SOLUTION Direct Indirect Speech PRACTICE SET 5 IN ENGLISH
Direct Indirect Speech Practice Set 5 SOLVED IN HINDI & ENGLISH (with options)
VIEW SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION IN ENGLISH
1. The teacher said, “Rajiv, come to my desk with your exercise book now.”
Explanation: Option ‘B’. COME does not always change to GO, one has to use his reasoning to decide whether or not COME will be changed into GO. Because the teacher was at his desk while giving the order. we can’t change COME. If it was some other place we would have converted COME into GO.; e.g.
SITUATION: The teacher is in the class while giving the order.
The teacher said, “Rajiv, come to my house after school hours today.”
= The teacher ordered Rajiv to go to his house after school hours that day.
2. 1 warned her that I could no longer tolerate her coming late.
3. I wondered how many discoveries went unheeded.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. When a question begins with a WH-FAMILY word, we can also change the reporting verb SAY into WONDER; e.g.
I say, “Where are you?”
= I wonder where you are.
4. Jagdish said, “We passed by a beautiful lake when we went on a trip to Goa.”
Explanation: Option ‘D’. In the direct speech, the Past Simple Tense and the Past Continuous Tense do change in the Past Perfect Tense and the Past Perfect Continuous Tense respectively, but in time clauses they do not normally change. However verb of the main clause can either remain unchanged or can be changed accordingly.
In the above sentence WHEN WE WENT ON A TRIP TO GOA is a time clause, hence the tense of the verb (WENT) won’t change. And WE PASSED BY A BEAUTIFUL LAKE is the main clause, hence the tense of the verb (PASSED) either can be changed or can be retained unchanged. So another possible conversion of the given speech:
Jagdish said that they had passed by a beautiful lake when they went on a trip to Goa.
5. The boss said, “It is time we began planning our work.”
Explanation: Option ‘C’. Tenses after WISH, WOULD RATHER, WOULD SOONER, IT IS TIME do not change as they are unreal tenses; e.g.
a) “We wish we didn’t have to take exams,” said the children.
= The children said they wished they didn’t have to take exams.
b) “Raman wants to go alone, “said Reema, “but I’d rather he went with a group.”
= Reema said that Raman wanted to go alone but she’d rather he went with a group.
c) “It’s time we began planning our holidays,” he said.
= He said it was time they began planning their holidays.
NOTE: The pronoun WE is in the first person, the first person changes according to the subject of the reporting clause. Here WE includes THE BOSS; Therefore WE will convert into THEY.
6. “How long does the journey take?” my co-passenger asked me.
Explanation: Option ‘B’. In the sentence in direct speech, the question is about ‘a present routine’. ‘A past routine’ can be expressed by USED TO, WOULD and THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE. If we see the answer options, none of them has USED TO.
Option ‘C’ though is in the simple past tense, helping verb DID is also there. We use DID as helping verb in the simple past affirmative sentence to give EMPHASIS only. But there is no emphasis given in the direct speech, so option ‘C’ is rejected.
Option ‘A’ is rejected as the sentence in indirect speech is still a question as the helping verb (DOES) is placed before the subject (THE JOURNEY).
7. “How clever of you to have solved the puzzle so quickly!” said the mother.
Explanation: Option ‘A’. In the Direct Speech whatever mother said to his son is in his admiration (प्रसंसा); therefore use of the word admiringly in the Indirect Speech is very much correct.
8. “Suppose your children go out for a nice long walk.” she said.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. ‘Suppose I/We/You/etc. + Present Simple Tense’ is a suggestion/proposal; never advice. Option ‘A’ is incorrect as with the verb PROPOSE or SUGGEST we use subjunctive form of the verb in the THAT-CLAUSE; means we use SHOULD + V1 or only V1. In option ‘A’ verb WENT is V2.
9. “May you live long and prosper!” said the old lady to her son.
Explanation: Option ‘B’. The sentence within the inverted commas is a prayer. Option ‘C’ is incorrect as it’s a prayer for one’s long life and prosperity, not the person himself.
10. “So help me Heaven!” he cried, “I will never steal again.”
Explanation: Option ‘D’. वह भगवान् को जोर जोर से पुकार के कह रहा कि वो उसको इतनी शक्ति दे कि वह फिर कभी चोरी ना करे. He is determined here. RESOLVE = determination. Here HEAVEN = God. Actually the person has decided not to steal again. When he is saying that HELP ME HEAVEN means वो भगवान् को साक्षी बनाना चाहता है और कहना चाहता है की अगर उसके मन में फिर कभी चोरी करने की इच्छा उठे तो वो उसको शक्ति दे.
CALL UPON = to ask or demand that somebody do something.
View solution with explanation in Hindi
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