Error FindingPractice Sets - English

ERROR FINDING – PRACTICE SET-9 – SOLVED (Hindi & English)

Error Finding — Practice Set-9 — Solved (Both Hindi & English  )

NUMBER OF QUESTIONS: 25                                                            MAXIMUM TIME: 10 minutes

1. He was too drunk / to know / where he was going to. / NE

2. The energy policy is largely defined by the / energy requirement and has increased focus / on developing sources of energy. / NE

3. It is suspected that a variety of / biological consequences may result from / the increase UV exposure due to ozone depletion. / NE

4. All my hope / were duped / and I was plunged in deep sorrow. / NE

5. I will not / stay here another minute / if I can help it! / NE

6. The officer has / given orders to his / soldiers yesterday. / NE

7. The later part of Gandhi’s life / till he was assassinated / was,  in considerable measure, the life of the nation as well. / NE

8. The food basket contained / a dark chocolate, an eclair, and a pastry / neatly wrapped in foil paper. / NE

9. It is of primary importance / in swimming to learn / to breath properly. / NE

10. Iodine deficiency is / an easy and inexpensive nutrient disorder / to prevent. / NE

11. He told me the same story / which he told / you yesterday. / NE

12. Vicky is the one who / always finds faults with / whatever Priya does. / NE

13. Not only they need clothing, / but they are also / short of food. / NE

14. Indian Defence Forces fought / the enemy till the last man / was standing. / NE

15. He is marrying a girl / whose family / don’t seem to like him. / NE

16. A dozen boys and two girls / have come / for today’s party. / NE

17. As they climb / higher, the air / became cooler. / NE

18. The principal told me that / I should not enter to his office / without his permission. / NE

19. The king Juan Carlos of Spain / arrived in London today / for a three day visit. / NE

20. It was / very unfortunate of him / to have lost the battle. / NE

21. Since my mother / was angry / so I did not utter a word. / NE

22. I want / that you should perform / well. / NE

23. The professor informed that / they had all done / very badly. / NE

24. The three individuals are / so different that their tastes vary / from each another. / NE

25. He regarded his marriage/as a mean to an end;/he just wanted his wife’s wealth./NE

Answer Key

1. C 2. C 3. C 4. B 5. D 6. C 7. A 8. B 9. A 10. C
11. B 12. B 13. A 14. A 15. D 16. C 17. A 18. B 19. A 20. C
21. C 22. B 23. A 24. C 25. B

Solution with explanation (in Hindi)

1. Remove TO after GOING in part ‘C’. जब हम कहीं जाते हैं तो उस स्थान के नाम के पहले preposition TO का use किया जाता है; परन्तु WHERE के पहले अथवा उसके लिए  TO का use नहीं होता; जैसे

INCORRECT: Where are you going to?
CORRECT: Where are you going?

2. Remove HAS from part ‘C’ क्योंकि यहाँ किसी verb की जरुरत है ही नहीं; बल्कि यहाँ noun FOCUS के लिए एक adjective की जरूरत है, अतः INCREASE के स्थान पर INCREASED का use शुद्ध होगा.

Translation in Hindi: ऊर्जा नीति मुख्य तौर पर ऊर्जा की जरुरत और ऊर्जा के विकसित हो रहे संसाधनों पर बढ़े हुए ध्यान (increased focus) द्वारा तय होती है.

3. Replaced INCREASE by INCREASED in part ‘C’. FROM एक preposition होता है, और किसी भी preposition के लिए वाक्य में हमेशा कोई noun अथवा pronoun होती है. दिए गये वाक्य में वह noun UV EXPOSURE है. अतः INCREASE का use एकदम अशुद्ध है क्योंकि ये तो एक verb होती है. इसकी adjective form INCREASED होती है. इसलिए यहाँ INCREASE के स्थान पर INCREASED किये जाने की आवश्यकता है.

4. Replace WERE by WAS in part B’. HOPE एक uncountable noun भी हो सकती है और countable भी. यहाँ यह countable noun है. जब HOPE एक uncountable noun होती है तो इसका अर्थ होता है ‘future में जो भी होगा तुम्हारी इच्छा अथवा उम्मीद के अनुसार होगा’. जब HOPE एक countable noun होती है इसका अर्थ होता है ‘तुम्हारी किसी इच्छा के होने की सम्भावना’. वाक्य के सन्दर्भ (context) से ये साफ़ है की ये एक uncountable noun है, किसी भी uncountable noun के साथ हमेशा V1 use होती है; अतः WERE के स्थान पर WAS का use होगा.

5. No error. IF ONE CAN HELP IT एक idiom है, इसका अर्थ है — अगर कोई किसी स्थिति से बचने (avoid करना) में सक्षम हो पता है; जैसे

a) Are you going to watch the school play? — Not if I can help it.
b) Is he taking a second job? — Not if his wife can help it.
c) He’s not riding on the back of that motorcycle, not if I can help it.

Translation in Hindi: अगर मैं ये avoid कर पाया तो मैं यहाँ एक मिनट भी नहीं रुकुंगा l

NOTE: This, Every, Another HIS, EVERY, ANOTHER और Last/Next + Time से पहले नहीं किसी preposition का प्रयोग नहीं किया जाता; जैसे

a) We can’t afford a holiday this year.
b) Where did you go last weekend?
c) My exams finish next Tuesday afternoon.
d) I will not stay here another minute.

6. Remove YESTERDAY from part ‘C’ क्योंकि YESTEDAY का use perfect tenses में नहीं होता; इसका use केवल Past Simple Tense की verb के साथ ही संभव है.

7. Replace LATER by LATTER in part ‘A’. LATTER को किसी व्यक्ति अथवा वस्तु के क्रम (order) बताने के लिए use किया जाता है जबकि LATER को किसी समय के संदर्भ (context) में ही use किया जा सकता है. दिए गये वाक्य में की समय संदर्भ की बात तो है ही नहीं; बल्कि यहाँ हमारा तात्पर्य गांधीजी के जीवन के उस अंश से है जो उनके सम्पूर्ण जीवन के बाद वाला है; जैसे

INCORRECT: Reena came latter than Richi.
CORRECT: Reena came later than Richi.

INCORRECT: The later half of the play was more interesting.
CORRECT: The latter half of the play was more interesting.

8. Replace ‘A’ by SOME in part ‘B’ क्योंकि CHOCOLATE एक uncountable noun है. Article ‘A’ का use सिर्फ countable nouns के साथ ही किया जा सकता है. .

9. Replace PRIMARY by PRIME in part ‘A’. Adjective PRIMARY का use तब किया जाता है जब हम ये कह रहे होते हैं कि कोई चीज किसी अन्य चीज से ज्यादा महत्वपूर्ण है, लेकिन इस दिए गये sentence में कोई ऐसी बात है ही नहीं, हम तो सिर्फ ये कह रहे हैं कि food का health के लिए महत्व क्या है, ऐसे में word PRIME का use सही होता है.

NOTE: दिए गये वाक्य में TO BREATH और HOW TO BREATH दोनों ही सही हैं. ये समझने के लिए ये पढ़ें: 

HOW TO का use कुछ करने की विधि बताने के लिए use किया जाता है. Verb LEARN के साथ इसका use optional होता है. Verb KNOW के साथ इसका use आवश्यक होता है; जैसे

I’m learning to drive.
= I’m leaning how to drive.

INCORRECT: Do you know to swim?
CORRECT: Do you know how to swim?

10. Replace TO PREVENT by TO BE PREVENTED in part ‘C’. अगर आप दयां से देखेंगे तो आप पाएंगे की TO PREVENT के लिए वाक्य में कोई subject नहीं दिया गया है; इसलिए इसको passive voice में बदलने की जरूरत है.

11. Replace WHICH by THAT in part ‘B’. अगर THE SAME के बाद दूसरे clause का subject भी दिया गया हो तो relative pronoun THAT का use किया जाता है; AS अथवा WHICH का नहीं.

यहाँ दिए गये वाक्य के दूसरे clause HE TOLD ME का subject HE दिया हुआ है.

NOTE-I: अगर relative pronoun के तुरंत बाद कोई verb दी गयी हो तो भी THE SAME के बाद relative pronoun THAT का use होता है; जैसे

a) This is the same girl that deceived him. (verb DECEIVED is there, so you can’t use WHO)
b) This is the same dog that bit me. (verb BIT is there, so you can’t use WHICH)

NOTE-II: जब हमें कोई समानता दिखानी हो तो THE SAME + NOUN के बाद relative pronoun AS का use होता है; THAT का नहीं; जैसे

a) This is the same dog as mine.
b) I like the same dress as my brother do.
c) She has the same fair hair and blue eyes as her mother had.
d) This coffee is the same as we had at Mr Sharma’s. (not THAT)

12. Replace FAULTS by FAULT in part ‘B’.  सही phrase FIND FAULT WITH होता है; जैसे

I was disappointed whenever the cook found fault with my work.

13. Replace not only they need by not only do they need in part ‘A’. दो clauses को जोड़ते समय जब हमें कुछ जोर देकर कहना होता है तो किसी वाक्य की शुरुआत हम negative  conjunctions जैसे कि NOT ONLY — BUT ALSO और NETHER — NOR के साथ कर सकते हैं. अगर ऐसा होता है तो subject और verb को invert करना होता है; अर्थात subject से पहले helping verb का use करना पड़ता है; जैसे

Ram not only is going to Mumbai, but he’s also going to Goa.
= Not only is Ram going to Mumbai, but he’s also going to Goa.

She not only apologized but also sent me a card.
=Not only did she apologize but also sent me a card.

Ram is neither going to Mumbai, he is nor going to Goa.
= Neither is Ram going to Mumbai, nor is he going to Goa. 

NOTE: परन्तु जब ये conjunction दो word अथवा दो phrase को जोड़ते हैं (clauses को नहीं) और किसी वाक्य के शुरू में use होते हैं तो subject और verb को invert नहीं किया जाता; जैसे

INCORRECT: Not only you but also did I applaud the performance. (Joining two pronouns YOU and I)
CORRECT: Not only you but also I applauded the performance.

14. Replace Indian Defence Forces by The Indian Defence Force in part ‘A’. किसी FORCE के नाम के पहले article THE का use आवश्यक होता है. और THE INDIAN DEFENCE FORCE  एक ही है; एक से ज्यादा नहीं; अतः इसकी plural form अशुद्ध है.

15. No error. FAMILY एक collective noun होती है. Collective nouns के साथ singular verb भी की जा सकती है और plural verb भी; जैसे

a) Our cricket team is strong enough.
b) The team are fighting among themselves. (Here THE TEAM = the players of the team]

16. Replace FOR by TO in part ‘C’. Correct phrase is COME TO THE PARTY. (prepositional error)

NOTE: Use of TODAY’S is absolutely correct. With nouns denoting time and duration we can use the possessive (‘s) ; e.g.

a) Is that yesterday’s paper?
b) I’ve only had one week’s holiday so far this year.

17. Replace CLIMB by CLIMBED in part ‘A’. कहीं climb करने की यह कोई particular घटना है. यदि subject ONE/WE/YOU में से कोई होता तो यह एक universal fact बन जाता, और    फिर अशुद्धि  part ‘C’ में होती और verb BECAME के स्थान पर BECOMES हो जाती.

18. Remove TO from part ‘B’. ENTER = कहीं प्रवेश करना. ENTER आमतौर पर transitive verb; होती है, और therefore इसका कोई न कोई object भी होता है. अतः इसके साथ कोई preposition use नहीं होता; जैसे

INCORRECT: They entered into the building through the front door.
CORRECT: They entered the building through the front door.

INCORRECT: After entering into university, students make a lot of new friends.
CORRECT: After entering university, students make a lot of new friends.

INCORRECT: In the past it was unthinkable that a woman could enter in politics.
CORRECT: In the past it was unthinkable that a woman could enter politics.

NOTE-I: ENTER INTO एक अलग verb होती है. ये एक phrasal verb है जिसका अर्थ होता है ‘कोई अनुबंध (contract) करना, अथवा किसी के साथ  कोई चर्चा (discussion) आरंभ करना; जैसे

Today, eighteen-year olds are considered responsible enough to enter into contracts.

NOTE-II: ENTER को बिना किसी object के भी use किया जा सकता है; परन्तु इसके साथ कोई preposition फिर भी नहीं आता; जैसे

They stopped talking as soon as they saw Sunita enter.

19. Remove THE from part ‘A’. यदि किसी proper noun के पहले title KING, QUEEN, SAINT, POPE, आदि  लगे हों तो उस title के पहले article THE का use नहीं किया जाता; जैसे

KING Henry, QUEEN Victoria, POPE John, SAINT Paul

20. Replace to have lost by that he lost or he lost in part ‘C’. IT + BE (is/am/are/was/were) + UNFORTUNATE के साथ THAT-CLAUSE use किया जाता है; infinitive (TO + V1) का नहीं. उस clause में THAT का use स्वैच्छिक (optional) होता है; जैसे

It was unfortunate that he called at the exact moment when our guests were arriving.
= It was unfortunate he called at the exact moment when our guests were arriving.

21. Remove SO from part ‘C’. अगर कोई वाक्य SINCE/BECAUSE-CLAUSE से शुरू हो तो अगले clause के पहले शब्द SO अथवा THEREFORE use नहीं किया जाता; जैसे

INCORRECT: Since my mother was angry so I did not go out.
CORRECT: Since my mother was angry I did not go out.

22. Replace that you should perform by you to perform in part ‘B’. Verb WANT के बाद THAT-CLAUSE का प्रयोग नहीं होता; जैसे

INCORRECT: I want him that he should learn to read.
CORRECT: I want him to learn to read.

INCORRECT: The little girl wanted that I should come and play with her.
CORRECT: The little girl wanted me to come and play with her.

23. Place THEM after the verb INFORMED in part ‘A’ क्योंकि INFORM एक transitive verb है; और इसके साथ इसलिए किसी object का होना आवश्यक है.

24. Replace EACH OTHER by ONE ANOTHER in part ‘C’. EACH OTHER का use दो के लिए होता है जबकि ONE ANOTHER का दो से ज्यादा के लिए; दिए गये वाक्य में आदमियों की संख्या तीन है; जैसे

a) Mohan and Pooja never liked each other. (means Mohan never liked Pooja and Pooja never liked Mohan.)
b) Everyone in the family gave one another presents. (EVERYONE means more than two.)

25. Replace MEAN by MEANS in part ‘B’. MEAN = किसी शब्द का कोई अर्थ. A MEANS TO AN END एक idiom होता है जिसका अर्थ है ‘कुछ ऐसा करना जिसके करने का असली मकसद कुछ और ही हो’; जैसे

He doesn’t particularly like the work but he sees it as a means to an end.

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Solution with explanation (in English)

1. Remove TO after GOING in part ‘C’. When we go somewhere we use the preposition TO before the name of that place. But here we do not need to use TO as it’s not used with WHERE; e.g.

INCORRECT: Where are you going to?
CORRECT: Where are you going?

2. Remove HAS from part ‘C’ as a verb is not required in it at all, rather INCREASED should be use as an adjective for the noun FOCUS.

Translation in Hindi: ऊर्जा नीति मुख्य तौर पर ऊर्जा की जरुरत और ऊर्जा के विकसित हो रहे संसाधनों पर बढ़े हुए ध्यान (increased focus) द्वारा तय होती है.

3. Replaced INCREASE by INCREASED in part ‘C’. FROM is a preposition, and a preposition always has a noun. Here that noun is UV EXPOSURE. Therefore use of INCREASE is incorrect here as it’s a verb. It’s adjectival form is INCREASED. Therefore convert INCREASE into INCREASED.

4. Replace WERE by WAS in part B’. HOPE can both be an uncountable and uncountable noun. Here it’s countable. Meaning when HOPE is uncountable it’s meaning is ‘feeling of desire and expectation that things will go well in the future’. Meaning of HOPE when it’s countable is ‘desire/want of something to happen, and consideration of it likely or possible to happen’. So it’s clear from the context of the sentence that here it is uncountable. We all know that with uncountable nouns we use V1.

5. No error. IF ONE CAN HELP IT is an idiom, it means if one is able to prevent or avoid something/situation. It’s usually used after negative verb constructions; e.g.

a) Are you going to watch the school play? — Not if I can help it.
b) Is he taking a second job? — Not if his wife can help it.
c) He’s not riding on the back of that motorcycle, not if I can help it.

Translation in Hindi: अगर मैं ये avoid कर पाया तो मैं यहाँ एक मिनट भी नहीं रुकुंगा l

NOTE: We don’t use a preposition before time phrases beginning with THIS, EVERY, ANOTHER and LAST/NEXT; e.g.

a) We can’t afford a holiday this year.
b) Where did you go last weekend?
c) My exams finish next Tuesday afternoon.
d) I will not stay here another minute.

6. Remove YESTERDAY from part ‘C’ as we don’t use it in perfect tenses. It can only be used with the Past Simple Tense.

7. Replace LATER by LATTER in part ‘A’. LATTER is used to tell ORDER and LATER is used for TIME. Here we are not talking about time of Gandhi’s life, rather we are talking about part of his life; e.g.

INCORRECT: Reena came latter than Richi.
CORRECT: Reena came later than Richi.

INCORRECT: The later half of the play was more interesting.
CORRECT: The latter half of the play was more interesting.

8. Replace ‘A’ by SOME in part ‘B’ as CHOCOLATE is an uncountable noun. Article ‘A’ is only used for countable nouns.

9. Replace PRIMARY by PRIME in part ‘A’. Adjective PRIMARY is used when we are saying that a thing is more important in comparison to anything else. But here in the given sentence we have nothing to compare with. We are just talking about the importance of food. For this meaning we use PRIME.

NOTE: In the given sentence both TO BREATH and HOW TO BREATH are correct. To understand read this:

HOW TO is used to say methods of doing something. Its use with the verb LEARN is optional. For the verb KNOW its use is necessary; e.g.

I’m learning to drive.
= I’m leaning how to drive.

INCORRECT: Do you know to swim?
CORRECT: Do you know how to swim?

10. Replace TO PREVENT by TO BE PREVENTED in part ‘C’. If you see it needs to be in the passive, here active meaning is not making any sense.

11. Replace WHICH by THAT in part ‘B’. If there is a subject of the second clause is given after the use of THE SAME + NOUN we use THAT (not AS/WHICH) as Relative Pronoun.

Here in the given sentence HE is the subject of the second clause HE TOLD ME.

NOTE-I: If a verb is there directly after the relative pronoun we also use THAT after THE SAME + NOUN; e.g.

a) This is the same girl that deceived him. (verb DECEIVED is there, so you can’t use WHO)
b) This is the same dog that bit me. (verb BIT is there, so you can’t use WHICH)

NOTE-II: When we have to show similarity we use AS (not THAT) after THE SAME; e.g.

a) This is the same dog as mine.
b) I like the same dress as my brother do.
c) She has the same fair hair and blue eyes as her mother had.
d) This coffee is the same as we had at Mr Sharma’s. (not THAT)

12. Replace FAULTS by FAULT in part ‘B’.  Correct phrase is FIND FAULT WITH; e.g.

I was disappointed whenever the cook found fault with my work.

13. Replace not only they need by not only do they need in part ‘A’. While joining two clauses, negative conjunctions such as NOT ONLY — BUT ALSO and NETHER — NOR for emphasis can begin a sentence or clause. If so the verb is inverted, means we use the interrogative form of the verb; e.g.

Ram not only is going to Mumbai, but he’s also going to Goa.
= Not only is Ram going to Mumbai, but he’s also going to Goa.

She not only apologized but also sent me a card.
=Not only did she apologize but also sent me a card.

Ram is neither going to Mumbai, he is nor going to Goa.
= Neither is Ram going to Mumbai, nor is he going to Goa. 

NOTE: But when these conjunctions join words/phrases (not clauses) and are used in the beginning of a sentence, we do not use a helping verb before the subject; e.g.

Not only you but also I applauded the performance. (Joining two pronouns YOU and I)

14. Replace Indian Defence Forces by The Indian Defence Force in part ‘A’. Before the names of FORCES we use the article THE. Also THE INDIAN DEFENCE FORCE is one in number; not many, so you can’t make its plural.

15. No error. FAMILY is a collective noun. Collective nouns can take a singular or plural verb; e.g.

a) Our cricket team is strong enough.
b) The team are fighting among themselves. (Here THE TEAM = the players of the team]

16. Replace FOR by TO in part ‘C’. Correct phrase is COME TO THE PARTY. (prepositional error)

NOTE: Use of TODAY’S is absolutely correct. With nouns denoting time and duration we can use the possessive (‘s) ; e.g.

a) Is that yesterday’s paper?
b) I’ve only had one week’s holiday so far this year.

17. Replace CLIMB by CLIMBED in part ‘A’. This is a particular instance of climbing somewhere. If the subject would have been ONE/WE/YOU instead of THEY it would have become a universal fact, and therefore the error would be in part ‘C’ and the verb then would be BECOMES instead of BECAME.

18. Remove TO from part ‘B’. ENTER = to come or go into a particular place. ENTER is usually a transitive verb; therefore it has an object and is not used with the prepositions TO, INTO or IN; e.g.

INCORRECT: They entered into the building through the front door.
CORRECT: They entered the building through the front door.

INCORRECT: After entering into university, students make a lot of new friends.
CORRECT: After entering university, students make a lot of new friends.

INCORRECT: In the past it was unthinkable that a woman could enter in politics.
CORRECT: In the past it was unthinkable that a woman could enter politics.

NOTE-I: Don’t confuse this use with the phrasal verb ENTER INTO, which means ‘to start agreements, contracts or discussions with someone; e.g.

Today, eighteen-year olds are considered responsible enough to enter into contracts.

NOTE-II: ENTER can be used without an object; e.g.

They stopped talking as soon as they saw Sunita enter.

19. Remove THE from part ‘A’. If a proper noun is preceded by KING, QUEEN, SAINT, POPE, etc, it does not take the article THE; e.g.

KING Henry, QUEEN Victoria, POPE John, SAINT Paul

20. Replace to have lost by that he lost or he lost in part ‘C’. After IT + BE (is/am/are/was/were) + UNFORTUNATE we use a THAT-CLAUSE; not an infinitive (TO + V1). Use of THAT in that clause is optional; e.g.

It was unfortunate that he called at the exact moment when our guests were arriving.
= It was unfortunate he called at the exact moment when our guests were arriving.

21. Remove SO from part ‘C’. We do not use SO/THEREFORE before the main clause if SINCE/BECAUSE-CLAUSE is there in the sentence; e.g.

INCORRECT: Since my mother was angry so I did not go out.
CORRECT: Since my mother was angry I did not go out.

22. Replace that you should perform by you to perform in part ‘B’. We don’t use a THAT-CLAUSE after the verb WANT; e.g.

INCORRECT: I want him that he should learn to read.
CORRECT: I want him to learn to read.

INCORRECT: The little girl wanted that I should come and play with her.
CORRECT: The little girl wanted me to come and play with her.

23. Place THEM after the verb INFORMED in part ‘A’ as INFORM is a transitive verb.

24. Replace EACH OTHER by ONE ANOTHER in part ‘C’. EACH OTHER is used for two persons, and ONE ANOTHER is used for more than two. Here in the sentence persons are three; e.g.

a) Mohan and Pooja never liked each other. (means Mohan never liked Pooja and Pooja never liked Mohan.)
b) Everyone in the family gave one another presents. (EVERYONE means more than two.)

25. Replace MEAN by MEANS in part ‘B’. MEAN = to have something as a meaning, though it has some other meanings also. A MEANS TO AN END is an idiom which means a thing or action that is not interesting or important in itself but a way of achieving something else; e.g.

He doesn’t particularly like the work but he sees it as a means to an end.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

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For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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