Practice Sets - EnglishSentence Improvement

SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT PRACTICE SET 8 SOLVED in HINDI & English

Sentence Improvement — Practice Set-8 — Solved in Hindi & English

1. The match was so very ordinary after all the hype generated by the fans.
A) very ordinary        B) nothing to write home about
C) so ordinary        D) No improvement

2. She couldn’t help but laugh.
A) laughing        B. but laughing
C) laugh        D) No improvement

3. He is a singer of repute, but his yesterday’s performance was quite disappointing.
A) performances of yesterday were        B) yesterday performance was
C) yesterday performance were        D) No improvement

4. I am surprised that he dares speak in such a tone to his father.
A) dares to speak        B) dare to speak
C) dare speak        D) No improvement

5. Poets often use archaic words that are no longer in use for the sake of greater effect.
A) that are not any longer used        B) that are used no longer
C) that no longer are used        D) No improvement

6. Food was the prime necessity of health.
A) is the primary        B) is the important
C) is the prime        D) No improvement

7. Men like Mahatma Gandhi and Abraham Lincoln do great deeds because of their strength of character.
A) does great deeds        B) did great deeds
C) done great deeds        D) No improvement

8. It is much too important to be made a joke of.
A) too much important        B) too many important
C) very much important        D) no improvement

9. The constable was a so big man that he could not run fast enough to catch the thief.
A) a such big man        B) so big man
C) so big a man        D) No improvement

10. Is there any place for me to sit?
A) space        B) room
C) area        D) No improvement

Answer Key

1. B 2. D 3. D 4. D 5. D 6. C 7. D 8. D 9. C 10. B

Solution with explanation (in Hindi)

1. Option ‘B’ (nothing to write home about). SO और VERY का use एक साथ सिर्फ बोलचाल में ही किया जा सकता है; अतः दिया गया वाक्य अशुद्ध है. Nothing to write home about = अप्रभावी/अरुचिकर; जैसे

a) It gets good reviews, but the new sushi restaurant  is really nothing  to write home about.
b) His performance has been  nothing to write home  about so far.  To be honest, we  were expecting much more out of him when we recruited him.

2. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). Can’t help और can’t help but दोनों का अर्थ हालाँकि एक ही होता है लेकिन इनके use में अंतर है. Can’t help के साथ gerund (ing form) use होती है जबकि can’t help but के साथ bare infinitive (V1 without TO use होती है. इसलिए दिया गया वाक्य शुद्ध है. हालांकि option ‘A’ (laughing) भी सही है लेकिन दिया गया वाक्य अगर पहले से ही सही हो तो दिए गये options को देखा नहीं जाता है; जैसे

a) She can’t help laughing at your foolishness.
b) She can’t help but laugh at your foolishness.

3. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). ऐसी noun जो किसी समय या समय की अवधि को बताती है उनके साथ possessive case (‘) का use होता है. यहाँ YESTERDAY एक ऐसी ही noun है; जैसे

a) Is that yesterday’s paper?
b) I’ve only had one week’s holiday so far this year.

4. Option ‘D’ (No improvement). यहाँ verb DARE का अर्थ कुछ करने के लिए पर्याप्त रूप से brave होना या rude होना है. इस अर्थ में DARE का use main verb के रूप में भी किया जा सकता है और modal verb के रूप में भी. क्योंकि दिया गया sentence सकारात्मक (affirmative) है DARE यहाँ main verb है. ध्यान रहे की सकारात्मक वाक्यों में DARE हमेशा main verb ही होती है. DARE जब main verb होती है तो इसके साथ full infinitive (to+v1) का use भी शुद्ध होता है और bare infinitive (V1 without TO) का भी. अतः दिया गया वाक्य पूर्णतया शुद्ध है.

हालांकि option ‘A’ (dares to speak) भी सही है लेकिन दिया गया वाक्य अगर पहले से ही सही हो तो दिए गये options को देखा नहीं जाता है. Present Simple Tense में जब subject singular हो तो verb के साथ (s) या (es) लगाया जाता है. क्योंकि sentence का tense Present Simple Tense है, और subject (he) singular है तो DARES ही सही होगा; DARE नहीं.

5. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). दिए गये clause की main verb ARE (BE) है. Main verb जब BE (is/am/are/was/were, etc.) हो तो NO LONGER को इसके बाद रखा जाता है.

ANY LONGER main verb के बाद रखा जाता है; इसलिए Option ‘A’ अशुद्ध है; इस option में main verb USED है. Option ‘B’ भी अशुद्ध है क्योंकि NO LONGER को main verb के बाद use नहीं किया जाता. Option ‘C’ भी अशुद्ध है क्योंकि इस option में ARE helping verb है; और यदि helping verb भी दे रखी हो तो NO LONGER को उसके बाद रखा जाता है.

How NO LONGER is positioned in a sentence/clause read this:

यदि किसी वाक्य में सिर्फ main verb ही हो तो no longer को आमतौर पर subject और verb के बीच में रखा जाता है; यदि कोई helping verb  भी दे रखी हो या एक से अधिक helping verb हों तो इसे पहले वाली helping verb के बाद में रखा जाता है, और यदि main verb BE (is/am/are/was/were, etc.) हो तो इसे BE के बाद में रखा जाता है; जैसे

a) Rohit no longer smokes. [no helping verb]
b) She could no longer afford to keep him at school. [COULD is the helping/modal verb.]
c) They’re no longer going out together. [BE (are) is helping verb.]
d) Food shortages are no longer a problem. [Main verb is BE (are)]

NOTE: No longer को किसी sentence के शुरू में भी रखा जा सकता है, लेकिन ऐसी दशा में subject और verb को invert किया जाता है; अर्थात helping verb subject के पहले use की जाती है; जैसे

No longer does he dream of becoming famous. He knows his life will be very ordinary.

6. Option ‘C’ (is the prime). Adjective PRIMARY का use तब किया जाता है जब हम ये कह रहे होते हैं कि कोई चीज किसी अन्य चीज से ज्यादा महत्वपूर्ण है, लेकिन इस दिए गये sentence में कोई ऐसी बात है ही नहीं, हम तो सिर्फ ये कह रहे हैं कि food का health के लिए महत्व क्या है, ऐसे में word PRIME का use सही होता है. दूसरे sentence में दी गयी बात एक सर्वमान्य तथ्य है, अतः Present Simple Tense का use ही शुद्ध होगा, अर्थात WAS का use अशुद्ध है.

7. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). वाक्य में कही गयी बात एक सत्य तथ्य (true fact), सत्य तथ्यों के लिए Present Simple Tense का use किया जाता है.

8. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). TOO MUCH को एक noun अथवा verb के पहले use किया जाता है जबकि MUCH  TOO को एक adjective अथवा adverb के पहले use किया जाता है. IMPORTANT एक adjective होता है; अतः यहाँ MUCH TOO का use ही सही है.

COMPARE:
a) It is too much food. (FOOD is a noun.)
b) He is much too strong than I expected. (STRONG is an adjective.)

make a joke of something  = किसी ऐसी बात का मजाक उड़ाना जो वास्तव में सही (serious); जैसे

Don’t make a joke of it! I could lose my job because of this!

Translation in Hindi: यह इतना महत्वपूर्ण है कि इसका मजाक नहीं उड़ाया जा सकता.

9. Option ‘C’ (so big a man). सही प्रयोग होता है: so + adjective + a/an + noun, अथवा such + a/an + adjective + noun; अर्थात दिया गया वाक्य अशुद्ध है; और इस हिसाब से option ‘A’ और ‘B’ भी अशुद्ध हैं; जैसे

She is so great a cook.
= She is such a great cook.

She seemed so intelligent a girl.
She seemed such an intelligent girl.

10. Option ‘B’ (room).

ROOM = अगर कहीं ROOM है इसका मतलब है कि वहां लोगों या वस्तुओं के fit होने के लिए प्रयाप्त जगह है; जैसे

a) That sofa would take up too much room in the flat.
b) He’s fainted! Don’t crowd him – give him room.
c) Is there any room for me in the car?
d) There’s hardly room to move in here.

SPACE = SPACE एक खास तरह की ऐसी जगह होती है जो किसी खास तरह की activity अथवा किसी खास तरह की वस्तु को रखने के लिए होती है; जैसे

a) You don’t want your living space to look like a bedroom.
b) Finding a parking space in the summer months is still a virtual impossibility.
c) Is there any space for my clothes in that cupboard?
d) The blank space at the end of the form is for your name.

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

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Solution with explanation (in English)

1. Option ‘B’ (nothing to write home about). SO and VERY can only come together in spoken English; therefore the given sentence is incorrect. Nothing to write home about = not especially impressive, remarkable, or noteworthy; rather dull, uninteresting; e.g.

a) It gets good reviews, but the new sushi restaurant  is really nothing  to write home about.
b) His performance has been  nothing to write home  about so far.  To be honest, we  were expecting much more out of him when we recruited him.

2. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). There is difference between the usages of can’t help and can’t help but though both of them have the same meaning. Can’t help takes gerund (ing form) while can’t help but takes bare infinitive (V1 without TO).  Therefore the given sentence is correct. Though option ‘A’ (laughing) is also correct, as the given sentence is already error free we do no need to consider it; e.g.

a) She can’t help laughing at your foolishness.
b) She can’t help but laugh at your foolishness.

3. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). We can use possessive case with nouns denoting time and duration. Here YESTERDAY is a noun, which denotes time; e.g.

a) Is that yesterday’s paper?
b) I’ve only had one week’s holiday so far this year.

4. Option ‘D’ (No improvement). Here DARE = to be brave enough or rude enough to do something. In this sense, it can be used both as a main verb and modal verb. As the given sentence is an affirmative sentence, therefore here DARE is a main verb. Remember in affirmative sentences DARE is always a main verb. When DARE is a main verb, it can be followed by a either the full infinitive (to+v1) or the bare infinitive (V1 without TO). Therefore the given sentences is absolutely correct.

Though option ‘A’ (dares to speak) is also correct, we do not need to consider it as the given sentence is already error free. When you use a main verb in the present simple, you add (s) to the base form of the verb for the third person singular. As the sentence is in the Present Simple Tense, and the subject (he) is singular DARES will be correct; not DARE.

5. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). ARE (BE) is the main verb of the given clause. When BE (is/am/are/was/were, etc.) is the main verb we put NO LONGER after it.

Option ‘A’ is not right as ANY LONGER is put after the main verb, in this option the main verb is USED. Option ‘B’ is not right as NO LONGER is not used after the main verb. Option ‘C’ is not also right as in this option ARE is the helping verb, when a helping verb is also there it’s put after that helping verb.

NO LONGER को किसी  sentence/clause में कैसे रखा जाता है इसे जानने के लिए ये पढ़ें:

No longer is normally put between the subject and the verb if the verb consists of only one word; if there is a helping verb or more than one helping verbs, it is put after the first helping verb. If the main verb is BE (is/am/are/was/were, etc.) it is put after BE.; e.g.

a) Rohit no longer smokes. [no helping verb]
b) She could no longer afford to keep him at school. [COULD is the helping/modal verb.]
c) They’re no longer going out together. [BE (are) is helping verb.]
d) Food shortages are no longer a problem. [Main verb is BE (are)]

NOTE: we can also use no longer in front position, but in this case we invert the subject and verb, means helping verb comes before the subject; e.g.

No longer does he dream of becoming famous. He knows his life will be very ordinary.

6. Option ‘C’ (is the prime). Adjective PRIMARY is used when we are saying that a thing is more important in comparison to anything else. But here in the given sentence we have nothing to compare with. We are just talking about the importance of food. For this meaning we use PRIME. Moreover it’s a facts, for facts we use the Present Simple Tense.

7. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). It’s a true fact, for facts the tense is the Present Simple Tense.

8. Option ‘D’ (no improvement). TOO MUCH is placed before a noun or verb; whereas MUCH  TOO is placed before an adjective or adverb. IMPORTANT is an adjective, therefore MUCH TOO will be correct here.

COMPARE:
a) It is too much food. (FOOD is a noun.)
b) He is much too strong than I expected. (STRONG is an adjective.)

make a joke of something  = to laugh about something that is  serious; e.g.

Don’t make a joke of it! I could lose my job because of this!

Translation in Hindi: यह इतना महत्वपूर्ण है कि इसका मजाक नहीं उड़ाया जा सकता.

9. Option ‘C’ (so big a man). Right structure is so + adjective + a/an + noun, or such + a/an + adjective + noun. Accordingly the given sentence is incorrect, also option ‘A’ and ‘B’ are incorrect; e.g.

She is so great a cook.
= She is such a great cook.

She seemed so intelligent a girl.
She seemed such an intelligent girl.

10. Option ‘B’ (room).

ROOM = If there is ROOM somewhere, there is enough empty space there for people or things to be fitted in, or for people to move freely or do what they want to; e.g.

a) That sofa would take up too much room in the flat.
b) He’s fainted! Don’t crowd him – give him room.
c) Is there any room for me in the car?
d) There’s hardly room to move in here.

SPACE = A particular kind of space is the area that is available for a particular activity or for putting a particular kind of thing in; e.g.

a) You don’t want your living space to look like a bedroom.
b) Finding a parking space in the summer months is still a virtual impossibility.
c) Is there any space for my clothes in that cupboard?
d) The blank space at the end of the form is for your name.

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

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