ENGLISHEnglish Vocabulary

Person, persons, people, Peoples (EXPLAINED IN BOTH HINDI & ENGLISH)

Person, persons, people, Peoples (EXPLAINED IN HINDI)

1. PERSON

किसी आदमी (human being) को singular में कहने के लिए noun PERSON का use किया जाता है; जैसे

a) Rajeev is such a nice person.
b) She’s a person I have a lot of respect for.

2. PERSONS

Noun PERSONS का use सिर्फ कानूनी संदर्भों (legal contexts) में किया जाता है; जैसे

a) Any person or persons found in possession of illegal substances will be prosecuted.
b) Any person or persons damaging courthouse property will be fined.
c) There are two persons being questioned for the murder of Rahul.
d) The Police Department has seventeen open missing persons cases.
e) No more than six persons can occupy the hot tub at any one time.

NOTE: लेकिन हम जब humans को अलग-अलग (individually) ले रहे हों तो PERSONS और PEOPLE में से कोई भी noun use की जा सकती है; जैसे

Six persons came dressed as either Princess Dona or Darth Vader, but the rest of the people were all cartoons. (क्योंकि यहाँ व्यक्तिगत choices ही संभव हैं तो हमने noun PERSONS का use किया है; हालाँकि people भी यहाँ समान रूप से शुद्ध होगा.)

= Six people came dressed as either Princess Dona or Darth Vader, but the rest of the people  were all cartoons.

 3. PEOPLE

हम noun PEOPLE का use legal सन्दर्भों को छोड़ कर किसी भी और सन्दर्भ में use करते हैं; जैसे

INCORRECT: I saw three persons standing on the corner.
CORRECT: I saw three people standing on the corner.

INCORRECT: Mahesh and Poonam are such nice persons.
CORRECT: Mahesh and Poonam are such nice people.

a) People are generally very selfish.
b) Three people were interviewed for the job, but only one person had the right qualifications and experience.
c) We’ve invited30 people to our party.

4. PEOPLES

हम noun PEOPLES का use तब करते हैं जब हमें किसी एक ही भोगोलिक (geographical) अथवा सांस्कृतिक परिवेश में विद्यमान जातीय समूहों (ethnic groups) के बीच में अन्तर्भेद करना होता है; जैसे

a) The Israeli and Palestinian peoples have long been at war.
b) The peoples of the world practice a wide variety of religions.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

Person, persons, people, Peoples (EXPLAINED IN ENGLISH)

1. PERSON

When we talk about people in singular we use the noun PERSON; e.g.

a) Rajeev is such a nice person.
b) She’s a person I have a lot of respect for.

2. PERSONS

Noun PERSONS is only used in legal contexts; e.g.

a) Any person or persons found in possession of illegal substances will be prosecuted.
b) Any person or persons damaging courthouse property will be fined.
c) There are two persons being questioned for the murder of Rahul.
d) The Police Department has seventeen open missing persons cases.
e) No more than six persons can occupy the hot tub at any one time.

NOTE: But when we are considering human beings individually we use either PERSONS or PEOPLE; e.g.

Six persons came dressed as either Princess Dona or Darth Vader, but the rest of the people were all cartoons. (Because individual choices are relevant to the context we’ve used PERSONS.)
= Six people came dressed as either Princess Dona or Darth Vader, but the rest of the people  were all cartoons.

 3. PEOPLE

We use PEOPLE to refer to groups of human beings in all contexts other than legal ones; e.g.

INCORRECT: I saw three persons standing on the corner.
CORRECT: I saw three people standing on the corner.

INCORRECT: Mahesh and Poonam are such nice persons.
CORRECT: Mahesh and Poonam are such nice people.

a) People are generally very selfish.
b) Three people were interviewed for the job, but only one person had the right qualifications and experience.
c) We’ve invited30 people to our party.

4. PEOPLES

We use PEOPLES in cases when it is necessary to distinguish between ethnic groups within the same geographical or cultural context; e.g.

a) The Israeli and Palestinian peoples have long been at war.
b) The peoples of the world practice a wide variety of religions.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY
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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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