SOLUTION FILL IN THE BLANKS PRACTICE SET 1 IN English
FILL IN THE BLANKS Practice Set 1 SOLVED IN HINDI & ENGLISH (with options)
VIEW SOLUTION WITH EXPLANATION IN ENGLISH
1. You are fortunate ——– having an intelligent and obedient daughter.
Explanation: Option ‘C’ (in). We use TO with FORTUNATE when V1 is there after it; we use IN when it’s a gerund (ING form) after it.
2.This man was accomplice ——– the thief.
Explanation: Option ‘A’ (of). Before a person we use OF, and before a crime we use IN or TO; e.g.
a) He is an accomplice of the thief.
b) He is an accomplice in/to the theft.
3. ——– you find me absent, please do not forget to leave a message behind.
Explanation: Option ‘B’ (Should). We can use IF+SHOULD to say that the action is possible but not very likely. It is usually combined with an imperative sentence; e.g.
a) If you should meet Sonika, can you ask her to phone me? (If by chance you meet Sonika.)
b) If the government should ever decide to make a flyover here, I want it would finish it quickly.
NOTE: We can place SHOULD first, and omit IF; e.g.
If you should meet Sonika, can you ask her to phone me?
= Should you meet Sonika, can you ask her to phone me?
दिए गये वाक्य का हिंदी में अनुवाद: अगर by chance आप मुझे अनुपस्थित पाओ तो कृपया मेरे लिए कोई message छोड़ना ना भूलें.
4. He decided to ——– in his matriculation examination in order to get a higher score.
Explanation: Option ‘B’ (reappear). Verbs at Options A, C, and D are transitive; hence there must be an object after all of them. You see IN is a preposition, so REAPPEAR only is correct here; e.g.
a) He reappeared in his final exams just to prove a point.
b) He decided to rewrite his final exams just to prove a point.
5. I am given to ——– that you are going to accompany me.
Explanation: Option ‘C’ (understand). GIVEN TO UNDERSTAND is a phrase that we use to tell someone that something is true; e.g.
I was given to understand she was staying at this hotel.
6. You are going to have to ——– through this sea of documents to locate the letter.
Explanation: Option ‘B’ (wade). GO THROUGH SOMETHING = to examine or search something very carefully. WADE THROUGH SOMETHING = to spend a lot of time and effort doing something boring or difficult, especially reading a lot of information; e.g.
a) We had to wade through pages of legal jargon before we could sign the contract.
b) You mean I have to wade through all these applications?
c) I have to wade through forty term papers in the next two days.
NOTE: SEA OF DOCUMENTS in the sentence suggests that the task is very difficult.
7. After having been friends for more than a decade, they had a dispute last year and have not ——– each other ever since.
Explanation: Option ‘B’ (seen). We use MEET when we see someone for the very first time we are introduced to them. We use SEE when we see a person again in another time.; e.g.
INCORRECT: I met my friend yesterday.
CORRECT: I saw my friend yesterday.
INCORRECT: I’m going to meet my friend again today.
CORRECT: I’m going to see my friend again today.
NOTE: We cannot use TALKED (option ‘A’) here as it takes a preposition.
8. When the morning ——– the murder was discovered.
Explanation: Option ‘D’ (came). COME = when a particular event or time comes, it arrives or happens; e.g.
a) The morning comes before the sun.
b) Most of my patients welcome the coming of summer.
c) The time has come for us to move on.
NOTE: OCCUR is used when something comes to you all of a sudden; e.g.
There will come a time when the crisis will occur.
9. He ——– in this house for the past ten years.
Explanation: Option ‘A’ (has been living). When FOR + TIME (here for the past ten years) is there in the sentence we can only use the Past Simple Tense, Present Perfect Tense or the Past Perfect Tense. We use the Past Simple for terminated (finished) actions; e.g.
I read in this school for five years. (means don’t read here now).
So it’s not possible here as THE in time expressions can’t be used for a terminated period of time.
We use the Past Perfect Tense if an action which began before the time of speaking in the past, and ‘was still continuing at that time’, so it’s not possible either; e.g.
Rohan was a teacher when I met him. He had been a teacher since he was twenty one.
Means the Present Perfect Tense is needed here. We use The Present Perfect with SINCE/FOR for an action which began in the past and is still continuing.
10. Only when ——– failed, the police resorted to force.
Explanation: Option ‘C’ (persuasions)
PERSUADE = If you persuade someone to do something, you cause them to do it by giving them good reasons for doing it; e.g.
a) We’re trying to persuade manufacturers to sell them here.
b) They were eventually persuaded by the police to give themselves up.
11. I cannot bear ——–.
Explanation: Option ‘C’ (separation from you). YOUR SEPARATION (option ‘A’) will be incorrect here. It means separation of two or more; e.g.
Mohan got separated from his wife.
So, I CANNOT BEAR YOUR SEPARATION will mean I did not like separation of Mohan and his wife. You can’t use the verb BEAR in this sense. Here he wants to say “I’m unable to bear the situation we both are separated, means option ‘C’ is correct. Option ‘B’ will be wrong as we don’t use the preposition OF in such a case, we use FROM rather.
12. While travelling to Mumbai, I ran ——– a very old friend of mine.
Explanation: Option ‘A’ (into). We use RUN INTO when we meet someone we know without any expectation; e.g.
Sudhir ran into someone he used to know at school the other day.
13. You are welcome to partake ——– their light refreshment.
Explanation: Option ‘A’ (of). PARTAKE OF = to have a portion of something, such as food or drink; e.g. Would you care to partake of this apple pie with me? PARTAKE IN SOMETHING = to participate in something; e.g.
Sunita does not care to partake in those childish games.
14. Acting swiftly, the BJP-led government not only introduced the bill on Thursday but also got it passed by the Lok Sabha by ——–.
Explanation: Option ‘B’ (the evening). Read this to get: Expressions of day and night time when preceded by AT, BY, AFTER, BEFORE, do not take any articles; e.g.
At dawn, At night, By night, At midnight, Around midnight, After night, At daybreak, At sunrise, At noon, Around noon, At dusk, At twilight Before morning, After evening, By day and night, etc.
NOTE: But the following expressions take THE
In the day, During the day, In the morning, During the morning, In the afternoon, In the evening, By the evening, In the night, Admire the sunrise, etc.
15. It was hard to believe that she ——– dead for three months.
Explanation: Option ‘A’ (was). We use FOR with the Simple Past Tense for a terminated (finished) period of time; e.g. I read in this school for five years. (means don’t read here now). TO BE DEAD is a terminated event.
16. A friend is not ——– to give an honest suggestion and does not say things for sake of getting approval.
Explanation: Option ‘B’ (afraid). If you see we need an adjective here. Out of all the given options AFRAID only is adjective. FEAR is noun and FRIGHT and FRET verbs. We also use BE AFRAID OF + ING FORM, but in a different sense. Here we need TO + V1 after AFRAID. Read this to understand:
We use BE AFRAID + TO V1 (here AFRAID TO GIVE) when we feel fear because we think something bad will happen; e.g.
i) She was afraid to go out in case it rained.
ii) Don’t be afraid to ask for help.
17. Neo-colonialism is ——– that persists even after the demise of the formal colonization all over the so called Third-world.
Explanation: Option ‘A’ (a monster). A monster is something which is extremely large, especially something which is difficult to manage or which is unpleasant.
18. After taking the exam, he was sure that he had ——– no mistakes in the exam.
Explanation: Option ‘B’ (made). When we use DO with a noun it focuses on the process of acting or performing something, MAKE emphasises more the outcome of an action; e.g.
When I was doing the calculations, I made two mistakes.
(Here you see that DOING is an action whereas MADE is the result/outcome.)
Therefore DID is incorrect to use here. Also you can’t use COMMITTED as we use it when we do something illegal, immoral or take a wrong decision.
19. I will be leaving for Delhi tonight and ——– to return by this week end.
Explanation: Option ‘B’ (plan). Subject of the given sentence is ‘I’. It means that verb in the blank should also be according to I. But I WAITING, I LIKELY and I GOING are not making any meaningful construction. Therefore only option ‘B’ (plan) is correct. I PLAN TO RETURN BY THIS WEEKEND means my intension is that I will be back by this weekend.
Hindi translation of the given sentence: आज रात मैं Delhi जा रहा हूँ और इस सप्ताहंत (weekend) तक मेरा वापिस आने का इरादा है.
Option ‘B’ (plan). If you see the second part of the subject begins with the pronoun ‘I’, which is hidden and does not need to be mentioned. No other option with I is making a sense and is therefore grammatically incorrect.
20. The museum’s collection includes artefacts ——– prehistoric times.
Explanation:Option ‘B’ (dating backing to). Here we need an adjective, not a verb. Here we need the present participle as ARTEFACTS are still there. The present participle (ING FORM) works as an adjective, so option ‘B’ only is correct.
ARTEFACTS = कलाकृतियाँ
21. I was very much grieved ——– his misdemeanor.
Explanation: Option ‘B’ (by). In the active voice the verb GRIEVE takes FOR or OVER, but if it’s in the passive use or is an adjective, it takes BY or AT. We put BY for one’s wrongdoings or bad behavior, and put AT for a bad situation.
MISDEMEANOR = a crime considered to be one of the less serious types of crime. So we’ll use BY.
22. The UNO insists on better understanding ——– the countries of the world.
Explanation: Option ‘A’ (between). When we see things individually/separately we use BETWEEN even when the number of people/things is more than two; e.g.
a) Switzerland lies between France, Germany, America and Italy.
[More than two things, but you can’t use AMONG here as all these four countries are being seen individually; not as a part of group.]
b) He stood among all his friends in the room.
[You can’t use BETWEEN here as FRIENDS are not being seen individually.]
c) There is a treaty between these four countries.
d) There is not much difference between the three of them.
23. Varun goes ——– every Friday.
Explanation: Option ‘B’ (to the cinema). GO TO THE CINEMA is an idiomatic phrase, it means TO GO TO WATCH A MOVIE; e.g.
We’re going to the cinema tonight.
24. Education is central because electronic networks and software-driven technologies are beginning to ——– the economic barriers between the nations.
Explanation: Option ‘A’ (breakdown). A word can have many meanings, BREAKDOWN also means FAILURE OF or ENDING OF a relationship, plan, or discussion, etc.
25. Vijay does not play cricket and ——– does Yashwant.
Explanation: Option ‘D’ (neither). This sentence is a case of negative addition to a negative remark. Negative additions to negative remarks are made with NEITHER/NOR + AUXILIARY + SUBJECT; e.g.
Ritu hasn’t any spare time, neither/nor have I.
OR these additions can also be made with SUBJECT + NEGATIVE AUXILIARY + EITHER; e.g.
He didn’t like the book, I didn’t either.
In the given sentence the subject of the addition is at the end, so NEITHER is correct. NOR also is correct but it’s not in the answer options.
View solution with explanation in HINDI
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