler’ by ‘more nobly’ in part ‘B’. ‘Noble’ एक adjective होता है, कोई adjective केवल nouns और or pronouns को ही qualify कर सकता है. लेकिन हमें यहाँ ऐसा word चाहिए जो verb ‘acted’ को qualify कर सके; किसी verb को qualify करने वाले word को adverb कहते हैं, अर्थात हमें यहाँ एक adverb चाहिए. Adjective ‘noble’ की adverb ‘nobly’ होती है, लेकिन इस sentence में comparison है, अतः इस adverb की हमे comparative degree चाहिए जो ‘more nobly’ होती है.

23. No error. Freelance = जो आदमी अपना ही कोई कार्य करता हो और किन्ही दूसरी कंपनियों द्वारा उसकी सेवाओं के लिए बुलाया जाता हो; जैसे .

Most of the journalists I know work freelance.

24. Replace ‘to regularly take his medicine’ by ‘to take his medicine regularly’ in part ‘C’. Standard English में किसी infinitive को split करना allowed नहीं होता, अर्थात ‘to’ और V1  के मध्य कोई और word नहीं लिखा जा सकता. ‘to take’ एक infinitive है, अतः ‘to’ और ‘take’ के मध्य adverb ‘regularly’ गलत लिखी हुई है, इसलिए sentence में इसको हमे कहीं और ले जाने की आवश्यकता है.

‘Regularly’ एक adverb of manner होती है, जो यहाँ ‘to take’ को qualify कर रही है. जब कोई adverb of manner किसी verb अथवा infinitive को qualify करती है तो ये उस verb अथवा infinitive के बाद use होती है, लेकिन अगर उस verb अथवा infinitive का कोई object भी दे रखा हो तो वह adverb उस object के बाद use की जाती है. इस sentence में infinitive ‘to take’ का object भी दे रखा है जो ‘his medicine’ है, अतः adverb ‘regularly’ को इस object के बाद में use किये जाने की आचश्यकता है.

25. Replace ‘had been’ by ‘was’ in part ‘B’. Word  ‘ago’ के लिए Past Simple Tense का use किया जाता है.

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Solution with explanation (in English)

1. Replace ‘knows’ by ‘knows it’ in part ‘C’. Here the verb ‘know’ should be used as a transitive verb as it needs an object.

NOTE: Though it’s not a question, the helping verb ‘have’ is correctly placed before the subject (‘I’). Read this:

When a sentence or clause begins with ‘preposition + no’, the verb is inverted, means it’s helping verb is used before the subject of that sentence. Some of such expressions are given below:

At no time Under no circumstances In no way On no account
On no condition

a) Under no circumstances will I go there.
b) At no time was the minister known with the disaster caused by the fire.
c) On no account should one drink and drive.

The doctor told his patient that he should on no account return to work until he had made a complete recovery.
= The doctor told his patient that on no account should he return to work until he had made a complete recovery.

2. Replace ‘who’ by ‘whom’ in part ‘A’.

In case of confusion count the number of verbs and see whether or not there are as many subjects in the sentence. If every verb of the sentence has a subject, we need ‘whom’ otherwise ‘who’. In the above sentence there are two verbs namely ‘had suspected’ and ‘turned out’. Here the subject of the verb ‘had suspected’ is ‘we’ and subject of the verb ‘turned out’ is ‘beggar’, it means here we need ‘whom’ as there is no other verb left in the sentence. Another example:

The doctor who/whom you recommended is not available for three months.

(In this sentence, the verb ‘recommended’ has the subject ‘you’, the verb ‘is’ has the subject  ‘the doctor’. There is no verb left without a subject now. Therefore we need ‘whom’ here.)

3. Replace ‘has’ by ‘have’ in part ‘C’. Verb after ‘none’ is either singular or plural depending on what it is referring to; e.g.

a) I’m always looking for inspiration. None ever comes. (‘Inspiration’ is singular, so the verb is also singular)
b) She’s always looking for ideas. None ever come. (‘Ideas’ is plural, so the verb is also plural)
c) None of this furniture is ready to use yet.

In the given sentence you see ‘none’ has been used for ‘books’, which is plural.

NOTE: Verb after ‘none of’ is optional, means it’s our wish whether we use it in singular or plural form; e.g.

None of these suggestions is very helpful.
= None of these suggestions are very helpful.

4. Replace ‘me to accompany’ by ‘my accompanying’ in part ‘A’. ‘Insist on’ is an intransitive verb and therefore can’t take an object.

5. Replace ‘in’ by ‘into’ in part ‘C’. When someone/something moves somewhere from outside to inside of it we use the preposition ‘into’, and when someone/something does not cross the boundaries of something while making a movement or exists there already we use the preposition ‘in’; e.g.

She was walking in the garden. Then she walked into the house.

Compare:

a) She was in the house. (static position)
b) She went into the house. (movement from outside to inside)

a) They are sitting in the bus. (static position)
b) They climbed into the bus. (movement from outside to inside)

NOTE: With the verb ‘put’ we can use either of ‘in’ and ‘into’; e.g.

She put her hands in her pockets.
= She put her hands into her pockets.

6. Place the article ‘the’ before ‘poor’ in part ‘A’. ‘Poor’ is an adjective describing human quality. When we place the article ‘the’ before an adjective describing a human character/quality or condition, that adjective becomes a noun and then represents the whole class of persons of that category. Some of these adjectives are:

Blind Deaf Disabled Healthy Sick Living Dead
Rich Poor Unemployed Old Young

Some examples of such an use:

a) The poor get poorer, the rich get richer. (The poor = सभी गरीब व्यक्ति; The rich = सभी अमीर व्यक्ति)
b) The city government has made a good provision for the disabled this year. (The disabled = सभी अपंग व्यक्ति)

INCORRECT: This government hospital is not suitable for sick.
CORRECT: This government hospital is not suitable for the sick. (The sick = सभी बीमार व्यक्ति)

7. No error. Use of prepositions ‘on’ and ‘in in togetherness is quite correct here. Here ‘live on’ is an idiom, which means to exist, or to continue to live through difficult times.

Backwater = A place or situation regarded as isolated, or backward

Translation in Hindi: ये अन्धविश्वास (superstitions) अमेरिका देश के पिछड़े इलाकों (backwaters) में पाए जाते हैं.

8. Replace ‘that’ by ‘as’ in part ‘C’. We use the relative pronoun ‘as’ after the use of ‘such’, but if there is a cause of something in the ‘such-clause’ and result in the other clause we use the relative pronoun ‘that’ instead of ‘as’; e.g.

There was such a noise that I was not able to hear anything. (In this sentence ‘noise’ is the reason, and ‘not able to hear anything’ is the result of that noise.)

9. No error. Both ‘to + V1‘ and the gerund (ing form) are correct after the verb ‘forbid’. So either say ‘to leave’ or say ‘from leaving’.

10. Replace ‘did’ by ‘made’ in part ‘B’. When we use ‘do’ with a noun it tells us how something was performed/done. ‘Make’ emphasises more the outcome (result of an action) of an action; e.g.

When I was doing the calculations, I made two mistakes.

(Here in this sentence you see there is use of both the verbs ‘do’ and ‘make’. Use of the verb ‘do’ (doing) is suggesting the process of calculating something whereas ‘two mistakes’ is the outcome/result of performing the process of the calculations, therefore we’ve used the verb ‘make’ (made) in the second clause of the sentence.)

See another example:

I did some work for her last summer; I made a pond in her garden. (The first clause is the action whereas the second one is the result of that action.)

11. Replace ‘they’ by ‘it’ in part ‘C. ‘Company’ is a collective noun. When using company / organizational names, we treat them as either singular or plural (but not both). The important thing is we have to maintain consistency, if we have treated a company as a singular entity at the first place it should be treated as a singular entity at all other places of the sentence as well, and if we have treated a company as a plural entity at the first place it should be treated as a plural entity at all other places of the sentence as well.

In the given sentence above the helping verb ‘is’ for the company is making it an entity in the singular, therefore ‘they’ in part ‘C’ should also be in its singular form ‘it’.

NOTE: If the organization is referred to as ‘they’ or ‘who’ we use a plural verb with the company name. If the organization is referred to as ‘it’ or ‘which’ we use a singular verb.

12. Replace ‘called’ by ‘call’ in part ‘C’ as the context of the sentence is in the present. Though the sentence can also be corrected by replacing ‘fail’ by ‘failed’ in part ‘A’, here we can’t do that as when a sentence can be corrected by making alteration in any of two parts the first part is taken as correct one.

13. Replace ‘in’ by ‘to’ in part ‘C’. Word ‘inattentive’ takes the preposition ‘to’ not ‘in’. Use of ‘but’ is correct as both the clauses are contrasting clauses.

14. Replace ‘my office’ by ‘our office’ or ‘the office’ in part ‘B’. Use of the adverb ‘directly’ is at right position, it’s not qualifying the verb, rather it’s qualifying the preposition ‘to’. Verb ‘coming’ is making it clear that he is saying this either to any official of the office or to his boss. In such a scenario he can’t say ‘my office’.

15. Replace ‘is wasting’ by ‘has been wasting’ in part ‘B’. All along = from the beginning of a period of time; e.g.

Do you think he’s been lying to us all along?

An action which began in the past and is still continuing or has only just finished can be expressed by either the present perfect or the present perfect continuous. Sometimes we use this tense with expressions indicating the time period ‘since’ and ‘for’; e.g.

a) He has been sleeping for an hour.
b) They have been playing since five o’clock.
c) She has been living in Delhi for ten years.
d) People have been saying for ages that the building be/should be pulled down.

16. Shift the adverb ‘already’ between ‘had’ and ‘been’ in part ‘C’, means it will be ‘had already been’. Adverbs of frequency (always, never, often, rarely, usually, generally, etc.) and some of the other adverbs like almost, already, hardly, nearly, just, quite are normally put between the subject and the verb if the verb consists of only one word; if there is more than one word in the verb, they are put after the first word.

a) I never go for a morning walk. (one word verb)
b) He has never seen a lion. (two word verb)
c) She quite agrees with me. (one word verb)
d) We usually have breakfast at eight. (one word verb)
e) He has just gone out to buy bread. (two word verb)
f) The letter has already been posted. (three word verb)

17. Replace ‘forgot’ by ‘forgotten’ in part ‘B’. Three forms of the verb ‘forget’ are Forget, Forgot, Forgotten. In American English the third form of ‘forget’ is also ‘forgot’, but in exams we follow the British English, therefore third for ‘forgot’ is incorrect.

NOTE: Three forms of ‘get’ are Get, Got, Got though in American English we also use ‘gotten’ as the third form of ‘get’.

18. Replace ‘human creatures’ by either ‘humans’ or ‘human beings’ in part ‘C’. We don’t normally use the noun ‘creature’ for humans.

NOTE: But the noun ‘creature’ can also be used for humans when an opinion is being  expressed  about them; e.g.

a) Shruti is a strange creature.
b) A lovely blonde creature (= a beautiful blonde woman) walked into the room.
c) It seems clear to me that people are creatures of emotion.

19. Insert the relative pronoun ‘who’ after ‘physicians’, and the article ‘the’ before it in part ‘C’. The relative pronoun cannot be removed from here.

20. Replace ‘not to learn’ by ‘not learning’ or ‘not having learnt’ in part ‘B’.

When  an action that happened earlier than the verb ‘regret’ we use a gerund (ing form) after the verb ‘regret’.  The gerund could be replaced by the present perfect participle (having + V3) in these sentences to make the sequence of events more clear and exact; e.g.

He regretted speaking so rudely.
= He regretted having spoken so rudely.

NOTE: When  an action that happens at the same time of the verb ‘regret’, or later, we use an infinitive (to + V1) after the verb ‘regret’. Here our focus is on to say sorry about something we are going to say; e.g.

a) We regret to inform you that your application has not been successful. (= Our regret comes before the information.)
b) We regret to announce the late arrival of the 12.45 from London. (= Our regret comes before the announcement)

21. Replace ‘have to pay a fine’ by ‘fined’ in part ‘C’. The second clause of the sentence is in the passive voice as the earlier two verbs ‘stopped’ and ‘ticketed’ are in the passive because of use of the helping verb ‘will be’ in front of them. But ‘have to pay’ is in the active voice, therefore the next verb will also be in the passive.

22. Replace ‘nobler’ by ‘more nobly’ in part ‘B’. ‘Noble’ is an adjective, an adjective can only qualify nouns or pronouns. But here we need a word that could qualify the verb ‘acted’; a word qualifying a verb is called an adverb rather. Adverb of the adjective ‘noble’ is ‘nobly’, but here we need this adverb in the comparative degree because of use of ‘than’, comparative degree of the adverb ‘nobly’ is ‘more nobly’.

23. No error. Freelance = self-employed and hired to work for different companies on particular assignments; e.g.

Most of the journalists I know work freelance.

24. Replace ‘to regularly take his medicine’ by ‘to take his medicine regularly’ in part ‘C’. In standard English to split the infinitive is not allowed. ‘to take’ is an infinitive, therefore you can’t split it by inserting any word between ‘to’ and ‘take’; therefore the adverb ‘regularly’ needs to be placed anywhere else in the sentence.

‘Regularly’ is an adverb of manner, which is describing the infinitive ‘to take’ here. When an adverb of manner describes a verb or an infinitive it’s placed after that verb or the infinitive, but if the object of that verb or the infinitive is also given we place the adverb of manner after that object. ‘His medicine’ is the object of the infinitive ‘to take’ here, therefore it need to placed after it.

25. Replace ‘had been’ by ‘was’ in part ‘B’. For the adverb ‘ago’ we use the Past Simple Tense.

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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