Practice Sets - EnglishSentence Improvement

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT PRACTICE SET 10 SOLVED in Hindi & English

Sentence Improvement — Practice Set-10 — Solved in Hindi & English)

1. There will be a trend of unseasonal rainfall in April, in recent years.
A) There has been        B) It has been
C) It may have been        D) No improvement

2. They were angry because they realised that they had cheated.
A) had been cheated        B) were cheated
C) are cheated        D) no improvement

3. Sujata is the prettiest of all other contestants.
A) all the contestants         B) all other contestants
C) other contestants        D) No improvement

4. The CEO made it very clear in the annual meeting that the only criteria to promote an employee would be his performance and nothing else.
A) sole criteria        B) sole criterion
C) only criterion        D) No improvement

5. The Kadampuzha Devi is worth seeing temple in Kerala.
A) one of the worth seeing temples        B) a temple worth seeing
C) a temple of worth being seen        D) No improvement

6. It was a week since the exams began.
A) It is a week        B) It has a week
C) It had been a week      D) No improvement

7. He has fallen out with the girl he wanted to marry.
A) fallen off        B) fallen for
C) fallen in love        D) No improvement

8. Respecting elders has been our custom since time immemorial.
A) to time immemorial        B) from time immemorial
C) until time immemorial        D) No improvement

9. I shall be grateful to you if you are of help to me now.
A) help        B) helped
C) will help       D) No improvement

10. He sent a word to me that he would be coming late.
A) sent word        B) sent words
C) has sent a word       D) No improvement

Answer Key

1. A 2. A 3. A 4. B 5. B 6. A 7. D 8. D 9. D 10. A

Solution with explanation (in Hindi)

1. Option ‘A’ (there has been). यहाँ adjective ‘recent’ का use समय प्रसंग (time reference) के लिए किया गया है. समय प्रसंगों के लिए ‘recent’ का use Present Perfect Tense के साथ किया जाता है.

Option ‘B’ अशुद्ध है क्योंकि ‘it’ इसमें artificial subject है और artificial subject के रूप में इसको adjectives के लिए use किया जाता है; और ‘trend’ कोई adjective नहीं है. ये सही से समझने के लिए ये पढो:

प्रत्येक वाक्य का कोई न कोई subject होना चाहिए. कभी-कभी हम artificial subject का use करते हैं; वास्तविक subject तो वाक्य में verb के बाद use किया हुआ होता है. ‘It’ और  ‘there’ दो ऐसे शब्द हैं जिनका use artificial subject के रूप में भी किया जा सकता है; जैसे

It’s always good to keep all important documents safe in a file.
[यहाँ वास्तविक subject ‘all important documents’ है. देखिये इस वाक्य को ऐसे भी लिखा ज सकता है: ‘To keep all important documents safe in a file is always good.]

There are two temples in our colony.
[यहाँ वास्तविक subject ‘two temples’ है. देखिये इस वाक्य को ऐसे भी लिखा ज सकता है: ‘Two temples are in our colony.]

NOTE-I: IT का artificial subject के रूप में use adjectives के लिए किया जाता है; जैसे

a) It’s important to wear a helmet whenever you ride a bike.
b) It’s useful to write down your driving license number somewhere, in case you lose it.

[इन वाक्यों में ‘important’ और ‘useful’ दोनों ही adjective हैं.]

NOTE-II: ये बताने के लिए कि कोई व्यक्ति या वस्तु कही पर विद्यमान है की नहीं हम artificial subject ‘there’ का use करते हैं; ‘it’ का नहीं; जैसे

INCORRECT: It’s a lot of noise in the room today.
CORRECT: There’s a lot of noise in the room today.

INCORRECT: It’s a woman waiting outside who wants to talk to you.
CORRECT: There’s a woman waiting outside who wants to talk to you.

INCORRECT: It were no children playing in the park.
CORRECT: There were no children playing in the park.

2. Option ‘A’. (had been cheated). यहाँ हमें verb ‘cheat’ की passive form की आवश्यकता है. इस वाक्य में दो ऐसी घटनाएँ दी गयी हैं जो एक दूसरे के बाद हुई हैं. ऐसी स्थिति में पहले घटने वाली घटना के लिए Past Perfect Tense का use किया जाता है और बाद में घटने वाली घटना के लिए Past Simple Tense का use किया जाता है. वाक्य में दी गयी दोनों घटनाओं में से ‘cheat’ करने वाली घटना पहले घटित हुई है; अतः इस घटना के लिए passive में Past Perfect Tense का use होगा.

3. Option A (all the contestants). जब दो एक जैसी वस्तुओं की तुलना की जाती है तो शब्द ‘other’ का use आवश्यक होता है; लेकिन superlative degree का use हो तो शब्द ‘other’ का use नहीं किया जाता; जैसे

a) No other railway station in Delhi is as good as New Delhi Station.
b) New Delhi Station is better than any other railway station in Delhi.
c) New Delhi Station is better than all other railway stations in Delhi.

a) She is as clever as any other student in the class.
b) She is cleverer than any other student in the class.

INCORRECT: Gold is most precious of all other metals.
CORRECT: Gold is most precious of all metals.

INCORRECT: Pawan is the laziest of all his other brothers.
CORRECT: Pawan is the laziest of all his brothers.

4. Option ‘B’ (sole criterion). ‘Sole’ और ‘only’ का अर्थ एक ही होता है लेकिन फर्क ये है कि ‘sole’ का use तब किया जाता जब और कोई सम्भावनायें उपलब्ध नहीं होतीं जबकि ‘only’ का use तब किया जाता जब और कोई सम्भावनायें भी उपलब्ध होती हैं; जैसे

This is the only coat I have. (अर्थात मेरे पास और कोट भी हो सकते थे यदि main और कोट खरीदता. यहाँ शब्द ‘sole’ का use अशुद्ध होगा.)

NOTE: Criteria शब्द criterion की plural form होती है, लेकिन हमें यहाँ singular form की आवश्यकता है.

5. Option ‘B’ (a temple worth seeing). ‘Worth seeing’ का use nouns या pronouns के बाद किया जाता है.

6. Option ‘A’ (It is a week). यदि किसी वाक्य का आरम्भ ‘It + be + time’ से होता है; और since-clause का tense ‘Past Simple Tense’ अथवा ‘Present Perfect Tense’ हो तो, ‘it’ के साथ ‘Present Simple Tense’ अथवा ‘Present Perfect Tense’ का use होता है. दिए गये वाक्य में since-clause का tense Past Simple Tense (began) है; अतः option ‘A’ ही शुद्ध है. इस उदाहरण को देखिये:

It is two years since I saw Mohan.
= It is two years since I have seen Mohan
= It has been two years since I saw Mohan.
= It has been two years since I have seen Mohan.

NOTE: लेकिन यदि since-clause का tense ‘Past Perfect Tense’ हो तो ‘it’ के साथ ‘Past Simple Tense’ अथवा ‘Past Perfect Tense’ का use होता है; जैसे

a) It was years since I had met him.
= It’d been years since I had met him.

b) He invited me to go riding with him. But it was two years since I had ridden a horse.
= He invited me to go riding with him. But it had been two years since I had ridden a horse.

7. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). Fall out = किसी के साथ कोई विवाद होने के कारण उसके साथ मित्रतापूर्ण न रहना

i) She fell out with her sister.
ii) He left home after falling out with his parents.
iii) She’d fallen out with her boyfriend over his ex-girlfriend.

8. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). ‘Since time immemorial’ के स्थान पर ‘from time immemorial’ का use करना भी शुद्ध होता है; लेकिन दिया गया वाक्य पहले से ही शुद्ध है.

9. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). ‘Be of help’ एक phrase होता है जिसका अर्थ है किसी के लिए मददगार होना; जैसे

Can I be of help to you?

NOTE: ‘Are’ verb ‘be’ की ही एक form होती है; अर्थात ‘be of help’ = ‘are of help’

10. Option ‘A’ (sent word). शुद्ध phrase ‘send word’ होता है (‘send a word’ नहीं). इसका अर्थ है — किसी व्यक्ति को कोई संदेश भेजना; जैसे

She sent word with her secretary that she would be unable to attend the meeting.

Hindi translation of the given sentence: उसने मुझे सन्देश भेजा कि उसे आने में देरी हो जायेगी.

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Solution with explanation (in English)

1. Option ‘A’ (there has been). Here the adjective ‘recent’ is referring to time. For times we mainly use ‘recent’ with the Present Perfect Tense. We can also use ‘recent’ with the Past Simple Tense when we mean to say  ‘a short time ago’; e.g.

He left recently. = He left a short time ago.

Option ‘B’ is incorrect as ‘it’ as an artificial is used with adjectives. To understand read this:

Every sentence/clause must have a subject. Sometimes we need to use an artificial subject when there is no subject attached to the verb, and where the real subject is somewhere else in the sentence/clause.  ‘It’ and ‘there’ are the two words that we use as artificial subjects in English; e.g.

It’s always good to keep all important documents safe in a file.
[The real subject here is ‘all important documents’. So this sentence can be re-written as ‘To keep all important documents safe in a file is always good.]

There are two temples in our colony.
[The real subject here is ‘two temples’. So this sentence can be re-written as ‘Two temples are in our colony.]

NOTE-I: We use ‘it’ as an artificial subject with adjectives; e.g.

a) It’s important to wear a helmet whenever you ride a bike.
b) It’s useful to write down your driving license number somewhere, in case you lose it.

[‘Important’ and ‘useful’ are adjectives in these sentences.]

NOTE-II: When something/someone exists or is present in a particular place or situation, we don’t use ‘it’, we use ‘there’ instead; e.g.

INCORRECT: It’s a lot of noise in the room today.
CORRECT: There’s a lot of noise in the room today.

INCORRECT: It’s a woman waiting outside who wants to talk to you.
CORRECT: There’s a woman waiting outside who wants to talk to you.

INCORRECT: It were no children playing in the park.
CORRECT: There were no children playing in the park.

2. Option ‘A’. (had been cheated). Here we need the passive form of the verb. Here we are given two past actions which happened one after another. In such a case we use the Past Perfect Tense for the first one and the Past Simple Tense for the second one. Action ‘cheating’ happened first therefore here we need it in the Past Perfect Tense.

3. Option A (all the contestants). When two similar type of things are compared, use of ‘other’ is essential in the positive or the comparative degree. But we don’t use ‘other’ when we compare the things using the superlative degree; e.g.

a) No other railway station in Delhi is as good as New Delhi Station.
b) New Delhi Station is better than any other railway station in Delhi.
c) New Delhi Station is better than all other railway stations in Delhi.

a) She is as clever as any other student in the class.
b) She is cleverer than any other student in the class.

INCORRECT: Gold is most precious of all other metals.
CORRECT: Gold is most precious of all metals.

INCORRECT: Pawan is the laziest of all his other brothers.
CORRECT: Pawan is the laziest of all his brothers.

4. Option ‘B’ (sole criterion). ‘Sole’ and ‘only’ have the same meaning. The difference is that ‘sole’ is used when there can be no other options/possibilities available; ‘only’ is used when other options/possibilities can be available;

a) This is the only coat I have. (Means there could be more coats with him if he had bought. You can’t use the word ‘sole’ here.)

b) I have only one sister. (Again he could have more sisters if circumstances allowed, means you can’t also use the word ‘sole’ here.)

NOTE: ‘Criteria’ is plural whereas ‘criterion’ is singular, but here we need it in the singular.

5. Option ‘B’ (a temple worth seeing). ‘Worth seeing’ is used after nouns or pronouns.

6. Option ‘A’ (It is a week). If a sentence begins with the structure ‘It + be + time’; and the tense of the since-clause is the ‘Past Simple Tense’ or the ‘Present Perfect Tense’, we use the ‘Present Simple Tense’ or ‘Present Perfect Tense’ after ‘it’. In the given sentence the tense of the since-clause is the Past Simple Tense (began), therefore option ‘A’ is only correct. See this example:

It is two years since I saw Mohan.
= It is two years since I have seen Mohan
= It has been two years since I saw Mohan.
= It has been two years since I have seen Mohan.

NOTE: But, if the tense of the since-clause is the ‘Past Perfect Tense’, we use the ‘Past Simple Tense’ or the ‘Past Perfect Tense’ after ‘it’; e.g.

a) It was years since I had met him.
= It’d been years since I had met him.

b) He invited me to go riding with him. But it was two years since I had ridden a horse.
= He invited me to go riding with him. But it had been two years since I had ridden a horse.

7. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). Fall out = to have an argument and stop being friendly with someone; e.g.

i) She fell out with her sister.
ii) He left home after falling out with his parents.
iii) She’d fallen out with her boyfriend over his ex-girlfriend.

8. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). ‘From time immemorial’ is also fine; but the given sentence is already correct.

9. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). ‘Be of help’ is a phrase which means ‘making a situation easier or better’; e.g.

Can I be of help to you?

NOTE: ‘Are’ is a form of the verb ‘be’; therefore ‘be of help’ = ‘are of help’

10. Option ‘A’ (sent word). Correct phrase is ‘send word’ (not ‘send a word’). It means ‘to send someone to give a message to another person’; e.g.

She sent word with her secretary that she would be unable to attend the meeting.

Hindi translation of the given sentence: उसने मुझे सन्देश भेजा कि उसे आने में देरी हो जायेगी.

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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