ENGLISHMiscellaneous English Grammar

Agreement of verb when ‘each’ is used after the subject (Explained in Hindi & English)

जब शब्द ‘Each’ को subject के बाद में use किया जाता है उससे सम्बन्धित नियम (Explained in Hindi)

जब शब्द ‘Each’ को subject के बाद में use किया जाता है तो subject हमेशा plural होता है; और इसलिए verb भी plural form में ही होती है. subject के लिए use होने वाली pronouns और possessive adjectives भी plural form में ही होते हैं.

यदि main verb के साथ कोई helping verb या modal verb नहीं है तो शब्द ‘Each’ को main verb के पहले रखा जाता है. यदि verb के साथ सिर्फ एक ही helping verb अथवा modal verb है तो भी शब्द ‘Each’ को main verb के पहले ही रखा जाता है. और यदि helping verbs एक से अधिक हैं तो शब्द ‘Each’ को उनमें से पहले वाली helping verb के बाद में रखा जाता है. यदि main verb BE (are/were) अथवा HAVE है तो शब्द ‘Each’ को ‘BE (are/were)/HAVE के बाद में रखा जाता है; जैसे

a) The coach and the quarterback each want to win the championship.

[इस वाक्य की verb ‘want’ के साथ कोई helping/modal verb नहीं है; इसलिए शब्द ‘Each’ को verb ‘want’ के पहले रखा गया है.]

b) We each agreed to help by contributing some money towards the cost.

[Verb ‘agreed’ है और किसी helping/modal verb का use नहीं हुआ है.]

c) We would each say a poem or sing a song.

[इस वाक्य की main verb ‘say’ के साथ modal verb ‘would’ का use हुआ है; इसलिए शब्द ‘Each’ को main verb ‘say’ के पहले रखा गया है.]

d) Have you each signed the contract?

[इस वाक्य की main verb ‘signed’ के साथ सिर्फ एक ही helping verb (have) का use हुआ है; इसलिए शब्द ‘Each’ को main verb ‘signed’ के पहले रखा गया है.]

e) Husband and wife are each entitled to invest up to the maximum of Rs 40,000.

[इस वाक्य की main verb ‘are’ है; इसलिए शब्द ‘Each’ को main verb ‘are’ के बाद में रखा गया है.]

NOTE-I: शब्द ‘Each’ को जब subject के बाद में use किया जाता है तो उस subject के लिए use की गयी verb, pronoun और possessive adjective (our/your/their) plural form में use होते हैं; जैसे

INCORRECT: The apartments each has its own private entrances.
CORRECT: The apartments each have their own private entrances.

NOTE-II: शब्द ‘Each’ को जब verb के बाद में use किया जाता है तो subject के लिए use की गयी  pronoun और possessive adjective (our/your/their) plural form singular form में भी use किये जा सकते हैं और plural form में भी; ये हमारी इच्छा पर निर्भर होता है;

The boys have each their own bikes.
= The boys have each his own bike.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

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For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

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Rules associated with using ‘Each’ after the subject (Explained in English)

When we use ‘Each’ after a subject, that subject is always plural and therefore the verb is also in the plural. Pronouns and possessive adjectives used for that subject are also in the plural.

If the verb consists of only one word we put ‘Each’ between the subject and the verb, if there is more than one word in the verb, ‘Each’ is put after the first word of the verb. If the verb is BE (are/were), ‘Each’ is put after BE; e.g.

a) The coach and the quarterback each want to win the championship. (‘Want’ is the verb, means one word verb)

b) We each agreed to help by contributing some money towards the cost. (‘Agreed’ is the verb, means one word verb)

c) We would each say a poem or sing a song. (‘Would say’ is the verb, means two word verb)

d) Have you each signed the contract? (‘Have sighned’ is the verb, means two word verb)

e) Husband and wife are each entitled to invest up to the maximum of Rs 40,000. [BE (are) is the verb, ‘entitled’ is an adjective.]

NOTE-I: When ‘Each’ is used after a subject, the verbs and pronouns and possessive adjectives (our/your/their) for the subject are plural; e.g.

INCORRECT: The apartments each has its own private entrances.
CORRECT: The apartments each have their own private entrances.

NOTE-II: When ‘Each’ follows the verb, we can use the pronouns and possessive adjective (our/your/their) either in the singular or in the plural; e.g.

The boys have each their own bikes.
= The boys have each his own bike.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY
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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

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