SOLUTION SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT PRACTICE SET 7 SOLVED IN ENGLISH
SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT Practice Set 7 SOLVED IN HINDI & ENGLISH (with options)
View solution with explanation in English
1. Almost every decision involves takes a risk and it could backfire on the decision-maker.
Explanation: Option ‘C’ as the verb INVOLVE if is followed by an action word takes the gerund (ing form). We require the past simple tense tense because of COULD, so it will be INVOLVED TAKING.
2. In an attempt to grow economically strong India plans to march towards an open economy by opening its doors to global markets.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. It’s clear from the given options that after BY we need an action word. BY is a preposition, and a preposition (except BUT and EXCEPT) needing an action word is followed by the gerund (ing form).
3. Managers frequently encounter situations where they need to help others solved problems.
Explanation: Option ‘C’ as the verb HELP is always followed by V1 or TO + V1 . Therefore here we need to replace SOLVED by either SOLVE or TO SOLVE.
4. The teacher saw my conversing with her.
Explanation: Option ‘C’ because verb SAW is a verb of perception. Rule:
Normally we use a Possessive Adjective (my, your, their) before an ING-FORM; e.g.
a) We enjoyed their singing. (not ‘them singing’)
b) Mohan insisted on my reading it. (not ‘me reading’)
c) Forgive my ringing you up so early. (not ‘me ringing’)
NOTE: But after the verbs of perception (SEE, WATCH, HEAR, etc.), and after CATCH and FIND we use a Objective Pronoun (me, you, them) before an ING-FORM; e.g.
INCORRECT: We saw his swimming across the pond.
CORRECT: We saw him swimming across the pond.
INCORRECT: I watched his painting Reena’s portrait.
CORRECT: I watched him painting Reena’s portrait.
INCORRECT: I couldn’t hear your singing because of the noise.
CORRECT: I couldn’t hear you singing because of the noise.
INCORRECT: If I catch your stealing my apples again, there’ll be trouble!
CORRECT: If I catch you stealing my apples again, there’ll be trouble!
INCORRECT: We found some money’s lying on the ground.
CORRECT: We found some money lying on the ground.
INCORRECT: They found their sitting in the garden.
CORRECT: They found them sitting in the garden.
5. Ruchi stopped and said that she had forgotten taking the key from the keyhole.
Explanation: Option ‘C’. When an action that happens at the same time or later of the action expressed by the verb FORGET we use to- infinitive after FORGET. In the given sentence first Ruchi forgets and then didn’t take the key from the keyhole happen at the same time; so here we need to use infinitive TO TAKE instead of TAKING.
Option ‘B’ is incorrect as the given sentence is in the Indirect Speech; we know well that when the reporting verb (here SAID) is in the past the Past Simple Tense changes into the Past Perfect Tense.
More example sentences of the use of infinitive after FORGET:
a) I forgot to bring my books to school. (= first I forgot, then I didn’t bring my books, means same time.)
a) Do not forget to buy some eggs. (= the not forgetting comes first, then the buying eggs, means the same time if the actions happen.)
NOTE: When an action that happened earlier than the main verb FORGET we use gerund (ing form). The gerund could be replaced by the present perfect participle (having + V3) in these sentences to make the sequence of events more clear and exact. FORGET is frequently used with NEVER in the simple future form; e.g.
I forgot meeting Sunita last year. (Means the action MEETING SUNITA happened earlier.)
= I forgot having met Sunita last year.
I’ll never forget meeting her for the first time. (I’ll never forget when I met her for the first time.)
= I’ll never forget having met her for the first time.
6. I cannot but study for this exam- it counts for half of our grade!
Explanation: Option ‘D’. CANNOT BUT is used to say that you feel you have to do something.
Translation in Hindi: मेरे लिए इस exam की तैयारी करना जरूरी है क्योंकि कुल marks में से आधे तो इसी के हैं.
7. The meeting adjourned abruptly by the chairperson after about an hour of intense deliberation.
Explanation: Option ‘B’. The given sentence is in the passive voice; therefore use of the helping verb WAS is necessary here. Secondly ABRUPTLY is an adverb of manner. Adverbs of manner are placed between the helping verb and the main verb in the sentences in the passive voice.
8. The country faced a rainfall deficit of eight percent after the four month long southwest monsoon.
Explanation: Option ‘A’. When a result/outcome of something is faced, it starts from the beginning of that event till that event ends; means all through the period of that event, not after the end of that period. Therefore DURING is the correct word here.
9. London is one of the oldest town of England.
Explanation: Option ‘A’. OLDEST is a superlative degree. After a superlative degree either the preposition OF or IN is used. With singular nouns/pronouns we use IN and with plural nouns/pronouns we use OF. The noun ENGLAND is in the singular; therefore use of IN is correct.
10. Seeing may be believing but understanding are definitely knowing.
Explanation: Option ‘C’. You see the conjunction is BUT, means both the clauses are contrasting clauses. So you can’t be tentative. COULD is used for tentativeness.
View solution with explanation in Hindi
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