SOLUTION SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT PRACTICE SET 6 SOLVED IN ENGLISH
SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT Practice Set 6 SOLVED IN HINDI & ENGLISH (with options)
View solution with explanation in English
1. Since your departure, nothing has been transpired here worth your notice.
Explanation: Option ‘B’. Correct phrase is WORTHY OF NOTE. It means IMPORTANT (ख़ास). Secondly the sentence should be in the active voice, hence option ‘A’ is incorrect. TRANSPIRE= घटित होना
Hindi translation: तुम्हारे चले जाने के बाद से यहाँ कुछ भी ख़ास घटित नहीं हुआ है.
2. I don’t think Harsh will beat Mohit at chess. Mohit is one too much for him.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. ONE TOO MUCH = difficult for someone
3. The museum’s collection includes artefacts dated back to prehistoric times.
Explanation: Option ‘A’. The context of the sentence is clear that here we have to show the present status of museum’s collection, not the past. DATED BACK is the past participle, the past participle shows the effect of something that existed in the past, not up to now. The present participle shows the present effect of something, means which still exists. Therefore here we need to use the present participle, means DATING BACK.
Translation in Hindi: संग्राहलय की संग्रहित वस्तुओं में प्रागैतिहासिक (लिखित इतिहास से पहले युग का) काल की कलाकृतियों (artefacts) का समावेश है.
4. The cookbook is tailor-made for amateur vegan cooks.
Explanation: Option ‘B’
CUSTOMIZED and TAILER-MADE both mean ‘made specifically for someone’. But there are some differences in usage. When we talk about articles/things the term TAILOR-MADE is only used for clothes. But the word CUSTOMIZED is used for all types of things including clothes. Here in this sentence we are talking about cooks, not clothes; therefore here the right word will be CUSTOMIZED.
NOTE: When referring to situations or ideas (not articles/things), we only use the term TAILOR-MADE; e.g.
a) The role was tailor-made for the young actress.
b) That job is tailor-made [=perfect] for him.
c) Our brokers develop tailor-made strategies for managing risk.
5. Through the ages the people of many cultures have used talismans and charms to ward off evil and invoke special powers.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. TALISMAN is a thing worn by people to invoke special powers. It usually consists of an AMULET to be worn around the neck or arm. It suggests that the word TALISMANS is already correct.
6. The chicken in his farm are fatted up nicely.
Explanation: Option ‘C’. FATTEN UP is an idiom which means = to give an animal or a thin person a lot of food so that they become fatter.
Translation in Hindi: उसके मुर्गी बाड़े में मुर्गियों के बच्चे बढ़िया तरीके से तगड़े हो रहे हैं.
7. We must have serious reading for the mind as we need wholesome and nutritious food for the body.
Explanation: Option ‘C’. This is a case of comparison. LIKE is used only with nouns, pronouns or gerunds, means when they are not followed by a verb. And AS is used when there is a verb. Therefore options ‘A’ and ‘B’ both are incorrect.
But the word AS should be preceded by the word JUST. JUST AS = to an equal degree as; e.g.
a) Our house is just as nice as theirs.
b) This one is just as good as that one.
c) She performs just as well as he does.
8. He work hard will succeed.
Explanation: Option ‘C’ (who works hard) The statement of the given sentence is a universally accepted fact. For universally accepted facts we use the Present Simple Tense. Therefore WORKS is good here.
9. The president shook hands with all the persons on the dais.
Explanation: Option ‘C’. The given sentence in incorrect as the noun PERSONS can only be used in legal contexts; for all other contexts we use PEOPLE. Shaking of hands cannot be a legal matter; therefore use of the noun PERSONS is incorrect. And for this reason Option ‘B’ is also incorrect.
Option ‘A’ is incorrect because the word ALL in this option is used as a pronoun. As a pronoun ALL must be defined in terms of about whom it has been used; e.g.
a) More than 100 people came to the refugee centre. Almost all had lost family members or property or both.
(Here ALL has been used as a pronoun, and correctly so because here the pronoun ALL is well defined, here ALL means 100 people.)
b) All that we had been told turned out to be untrue.
(Here ALL = all the people who turned out to be untrue.)
10. What the nation needs is people of character.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. If a clause is the subject of a verb we use that verb in the singular. Here in this sentence WHAT THE NATION NEEDS is a clause, and it’s the subject of the verb IS; e.g.
That those are my friends is true. (THAT THOSE ARE MY FRIENDS is a clause.)
View solution with explanation in Hindi
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