Error FindingPractice Sets - English

SOLUTION ERROR FINDING PRACTICE SET 11 in Hindi

Solution Error Finding Practice Set 11 in Hindi

1. The Principal started / his lecture / with a pessimistic note. / NE

2. Kalidas is / a Shakespeare / of India. / NE

3. The patient died / despite he had received / the best medical help. / NE

4. He left for Mumbai on Saturday / arriving there / on Sunday. / NE

5. As soon as they / entered the temple / they prayed to the gods on bent knees. / NE

6. What to speak of milk/even water was/not available there./NE

7. Every Saturday / I go out / for shopping. / NE

8. The beggar whom we had suspected / to be guilty turned out / to be the innocent. / NE

9. He walks / as if the earth / belonged to him. / NE

10. To gain reputation among your clients, / you ought to finish every assignment you undertake / within the stipulated deadline. / NE

Answer Key

1. C 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. C 6. A 7. C 8. C 9. D 10. C

View solution with explanation in Hindi

1. The Principal started / his lecture / with a pessimistic note. / NE

Explanation: Replace ‘with’ by ‘on’ in part ‘C’. ‘On a humorous/positive/negative, etc. note’ एक idiom होता है जिसका अर्थ होता है ‘एक विशिष्ट मनोदशा अथवा अंदाज)’. On a pessimistic note = खराब मनोदशा में; जैसे

a) His presidency began on an optimistic note.
b) I’d like to end the discussion on a more cheerful note.

2. Kalidas is / a Shakespeare / of India. / NE

Explanation: Replace the article A by ‘the’ in part ‘B’. आमतौर पर किसी व्यक्ति/वस्तु के नाम के पहले कोई article use नहीं होता; परन्तु यदि किसी व्यक्ति/वस्तु की तुलना किसी अन्य व्यक्ति/वस्तु के किसी गुण से की जा रही हो तो उस व्यक्ति/वस्तु के नाम के साथ article ‘the’ का use किया जाता है; जैसे

INCORRECT: Kalidas was Shakespeare of India.
CORRECT: Kalidas was the Shakespeare of India.

INCORRECT: She is a Lata Mangeshkar of Rajasthan.
CORRECT: She is the Lata Mangeshkar of Rajasthan.

INCORRECT: Mumbai is London of India.
CORRECT: Mumbai is the London of India.

3. The patient died / despite he had received / the best medical help. / NE

Explanation: Either replace ‘despite’ by ‘although’ or ‘despite he had received’ by ‘despite receiving’ in part ‘B’. शब्द ‘Despite’ के साथ एक clause का use नहीं किया जा सकता, इसके साथ केवल किसी noun अथवा gerund (ing form) का ही use किया जा सकता है. यदि हमें एक clause का ही use करना हो तो उस clause के पहले शब्द ‘despite’ की अपेक्षा ‘although’ का use किया जाता है. Despite = although; जैसे

a) Despite my sickness I went to the office.
= Despite being sick I went to the office.
= Although I was sick I went to the office.

b) He managed to eat a big lunch despite having eaten an enormous breakfast.

NOTE: शब्द ‘despite’ के साथ एक clause का use तभी किया जा सकता है जब ‘despite’ के साथ ‘the fact that’ का use भी किया गया हो; जैसे

Despite the fact that she fell midway through the race, she won.

4. He left for Mumbai on Saturday / arriving there / on Sunday. / NE

Explanation: Replace ‘arriving’ by ‘to arrive’ or ‘and arrived’ in part ‘C’. ‘To arrive’ = पहुँचने के लिए.

वाक्य का हिंदी में अनुवाद: वह रविवार को मुंबई पहुँचने लिए शनिवार को निकला.

5. As soon as they / entered the temple / they prayed to the gods on bent knees. / NE

Explanation: Replace ‘on bent knees’ by ‘on bended knee’ in part ‘C’. ‘On bended knee’ एक idiom है. इस idiom का use आदर भाव प्रदर्शित करने के लिए किया जाता है जबकि किसी का एक अथवा दोनों घुटने जमीन को छू रहे होते हैं; जैसे

He went down on bended knee to ask her to marry him.

NOTE: यहाँ ‘gods’ का अर्थ भगवान् नहीं है; बल्कि इसका अर्थ है ‘देवता’.

6. What to speak of milk/even water was/not available there./NE

Explanation: Replace ‘what to speak of’ by ‘not to speak of’ in part ‘A’. जब भी हम ये कहना चाहते हैं कि किसी अन्य बात का जिक्र करना ही उचित नहीं है तो हम ‘not to speak of’ का use करते हैं.

7. Every Saturday / I go out / for shopping. / NE

Explanation: Remove the preposition ‘for’ from part ‘C’. जब हम किसी सामान्य activity जिसमें कोई movement होती है की बात करते हैं तो हम ‘go out + gerund’ का use भी कर सकते हैं और ‘go + gerund’ का भी; जैसे

They have gone fishing until later this evening.
= They have gone out fishing until later this evening.

It was pouring with rain and all we could do was to go shopping.
= It was pouring with rain and all we could do was to go out shopping.

8. The beggar whom we had suspected / to be guilty turned out / to be the innocent. / NE

Explanation: Remove the article ‘the’ from part ‘C’. ‘Innocent’ एक adjective है. किसी adjective के पहले कोई article use नहीं किया जा सकता जब तक उसके साथ कोई noun नहीं हो. Adjective ‘innocent’ के साथ इस वाक्य में कोई noun नहीं है.

9. He walks / as if the earth / belonged to him. / NE

Explanation: No error. ‘As if’ अथवा ‘as though’ से शुरू होने वाले clauses में यदि past tense की verb हो तो वह उस clause में दी गयी स्थिति वास्तविक नहीं होती; यदि present tense की verb हो तो वह उस clause में दी गयी स्थिति वास्तविक होती है. दिए गये वाक्य में ‘As if’ clause की verb (belonged) past tense में है; अतः पृथ्वी के किसी व्यक्ति का होने की स्थिकी अवास्तविक है.

दिए गये वाक्य का हिंदी में अनुवाद: वह इस तरह से चलता है जैसे पृथ्वी उसी की हो.

10. To gain reputation among your clients, / you ought to finish every assignment you undertake / within the stipulated deadline. / NE

Explanation: Replace ‘within’ by ‘by’ in part ‘C’. कोई निश्चित समय, वर्ष, आदि (point in time) के लिए preposition ‘by’ का use होता है जबकि समय की किसी अवधी (period of time) के लिए preposition ‘within’ का use होता है. कोई समय सीमा (deadline) एक निश्चित तारीख अथवा समय पर समाप्त होती है; अतः यह हमेशा एक ‘point in time’ होती है; जैसे

a) The job application must be submitted by 31 January 2015. (एक तिथि ‘point in time’ होती है; अतः इस वाक्य में preposition ‘within’ का use नहीं हो सकता.)

b) Our electricity bill must be paid within 2 weeks. (‘2 सप्ताह का समय’ एक समयावधि होती है; अतः इस वाक्य में preposition ‘by’ का use नहीं हो सकता.)

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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