SOLUTION ERROR FINDING PRACTICE SET 8 IN ENGLISH
ERROR FINDING Practice Set 8 SOLVED IN HINDI & ENGLISH
VIEW SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION IN ENGLISH
1. Candidates present in the examination hall / should make use / with such opportunities. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘with’ by ‘of’ in part ‘C’. Make use of something is an idiom which means to utilize something; e.g.
a) Can you make use of these papers?
b) We were unable to make use of the items you shipped to us.
NOTE: The article ‘the’ cannot be put before the noun ‘candidates’ as its use here is in general sense, not specific. Here ‘candidates’ means all the candidates who sit in an exam anytime.
2. He has been working on the problem / for a long time but / is still not able to solve it. / NE
Explanation: Replace is still not able by STILL IS NOT ABLE in part ‘C’. Read this:
In a negative clause, we sometimes use ‘still’ to show that the continuing situation is not desired or is surprising. We can also use ‘still’ in a negative clause for emphasis. In that case ‘still’ comes in front of the helping verb or the verb if helping verb is not given; e.g.
a) She bought a car two months ago and she still hasn’t learnt driving.
b) I still don’t understand.
3. She was so / near to / achieving her goal. /NE
Explanation: Replace ‘so’ by ‘well’ in part ‘A’. ‘Near’ is a preposition here. We don’t use ‘so’ with a preposition, rather ‘so’ is used before adjectives and adverbs. To emphasize a preposition use of ‘well’ is quite correct, though some other words are also possible. Use of ‘to’ with ‘near’ is optional, means both ‘near’ and ‘near to’ are equally correct.
4. It is really surprising / that the son / lost heart in his job. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘the son’ by ‘my/his/her’ in part ‘B’ as we can’t use an article before the names of family relation.
5. Kanimojhi told me / that she knew / many men. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘knew’ by ‘knows’ in part ‘B’. It’s a perpetual (never ending) fact, so you can only use a verb in the present tense even if the reporting verb is in the past tense.
6. After knowing truth / he took the right decision / in the matter. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘truth’ by ‘the truth’ in part ‘A’ as the noun ‘truth’ always takes the article ‘the’. Use of the phrase ‘in the matter’ is quite correct here. When there is some action/activity is involved we use the preposition ‘in’ with ‘the matter’; here you see action ‘took’ is involved in the incidence.
When there is no action involved we use the preposition ‘on’ with ‘the matter’; eg.
What is your opinion on this matter? (no action involved)
NOTE: We don’t use the verb ‘know’ in a continuous tense, but when ‘know’ is used as a gerund (ing form working as a noun) or as a participle (ing form working as an adjective) we can use ‘know’ as ‘knowing’. In the given sentence above ‘knowing’ is a participle qualifying the pronoun ‘he’. See an example of ‘know’ as a verb below:
INCORRECT: I am knowing him.
CORRECT. I know him.
7. I went to my village / along with my wife / to sell my land. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘my’ by ‘our’ in part ‘C’. It’s understood that any property belongs to both husband and wife.
8. Even fools when / he holdeth his peace / is counted wise. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘fools’ by ‘a fool’ in part ‘A’. Verb ‘is’ इस a singular verb; therefore its subject should also be in the singular, but here its subject is ‘fools’, which is plural in form. Hence it needs to be converted into the singular, means it will be ‘a fool’’ here.
NOTE: Verb ‘holdeth’ was used to be used in old English; now we say it as ‘holds’.
Translation in Hindi: एक मूर्ख आदमी भी बुद्धिमान ही माना जाता है अगर वो शांति बनाये रखे.
9. Ramesh is far arrogant / to learn the error / of his ways. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘far’ by ‘far to’ or ‘too’ in part ‘A’. adjective ‘arrogant’ is in positive degree. We don’t use ‘far’ before adjectives in positive degree when an ‘to + infinitive’ (here ‘to learn’) is given; e.g.
INCORRECT: It is far early to judge.
CORRECT: It is far too early to judge. OR It is too early to judge.
10. Much money / is needed / for this work. / NE
Explanation: No error. Use of ‘a lot of’ is also correct, but the sentence is already correct.
11. We bought a car from / a showroom yesterday; / the showroom situates in Haryana. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘situates’ by ‘is situated’ in part ‘C’. ‘Situate’ is a transitive verb, so you can’t use a preposition with it, it must be an object instead. Therefore we need to make this verb in the passive form. In the passive voice subject of the sentence/clause is the object of the verb.
12. If your feelings / arouse easily, / you cannot concentrate. / NE
Explanation: Replace arouse easily by are easily aroused in part ‘B’. Verb ‘arouse’ is a transitive verb, therefore it must have an object. In the sentence there is no object given, so we need to make it in the passive voice.
13. Rohan had invited his friends / for tea before he heard the news / of his father’s accident. / NE
Explanation: No error. We use ‘invite to’ when we invite someone to a particular event; e.g. invite to a party, invite to a wedding whereas we use ‘invite for’ when when inviting someone for actions, objects, and/or activities that will happen at an event; e.g. invite for dinner, invite for a drink.
See some examples of their use:
a) You’re invited to my wedding.
b) You’re invited for cake and ice cream.
c) I was invited to a drinking party.
d) I was invited for a drink.
a) She invited him for lunch.(= She invited him simply in order to eat lunch.)
b) She invited him to lunch. (= She invited him to attend the event of having lunch with her, means a lunch party.)
14. Most of the people / are afraid / of snakes. / NE
Explanation: Replace most of the people by most people in part ‘A’. Here we are talking about people in general, not any specific kinds of people. For general references we put ‘all/most/both’, etc. immediately before the noun, for specific reference use of the preposition ‘of’ becomes necessary after these words; e.g.
a) In Delhi all people do not use a car. (general reference)
b) All of the Americans I met were very friendly. (specific reference)
INCORRECT: I like all the kinds of music.
CORRECT: I like all kinds of music.
INCORRECT: All of the children learn to speak naturally.
CORRECT: All children learn to speak naturally.
15. We went / to the playground / for playing. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘for playing’ by ‘to play’ in part ‘C’. With the use of the verb ‘go’, we use ‘for’ before a noun; and ‘to + V1’ before an activity; e.g.
a) He goes for a morning walk daily. (‘Walk’ is noun here; so we have used ‘for’ before it.)
b) He went to the park for a walk today. (‘Walk’ is noun here; so we have used ‘for’ before it.)
c) He went to the park to jog today. (‘Jog’ is an activity here,; so we have used ‘to’ before it.)
16. Technology is developed rapidly / since it is now / an integral part of all work cultures. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘is developed’ by ‘is developing’ or any other suitable tense in part ‘A’.
17. For the first time in 30 years, / BJP came to power / with an absolute majority. / NE
Explanation: Place the article ‘the’ before BJP in part ‘B’ as ‘the’ is necessary before names of political parties; e.g.
the Congress Party, the Bhaartiya Janta Party, the Janta Dal, the B.S.P
18. He is very popular / among the people / of Delhi. / NE
Explanation: No error. If a person is popular we use either ‘among’ or ‘with’, if a thing is thing/idea is popular we can only use ‘among’, not ‘with’; e.g.
She is popular among her students. (‘She’ is used for people.)
= She is popular with her students.
INCORRECT: This policy is popular with the workers. (POLICY is a thing/idea.)
CORRECT: This policy is popular among the workers.
19. He lives in a nearby / street which name / I have forgotten. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘which name’ by ‘the name of which’ or ‘whose name’ in part ‘B’. WHOSE is possessive of ‘who’ and is used for human beings, animals and also lifeless things; e.g.
a) He’s marrying a girl whose family don’t seem to like him. (possessive of ‘girl’)
b) She has a dog whose colour is white. (possessive of dog, an animal, or we can also say ‘the colour of which’)
c) A triangle whose all sides are equal is called an equilateral triangle. (possessive of ‘triangle’, a thing, or we can also say ‘all sides of which’)
d) Look at the setting sun whose rays have reddened the sky. (possessive of ‘sun’, or we can also say ‘the rays of which’)
20. One of my best friend / is / both a novelist and a poet. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘friend’ by ‘friends’ in part ‘A’. After ‘one of’ the noun or the pronouns are used in the plural.
NOTE: ‘Both — and’ is a conjunction of pair. In conjunctions of pair we use the same grammatical item after both the words of that pair, means if the noun ‘novelist’ has the article ‘A’ then it’s also needs to placed before the noun ‘poet’.
21. Standing at the top of the hill / the houses below / were hardly visible. / NE
Explanation: Insert I/we/he/she/they saw before ‘the houses’ in part ‘B’.
As a participle does work of an adjective it must have a noun/pronoun to describe. Here the participle ‘standing’ is not describing any noun or pronoun. Also there should also be a verb for that noun/pronoun. Therefore it will be I/we/he/she/they saw here.
INCORRECT: Walking in the garden, a tree fell down.
CORRECT: While I was walking in the garden, a tree fell down.
[‘Walking’ in this sentence is a present participle (A verb form working as an adjective), so it must have a noun/pronoun to describe. But you’ll see it’s missing that. Of course the ‘tree’ is not that noun as a tree cannot walk.]
Some more such examples
INCORRECT: Being a rainy day, I did not go out.
CORRECT: It being a rainy day, I did not go out.
INCORRECT: Being too costly for him, he could not buy the car.
CORRECT: The car being too costly for him, he could not buy it.
NOTE: But sometimes we do not need to mention the subject of a participle as it’s already understood; e.g.
Being ill, I could not attend the meeting.
[In this sentence we do not need to mention the subject with the participle ‘being’ as it’s understood that ‘I’ itself is the subject here.]
22. The winner of the / ‘journalist of the year’ award was / not other than the editor’s daughter. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘not’ by ‘none’ or ‘no’ in part ‘C’. When we want to emphasize the name of a person or thing when something about that person or thing is surprising in a particular situation we use ‘none other than’ or ‘no other than’; e.g.
He called together all his employees and announced that the manager was none other than his son.
23. He was fascinated by insects / and the more he studied their habits / greater was his fascination. / NE
Explanation: Place the article ‘the’ before ‘greater’ in part ‘C’. This sentence is an example of parallel increase in two things – More study greater fascination. Parallel increase is expressed by ‘the comparative degree — the comparative degree’; e.g.
a) The more you earn, the more you spend.
b) The colder it becomes, the hungrier I get.
c) The more kind you are towards others, the more kind they are likely to be towards you.
Translation in Hindi: वह कीड़ों-मकोड़ों की और आकर्षित था और जितना भी अधिक उसने उनकी आदतों के बारे में पढ़ा उसका आकर्षण और अधिक होता गया.
24. Since my marriage / I couldn’t meet / my uncle. / NE
Explanation: Replace couldn’t meet by have not been able to in part ‘B’. When ‘since’ or ‘for’ refer to a time we use either the Present Perfect Tense or the Past Perfect Tense. But according to the context of the sentence it should be the Present Perfect Tense.
25. If I had known he needed money / to going back to his home I / would have given him some. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘to going’ by ‘to go’ in part ‘B’. In the second clause he needed money …. NEED is the main verb. When ‘need’ is the main verb we use the full infinitive (to + V1) with it if a verb form is needed.
VIEW SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION IN HINDI
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