SOLUTION Direct Indirect Speech PRACTICE SET 6 SOLVED IN ENGLISH
Direct Indirect Speech Practice Set 6 SOLVED IN HINDI & ENGLISH (with options)
VIEW SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION IN ENGLISH
1. He said to his beloved, “We will never desert each other.”
Explanation: Option ‘A’. In indirect speech we normally use ‘say/tell + object’, but ‘say to + object’ is also correct however is much less usual than ‘tell + object’; e.g.
He said, “I just heard the news.”
= He said that he had just heard the news.
= He told me that he had just heard the news.
= He said to me that he had just heard the news.
Option ‘C’ is not correct as tense of WILL needs to be changed.
2. He said to her, “Don’t read so fast.”
Explanation: Option ‘A’. Before deciding that the sentence in the inverted commas is an order, a request, advice, etc. we should see WHO SAID IT TO WHOM. Here it seems both of them are colleagues, brother and sister, etc. So obviously it can’t be an order or a request or advice, so TOLD will be correct. Verb TELL is also used to give instructions.
3. “It isn’t so foggy today as it was yesterday.” I remarked.
Explanation: Option ‘A’. If the reporting verb (here REMARKED) is in the past tense YESTERDAY changes into THE DAY BEFORE or THE PREVIOUS DAY. The Past Perfect of WAS is HAD BEEN.
4. He said, “I must go next week.”
Explanation: Option ‘B’. It’s an obligation where time for fulfillment has been fixed, or plans made. In such a case MUST either remains unchanged or becomes HAD TO; e.g.
He said, “I must be there by nine tomorrow.”
= He said that he must be there by nine the next day.
= He said that he had to be there by nine the next day.
NOTE: MUST changes into WOULD HAVE TO when the obligation depends on some future action or the fulfillment of the obligation appears fairly remote or uncertain. In such a case MUST can also remain unchanged; e.g.
a) “If the floods get worse we must leave the house,” he said.
= He said that if the floods got worse they must leave the house.
= He said that if the floods got worse they would have to leave the house.
b) “We must mend the roof properly next year,” he said.
= He said that they must mend the roof properly the following year.
= He said that they would have to mend the roof properly the following year.
5. She said, “I’ll give you Rs 100 to keep your mouth shut.”
Explanation: Option ‘B’. While converting a speech into indirect, one has to see what type of sentence in the direct speech is, means if it’s a piece of information, question, order etc. Here in this example it’s an offer. So the correct option is ‘B’. OFFER = to say that you are willing to do something for somebody or give something to somebody. This is not a proposal. PROPOSE = to suggest a plan, an idea etc.
6. The Prime Minister said, “We should be united to fight the enemy tooth and nail.”
Explanation: Option ‘D’. Here the pronoun WE is not referring to any specific persons; rather it’s for every person including the Prime Minister himself. So it won’t change at all. Option ‘C’ is incorrect as it’s not a request.
7. “Dear bird,” she said, stroking its feathers, “have you come to comfort me in my sorrow?”
Explanation: Option ‘D’. Option ‘A’ is incorrect as the noun (BIRD) and the possessive adjective (ITS) have been used at wrong places. Option ‘B’ is incorrect as the verb COMFORT is a transitive verb, and therefore it should have been COMFORT HER, not COMFORT. Option ‘C’ is incorrect as we need a pronoun for BIRD, not FEATHERS, so we need IT, not THEY.
8. He said, “May God grant peace to the departed soul!”
Explanation: Option ‘D’. This is a prayer to God, note a WISH. Option ‘C’ is incorrect as MIGHT can’t be placed before the subject in an assertive sentence. .
Hindi translation: उसने प्रार्थना की कि भगवान departed soul को शान्ति प्रदान करे.
9. I said, “When it gets dark, light the lantern and hang it out.”
Explanation: Option ‘C’. In option ‘A’ the subject (he) is directly followed by V1; means habitual action, but it’s not a habitual action. This is either a piece of advice or an order. Answer options suggest that it’s a piece of advice, so the right option is ‘C’. Option ‘D’ is not correct as TOLD must be followed by an object. Other possible sentences for this in indirect speech are:
a) I told him that when it got dark he was to/should light the lantern and hang it out.
b) I said when it got dark he was to light/should light the lantern and hang it out.
c) I told/asked him to light the lantern and hang it out when it got dark.
10. “Let’s give a party” said Jaya, “Let’s not” said her husband.
Explanation: Option ‘B’. LET’S NOT used alone in answer to an affirmative suggestion is often reported by some phrase such as OPPOSED THE IDEA or WAS AGAINST IT or OBJECTED. The sentence can also be reported as following:
a) Jaya suggested giving a party but her husband was against it/objected. OR
b) Jaya suggested that they/we should give a party but her husband was against it/objected.
NOTE: Remember LET’S NOT is never a refusal or contradiction, so option ‘A’ is incorrect.
View solution with explanation in HINDI
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