SOLUTION ERROR FINDING PRACTICE SET 9 IN ENGLISH
ERROR FINDING Practice Set 9 SOLVED IN HINDI & ENGLISH
VIEW SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION IN ENGLISH
1. He was too drunk / to know / where he was going to. / NE
Explanation: Remove ‘to’ after ‘going’ in part ‘C’. When we go somewhere we use the preposition ‘to’ before the name of that place. But here we do not need to use ‘to’ as it’s not used with ‘where’; e.g.
INCORRECT: Where are you going to?
CORRECT: Where are you going?
2. The energy policy is largely defined by the / energy requirement and has increased focus / on developing sources of energy. / NE
Explanation: Remove ‘has’ from part ‘C’ as a verb is not required in it at all, rather ‘increased’ should be use as an adjective for the noun ‘focus’.
Translation in Hindi: ऊर्जा नीति मुख्य तौर पर ऊर्जा की जरुरत और ऊर्जा के विकसित हो रहे संसाधनों पर बढ़े हुए ध्यान (increased focus) द्वारा तय होती है.
3. It is suspected that a variety of / biological consequences may result from / the increase UV exposure due to ozone depletion. / NE
Explanation: Replaced ‘increase’ by ‘increased’ in part ‘C’. ‘From’ is a preposition, and a preposition always has a noun. Here that noun is ‘UV exposure’. Therefore use of ‘increase’ is incorrect here as it’s a verb. It’s adjectival form is ‘increased’. Therefore convert ‘increase’ into ‘increased’.
4. All my hope / were duped / and I was plunged in deep sorrow. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘were’ by ‘was’ in part B’. ‘Hope’ can both be a countable and an uncountable noun. Here it’s countable. when ‘hope’ is uncountable it’s meaning is ‘feeling of desire and expectation that things will go well in the future’. Meaning of ‘hope’ when it’s countable is ‘desire/want of something to happen, and consideration of it likely or possible to happen’. So it’s clear from the context of the sentence that here it is uncountable. We all know that with uncountable nouns we use V1.
5. I will not / stay here another minute / if I can help it! / NE
Explanation: No error. ‘If one can help it’ is an idiom, it means if one is able to prevent or avoid something/situation. It’s usually used after negative verb constructions; e.g.
a) Are you going to watch the school play? — Not if I can help it.
b) Is he taking a second job? — Not if his wife can help it.
c) He’s not riding on the back of that motorcycle, not if I can help it.
Translation in Hindi: अगर मैं ये avoid कर पाया तो मैं यहाँ एक मिनट भी नहीं रुकुंगा l
NOTE: We don’t use a preposition before time phrases beginning with This, Every, Another and Last/Next; e.g.
a) We can’t afford a holiday this year.
b) Where did you go last weekend?
c) My exams finish next Tuesday afternoon.
d) I will not stay here another minute.
6. The officer has / given orders to his / soldiers yesterday. / NE
Explanation: Remove ‘yesterday’ from part ‘C’ as we don’t use it in perfect tenses. It can only be used with the Past Simple Tense.
7. The later part of Gandhi’s life / till he was assassinated / was, in considerable measure, the life of the nation as well. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘later’ by ‘latter’ in part ‘A’. ‘Latter’ is used to tell ‘order’ and ‘later’ is used for ‘time’. Here we are not talking about time of Gandhi’s life, rather we are talking about part of his life; e.g.
INCORRECT: Reena came latter than Richi.
CORRECT: Reena came later than Richi.
INCORRECT: The later half of the play was more interesting.
CORRECT: The latter half of the play was more interesting.
8. The food basket contained / a dark chocolate, an eclair, and a pastry / neatly wrapped in foil paper. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘A’ by ‘some’ in part ‘B’ as ‘chocolate’ is an uncountable noun. Article ‘A’ is only used for countable nouns.
9. It is of primary importance / in swimming to learn / to breath properly. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘primary’ by ‘prime’ in part ‘A’. Adjective ‘primary’ is used when we are saying that a thing is more important in comparison to anything else. But here in the given sentence we have nothing to compare with. We are just talking about the importance of food. For this meaning we use ‘prime’.
NOTE: In the given sentence both ‘to breath’ and ‘how to breath’ are correct. To understand read this:
‘How to’ is used to say methods of doing something. Its use with the verb ‘learn’ is optional. For the verb ‘know’ its use is necessary; e.g.
I’m learning to drive.
= I’m leaning how to drive.
INCORRECT: Do you know to swim?
CORRECT: Do you know how to swim?
10. Iodine deficiency is / an easy and inexpensive nutrient disorder / to prevent. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘to prevent’ by ‘to be prevented’ in part ‘C’. If you see it needs to be in the passive, here active meaning is not making any sense.
11. He told me the same story / which he told / you yesterday. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘which’ by ‘that’ in part ‘B’. If there is a subject of the second clause is given after the use of ‘the same + noun’ we use ‘that’ (not ‘as/which’) as Relative Pronoun.
Here in the given sentence ‘he’ is the subject of the second clause ‘he told me’.
NOTE-I: If a verb is there directly after the relative pronoun we also use ‘that’ after ‘the same + noun’; e.g.
a) This is the same girl that deceived him. (verb ‘deceived’ is there, so you can’t use ‘who’)
b) This is the same dog that bit me. (verb ‘bit’ is there, so you can’t use ‘which’)
NOTE-II: When we have to show similarity we use ‘as’ (not ‘that’) after ‘the same’; e.g.
a) This is the same dog as mine.
b) I like the same dress as my brother do.
c) She has the same fair hair and blue eyes as her mother had.
d) This coffee is the same as we had at Mr Sharma’s. (not ‘that’)
12. Vicky is the one who / always finds faults with / whatever Priya does. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘faults’ by ‘fault’ in part ‘B’. Correct phrase is ‘find fault with’; e.g.
I was disappointed whenever the cook found fault with my work.
13. Not only they need clothing, / but they are also / short of food. / NE
Explanation: Replace not only they need by not only do they need in part ‘A’. While joining two clauses, negative conjunctions such as ‘not only — but also’ and ‘neither — nor’ for emphasis can begin a sentence or clause. If so the verb is inverted, means we use the interrogative form of the verb; e.g.
Ram not only is going to Mumbai, but he’s also going to Goa.
= Not only is Ram going to Mumbai, but he’s also going to Goa.
She not only apologized but also sent me a card.
=Not only did she apologize but also sent me a card.
Ram is neither going to Mumbai, he is nor going to Goa.
= Neither is Ram going to Mumbai, nor is he going to Goa.
NOTE: But when these conjunctions join words/phrases (not clauses) and are used in the beginning of a sentence, we do not use a helping verb before the subject; e.g.
Not only you but also I applauded the performance. (Joining two pronouns YOU and I)
14. Indian Defence Forces fought / the enemy till the last man / was standing. / NE
Explanation: Replace Indian Defence Forces by The Indian Defence Force in part ‘A’. Before the names of ‘forces’ we use the article ‘the’. Also ‘The Indian Defence Force’ is one in number; not many, so you can’t make its plural.
15. He is marrying a girl / whose family / don’t seem to like him. / NE
Explanation: No error. ‘Family’ is a collective noun. Collective nouns can take a singular or plural verb; e.g.
a) Our cricket team is strong enough.
b) The team are fighting among themselves. (Here ‘the team’ = the players of the team]
16. A dozen boys and two girls / have come / for today’s party. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘for’ by ‘to’ in part ‘C’. Correct phrase is ‘come to the party’. (prepositional error)
NOTE: Use of TODAY’S is absolutely correct. With nouns denoting time and duration we can use the possessive (‘s) ; e.g.
a) Is that yesterday’s paper?
b) I’ve only had one week’s holiday so far this year.
17. As they climb / higher, the air / became cooler. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘climb’ by ‘climbed’ in part ‘A’. This is a particular instance of climbing somewhere. If the subject would have been ‘one/we/you’ instead of ‘they’ it would have become a universal fact, and therefore the error would be in part ‘C’ and the verb then would be ‘becomes’ instead of ‘became’.
18. The principal told me that / I should not enter to his office / without his permission. / NE
Explanation: Remove ‘to’ from part ‘B’. ‘Enter’ = to come or go into a particular place. ‘Enter’ is usually a transitive verb; therefore it has an object and is not used with the prepositions ‘to’, ‘into’ or ‘in’; e.g.
INCORRECT: They entered into the building through the front door.
CORRECT: They entered the building through the front door.
INCORRECT: After entering into university, students make a lot of new friends.
CORRECT: After entering university, students make a lot of new friends.
INCORRECT: In the past it was unthinkable that a woman could enter in politics.
CORRECT: In the past it was unthinkable that a woman could enter politics.
NOTE-I: Don’t confuse this use with the phrasal verb ‘enter into’, which means ‘to start agreements, contracts or discussions with someone; e.g.
Today, eighteen-year olds are considered responsible enough to enter into contracts.
NOTE-II: ‘Enter’ can be used without an object; e.g.
They stopped talking as soon as they saw Sunita enter.
19. The king Juan Carlos of Spain / arrived in London today / for a three day visit. / NE
Explanation: Remove ‘the’ from part ‘A’. If a proper noun is preceded by King, Queen, Saint, Pope, etc., it does not take the article ‘the’; e.g.
King Henry, Queen Victoria, Pope John, Saint Paul
20. It was / very unfortunate of him / to have lost the battle. / NE
Explanation: Replace to have lost by that he lost or he lost in part ‘C’. After ‘it + be (is/am/are/was/were) + unfortunate’ we use a ‘that-clause’; not an infinitive (to + V1). Use of ‘that’ in ‘that-clause is optional; e.g.
It was unfortunate that he called at the exact moment when our guests were arriving.
= It was unfortunate he called at the exact moment when our guests were arriving.
21. Since my mother / was angry / so I did not utter a word. / NE
Explanation: Remove ‘so’ from part ‘C’. We do not use ‘so/therefore’ before the main clause if ‘since/because-clause’ is there in the sentence; e.g.
INCORRECT: Since my mother was angry so I did not go out.
CORRECT: Since my mother was angry I did not go out.
22. I want / that you should perform / well. / NE
Explanation: Replace that you should perform by you to perform in part ‘B’. We don’t use a ‘that-clause’ after the verb ‘want’; e.g.
INCORRECT: I want him that he should learn to read.
CORRECT: I want him to learn to read.
INCORRECT: The little girl wanted that I should come and play with her.
CORRECT: The little girl wanted me to come and play with her.
23. The professor informed that / they had all done / very badly. / NE
Explanation: Place ‘them’ after the verb ‘informed’ in part ‘A’ as ‘inform’ is a transitive verb.
24. The three individuals are / so different that their tastes vary / from each another. / NE
Explanation: Replace ‘each other’ by ‘one another’ in part ‘C’. ‘Each other’ is used for two persons, and ‘one another’ is used for more than two. Here in the sentence persons are three; e.g.
a) Mohan and Pooja never liked each other. (means Mohan never liked Pooja and Pooja never liked Mohan.)
b) Everyone in the family gave one another presents. (‘Everyone’ means more than two.)
25. He regarded his marriage/as a mean to an end;/he just wanted his wife’s wealth./NE
Explanation: Replace ‘mean’ by ‘means’ in part ‘B’. Mean = to have something as a meaning, though it has some other meanings also. ‘A means to an end’ is an idiom which means a thing or action that is not interesting or important in itself but a way of achieving something else; e.g.
He doesn’t particularly like the work but he sees it as a means to an end.
VIEW SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION IN HINDI
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