ENGLISHMiscellaneous English Grammar

Forget, Regret, Remember & Stop, Go On, Try (EXPLAINED IN BOTH HINDI & ENGLISH)

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Verb Forget, Regret और Remember का प्रयोग कैसे करें (Explained in Hindi) 

कुछ verb ऐसी होती है जिनके साथ अगर gerund (ing form) का use किया जाये तो उनका अर्थ कुछ और होता है और अगर उनके साथ infinitive का use किया जाये तो उनका अर्थ कुछ और होता है; आयें उन में से कुछ के बारे में पढ़ें.

1. Forget, Regret, Remember + Gerund (ing form)

जब verbs Forget, Regret और Remember के साथ अगर gerund (ing form) का use किया जाये तो इसका मतलब है की हम एक ऐसे action के बारे में बात कर रहे हैं जो main verbs अर्थात Forget, Regret, Remember के अर्थ से पहले हुआ है. उस gerund की जगह present perfect participle (having + V3) का use भी किया जा सकता है; अर्थ में कोई फर्क नहीं पड़ता. Verb ‘forget’ को simple future form में ‘never’ के साथ खूब use किया जाता है; जैसे

I don’t remember ever visiting this museum. (= मुझे याद नहीं है कि मैंने कभी भी इस संग्राहलय में visit किया है.)
= I don’t remember ever having visited this museum.

I regret spending so much money last night. (= मुझे खेद है कि पिछली रात को मैंने इतने सारे पैसे खर्च किये.)
= I regret having spent so much money last night.

I remember locking the door.
= I remember having locked the door.

He regretted speaking so rudely.
= He regretted having spoken so rudely.

I don’t remember losing my glasses.
= I don’t remember having lost my glasses.

I’ll never forget meeting her for the first time. (I’ll never forget when I met her for the first time.)
= I’ll never forget having met her for the first time.

2. Forget, Regret, Remember + Infinitive (to + V1)

जब इन verbs को एक infinitive (to + V1) के साथ use किया जाता है तो इसका मतलब है की हम एक ऐसे action के बारे में बात कर रहे हैं जो main verbs अर्थात Forget, Regret, Remember के अर्थ के साथ-साथ हुआ है या फिर बाद में हुआ है; जैसे

a) This morning I remembered to lock the door. (अर्थात याद आना पहले हुआ; उसके बाद दरवाजे पर ताला लगाया.)
b) Do not forget to buy some eggs. (अर्थात अण्डों को खरीदना पहले भूला.)
c) I forgot to bring my books to school. (अर्थात अपनी पुस्तकों को स्कूल में लाना पहले भूला.)
d) We regret to announce the late arrival of the 12.45 from London. (अर्थात हवाईजहाज के देरी से आने की घोषणा करने से पहले इस बात का खेद प्रकट करने का भाव पहले जागृत हुआ.)
e) Did you remember to buy tea? (= Did you remember that you should buy tea?)

NOTE-I: जब verb ‘regret’ के साथ एक infinitive होती है तो इसका मतलब है हम किसी बात के लिए अपना खेद जता रहे हैं; जैसे

We regret to inform you that your application has not been successful.

NOTE-II: जब verb ‘remember’ को करना करना भूल गये हैं; जैसे

a) I forgot to bring my lunch today.
b) Remember to call your mother tonight!

3. Stop

A) जब verb ‘stop’ के साथ एक gerund (ing form) होती है तो gerund का action रूक जाता है; जैसे

i) I’ve stopped buying coffee – it’s too expensive.
ii) I’ve stopped smoking – it’s bad for my health.
iii) I stopped smoking years ago. (= I gave up smoking years ago.)

B) जब verb ‘stop’ के साथ एक infinitive (to + V1) use होती है तो हम infinitive के action को करने के लिए रुक जाते है; जैसे

i) I stopped to buy a coffee on the way into work this morning. (= I stopped walking in order to buy a coffee.)
ii) I stopped to have a cigarette. (= I stopped working in order to have a cigarette.)

4. Go on

A) जब ‘go on’ के साथ gerund होती है तो gerund वाला action होना जारी रहता है; जैसे

i) She went on talking about verbs for hours – she didn’t stop! (= She continued talking.)
ii) I can’t go on living in this tiny house.
iii) Go on reading the article. (= Continue reading the article.)

B) जब ‘go on’ के साथ infinitive होती है तो पहले वाला action होना समाप्त हो जाता है और बाद वाला action होना शुरू हो जाता है; जैसे

i) After talking about verbs she went on to tell a joke. (= She changed activity.)
ii) After finishing his novel, he went on to direct a couple of plays.
iii) Whichever page you’re on, go on to read the next chapter. (= Continue with the next chapter.)

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

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For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

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Using Forget, Regret, and Remember (EXPLAINED IN ENGLISH) 

Some verbs change meaning depending on whether they are followed by a gerund or infinitive verb. The above verbs are such an example.

1. Forget, Regret, Remember + Gerund (ing form)

When verbs Forget, Regret and Remember are followed by a gerund (ing form), the gerund refers to an action that happened earlier than the main verb (Forget, Regret, Remember). The gerund could be replaced by the present perfect participle (having + V3) in these sentences to make the sequence of events more clear and exact. ‘Forget is frequently used with ‘never’ in the simple future form; e.g.

I don’t remember ever visiting this museum. (= I don’t remember that I have ever visited this museum.)
= I don’t remember ever having visited this museum.

I remember reading about the earthquake in the papers. (READING is the first action, REMEMBER is the second.)
= I remember having read about the earthquake in the papers.

I regret spending so much money last night. (= I am sorry that I spent so much money last night.)
= I regret having spent so much money last night.

[SPENDING is the first action, REGRET is the second.]

I remember locking the door.
= I remember having locked the door.

He regretted speaking so rudely.
= He regretted having spoken so rudely.

I don’t remember losing my glasses.
= I don’t remember having lost my glasses.

I’ll never forget meeting her for the first time. (I’ll never forget when I met her for the first time.)
= I’ll never forget having met her for the first time.

NOTE-I: Remember can be followed by possessive adjective/object + gerund; e.g.

a) I remember his/him telling me about it.
b) I remember my father/my father’s telling me about it.

NOTE-II: Forget + gerund is possible only when forget is in the negative. It is often used after will never forget; e.g.

I’ll never forget meeting her for the first time. (I’ll never forget when I met her for the first time.)
= I’ll never forget having met her for the first time.

I’ll never forget waiting for bombs to fall. = I’ll always remember waiting for bombs to fall.
= I’ll never forget having waited for bombs to fall.

2. Forget, Regret, Remember + Infinitive (to + V1)

When these verbs are followed by an infinitive, the infinitive refers to an action happening at the same time of the main verb, or later; e.g.

a) I regret to say that you have failed your exam. (REGRET is the first action, TO SAY is the second.)
b) This morning I remembered to lock the door. (= the remembering came first, then the locking)
c) Do not forget to buy some eggs. (= the not forgetting comes first, then the buying eggs)
d) I forgot to bring my books to school. (= first I forgot, then I didn’t bring my books.)
e) We regret to announce the late arrival of the 12.45 from London. (= our regrets come before the announcement)
f) Did you remember to buy tea? (= Did you remember that you should buy tea?)

NOTE-I: When the verb ‘regret’ is followed by the infinitive, you regret something you are about to say; e.g.

We regret to inform you that your application has not been successful.

NOTE-II: Regret here is normally followed by a verb such as Say, Inform, Tell. It is normally used only in the present tense. Remember can be used in any tense. Forget is used similarly; e.g.

a) I regret to say that you have failed your exam.
b) I’ll remember to ring Bill. (remember is the earlier action.)
c) I often forget to sign my cheques.
d) I remembered to lock/I didn’t forget to lock the door. (I locked it.)
e) I didn’t remember/I forgot to lock it. (I didn’t lock it.)

NOTE-III: When ‘remember’ or ‘forget’ are followed by the infinitive, there is something you need to do and you remember or forget to do it; e.g.

a) I forgot to bring my lunch today.
b) Remember to call your mother tonight!

NOTE-IV: Regret, Remember, Forget can also be followed by a noun/pronoun or a that-clause. Remember and Forget can also be followed by noun clauses beginning how, why, when, where, who etc.; e.g.

a) I can’t remember when I saw him last.
b) I’ve forgotten where I put it.

3. Stop

A) When the verb ‘stop’ is followed by the gerund (ing form), the verb in the gerund stops  doing the action. Here STOP = cease; e.g.

i) I’ve stopped buying coffee – it’s too expensive.
ii) I’ve stopped smoking – it’s bad for my health.
iii) I stopped smoking years ago. (= I gave up smoking years ago.)

B) When the verb ‘stop’ is followed by the infinitive (to + V1), we stop something else in order to do the verb in the infinitive. Here STOP = halt; e.g.

i) I stopped to buy a coffee on the way into work this morning. (= I stopped walking in order to buy a coffee.)
ii) I stopped to have a cigarette. (= I stopped working in order to have a cigarette.)

NOTE: It can be followed by object + gerund; e.g.

I can’t stop him talking to the press.

[A possessive adjective would be possible here but is very seldom used.]

4. Go on

A) When ‘go on’ is followed by the gerund, the activity in the gerund continues.

i) She went on talking about verbs for hours – she didn’t stop! (= She continued talking.)
ii) I can’t go on living in this tiny house.
iii) Go on reading the article. (= Continue reading the article.)

B) When ‘go on’ is followed by the infinitive, one action finishes and another action starts. This is often the next stage in a process; e.g.

i) After talking about verbs she went on to tell a joke. (= She changed activity.)
ii) After finishing his novel, he went on to direct a couple of plays.
iii) Whichever page you’re on, go on to read the next chapter. (= Continue with the next chapter.)

5. Try

A) Try usually means ‘attempt’ and is followed by the infinitive; e.g.

They tried to put wire netting all round the garden. (They attempted to do this,)

B) Try can also mean ‘make the experiment’ and is then followed by the Gerund; e.g.

They tried putting wire netting all round the garden.

[This means that they put wire netting round the garden to see if it would solve their problem (presumably they were trying to keep out rabbits and foxes). We know that they succeeded in performing the main action; what we don’t know is whether this action had the desired effect, i.e. kept the foxes out.]

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

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