SOLUTION SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT PRACTICE SET 9 SOLVED IN ENGLISH
SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT Practice Set 9 SOLVED IN HINDI & ENGLISH (with options)
View solution with explanation in English
1. The woman left her husband immediately after he lost his job and he took to drink alcohol excessively.
Explanation: Option ‘B’. ‘Take to drink’ is an idiom which means to drink a lot of alcohol regularly; means that meaning of this idiom includes the word ‘alcohol’. It means the given sentence is incorrect.
2. Knowing that the area was prone to earthquakes, all the buildings were reinforced with additional concrete.
Explanation: Option ‘C’. In the given sentence the word ‘knowing’ is a participle; means it’s an adjective. An adjective always qualifies a noun or a pronoun. But it’s not given in the sentence; nor is it possible in the given format as ‘all the buildings were reinforced with additional concrete’ is not be touched. Therefore it must be a conjunction to begin the sentence; so option ‘C’ is correct here.
3. The equipment is adapted to cotton industries.
Explanation: Option ‘B’. Adapted to and Adapted for do not mean the same thing. We use ‘Adapted to’ when something has changed to fit its own environment; a change in circumstances; e.g.
a) People have adapted to the difficult living conditions in the Arctic.
b) The organisms were forced to adapt in order to survive.
We use ‘Adapted for’ to say that changes are made to something by someone else; e.g.
Most of these tools have been specially adapted for use by disabled people.
In the given sentence, it’s quite clear that equipment is made by someone.
4. People ask me why I decide to start a new magazine.
Explanation: Option ‘C’. According to the context the decision to start a new magazine has already been taken, hence the Present Perfect Tense.
5. I bought four dozen of mangoes.
Explanation: Option ‘C’. If words like dozen, gross, score, hundred are preceded by the article ‘A’ or any numerical adjective (one, two, three, etc.), we do not use OF after them; e.g.
INCORRECT: While coming back from the office, bring home a dozen of bananas.
CORRECT: While coming back home from the office, bring home a dozen bananas.
INCORRECT: Two hundred of people attended the meeting.
CORRECT: Two hundred people attended the meeting.
NOTE: But if the article ‘A’ or any numerical adjective (one, two, three, etc.) precedes words like dozen, gross, score, hundred, and the noun after them precedes words like The, These, Those, My, Our, etc., we use ‘of’ after that numeral noun; e.g.
a) Three dozens of the oranges are rotten.
b) Please keep aside ten thousand of these rupees for me.
6. I will now deal with him in a manner different from the one I have adopted so far.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. Here ‘so far’ is used for time reference. In this use ‘so far’ = up to the present time. In this use it’s used only with the Present Perfect Tense; e.g.
a) So far, they have met with no success.
b) Which one have you enjoyed most so far?
c) So far we have restricted our attention to the local area.
d) There have been 11 deaths from TB so far.
7. I am hoping she will clear her entrance test.
Explanation: Option ‘A’. ‘Hope’ is used for general future wishes based on some reason. We use ‘hope’ for general statements. ‘Hoping’ is used for personal interests and concerns; there is no logical view of the speaker when he says ‘hoping’. When we say ‘hoping’, the idea is currently in progress; that’s why we use it in the continuous form.
a) I hope it snows this January. (It’s a general wish for the future; there is no personal interest of the speaker involved.)
b) I’m hoping this pain is going to disappear soon. (It’s personal interest of the speaker that the pain goes soon.)
Option ‘C’ is incorrect as ‘hopeful’ is used when we have a reason or possibility to believe that something will happen the way we want it to; eg.
a) We really wanted tickets for tomorrow night but it’s not looking very hopeful.
b) His quick recovery from the treatment was a hopeful development.
c) I’m hopeful that we can reach a compromise.
d) I’m not very hopeful about their future.
8. Young men and women should get habituated to reading and writing.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. Though option ‘A’ (used) is also correct; but the given sentence is already correct. Therefore the sentence does not require an improvement.
9. He was rich by sheer accident of birth.
Explanation: Option ‘D’. ‘Accident of birth’ is a phrase which means a quality or property due to the circumstances of one’s birth; e.g.
His wealth is a mere accident of birth because he came from a wealthy family.
10. This is the least expensive of the two cars.
Explanation: Option ‘B’. Here it’s comparison of the prices of two cars, for comparison between two things we use the comparative degree. ‘Least’ is in the superlative degree, means the given sentence is incorrect. ‘Less’ is the comparative degree, hence correct. Here are the degrees of comparison of the adjective ‘Little’: little, less, least.
Option ‘C’ is incorrect as ‘lesser’ is only used before nouns whereas ‘expensive’ is an adjective.
NOTE: We can use ‘the’ before a comparative degree also, but we must also use ‘of the two’ after or before it in this case. We do not use THAN after the + comparative degree; e.g.
a) Ankur is the more intelligent of the two. (not ‘than the two’)
b) She is the more beautiful of the two girls. (not ‘than the two girls’)
c) Of the two bags, this is definitely the better.
INCORRECT: She is the best of the two sisters.
CORRECT: She is the better of the two sisters.
INCORRECT: Of the two bags, this is definitely the best.
CORRECT: Of the two bags, this is definitely the better.
View solution with explanation in Hindi
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