ENGLISHMiscellaneous English Grammar

‘POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE’ OR ‘OBJECTIVE PRONOUN’ BEFORE ING-FORM (EXPLAINED BOTH IN HINDI & ENGLISH)

Possessive Adjective (my, your, their) OR Objective Pronoun (OBJECTIVE PRONOUN (me, you, them) before ING-FORM

Explained in Hindi

आमतौर पर किसी ING-FORM से पहले हम Possessive Adjective (my, your, their) use करते हैं; जैसे

a) We enjoyed their singing. (not ‘them singing’)
b) Mohan insisted on my reading it. (not ‘me reading’)
c) Forgive my ringing you up so early. (not ‘me ringing’)

NOTE: परन्तु ing-form से  पहले  यदि कोई अनुभूति होने वाली verbs (verbs of perception) जैसे कि SEE, WATCH, HEAR, आदि, और  verbs CATCH और FIND दी गयी हों तो फिर हम इसके साथ कोई Objective Pronoun (me, you, them) use करते हैं; जैसे

INCORRECT: We saw his swimming across the pond.
CORRECT: We saw him swimming across the pond.

INCORRECT: I watched his painting Reena’s portrait.
CORRECT: I watched him painting Reena’s portrait.

INCORRECT: I couldn’t hear your singing because of the noise.
CORRECT: I couldn’t hear you singing because of the noise.

INCORRECT: If I catch your stealing my apples again, there’ll be trouble!
CORRECT: If I catch you stealing my apples again, there’ll be trouble!

INCORRECT: We found some money’s lying on the ground.
CORRECT: We found some money lying on the ground.

INCORRECT: They found their sitting in the garden.
CORRECT: They found them sitting in the garden.

Explained in English

Normally we use a Possessive Adjective (my, your, their) before an ING-FORM; e.g.

a) We enjoyed their singing. (not ‘them singing’)
b) Mohan insisted on my reading it. (not ‘me reading’)
c) Forgive my ringing you up so early. (not ‘me ringing’)

NOTE: But after the verbs of perception (SEE, WATCH, HEAR, etc.), and after CATCH and FIND we use a Objective Pronoun (me, you, them) before an ING-FORM; e.g.

INCORRECT: We saw his swimming across the pond.
CORRECT: We saw him swimming across the pond.

INCORRECT: I watched his painting Reena’s portrait.
CORRECT: I watched him painting Reena’s portrait.

INCORRECT: I couldn’t hear your singing because of the noise.
CORRECT: I couldn’t hear you singing because of the noise.

INCORRECT: If I catch your stealing my apples again, there’ll be trouble!
CORRECT: If I catch you stealing my apples again, there’ll be trouble!

INCORRECT: We found some money’s lying on the ground.
CORRECT: We found some money lying on the ground.

INCORRECT: They found their sitting in the garden.
CORRECT: They found them sitting in the garden.

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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