ENGLISHMiscellaneous English Grammar

‘Too – To’ and ‘So – That’

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‘TOO — TO’ is used when the meaning of the sentence is negative. ‘TOO – TO’ construction can be changed into the ‘SO – THAT’ construction. In this construction we use SO with the adjective/adverb and after it we use THAT-CLAUSE. In the THAT-CLAUSE the verb is always negative; e.g.

She is too weak to climb a tree.
= She is so weak that she cannot climb a tree.

He spoke too quickly to be understood.
= He spoke so quickly that it couldn’t be understood.

NOTE-I: If the subject of TO-V1 is different from the first subject it is generally mentioned before TO-V1 or TO-V1 is converted into the passive voice [see sentence (ii) just above].

NOTE-II: For positive contexts we use VERY – TO, not TOO — TO; e.g.

INCORRECT: She is too happy to meet me.
CORRECT: She is very happy to meet me.

NOTE-III: TOO is not normally used before adjective + noun.

INCORRECT: She doesn’t like too short men.
CORRECT: She doesn’t like men who are too short.

INCORRECT: I couldn’t solve the too difficult problem.
CORRECT: I couldn’t solve the problem – it was too difficult.

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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