Practice Sets - EnglishSentence Improvement

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT – PRACTICE SET-3 – SOLVED in Hindi & English

Sentence Improvement — Practice Set-3 — Solved in Hindi & English)

1. For all his wealth, he has no joy in life.
A) With        B) Beside
C) Despite of         D) No improvement

2. There was little he could do to save his battered reputation.
A) salvage        B) wreck
C) destroy        D) No improvement

3. The commoners joined the king’s army at crushing the rebels.
A) into        B) in
C) without        D) No improvement

4. Although the goal-keeper was responsible for the defeat in the important football match, nobody blamed him.
A) still nobody blamed him        B) nevertheless nobody blamed him
C) yet nobody blamed him        D) No improvement

5. As well as he breaking his leg, he hurt his arm.
A) As well as breaking        B) As well as he broke
C) As well as broke        D) No improvement

6. Before I met Radha I had had a bad opinion of her.
A) have had         B) had
C) has have        D) No improvement

7. He told his friend that he drank tea every morning.
A) drinks        B) had drunk
C) was drunk        D) No improvement

8. They watched the sea lions being fed with fish.
A) had been fed         B) are being fed
C) have been fed        D) No improvement.

9. A majority of the shareholders want the merger.
A) wants the merger        B) have wanted the merger
C) are wanting the merger        D) No improvement

10. Old habits hardly die.
A) die hard       B) die too hard
C) die much hard        D) No improvement

Answer Key

1. D 2. A 3. B 4. D 5. A 6. B 7. D 8. D 9. D 10. A

Solution with explanation (in Hindi)

1. No improvement. ‘For all’ एक idiom होता है जिसका अर्थ होता है किसी वस्तु/बात के होते हुए भी (in spite of something)

Hindi translation: धन-सम्पति होते हुए भी उसके जीवन में कोई आनंद नहीं है.

2. Option ‘A’ (salvage). Salvage = पहले से हुई किसी बुरी स्थिति को बेहतर बनाना. Battered reputation = बुरी स्थिति. यहाँ ‘little’ का use बिल्कुल सही हुआ है; इस शब्द का use कुछ नकारात्मक (negative) रूप में होता है. कुछ सकारात्मक (positive) कहने के लिए ‘a little’ का use किया जाता है. .

Translation in Hindi: अपनी खराब साख को सही करने के लिए उसके पास करने को कुछ ख़ास नहीं था.

3 Option ‘B’ (in). किसी को कुचलना (crushing) एक गतिविधि है; किसी गतिविधि में भाग लेने के लिए preposition ‘in’ का use किया जाता है.

4. No improvement. यदि कोई वाक्य although आरंभ हो तो अगले clause के पहले ‘but’, ‘yet’, आदि conjunctions का use नहीं होता.

5. Option ‘A’ (as well as breaking). ‘As well as’ के साथ अगर कोई action हो तो इसके तुरंत बाद gerund (ing form) use की जाती है.

6. Option ‘B’ (had). Main clause में बताई गयी घटना अगर ‘before-clause’ में बताई घटना के समय तक जारी रहती है तो दोनों clauses में Past Simple Tense का use किया जाता है. दिए गये वाक्य में राधा के बारे में उसका bad opinion तब तक जारी रहता है जब तक वह राधा से मिल नहीं लेता; जैसे

a) It was two days before my brother returned from Agra.
b) I didn’t think I would like playing football before I tried it.
c) He used to live with us before he shifted to Kolkata.

7. No improvement. Past Simple Tense का use past habits को बताने के लिए भी किया जाता है.  Past Simple Tense के साथ Past habits को बताने के लिए आमतौर पर Always, Usually, Daily, Everyday, Never, Often, Rarely, Seldom, Scarcely, आदि शब्दों का use किया जाता है; जैसे

a) He studied many hours every day.
b) He always carried an umbrella.
c) She always came late.
d) She never missed good plays

8. No improvement. Verb ‘watch’ के बाद दिए गये object के साथ या तो Bare Infinitive (V1 without TO) use कर लो या फिर Present Participle (ing form) कोई फर्क नहीं पड़ता. Present Participle एक adjective का काम करता है. Verb ‘feed’ की Present Participle form ‘feeding’ होती है; परन्तु हमें  ये यहाँ passive form में चाहिए; अतः ‘being fed’ ही शुद्ध होगा.

Translation in Hindi: उन्होंने sea lions को fish खिलाते हुए देखा.

9. No improvement. ‘A majority of’ और ‘the majority of’ दोनों के साथ verb plural use होती है; लेकिन ‘the majority’ (without OF) के साथ verb singular भी आ सकती है और plural भी, ये हमारी मर्जी है कौन से वाली use करें; जैसे

The majority is against you.
= The majority are against you.

10. Option ‘A’ (die hard). ‘Hard’ एक adjective के रूप में भी use किया जा सकता है और एक adverb के रूप में भी. जबकि ‘hardly’ एक adverb ही होती है. लेकिन ‘hardly’ शब्द HARD की adverb form नहीं है. adjective ‘hard’ की adverb खुद ‘hard’ ही है.

जब ‘hard’ एक adverb होती है तो इसका अर्थ है ‘काफी प्रयास अथवा मेहनत के साथ किया हुआ’. इसको main verb के बाद में use किया जाता है. Hardly नकारात्मक (negative) अर्थ में use होता है और इसको main verb के पहले use किया जाता है. इसका अर्थ है ‘almost not’ या ‘only just’.

a) I studied hard for my exams but could not pass.
b) The government is coming down hard on rape crime.
c) There is so much noise in the other room. I can hardly hear what you are saying.
d) The instructions are printed so small I can hardly read them.

INCORRECT: I tried hardly to find the key.
CORRECT: I tried hard to find the key.

INCORRECT: It was raining hardly and we all got wet.
CORRECT: It was raining hard and we all got wet.

INCORRECT: You must not have beaten him too hardly.
CORRECT: You must not have beaten him too hard/severely.

NOTE: Hardly नकारात्मक (negative) अर्थ में use होती है; अतः इसको यहाँ अगर use करेंगे तो तो वाक्य का अर्थ हो जायेगा कि पुरानी आदतें समाप्त नहीं होतीं. लेकिन ये बात सत्य नहीं है, पुरानीआदतें तो समाप्त हो जाती हैं उदाहरण के तौर पर सिगरेट पीने की आदत; लेकिन हाँ उनसे पीछा छुड़ाने के लिए काफी प्रयास करना पड़ता है. इसलिए यहाँ ‘die hard’ ही शुद्ध होगा.

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Solution with explanation (in English)

1. No improvement. ‘For all’ is an idiom which means ‘in spite of something’

Hindi translation: धन-सम्पति होते हुए भी उसके जीवन में कोई आनंद नहीं है.

2. Option ‘A’ (salvage). Salvage = to try to make a bad situation better. Battered reputation = poor reputation. Use of ‘little’ is quite correct, we use this word in negative references. For positive references we use ‘a little’.

Translation in Hindi: अपनी खराब साख को सही करने के लिए उसके पास करने को कुछ ख़ास नहीं था.

3 Option ‘B’ (in). When one take part in an activity we use the preposition IN.

4. No improvement. When a sentence begins with ‘although’ we do not any other conjunctions like ‘but’, ‘yet’, etc. before the next clause.

5. Option ‘A’ (as well as breaking). If an action is there after ‘as well as’ we use gerund (ing form) directly after this.

6. Option ‘B’ (had). When a situation described in the main clause lasts until a time indicated in the ‘before-clause’ we use Past Simple Tense in both the clauses. In the given sentence his opinion was still bad about Radha when he met him; e.g.

a) It was two days before my brother returned from Agra.
b) I didn’t think I would like playing football before I tried it.
c) He used to live with us before he shifted to Kolkata.

7. No improvement. We also use the Past Simple Tense for past habits. We generally use these words to express a past habit: Always, Usually, Daily, Everyday, Never, Often, Rarely, Seldom, Scarcely, etc.; e.g.

a) He studied many hours every day.
b) He always carried an umbrella.
c) She always came late.
d) She never missed good plays

8. No improvement. Verb ‘watch’ takes either the Bare Infinitive (V1 without TO) 0r the Present Participle (ing form) after its object. Present Participle does the work of an adjective. Present Participle form of the verb ‘feed’ is ‘feeding’; but here as we need it in the passive voice it will be ‘being fed’.

Translation in Hindi: उन्होंने ‘sea lions’ को fish खिलाते हुए देखा.

9. No improvement. ‘A majority of’ and ‘the majority of’ take plural verbs, but ‘the majority’ (without OF) can be used with either a singular verb or a plural verb; means it’s optional; e.g.

The majority is against you.
= The majority are against you.

10. Option ‘A’ (die hard). ‘Hard’ both an adjective and an adverb, whereas ‘hardly’ can only be an adverb. ‘Hardly’ is not the adverb form of the adjective ‘hard’. The adverb form of ‘hard’ is ‘hard’ itself.

When ‘hard’ is an adverb, it means ‘with a lot of effort’ or ‘heavily or severely’. We use it after the main verb. ‘Hardly’ has a negative meaning; it normally means ‘almost not’ or ‘only just’.

a) I studied hard for my exams but could not pass.
b) The government is coming down hard on rape crime.
c) There is so much noise in the other room. I can hardly hear what you are saying.
d) The instructions are printed so small I can hardly read them.

INCORRECT: I tried hardly to find the key.
CORRECT: I tried hard to find the key.

INCORRECT: It was raining hardly and we all got wet.
CORRECT: It was raining hard and we all got wet.

INCORRECT: You must not have beaten him too hardly.
CORRECT: You must not have beaten him too hard/severely.

NOTE: HARDLY is a negative word; therefore ‘hardly die’ will mean that old habits do not end, but it’s in fact not true. Old habits do end; but it’s difficult to get rid of them. For example ‘smoking’; it can end, but it will end only when with a lot of difficulties.

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

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