Practice Sets - EnglishSentence Improvement

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT – PRACTICE SET-5 – SOLVED (Hindi & English)

Sentence Improvement — Practice Set-5 — Solved (Hindi & English)

Number of Questions: 25                                                                                                                Maximum Time: 10 minutes

1. The offerings were placed on the alter.
A) on the altar        B) on the steps
C) on the platform        D) No improvement

2. Really speaking, no man is perfect.
A) Strictly        B) slightly
C) vaguely        D) No improvement

3. Moby Dick is the story of a man’s battle with a white whale and the story would take place mostly in the South Seas.
A) the story has taken place mainly        B) the story took place primarily
C) the story is set to take place mainly        D) the story took place mainly

4. Wave after wave surrounded the tower.
A) engulfed         B) circled
C) encircled        D) No improvement

5. While campaigning against child-labour the leader said that he was feeling strongly about children being made to work when they should be going to school.
A) was feeling strong        B) felt strong
C) felt strongly        D) No improvement

6. Mohan will not be at home until eight O’clock.
A) in home        B) home
C) to home         D) No improvement

7. At the sound of footsteps he turned down fast really.
A) real fast        B) real fastly
C) real faster        D) No improvement

8. The enemy, beaten at every point, fled from the field.
A) having been beaten        B) was beaten
C) to be beaten        D) No improvement

9. She has that rare character – the ability to listen to people.
A) rare ear        B) rare characteristic
C) rare sense        D) No improvement

10. Both of us had a different opinion about it.
A) both of us has         B) each of us had
C) each of us have         D) No improvement

11. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hidden.
A) be hid        B) hide
C) be hiding        D) No improvement

12. There was no cause of anxiety.
A) cause for anxiety        B) cause to anxiety
C) cause with anxiety        D) No improvement

13. He is extraordinarily clever at mimicking his friends.
A) clever in mimicking        B) clever for mimicking
C) clever to mimick        D) No improvement

14. When they reached the site of the accident they saw only one lively man at the spot.
A) live        B) alive
C) living        D) No improvement

15. The bullet struck the wall and was diverted from its course.
A) twisted        B) reflected
C) deflected        D) No improvement

16. There is no more room for you in this compartment.
A) accommodation        B) space
C) seat        D) No improvement

17. It was indeed a shock for her, but she has later recovered from it.
A) since        B) then
C) afterwards        D) No improvement

18. All the family members of his are in Ernakulum.
A) all the members of his family        B) all his family members
C) all of his family members        D) No improvement

19. The right to work implies the obligation on the part of the government to give a job to all the unemployed.
A) every unemployed        D) any of the unemployed
C) each of the unemployed        D) No improvement

20. I shall be grateful to you if you are of help to me now.
A) help        B) would help
C) helped        D) No improvement

21. We are unwilling to make any concessions to their demands.
A) not willing to take        B) not willing in giving
C) unwilling to take        D) No improvement

22. This is the least expensive of the two cars.
A) least expensive        B) the less expensive
C) the lesser expensive        D) No improvement

23. There will be a trend of unseasonal rainfall in April, in recent years.
A) There has been        B) It has been
C) It may have been        D) No improvement

24. They were angry because they realised that they have had been cheated.
A) had been cheated        B) were cheated
C) are cheated        D) No improvement

25. Sujata is the prettiest of all the other contestants.
A) all the contestants        B) all other contestants
C) other contestants        D) No improvement

Answer Key

1. A 2. A 3. B 4. A 5. C 6. D 7. A 8. A 9. B 10. D
11. D 12. D 13. D 14. B 15. C 16.D 17. A 18. A 19. D 20. D
21. D 22. B 23. A 24. A 25. A

Solution with explanation (in Hindi)

1. Option ‘A’ (on the altar). Altar =  टेबल जिस पर भगवान पर चढ़ाने वाली सामग्रियाँ रखी जाती हैं

‘Alter’ तो एक verb होती है किसी वस्तु में कोई परिवर्तन लाना; जैसे

a) We’ve had to alter some of our plans.
b) Although the cost of making phone calls is going up, the charge for connecting to the internet will not alter.
c) Giving up our car has radically altered our lifestyle.

2. Option ‘A’ (Strictly). Strictly speaking = सही से कहा जाए तो

3. Option ‘B’ (the story took place primarily). किसी ऐसी घटना जो भूतकाल में किसी समय विशेष पर घटित हुई हो के लिए Past Simple Tense का use किया जाता है. Option ‘A’ इसलिए अशुद्ध है क्योंकि Present Perfect Tense का use तब करते हैं जब कोई घटना भूतकाल में शुरू हुई हो और वर्तमान तक जारी रही हो.

Primarily = प्राथमिक तौर पर; पहले-पहल
Mainly = प्रमुख रूप से; विशेष करके

4. Option ‘A’ (engulphed). Engulf =  किसी वस्तु को ऐसे घेर लेना जिससे उसको कोई हानि हो

a) The flames rapidly engulfed the house.
b) The war is threatening to engulf the entire region.

Surround = किसी के चारों ओर होना; जैसे

The house is surrounded by trees.

5. Option ‘C’ (felt strongly). Feel strongly = किसी चीज के बारे मजबूत राय होना. अर्थात लीडर की बाल मजदूरी को लेकर बहुत गम्भीर था. दिया वाक्य अशुद्ध है क्योंकि इस अर्थ में verb ‘feel’ को continuous form में use नहीं किया जा सकता.

Option ‘B’ भी अशुद्ध है क्योंकि शब्द ‘strong’ एक adjective है जबकि यहाँ हमें ऐसे शब्द की जरुरत है जो verb ‘felt’ को modify/qualify कर सके. ऐसा शब्द जो किसी verb को modify/qualify करता है उसको adverb कहते हैं. शब्द ‘strongly’ एक adverb है.

6. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). इस वाक्य की verb ‘be’ है. Verb ‘be’ एक अवस्था को बताने वाली (static) verb होती है. किसी motion की नहीं. Noun ‘home’ के लिए यदि गति को व्यक्त करने वाली कोई verb (verb of motion) जैसे कि get, go, come, arrive, reach, travel, drive, bring, आदि दी गयी हो तो ‘home’ से पहले किसी preposition का use नहीं होता; परन्तु यदि किसी अवस्था (state) को बताने वाली verb दी गयी हो तो ‘home’ के पहले किसी उपयुक्त preposition का use किया जाता है; जैसे

INCORRECT: She went to home on foot yesterday. (Verb ‘went’ गति को व्यक्त करने वाली verb है (verb of motion.)
CORRECT: She went home on foot yesterday.

INCORRECT: Ankit drives me to home daily? (Verb ‘drives’ गति को व्यक्त करने वाली verb है (verb of motion.)
CORRECT: Ankit drives me home daily.

INCORRECT: Bring him at home in the evening. (Verb ‘bring’ गति को व्यक्त करने वाली verb है (verb of motion.)
CORRECT: Bring him home in the evening.

INCORRECT: Mohan is home. [Verb ‘is’ अवस्था को बताने वाली verb है, motion को नहीं.]
CORRECT: Mohan is at home.

NOTE: परन्तु यदि noun ‘home’ के पहले यदि किसी possessive adjective (my, our, your, आदि) का use हुआ हो तो ‘home’ के पहले preposition ‘to’ का use किया जाता है; जैसे

INCORRECT: I went his home in the morning.
CORRECT: I went to his home in the morning.

INCORRECT: I decided to go Ram’s home.
CORRECT: I decided to go to Ram’s home.

7. Option ‘A’ (real fast). यहाँ word ‘fast’ verb ‘turned down’ को describe करने वाली एक adverb है. Word ‘real’ एक adjective भी होता है और adverb भी. इस वाक्य में word ‘real’ adverb ‘fast’ को describe कर रहा है; अतः ‘real’ भी यहाँ adverb ही है. Word ‘really’ भी adverb ही होता है; परन्तु इसको किसी adverb के तुरंत बाद में नहीं use किया जा सकता. इसलिए दिया गया वाक्य अशुद्ध है. यहाँ ‘real’ = बहुत

दिए गये वाक्य का हिंदी में अनुवाद: क़दमों की आवाज सुनकर वह बहुत तेजी से घूमा.

8. Option ‘A’ (having been beaten). इस वाक्य में ‘beaten’ Past Participle (adjective) है; लेकिन हमें यहाँ Perfect Participle की आवश्यकता है और वो भी Passive Voice में. इसलिए हमें यहाँ इसको ‘having been beaten’ में बदले जाने की आवश्यकता है.

Hindi translation: हर जगह पीटे जाने के बाद शत्रु मैदान छोड़कर भाग गया.

9. Option ‘B’ (rare characteristic). characteristic = किसी व्यक्ति अथवा वस्तु का कोई विशेष गुण; जैसे

The male bird displays (= has) several characteristics which distinguish him from the female.

10. Option ‘B’ (each of us had). ‘Both’ को एक ऐसे कार्य अथवा स्थिति को इंगित करने के लिए use किया जाता है जो दो व्यक्तियों/वस्तुओं में से प्रत्येक पर समान रूप से लागू होता है. परन्तु दिए गये वाक्य में किसी चीज के बारे में दोनों व्यक्तियों के विचार (opinion) क्योंकि भिन्न-भिन्न हैं; अतः यहाँ ‘both’ का use अशुद्ध है. ऐसी स्थिति में ‘each’ का use किया जाता है.

Option ‘C’ भी अशुद्ध है क्योंकि ‘each’ अथवा ‘each of’ के use के साथ verb singular use की जाती है जबकि इस option में verb ‘have’ है जो plural होती है.

11. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). इस वाक्य में Passive Voice की आवश्यकता है. Passive Voice में verb की form ‘be + V3’ होती है. Verb ‘hide’ की तीन form ये होती हैं: Hide, Hid, Hidden; अर्थात दिया गया वाक्य शुद्ध है.

12. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). ‘Cause’ के साथ गुणकारी (favourable) बातों के लिए  preposition ‘for’ का use किया जाता है और प्रतिकूल (unfavourable) बातों के लिए preposition ‘of’ का. ‘Anxiety’ एक प्रतिकूल मसला है; अतः दिया गया वाक्य शुद्ध है. कुछ उदाहरण:

a) Only a few people can find any cause for celebration. (‘Celebration’ एक अनुकूल (favourable)’ बात है.)
b) Smoking is the biggest preventable cause of death and disease. (‘Death and disease’ एक प्रतिकूल (unfavourable) बात है.)

13. Option ‘D’ (no improvement).  Adjective ‘clever’ के साथ यदि कोई action word होता है तो इसके साथ preposition ‘at’ का use होता है; और इसके साथ यदि कोई noun होती है तो इसके साथ preposition ‘with’ का use होता है; जैसे

a) He’s clever at concealing his feelings about her. (‘Concealing’ एक action है.)
b) To be a carpenter you’ve got to be clever with your hands. (‘Hands’ एक noun है.)

14. Option ‘B’ (alive’). Alive = having life (जीवित); Lively =  full of energy and enthusiasm; interesting and exciting (जीवंत; रोचक; सक्रिय; फुर्तीला); e.g.

It’s hard work teaching a class of lively children.

Hindi translation of the given sentence: जब वे दुर्घटना वाली जगह पर पहुंचे उनको वहां केवल एक जीवित व्यक्ति मिला.

15. option ‘C’ (deflected). Deflect = किसी वस्तु से टकराकर दिशा बदल लेना; जैसे

a) The ball deflected off my shoulder, straight into the goal.
b) The crowd cheered as the goalkeeper deflected the shot.

Reflect = यदि किसी सतह से light, heat, sound, अथवा कोई image प्रतिबिंबित (reflect) होती है तो वह सतह उस light, heat, sound, और image, को वापिस भेज देती है; अर्थात अपने अन्दर उसको सोखती नहीं; जैसे

He saw himself reflected in the mirror.

Hindi Translation of the given sentence: गोली दीवार से टकराई और अपने रास्ते से घूम गयी.

16. Option ‘D’ (no improvement).

Room = एक ऐसा स्थान जहाँ पर व्यक्तियों और वस्तुओं को समाने के लिए (fit होने के लिए); अथवा उनके आने-जाने के लिए पर्याप्त खाली जगह हो; जैसे

a) That sofa would take up too much room in the flat.
b) He’s fainted! Don’t crowd him – give him room.
c) Is there any room for me in the car?
d) There’s hardly room to move in here.

Space = विशेष तरह की ऐसी जगह जो किसी कार्य विशेष को करने के लिए; अथवा किसी वस्तु विशेष को रखने के लिए उपलब्ध होती है; जैसे

a) You don’t want your living space to look like a bedroom.
b) Finding a parking space in the summer months is still a virtual impossibility.
c) Is there any space for my clothes in that cupboard?
d) The blank space at the end of the form is for your name.

Seat = Furniture की किसी वस्तु, train, plane, bus, आदि का वह हिसा जिसको किसी के बैठने के लिए बनाया जाता है; जैसे

a) Chairs, sofas and benches are different types of seat.
b) A car usually has a driver’s seat, a  front and back seats.
c) Is this seat free (= is anyone using it)?
d) Could I book two seats for  tomorrow  evening’s performance?

Accommodation = इस शब्द को निम्नलिखित दो  अर्थों के लिए use किया जाता है:

A) वे buildings अथवा rooms जहाँ लोग रहते हैं या कुछ समय के लिए रुकते हैं; जैसे

i) The government will provide temporary accommodation for up to three thousand people.
ii) Prices start at Rs 2,00,000 per person, including flights, hotel accommodation and various excursions.
iii) Rates are higher for deluxe accommodations.

B) Buildings या vehicles में वो जगह जो किसी विशेष तरह के लोगों, विशेष तरह की वस्तुओं, अथवा गतिविधियों के लिए उपलब्ध होती है

i) The school occupies split-site accommodation on the main campus.
ii) Some trains carry bicycles, but accommodation is restricted so a reservation is essential.

17. Option ‘A’ (since). Verb ‘has recovered’ Present Perfect Tense में है. ऐसे कार्य के लिए जो past के किसी समय में शुरू हुआ हो और अभी भी जारी हो अथवा अभी समाप्त हुआ हो Present Perfect Tense क साथ ‘since/for’ का use होता है.

18. Option ‘A’ (All the members of his family). Family एक collective noun होती है; और इसका अर्थ होता है ‘members of the family’. क्योंकि word ‘members’ ‘family’ के अर्थ में ही आता है अतः ‘family members’ कहना अशुद्ध होता है. और इसी कारण से दिया गया वाक्य और option ‘B’ और ‘C’ अशुद्ध हैं.

19. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). दिए गये वाक्य में बाद वाला ‘to’ एक preposition है. किसी preposition के साथ हमेशा कोई noun अथवा pronoun अवश्य होती है. परन्तु word ‘unemployed’ तो एक adjective है; एक ऐसा adjective जो मानव जाती की एक स्थिति को बता रहा है. यदि मानव जाती की किसी स्थिति को बताने वाले adjective के साथ article ‘the’ लगा दिया जाये तो वह adjective एक noun बन जाता है; एक ऐसी noun जो उस गुण के सभी व्यक्तियों को निरुपित करती है. अतः ‘the unemployed’ एक noun है. इस noun का अर्थ है ‘सभी बेरोजगार व्यक्ति’. कुछ ऐसे adjective ये हैं:

Blind Deaf Disabled Healthy Sick Living Dead
Rich Poor Unemployed Old Young

NOTE-I: इस प्रकार के use में अर्थ plural होता है; जैसे

The poor get poorer, the rich get richer. (गरीब लोग और गरीब होते जाते हैं, और अमीर लोग और अमीर.)

NOTE-II: Option ‘A’ अशुद्ध है क्योंकि word ‘every’ के साथ हमेशा एक noun use होती है; परंतु ‘unemployed’ तो एक adjective है. Option ‘C’ भी अशुद्ध है क्योंकि ‘each’ के साथ noun singular form में use की जाती है; परन्तु ‘the unemployed’ एक plural noun है.

20. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). ‘Are’ verb ‘be’ की एक form होती है. Option ‘A’ (help) अशुद्ध है क्योंकि ‘be’ के साथ कभी भी V1 का use नहीं किया जा सकता. Option ‘C’ (helped) इसलिए अशुद्ध है क्योंकि इस वाक्य में passive voice का use कोई अर्थ ही नहीं दे रहा. Option ‘B’ (would help) भी अशुद्ध है क्योंकि ‘be’ के साथ किसी modal verb का use नहीं किया जाता; ‘would’ एक modal verb होती है. Be of help = किसी के लिए मददगार होना

21. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). Make concessions = रियायतें करना

a) The King made major concessions to end the confrontation with his people.
b) The government was unwilling to make any further concessions.

22. Option ‘B’ (the less expensive). ‘Least’ adjective ‘little’  की superlative degree है. Adjective ‘little’ की तीनों degree ये होती हैं: Little, Less, Least. Superlative degree का use दो से अधिक व्यक्तियों अथवा वस्तुओं के बीच तुलना (comparison) करने के लिए किया जाता है. लेकिन दिए गये वाक्य में तुलना केवल दो वस्तुओं के बीच की गयी है. दो के बीच तुलना करने के लिए adjective की comparative degree का use किया जाता है; अतः यहाँ ‘less’ का use होगा.

आमतौर पर comparative degree के adjective के साथ article ‘the’ का use नहीं किया जाता. परन्तु जब दो व्यक्तियों अथवा वस्तुओं में से किसी एक के चयन की बात हो जैसे कि यहाँ दो कारों में से एक कार की लागत का चयन दिया गया है तो comparative degree के adjective के साथ article ‘the’ का use किया जाता है. ध्यान रहे कि ऐसे में  phrase ‘of the two’ का use भी किया जाता है; जैसे

a) Ankur is the more intelligent of the two.
b) She is the more beautiful of the two girls. (not ‘than the two girls’)
c) Of the two bags, this is definitely the better.
d) Who is the taller of Mohan and Sohan?

INCORRECT: She is the best of the two sisters.
CORRECT: She is the better of the two sisters.

INCORRECT: Of the two bags, this is definitely the best.
CORRECT: Of the two bags, this is definitely the better.

23. Option ‘A’ (there has been). आमतौर पर ‘recent/recently’ का use perfect tenses के साथ होता है; इसका use Past Simple Tense के साथ भी होता है जब इसका अर्थ ‘कुछ देर पहले (a short time ago) होता है;

He left recently. = वह कुछ ही समय पहले गया. (He left a short time ago.)

लेकिन दिए गये वाक्य में ‘recent’ का अर्थ ‘कुछ समय पहले’ नहीं है. इसलिए इस वाक्य में किसी perfect tense की आवश्यकता है. Perfect tense के use के दो answer option दिए गये हैं; देखते हैं कि इस वाक्य के लिए option ‘A’ का use होगा अथवा option ‘B’ का.

दिए गये वाक्य में हम देख रहे हैं कि हमें यहाँ एक artificial subject की आवश्यकता है. ‘It’ और ‘there’ दोनों का ही use artificial subjects के रूप में भी होता है. Artificial subject के रूप में ‘it’ का use सिर्फ adjectives के साथ ही किया जाता है; और ‘there’ का use nouns के साथ किया जाता है. ‘Trend’ एक noun है; adjective नहीं; अतः यहाँ ‘there’ का use शुद्ध होगा; अर्थात इस वाक्य के लिए option ‘A’ सही है.  

24. Option ‘A’ (had been cheated). दिए गये वाक्य में दो घटनाएँ past के किसी समय में घटित हुई हैं. ये दोनों ही घटनाएँ अलग-अलग समय पर घटित हुई हैं. जब दो घटनाएँ past में अलग-अलग समय पर घटित होती हैं तो जो घटना पहले घटित होती है उसके लिए Past Perfect Tense का use किया जाता है; और जो घटना बाद में घटित होती है है उसके लिए Past Simple Tense का use किया जाता है. दिए गये वाक्य में  ‘cheating’ करने वाली घटना पहले घटित हुई है; अतः यहाँ Past Perfect Tense के use की आवश्यकता है.

एक और उदाहरण:

The movie had started before we reached the theatre.

[इस वाक्य में movie के start होने वाली घटना पहले घटित हुई है और theatre में पहुँचने की घटना बाद में; अतः the movie के starting होने वाली घटना के लिए Past Perfect Tense का use हुआ है और theatre में पहुँचने वाली घटना के लिए Past Simple Tense का use हुआ है.]

25. Option ‘A’ (all the contestants). जब एक जैसे दो व्यक्तियों अथवा वस्तुओं की तुलना की जाती है तो word ‘other का use सिर्फ positive और comparative degree के adjectives के साथ ही किया जाता है; superlative adjectives का use करके तुलना करते हुए नहीं. ‘Prettiest’ एक superlative degree का adjective हैजैसे

INCORRECT: Gold is most precious of all other metals.
CORRECT: Gold is most precious of all metals.

INCORRECT: Pawan is the laziest of all his other brothers.
CORRECT: Pawan is the laziest of all his brothers.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

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Solution with explanation (in English)

1. Option ‘A’ (on the altar). Altar = a type of table used in ceremonies in a Christian church or in other religious buildings

‘Alter’ is a verb which means ‘to change something, usually slightly, or to cause the characteristics of something to change; e.g.

a) We’ve had to alter some of our plans.
b) Although the cost of making phone calls is going up, the charge for connecting to the internet will not alter.
c) Giving up our car has radically altered our lifestyle.

2. Option ‘A’ (Strictly). Strictly speaking = being completely accurate

3. Option ‘B’ (the story took place primarily). To talk about something that happened at a particular finished time in the past we use the Past Simple Tense. Option ‘A’ is incorrect as we use the Present Perfect Tense when we talk about something that happened in a period of time up to the present.

Primarily = for the most part
Mainly = usually; to a large degree

4. Option ‘A’ (engulfed). Engulf = to cover or surround something in a way that harms or destroys it.

a) The flames rapidly engulfed the house.
b) The war is threatening to engulf the entire region.

Surround = to be all around or on all sides of someone or something; e.g.

The house is surrounded by trees.

5. Option ‘C’ (felt strongly). Feel strongly = to have a very strong opinion about something. Means the leader was very worried about child-labour. The given sentence is incorrect as we don’t use the verb ‘feel’ in the continuous tenses in this meaning.

Option ‘B’ is incorrect as the word ‘strong’ is an adjective while here we need a word that can modify/qualify the verb ‘felt’. A word that modifies/qualifies a verb is called an ‘adverb’. The word ‘strongly’ is an adverb.

6. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). The verb of this sentence is ‘be’. Verb ‘be’ is not a verb of motion. If there is a verb of motion such as get, go, come, arrive, reach, travel, drive, bring, etc. we do not use any preposition with ‘home’, but if the verb is indicating a state (not motion) we use a suitable preposition with ‘home’, e.g.

INCORRECT: She went to home on foot yesterday. (Verb ‘went’ is a verb of motion.)
CORRECT: She went home on foot yesterday.

INCORRECT: Ankit drives me to home daily? (Verb ‘drives’ is a verb of motion.)
CORRECT: Ankit drives me home daily.

INCORRECT: Bring him at home in the evening. (Verb ‘bring’ is a verb of motion.)
CORRECT: Bring him home in the evening.

INCORRECT: Mohan is home. [Verb BE (is) a verb of state (not motion)]
CORRECT: Mohan is at home.

NOTE: But if ‘home’ is preceded by a possessive adjective (my, our, your, etc.) or a possessive noun, we use the preposition ‘to’ before ‘home’; e.g.

INCORRECT: I went his home in the morning.
CORRECT: I went to his home in the morning.

INCORRECT: I decided to go Ram’s home.
CORRECT: I decided to go to Ram’s home.

7. Option ‘A’ (real fast). Here word ‘fast’ is an adverb describing the verb ‘turned down’. Word ‘real’ is both an adjective and an adverb. Here in this sentence word ‘real’ is describing the adverb ‘fast’; therefore ‘real’ is also an adverb. Word ‘really’ is also an adverb, but it can’t be placed immediately after another adverb. It means that the given sentence is incorrect. Here ‘real’ = very

Hindi translation: क़दमों की आवाज सुनकर वह बहुत तेजी से घूमा.

8. Option ‘A’ (having been beaten). Here we need the Perfect Participle in the passive voice. Participle does a work of an adjective.

Hindi translation: हर जगह पीटे जाने के बाद शत्रु मैदान छोड़कर भाग गया.

9. Option ‘B’ (rare characteristic). Characteristic = a typical or noticeable quality of someone or something; e.g.

The male bird displays (= has) several characteristics which distinguish him from the female.

10. Option ‘B’ (each of us had). ‘Both’ indicates that  the action or state denoted by the verb applies individually to each of two persons or things. But here in the given sentence opinions of both are different. It means the verb ‘had’ cannot apply individually to both the people. In such a case we use ‘each’ rather.

Option ‘C’ is incorrect as ‘each’ or ‘each of’ takes a singular verb; but in this option the verb ‘have’ is in the plural.

11. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). We require this sentence in the passive voice. In the passive voice the verb form is ‘be + V3’. The three forms of the verb ‘hide’ are: Hide, Hid, Hidden

12. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). For favourable things we use the preposition ‘for’ with ’cause’; and for unfavourable things we use the preposition ‘of’ with it; e.g.

a) Only a few people can find any cause for celebration. (‘Celebration’ is a favourable’ thing.)
b) Smoking is the biggest preventable cause of death and disease. (‘Death and disease’ are unfavourable things.)

13. Option ‘D’ (no improvement).  When the word ‘clever’ is followed by an action word we use the preposition ‘at’ with it; and when it follows by a noun we use the preposition ‘with’ it; e.g.

a) He’s clever at concealing his feelings about her. (‘Concealing’ is an action’.)
b) To be a carpenter you’ve got to be clever with your hands (‘Hands’ इस a noun.)

14. Option ‘B’ (alive’). Alive = having life (जीवित); Lively =  full of energy and enthusiasm; interesting and exciting (जीवंत; रोचक; सक्रिय; फुर्तीला); e.g.

It’s hard work teaching a class of lively children.

Hindi translation of the given sentence: जब वे दुर्घटना वाली जगह पर पहुंचे उनको वहां केवल एक जीवित व्यक्ति मिला.

15. option ‘C’ (deflected). Deflect = change direction after hitting something; e.g.

a) The ball deflected off my shoulder, straight into the goal.
b) The crowd cheered as the goalkeeper deflected the shot.

Reflect = if a surface reflects light, heat, sound, or an image, it sends the light, etc. back and does not absorb it; e.g.

He saw himself reflected in the mirror.

Hindi Translation of the given sentence: गोली दीवार से टकराई और अपने रास्ते से घूम गयी.

16. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). Room = If there is ‘room’ somewhere, there is enough empty space there for people or things to be fitted in, or for people to move freely or do what they want to; e.g.

a) That sofa would take up too much room in the flat.
b) He’s fainted! Don’t crowd him – give him room.
c) Is there any room for me in the car?
d) There’s hardly room to move in here.

Space = A particular kind of space is the area that is available for a particular activity or for putting a particular kind of thing in; e.g.

a) You don’t want your living space to look like a bedroom.
b) Finding a parking space in the summer months is still a virtual impossibility.
c) Is there any space for my clothes in that cupboard?
d) The blank space at the end of the form is for your name.

Seat = A piece of furniture or part of a train, plane, etc. that has been designed for someone to sit on; e.g.

a) Chairs, sofas and benches are different types of seat.
b) A car usually has a driver’s seat, a  front and back seats.
c) Is this seat free (= is anyone using it)?
d) Could I book two seats for  tomorrow  evening’s performance?

Accommodation = A) Accommodation is used to refer to buildings or rooms where people live or stay; e.g.

i) The government will provide temporary accommodation for up to three thousand people.
ii) Prices start at Rs 2,00,000 per person, including flights, hotel accommodation and various excursions.
iii) Rates are higher for deluxe accommodations.

B) Accommodation is space in buildings or vehicles that is available for certain things, people, or activities; e.g.

i) The school occupies split-site accommodation on the main campus.
ii) Some trains carry bicycles, but accommodation is restricted so a reservation is essential.

17. Option ‘A’ (since). Verb ‘has recovered’ is in the Present Perfect Tense. With the Present Perfect Tense we use ‘since/for’ an action/event which began in the past and is still continuing or has just finished.

18. Option ‘A’ (All the members of his family). Family is a collective noun; it means ‘members of the family. so you can’t say ‘family members’. For this reason the given sentence and options ‘B’ and ‘C’ are all incorrect.

19. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). In the given sentence ‘to’ is preposition; and a preposition always follows a noun or pronoun. But ‘unemployed’ is an adjective; which is describing the human condition. If the article ‘the’ is placed in front of an adjective describing the human character or condition, it represents the class of persons. Therefore ‘the unemployed’ is a noun. It means ‘all the people who are without an employment. Some of these adjectives are:

Blind Deaf Disabled Healthy Sick Living Dead
Rich Poor Unemployed Old Young

NOTE-I: When used like this the expressions have a plural meaning; e.g.

The poor get poorer, the rich get richer. (गरीब लोग और गरीब होते जाते हैं, और अमीर लोग और अमीर.)

NOTE-II: Option ‘A’ is rejected  as ‘every’ is followed by a noun, but as has already been told ‘unemployed is an adjective. Option ‘C’ is rejected as ‘each’ takes a singular noun, but ‘the unemployed’ is plural.

20. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). ‘Are’ is a form of verb ‘be’. Option ‘A’ (help) is incorrect as with ‘be’ we cannot use V1. Option ‘C’ (helped) is incorrect as use of passive is not making a sense here. Option ‘B’ (would help) is also incorrect as you cannot use any modal verb with ‘be’; ‘would’ is a modal verb. Be of help = to be helpful

21. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). Make concessions =  agree to let someone do, especially in order to end an argument or conflict; e.g.

a) The King made major concessions to end the confrontation with his people.
b) The government was unwilling to make any further concessions.

22. Option ‘B’ (the less expensive). ‘Least’ is an adjective of the superlative degree of the adjective ‘little’. The three degrees of ‘little’ are Little, Less, Least. Superlative degree is used for comparisons for more than two persons or things. But, in the sentence there is comparison between two things. For two we use an adjective of the comparative degree. Therefore, here we need to use ‘less’.

Normally, the article ‘the’ is not used before an adjective of the comparative degree. When there is selection of one out of the two persons or things we use ‘the’ before a comparative degree, but in this case we must also use ‘of the two’ after or before it; e.g.

a) Ankur is the more intelligent of the two.
b) She is the more beautiful of the two girls. (not ‘than the two girls’)
c) Of the two bags, this is definitely the better.
d) Who is the taller of Mohan and Sohan?

INCORRECT: She is the best of the two sisters.
CORRECT: She is the better of the two sisters.

INCORRECT: Of the two bags, this is definitely the best.
CORRECT: Of the two bags, this is definitely the better.

23. Option ‘A’ (there has been). Normally we use ‘recent/recently’ with the perfect tenses. We also use them in the Past Simple Tense but only when the meaning is ‘a short time ago’; e.g.

He left recently. = He left a short time ago.

But in the given sentence the meaning is not ‘a short time ago’. Therefore here we need a perfect tense. But, we have two option with a perfect tense. Let’s see whether option ‘A’ is correct or option ‘B’.

In the given sentence we need an artificial subject. Both ‘it’ and ‘there’ are also used as artificial subjects in a sentence. ‘It’ as an artificial subject is used with adjectives; and  ‘there’ is used with nouns. ‘Trend’ is a noun (not an adjective), therefore ‘there’ will be correct in the given sentence. So option ‘A’ s correct. 

24. Option ‘A’ (had been cheated). In the given sentence there are two actions that took place in the past. Both these actions happened at different times. When we are speaking of two actions in the past which took place at different times, we use Past Perfect Tense for the action that happened first;  and the Past Simple Tense for the event that happened second.  In the given sentence action ‘cheating’ happened first; therefore here we need the Past Perfect Tense.

Other examples:

a) The movie had started before we reached the theatre.

[Here, the movie started earlier and then we reached the theatre. Therefore, we’ve used Past Perfect Tense for the movie starting and Past Simple Tense for reaching the theatre.]

b) After Priyanka had finished her work, she went to lunch.

[First she finished her work and then she went to eat lunch.]

25. Option ‘A’ (all the contestants). When two similar type of things are compared, use of the word ‘other’ is essential in the positive or the comparative degree. But we don’t use ‘other’ when we compare the things using the superlative degree; e.g.

INCORRECT: Gold is most precious of all other metals.
CORRECT: Gold is most precious of all metals.

INCORRECT: Pawan is the laziest of all his other brothers.
CORRECT: Pawan is the laziest of all his brothers.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY
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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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