SOLUTION ACTIVE PASSIVE VOICE PRACTICE SET 3 SOLVED IN ENGLISH
ACTIVE PASSIVE VOICE Practice Set 3 SOLVED IN HINDI & ENGLISH (with options)
VIEW SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION IN ENGLISH
1. Ayurveda makes wide use of ginger to treat a host of disorders.
Explanation: Option ‘B’. Object of the verb MAKES is WIDE USE OF GINGER, which is to be made the subject in the Passive Voice. We normally use a preposition other than BY when the subject of the active sentence is not a person, AYURVEDA is not a person you see; e.g.
a) Smoke filled the room.
= The room was filled with smoke.
b) Paint covered the lock.
= The lock was covered with paint.
2. Why should they punish the innocent?
Explanation: Option ‘B’. Option ‘A’ is incorrect as when two helping verbs are there in a question, the subject is placed between them. SHOULD and BE are helping verbs, they can’t come together in a question.
3. Where were they playing the match?
Explanation: Option ‘D’ If a question begins with a WH-family word, its active/passive must begin with a WH-family word, hence the option ‘B’ is incorrect. Option ‘C’ is incorrect as MATCH is in the singular form, you can’t use a plural verb with it.
4. Music should be taught in every school.
5. Must we cut this tree?
Explanation: Option ‘B’. In the passive we use BE with the modal verbs, not IS/AM/ARE. MUST is a modal verb.
6. Didn’t they tell you to be here by six o’clock?
Explanation: Option ‘A’. This is question in the Simple Past Tense, so we need to convert the verb TELL into passive in the Simple Past Tense, of course it will be WAS TOLD or WERE TOLD. With YOU we use WERE, not WAS, hence option ‘C’ is incorrect.
7. Somebody introduced me to Dr Martin yesterday.
8. Where was the football match being played?
Explanation: Option ‘B’. Option ‘A’ is incorrect as in a question the helping verb is placed before the subject.
9. He neither questions nor understands them.
Explanation: Option ‘A’. Option ‘B’ is incorrect as when the helping verb is placed before just one verb, both NEITHER and NOR only come in front of the main verbs.
10. Shut the door and leave.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. This sentence has two actions (SHUT and LEAVE). Because both of these actions have to be performed by one single person you can’t split these actions, so option ‘A’ is incorrect.
11. It is now time to close the shop.
Explanation: Option ‘C’. Active sentences beginning with ‘It is time + to-infinitive + object’ are converted into passive by ‘It is time + for + object of the infinitive + passive infinitive’; e.g.
a) It is time to close the shop.
= It is time for the shop to be closed.
b) It is time to give the final warning.
= It is time for the final warning to be given.
12. Let not his insulting words be minded.
13. We added up the money and found that it was correct.
Explanation: Option ‘A’. Verb FIND can follow a noun, THAT CLAUSE or TO BE. Normally we use TO BE with some verbs to make a sentence ornamental. Your sentence in the active voice can also be written as WE ADDED UP THE MONEY AND FOUND IT TO BE CORRECT. Likewise we can also use TO BE after some verbs in the passive also.
Meaning of TO BE in Hindi is HONA. Hindi translation of the passive sentence: पैसे को काउंट किया गया और ठीक होना पाया गया.
14. I shall never forget your kindness.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. Option ‘B’ is rejected as the subject of the passive sentence is YOUR KINDNESS, so you can’t use SHALL with it as SHALL is normally used with first person. Option ‘C’ is rejected as you can’t replace NEVER by NOT. BY ME is not necessary to mention in the passive voice.
15. Think before you speak.
Explanation: Option ‘C’. It’s advice (not A REQUEST), hence option ‘D’ is incorrect.
16. He made the children work hard.
Explanation: Option ‘B’. Some verbs are there in English when used as main verbs in the active voice, take bare infinitives (V1 without TO). MAKE is such a verb. The other such verbs are WATCH, LET etc. But in the passive they all except LET take full infinitive (TO + V1).
17. The major points of the lesson were quickly learnt by the class, but they were also quickly forgotten by them.
18. The Cabinet approved amendments to the Insurance Law Bill pending in the Rajya Sabha.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. Option ‘B is not correct as the main word of the subject (here AMENDMENTS) is in the plural, you can’t use a singular verb with it. WAS comes with singular subjects.
19. Jim would know next to nothing of the events.
Explanation: Option ‘B’. When KNOW is the verb, we use preposition TO, not BY with the agent.
20. Let everyone be given a chance.
21. Will no one tell me what she does?
Explanation: Option ‘B’. The given sentence is in the negative as its subject NO ONE is negative. Therefore, its passive should also be in the negative. So, option ‘A’ is rejected. The given sentence begins with WILL because of the subject NO ONE, but in the passive, you see, the subject is I, so the question can begin with SHALL.
22. Messi scored the goal in the 10th minute of the second half.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. Option ‘A’ is incorrect as the object of the verb is THE GOAL, not THE GOAL IN THE 10th MINUTE OF THE SECOND HALF.
23. A meeting was proposed to be held.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. Option ‘A’ अशुद्ध है क्योंकि ये अभी भी Passive Voice में ही है.
24. Nothing can be gained without labour.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. Option ‘B’ is incorrect as NOTHING is a negative word, and hence you cannot use a negative verb with it. Other possible active conversion of the given sentence: We/You/One cannot gain anything without labour.
25. People are raising a hue and cry and are breaking the furniture.
View solution with explanation in HINDI
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