ENGLISHEnglish Vocabulary



This post is specifically prepared keeping in mind the questions asked on ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION in various competitive exams such as the Combined Graduate Level Exam (CGLE), the Combined Higher Secondary (10+2) Level (CHSL) Exam, SI Delhi Police and CPO Exam, Stenographers Exam, Grade-II DASS Exam, and so on. This list has 593 entries in all, which I think should be well enough for the aspirants. The list is divided in 15 sections so that your studies on One Word Substitution becomes easy.


1. A person does not believe in God – Atheist (Antonym – Theist)
2. One who is not sure about God’s existence – Agnostic
3. One who does not know reading or writing – Illiterate (Antonym – Literate)
4. One who is recovering health after illness – Convalescent
5. One who is unable to pay his debts – Bankrupt/Insolvent
6. That cannot be entered by force – Impregnable (Antonym – Pregnable)
7. One who acts against religion – Heretic
8. One who does a thing for pleasure and not as a profession – Amateur
9. One who can use either hand with ease – Ambidextrous
10. One who does not tire easily – Indefatigable
11. One who is out to destroy all governments, peace and order – Anarchist
12. One who hates the institution of marriage – Misogamist
13. A person who has changed his faith – Apostate
14. One who works for the welfare of women – Feminist
15. A person appointed by two parties to solve a dispute – Arbitrator
16. One who helps the needy and the helpless – Samaritan
17. One who leads an austere life – Ascetic
18. One extremely fond of one’s wife – Uxorious
19. One who is filled with excessive enthusiasm in religious matters – Bigot/Fanatic
20. One who holds a post without any salary – Honorary
21. A person considering himself to be superior in culture and intellect – Highbrow/Snob
22. One who is over anxious about his health – Hypochondriac
23. A person who takes up arms against the government – Rebel
24 . Someone who does something very often and cannot stop doing it – Inveterate
25. A leader who sways his followers by his oratory – Demagogue
26. One who runs away from justice – Fugitive/Absconding person
27. One who is breaker of images and traditions – Iconoclast
28. One too strong to be defeated – Invincible (Antonym – Vincible)
29. One that cannot be harmed/wounded – Invulnerable (Antonym – Vulnerable)
30. One who collects coins – Numismatist
31. One who collects stamps – Philatelist
32. One who does not care for art and literature – Philistine
33. A child born after the death of father OR a book published after the death of the author OR an award received after the death of the recipient – Posthumous
34. A boastful fellow – Swashbuckler
35. One who displays his knowledge – Pedant
36. One who is a habitual drunkard – Toper/Sot
37. A person who is indifferent to pain and pleasures of life – Stoic
38. A noisy quarrelsome woman, a shrew – Termagant
39.One who remains absent from duty without permission – Truant
40. One who has a long experience of any occupation – Veteran
41. One who adapts oneself readily to various situations – Versatile
42. One who is brilliant performer on stage (specially music) – Virtuoso
43. One who offers one’s services – Volunteer
44. A diplomatic minister of the highest order sent by one country to another – Ambassador
45. An unconventional style of living – Bohemian
46. One who is bad in spellings – Cacographist
47. A person who is blindly devoted to an idea – Chauvinist
48. A critical judge of any art and craft – Connoisseur
49. Persons living at the same time – Contemporaries
50. A person who walks in sleep – Somnambulist
51. A person who talks in sleep – Somniloquist
52. One who hates war, loves peace – Pacifist
53. One who looks at the dark side of life – Pessimist (Antonym – Optimist)
54. A person who looks at the bright side of things – Optimist (Antonym – Pessimist)
55. One who amuses oneself by love making – Philanderer
56. One who has lost one’s parents – Orphan
57. One who loves mankind – Philanthropist/Altruist (Antonym -Misanthrope)
58. One who hates mankind – Misanthrope (Antonym – Philanthropist)
59. One who dies for a noble cause – Martyr
60. One who does something for the sake of money (bad sense) – Mercenary
61. A person who regards the whole world as his country – Cosmopolitan
62. One who is a centre of attraction – Cynosure
63. One who sneers at the beliefs of others – Cynic
64. Suave (polished and light hearted person) – Debonair
65. A dabbler in art, science and literature – Dilettante
66. A girl/woman who flirts with men – Coquette
67. A man who is womanish in his habits – Effeminate
68. A lover of oneself, of one’s advancement – Egoist
69. One who often talks of his achievements – Egotist
70. One who is for pleasure of eating and drinking – Epicure
71. One who believes in fate – Fatalist
72. A husband ruled by his wife – Henpecked
73. One who believes that sensual pleasure is the chief good – Hedonist
74. One who is present everywhere – Omnipresent
75. One who is all powerful – Omnipotent
76. One who knows all – Omniscient
77. One who is free from all mistakes and failures – Infallible
78. A person who leaves his country to settle in another country – Emigrant (Antonym – Immigrant)
79. A person who comes to a country from his own country for settling – Immigrant (Antonym – Emigrant)
80. One who pretends to be somebody else – Impostor
81. One who lives in seclusion – Recluse
82. One who journeys from place to place – Nomadic/Itinerant
83. A person who leads an immoral life – Libertine/lecher
84. One who hates knowledge – Misologist (Antonym – Bibliologist)
85. A person having the same name as another – Namesake
86. Lover of self – Narcissist
87. One who is inexperienced in anything – Novice/Tyro
88. One who speaks many languages – Polyglot/Linguist
89. One who goes on foot – Pedestrian 

17. AUSTERE = very simple and without comfort or unnecessary things, especially because of severe limits on money or goods
25. SWAY = to persuade someone to believe or do one thing rather than another. ORATORY = skillful  and effective public speaking
38. SHREW = a bad-tempered or aggressively assertive woman.
65. DABBLER = not serious
81. SECLUSION = the state of being alone, away from other people



1. Expressing excessive emotions – Effusive
2. Believing in or practising religious heresy (Unorthodox) – Heretical
3. Showing ill-will for others – Malevolent
4. One who is not flexible in behaviour/adamant – Stubborn
5. Having or showing a wish to harm someone because you think that they  harmed  you (revengeful/unforgiving) – Vindictive
6. One who feels repentant for his misdeeds (feeling very sorry and guilty for something bad that you have done) – Contrite
7.  Spending too much money, or using too much of something (wasteful/prodigal) – Extravagant
8. One who can be fooled easily – Gullible/Credulous
9. Unfriendly and seeming to consider yourself better than other people – Haughty/Supercilious/Vain/Arrogant
10. One who is lazy – Indolent/Slothful
11. Deserving respect because of age, high position, or religious or historical importance – Venerable
12. One who tries to save money as far as possible – Stingy
13. A person with mental disease in which he feels unreal things present around him – Psychotic
14. (Of a person or their behaviour) not able to be changed or reformed – Incorrigible
15. Changing mood or behaviour suddenly and unexpectedly – Capricious/Unpredictable
16. Having the habit of talking a lot – Garrulous/Talkative/Loquacious
17. Positive and hoping for good things – Sanguine/Optimistic/Hopeful
18. One who is kind and helpful – Benevolent/Benign
19. Very confident in behaviour, and liking to be noticed by other people (showy) – Flamboyant/Ostentatious/Pompous
20. One who is extremely worried – Distraught
21. likely to do something suddenly, without considering the results of your actions (rash) – Impetuous/Impulsive
22. One who does not share his feelings with others – Introvert
23. One who shares his feeling with others – Extrovert
24. Neither too extrovert nor too introvert – Ambivert
25. Having mixed feelings – Ambivalent
26. One who lacks confidence – Diffident
27. One who damages things – Saboteur
28. One who is happy inflicting pain on others – Sadist
29. Showing contempt or lack of respect – Disdainful/Scornful/Contemptuous
30. One who is known and respected – Eminent
31. One who is hard to please – Fastidious
32. Extremely funny and causing a lot of laughter – Hilarious
33. One who is emotionless – Impassive
34. One who is hard-working – Industrious/Diligent
35. One who is bold/not afraid – Intrepid/Dauntless
36. One who is not showy – Modest
37. One who is famous for something bad – Notorious
38. One who tries to sound more learned than others – Pedantic
39 One who is reserved or uncommunicative in speech; saying little – Taciturn/Reticent/Reserved
40. Behaving in a way that is dishonest or unfair in order to get what you want (immoral) – Unscrupulous 

2. HERESY = belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious belief



1. The act of killing a human being – Homicide
2. Murder of a new born child – Infanticide
3. Murder of one’s brother – Fratricide
4. Murder of one’s sister – Sororicide
5. Murder of one’s Father – Patricide
6. Murder of one’s mother – Matricide
7. Murder of one’s parent – Parricide
8. Murder of oneself – Suicide
9. Murder of one’s wife – Uxoricide
10. Murder of one’s children – Filicide
11. Murder of a foetus/fetus – Foeticide
12. Murder of race – Genocide
13. Murder of a king or queen – Regicide
14. Something that kills insects – Insecticide
15. Medicine sprayed to kill pests – Pesticide
16. A funeral procession comprising a number of mourners – Cortege
17. A graveyard where the dead are buried – Cemetery
18. A building where dead people’s bodies are burned, usually as part of a  funeral  ceremony – Crematorium
19. Disposal of dead body by burning – Cremation
20. An account in the newspaper of the funeral of one deceased – Obituary
21. A poem of lamentation on the death of someone loved and admired – Elegy
22. Words inscribed on a tomb – Epitaph
23. The place where the dead bodies of human beings are temporarily placed or for post-mortem – Mortuary
24. The place where the dead bodies are placed for identification – Morgue
25. An examination of a dead body – Autopsy/Postmortem
26. Dead and decaying flesh especially of animals – Carrion
27. A monument set up for persons who are buried elsewhere – Cenotaph
28. To preserve a dead body by using chemicals (to prevent a dead body from decaying) – Embalm
29. Something occurring after death – Posthumous
30. Death due to deprived of air – Asphyxia
31. The dead body of human being – Corpse
32. The dead body of an animal – Carcass
33. The cloth which is wrapped round a dead body – Winding-sheet
34. To dig up a corpse – Exhume
35. The frame on which a dead body is conveyed – Bier
36. A pile of wood on which a dead body is burned – Pyre
37. A stone coffin – Sarcophagus
38. Underground caves with burying places for the dead – Catacombs
39. A very expensive and elaborately built tomb – Mausoleum
40. The practice of putting painlessly to death – Euthanasia
41. Rising from the dead – Resurrection
42. Killed by an electric current – Electrocuted 

11. FOETUS/FETUS = a young human being or animal before birth, after the organs have started to develop (भ्रूण)
15. PEST = an insect or small animal that is harmful or damages crops
16. FUNERAL = a ceremony for burying or burning the body of a dead person. MOURNER = a person who attends a funeral as a relative or friend of the dead person.
21. LAMENTATION = the passionate expression of grief or sorrow; weeping
22. INSCRIBE = to write words in a book or carve (= cut) them on an object
26. FLESH = the soft part of the body of a person or animal that is between the skin and the bones, or the soft inside part of a fruit or vegetable (Maans)



1. One who draws maps – Cartographer (मानचित्रकार)
2. One who take care of gardens/Someone who deals in flowers – Florist (माली)
3. Who study and understand the election pattern – Psephologist (चुनाव विश्लेषक)
4. Someone who lands money at very high rates – Usurer (सूदखोर)
5. Who does/writes beautiful writing – Calligraphist (सुलेखकार)
6. Someone who is in-charge of Museum – Curator (संग्रहाध्यक्ष)
7. Someone who speaks on TV and present TV programme – Video Jockey
8. Someone who speaks on radio and present radio programme – Radio Jockey
9. One word for person who does TV/News programme – Anchor (ऐंकर)
10. One who announce names in program (One who call artists) – Compere (परिचायक)
11. Who travels in spacecraft – Astronaut (अंतरिक्ष यात्री)
12. Who reads evolution of mankind – Anthropologist (मानवविज्ञानी)
13. One who teaches dancing – Choreographer (नृत्यरचनाकार)
14. Who drives a motor car – Chauffeur (ड्राइवर)
15. Who supervise the examination room – Invigilator (निरीक्षक)
16. Who compiles the dictionary – Lexicographer (कोशकार)
17. Who gives shape to stone – Sculptor (मूर्तिकार)



1. One who marries a second wife/husband while the legal spouse is alive – Bigamist
2. The practice of having two wives or husbands at a time – Bigamy
3. One vowed to a single or unmarried life – Celibate
4. A state of abstention from marriage – Celibacy
5. A hater of marriage – Misogamist
6. The practice of marrying one at a time – Monogamy
7. One having more than one wife or husband at a time – Polygamist
8. The practice of marrying more than one wife at a time – Polygamy
9. The practice of marrying more than one husband at a time – Polyandry
10. Allowance paid to a wife from her husband after separation – Alimony
11. A man whose wife is dead – Widower
12. A woman whose husband is dead – Widow
13. Before marriage – Premarital
14. Fear of getting married – Gamophobia
15. Practice of having extra-marital relations – Adultery
16. Live-in relationship (a man and a woman living without being married) – Concubinage
17. A state of being married – Matrimony
18. One engaged to be married – Fiancee
19. An older woman who is not married – Spinster



1. a person who eats human flesh, or an animal that eats the flesh of animals of its own type – Cannibal
2. Animals that eat flesh – Carnivores
3. Animals that eat plants/herbs – Herbivores
4. Animals that eat both plants as well as flesh – Omnivores
5. Animals that eat fruit – Frugivores
6. Animals that eat grasses – Graminivore
7. An animal or plant that lives on another animal or plant of a different type and feeds from it – Parasite
8. An animal that hunts, kills, and eats other animals – Predator
9. Drink bloods; e.g. mosquitoes – Sanguinivores
10. Animals that eat dirt and decaying flesh – Scavenger
11. One who is afraid of food /eating – Sitophobic
12. Animals that convert complex substances into simpler form – Decomposer
13. One who is addicted to alcoholic drinks – Dipsomaniac (Antonym – Teetotaller)
14. One who is not addicted to drinking – Teetotaller (Antonym – Dipsomaniac)
15. One who is fond of eating and drinking – Epicure
16. One who eats too much – Gourmand/glutton
17. Specialist in food making – Gourmet
18. One who has obsession for food/eating – Phagomaniac
19. (of two different species of plant or animal) living in close association, such that one  species  benefits without harming the other – Commensal



1. Examination of living tissue – Biopsy
2. Lasting for a very short time – Ephemeral
3. An act of separation from a person to avoid infection – Quarantine
4. An animal that gives milk – Mammal
5. That can be carried in hand – Portable
6. Fit to drink – Potable
7. Thing kept in memory of an event – Souvenir
8. To give up throne or other office of dignity – Abdicate
9. Sweeping governmental change – Revolution
10. A game in which neither victory nor defeat is – Drawn
11. Liable to catch fire easily – Inflammable
12 A period of interval between two regimes – Interregnum
13. That cannot be easily approached – Inaccessible
14. That cannot be avoided – Inevitable
15. That cannot be dispensed with, removed – Indispensable
16. Pledge given by a prisoner for temporary release not to escape – Parole
17. Official formality resulting in delay – Redtapism
18. Related to sun – Solar
19. Related to moon – Lunar
20. A diagram showing the path of planets – Zodiac
21. Departure from common rule – Anomaly
22. A religious war – Crusade
23. Animals that live in flock, used for human beings also – Gregarious/Sociable
24. The science of government – Politics
25. A matter written by hand – Manuscript
26. An animal with four feet – Quadruped
27. Violating the sanctity of religious places – Sacrilege
28 To relinquish formally a high office or responsibility – Abdication
29. A yearly calendar giving statistical information on events and phenomena – Almanac
30. A story that expresses ideas through symbols – Allegory
31. A statement accepted as true without proof – Axiom
32. One that is in a war-like mood – Belligerent
33. An act of speaking against religion – Blasphemy/heresy
34. Events presented in order of occurrence – Chronology
35. Compulsory enlistment for military service – Conscription
36. A book containing information on various subjects – Encyclopaedia
37. Part of the government which preserves law and order and carries out the laws made – Executive
38. An exact copy of handwriting, printing – Facsimile
39. That causes death – Fatal
40. That can be easily broken – Fragile
41. Incapable of being practiced – Impracticable
42. Home sickness, memories of the past – Nostalgia
43. Incapable of being repaired – Irreparable
44. Anything to be eaten – Eatable
45. Fit to be eaten – Edible (Antonym – Inedible)
46. Not fit to eat – Inedible (Antonym – Edible)
47. A mark that cannot be erased – Indelible
48. A sound that cannot be heard – Inaudible
49. That can be understood – Intelligible
50. Something that can’t be read – Illegible
51. The belief that God pervades nature – Pantheism
52. Something spiritual – Platonic
53. General vote of the public to decide a question – Refrendum
54. Dress with medals, ribbons worn at official ceremonies – Ragalia
55. Job with high salary but a little responsibility – Sinecure
56. Medicine that induces sleep – Soporific
57. The last literary work of a writer – Swansong
58. That can be seen through – Transparent
59. A slight fault that can be forgiven – Venial
60. An imaginary place with perfect social order – Utopia
61. A decision made by public voting – Plebiscite
62. An imaginary name assumed by an author – Pseudonym
63. An ornamental glass bottle for holding wine or other alcoholic drinks – Decanter
64. A paradise with perfect bliss – Elysium
65. A portable case for holding papers, drawing etc. – Portfolio
66. When no political opposition is allowed – Facism
67. Cure for all – Panacea
68. Art of good handwriting – Calligraphy
69. The summary of the principles of a religion in the form of questions and answers – Catechism
70. Roundabout way of speaking / beating about the bush – Circumlocution
71. Completely/entirely – In toto
72. A short statement of a general truth, principle, or rule for behaviour – Maxim
73. Very clear – Lucid
74. An association between two organisms of different species in which each member benefits – Mutualistic
75. To destroy completely – Annihilate
76. The property left to someone by a will – Legacy
77. State of growth between boyhood & youth – Adolescence
78. Property inherited from one’s father or ancestors – Patrimony
79. Medical therapy involving exposure to sunlight – Heliotherapy
80. Treatment of diseases by the internal and external use of water – Hydropathy
81. Communication between minds by some means other than sensory perception – Telepathy



1. The study of all heavenly bodies and the earth in relation to them – Astronomy
2. One who studies the sky and stars – Astronomer
3. The study of mankind/the science which treats of man – Anthropology
4. The study of birds/the science which treats the birds – Ornithology
5. The study of body/the science which treats the body – Physiology
6. The study of physical life or living matter – Biology
7. The study of plants – Botany
8. The science which treats the earth – Geology
9. The science which treats the animals – Zoology
10. The sciences which treats the earthquakes & their origin – Seismology
11. Study of the relation of living things to environment – Ecology
12. The art of beautiful handwriting – Calligraphy
13. The art of practiced by statesman and ambassadors – Diplomacy
14. The science which deals with varieties of human race – Ethnology
15. Study of animal behavior – Ethology
16.The study of the origin and history of words – Etymology
17. The study of coins – Numismatics
18. The collection and study of postage stamps – Philately
19. The study of languages – Philology
20. The study of human face – Physiognomy
21. A public show of fireworks – Pyrotechnics
22. One who studies plant & animal life – Naturalist
23. The study of speech sounder – Phonetics
24. One who amuses oneself by love making – Philander
25. Study of sound – Acoustics
26. Philosophy of fine arts – Aesthetics
27. Science of soil management and the production of field crop – Agronomy
28. Chemistry in ancient times – Alchemy
29. Study of duration of life – Chronobiology
30. The science of colors – Chromatics
31. Science of the nature of heavenly bodies – Cosmogony
32. Art of secret writings – Cypher
33. Study of cells, specially their formation structure and functions – Cytology
34. Study of finger prints for the purpose of identification – Dactylography
35. Technique of communication by signs made with the fingers, generally used by deaf – Dactylology
36. Study of human population with the help of records of the number of births and deaths – Demography
37. Study of inscriptions – Epigraphy
38. Study of production of better offspring by the careful selection of parents – Eugenics
39. Study of effect of environment on workers – Ergonomy
40. Study of family ancestries and histories – Ganeology
41. Study of tissues – Histology
42. Study of the lives of saints – Hagiology
43. Teaching with the aid of pictures and models – Iconography
44. Study of symbolic representations – Iconology
45. Science of law – Jurisprudence
46. Writing or compiling of dictionaries – Lexicography
47. Study of correct pronunciation – Orthoepy
48. Art or method of teaching – Pedagogy
49. Study of rocks/crust – Petrology
50. Study of ancient writings – Paleography
51. Study of caves – Spelelogy



1. A work whose writer is unknown – Anonymous
2. A short speech by a player at the end of a play – Epilogue (Antonym – prologue)
3. A short speech by a player at the beginning of a play – Prologue (Antonym – epilogue)
4. A record of one’s life written by himself – Autobiography
5. The history of the life of a person (written by other) – Biography
6. A writer who borrows words and ideas from another author – Plagiarist
7. The heading or short description of a newspaper article, chapter of a book – Caption
8. A humorous play, having a happy ending – Comedy
9. A play with a sad or tragic end – Tragedy
10. One who is a great lover of books – Bibliophile
11. A list of books in a library – Catalogue
12. A book in which the events of each day are recorded – Diary
13. A book containing the words of a language with their definitions, in alphabetical order – Dictionary
14. A book of names and address – Directory
15. A noisy or vehement speech intended to excite passions – Harangue
16. A brief summary of a book – Epitome
17. A book containing information on all branches of knowledge – Encyclopedia
18. A word or law no longer in use – Obsolete
19. To remove the offensive portion of a book – Expurgate
20. A speech delivered without earlier preparation – Extempore/ Impromptu
21. The first speech delivered by a person – Maiden
22. A written account, usually in book form of the interesting and memorable experience of one’s life –Memoir
23. A declaration of plans and promises put forward by a candidate for election, a political party or a sovereign – Manifesto
24. Literary theft, or passing off an author’s original work as one’s own – Plagiarism
25. A statement open to more than one interpretation – Ambiguous
26. One who does not care for literature and art – Philistine
27. A person very reserved in speech – Reticent
28. A style full of words – Verbose
29. Incapable of being described adequately – Indescribable
30. Speaking one’s thoughts aloud to oneself – Soliloquizing
31. A person who is especially competent to pass judgments in an art, particularly one of the fine arts, or in matters of taste – Connoisseur
32. Commencement of adjacent words with the same letter; e.g. lovely, lively lilies – Alliteration
33. A short, narrative story of an incident – Anecdote
34. Two line poems – Couplet
35. Decode/to read and understand the meaning – Decipher
36. Composition in the form of a letter – Epistle
37. An adjective used to define a person or a place; e.g. Mr Perfect – used for Amir Khan – Epithet
38. Scholarly/a person who has academic knowledge – Erudite
39. Formation of words from the root words – Etymology
40. Bombastic style of writing – Euphemism
41. Moral stories with animal characters – Fable
42. Poem sung in praise of God – Hymn
43. Exaggerated form of speech; e.g. million dollar smile – Hyperbole
44. Story the authenticity of which has not been proved – Legend
45. When comparison is made but without using ‘like’ or ‘as’; he was a lion in the battle field – Metaphor
46. When similarity is shown by using words ‘like’ or ‘as’; e.g. he was like a lion in the battle field – Simile
47. Use of words with two or more meanings that makes the sentence humorous – Pun
48. Effective speech that may not be honest – Rhetoric
49. Speaking one’s thought aloud to oneself – Soliloquy
50. Exact reproduction of same words/word for word – Verbatim
51. Use of so many words that the real meaning gets lost – Verbiage
52. Words formed from the sounds that it produces; e.g. pop, boom – Onomatopoeia
53. Good spellings – Orthography
54. Two words with opposite meanings used together. E.g. deafening silence – Oxymoron
55. Moral stories – Parable
56. When characteristics of living things are shown in non-living things – Personification
57. One who steal literary – Plagiarism
58. A stale remark that becomes dull due to regular use/lacking freshness – Platitude



1. A place where ammunition is hidden – Cache
2. A place for ammunition and weapons – Arsenal
3. A house of shelter for a horse – Stable
4. A place where pigs are kept – Sty
5. A tank for fishes – Aquarium
6. A place for birds – Cage
7. A place where birds are kept – Aviary
8. A place where bees are kept – Apiary
9. A house of shelter for a dog – Kennel
10. A squirrel’s home – Drey
11. A place for bees – Hive
12. The resting place of a wild animal – Lair/Den
13. The dwelling place of an animal underground – Burrow
14. A place for wild animals and birds – Sanctuary/Menagerie
15. A place where money is coined – Mint
16. A place frequented for reasons of pleasure or health – Resort
17. A place where water is collected and stored – Reservoir
18. A residence for nuns – Convent
19. A residence for monks or priests – Monastery
20. A place where fruit trees are grown – Orchard
21. A place for the sick to recover health – Sanatorium
22. A place where animals are slaughtered for the market – Abattoir
23. A place for wrestling – Arena
24. A place for luggage at a railway station – Cloakroom
25. The sleeping rooms in a college or public institution – Dormitory
26. A place for housing aeroplanes – Hangar
27. A place where dead bodies are kept for post-mortem – Mortuary
28. A place where dead bodies are kept for identification – Morgue
29. A graveyard where the dead are buried – Cemetery
30. A cremation ground where the last funeral rites are performed – Crematorium
31. A case in which the blade of sword is kept – Sheath/Scabbard
32. A place for clothes – Wardrobe
33. A place for lunatics, and political refugees – Asylum
34. A place where government records are kept – Archives
35. A place with gambling tables etc. – Casino
36. A nursery where children of working parent are cared for while their parents are at work – Crèche
37. A place where athletic exercises are performed – Gymnasium
38. A place for storing grain – Granary
39. A wooden box with a front of wire for rabbits – Hutch
40. A home for old persons – Infirmary
41. A place where orphans are housed – Orphanage
42. A place where plates, dishes, pots and other cooking utensils are washed up – Scullery
43. A place where leather is tanned – Tannery



1. Government by one person – Autocracy/Despotism
2. Government of the people, for the people, by the people – Democracy
3. Absence of government – Anarchy
4. Government by the officials – Bureaucracy
5. Government by the nobles/lords – Aristocracy
6. The right of self government – Autonomy
7. Government by a few persons – Oligarchy
8. Government by the rich – Plutocracy
9. Government by the king or queen – Monarchy
10. Government by old men – Gerontocracy
11. Government by the worst citizen – Kekistocracy
12. Government by the inexperienced persons – Neocracy
13. Government by the mob – Ochlocracy
14. Government run universally – Panarchy
15. Government not by the laws of religion – Secular
16. Government by the gods – Thearchy
17. Government by the laws of religion/divine guidance – Theocracy



1. Fear of falling down stairs – Climacophobia
2. Fear of height – Acrophobia/Hypsophobia
3. An abnormal fear of being near an object of great height, such as a skyscraper or mountain – Batophobia
4. Fear of depths of any kind, whether a fear of deep water or of falling from a great height – Bathophobia
5. Fear/dislike of reptiles/lizards/snakes – Herpetophobia/Ophidiophobia
6. Fear of horses – Equinophobia/Hippophobia
7. Fear of dogs or rabbies – Cynophobia
8. Fear/dislike of cats – Ailurophobia
9. Fear of chickens – Alektorophobia
10. Fear of spiders – Arachnophobia
11. Fear of frogs and toads – Batrachophobia
12. Fear/dislike of fish – Ichthyophobia
13. Fear of bees – Melissophobia
14. Fear of mice – Muriphobia/Myophobia
15. Fear of lice – Pediculophobia
16. Fear of ants – Myrmecophobia
17. Fear of birds – Ornithophobia
18. Fear/dislike of insects – Entomophobia
19. Fear of men – Androphobia
20. Fear of women – Gynophobia/Gynaecophobia
21. Fear of people or society – Anthropophobia
22. Fear of dust – Amathophobia
23. Fear of water – Aquaphobia/Hydrophobia
24. Fear of thunder and lightening – Astraphobia/Astrapophobia/Brontophobia/ Tonitrophobia
25. Fear of being alone/solitutude – Autophobia/Monophobia
26. Fear of riding in a car – Amaxophobia
27. Fear of missiles – Ballistophobia
28. Fear of gravity – Barophobia
29. Fear of stairs or slopes – Bathmophobia 
30. Fear of noise – Accousticophobia/Phonophobia
31. Fear of loud noises – Ligyrophobia
32. Fear of books – Bibliophobia
33. Obsession for books (passionate enthusiasm for collecting and possessing books) – Bibliomania
34. Fear of cancer – Cancerophobia
35. Fear of staying single – Anuptaphobia
36. Fear of pain – Agliophobia/Algophobia
37. Fear of itching or of insects causing itching – Acarophobia
38. Fear of darkness – Achluophobia/Lygophobia/Nyctophobia/Scotophobia
39. Fear of the night – Noctiphobia
40. Fear of alcohol – Methyphobia/Potophobia
41. Excessive obsession for drinks – Dipsomania
42. Fear of accidents – Dystychiphobia
43. Fear of sexual abuse – Agraphobia
44. Fear of bathing, washing, or cleaning – Ablutophobia
45. Fear of growing old or aging – Gerascophobia/Gerontophobia
46. Fear of speaking in public or of trying to speak – Glossophobia 
47. Fear of marriage – Gamophobia
48. Fear of failure – Atychiphobia/Kakorrhaphiophobia
49. Fear of wind /air/flying/draughts – Aerophobia
50. Fear of the sun – Heliophobia
51. Fear of the moon – Selenophobia
52. Fear of the sea – Thalassophobia
53. Fear of fog or clouds – Homichlophobia/Nebulaphobia
54. Fear of going to the doctor – Iatrophobia
55. Fear of dentists – Dentophobia
56. Fear of hospitals – Nosocomephobia
57. Fear of contracting a disease – Nosophobia/Pathophobia
58. Obsession to steal – Kleptomania
59. Fear of open spaces – Agoraphobia/Cenophobia/Kenophobia
60. Fear of confined/closed spaces – Claustrophobia
61. Fear of studies – Logophobia
62. Fear of sharp or pointed objects – Aichmophobia
63. Fear of death or dead things/corpses – Thanatophobia/Necrophobia
64. Fear of crossing streets – Dromophobia
65. Fear of rain – Ombrophobia
66. Fear of fire – Pyrophobia
67. Obsession to set things on fire – Pyromania
68. Fear of light – Photophobia
69. Eear of the devil – Satanophobia
70. Fear of shadows – Sciaphobia
71. Fear of speed – Tachophobia
72. Fear of blood – Hemophobia
73. Fear of crossing busy streets – Agyiophobia
74. Fear of mirrors – Catoptrophobia
75. Fear of being buried alive – Taphephobia
76. Fear of death – Thanatophobia
77. Fear of God – Theophobia
78. Fear of pregnancy or childbirth – Tocophobia
79. Fear of strangers, foreigners, or aliens – Xenophobia
80. Fear of animals – Zoophobia

3. SKYSCRAPER = a very tall building of many storeys.
25. SOLITUDE = the situation of being alone without other people
33. OBSESSION = too interested in or worried about something
49. DRAUGHT = a current of unpleasantly cold air blowing through a room



1. Rearing of bees – Apiculture
2. Rearing of birds – Aviculture
3. Rearing of marine animals – Mariculture
4. Rearing of fish – Pisciculture
5. Rearing of silkworms – Sericulture
6. Growing of trees and shrubs – Arboriculture
7. Growing of flowers – Floriculture
8. Growing of fruits and vegetables – Hoticulture
9. Growing of vegetables that spread on ground – Olericulture
10. Growing of grapes – Viticulture
11. Farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products – Agriculture

3. MARINE = relating to or found in the sea



1. Relating to or affecting cattle – Bovine
2. Belonging or relating to the cat family – Feline
3. Relating to or resembling a dog or dogs – Canine
4. Connected with horses, or appearing similar to a horse – Equine
5. Of, relating to, or resembling an ass – Asinine
6. Of or resembling a goat – Hircine
7. Of, like, or relating to a wolf – Lupine
8. Relating to a fox – Vulpine
9. Of, affecting, or resembling pigs – Porcine
10. Lion like – Leonine
11. Relating to or affecting mice or related rodents – Murine
12. Of or like an eagle – Aquiline
13. Of, resembling, or characteristic of crows – Corvine
14. Of or like a serpent or snake – Serpentine
15. Of or concerning fish – Piscine



1. That can live on land as well as in water – Amphibian
2. That can live in fresh water only – Aquatic
3. That can live in sea water only – Marine
4. That can live on land only – Terrestrial
5. That can live on trees – Arboreal
6. That gives birth to premature young ones and then keep them in external pouch – Marsupial
7. That lay eggs – Oviparous
8. That lays eggs but suckle (feed their milk) their young ones – Monotreme
9. That gives birth to young ones – Viviparous
10. The animals of a particular region, habitat, or geological period – Fauna
11. Vegetation of place – Flaura

6. POUCH = a pocket on the lower part of the body of some female animals in which  their young are carried and protected after they are born; e.g.

Kangaroos carry their young in pouches.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book


For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book


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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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