ENGLISHMiscellaneous English Grammar

TOOL, EQUIPMENT, DEVICE, APPLIANCE, INSTRUMENT, APPARATUS (EXPLAINED IN BOTH HINDI & ENGLISH)

Tool, Equipment, Device, Appliance, Instrument, Apparatus (EXPLAINED IN HINDI)

1. Tool

एक ऐसा उपकरण जिसे कुछ repair करने के लिए हाथों का प्रयोग किया जाता है; जैसे

Chisel Hammer Screwdriver Stapler Clamp
Multimeter Pliers Wire striper Tile cutter Lawn mower
Cable cutter Grinder Pipe cutter Saw

2. Equipment

किसी शौक अथवा किसी कार्य के लिए उद्देश्य विशेष हेतु आवश्यक tools, clothing, आदि का संग्रह; जैसे

office/camping/kitchen equipment; electrical equipment

sports/stereo/laboratory equipment

a) We need some new kitchen equipment.
b) They fix tractors and other farm equipment.
c) The photographer came early to set up his equipment.
d) I’m looking for a hobby that doesn’t require a lot of fancy equipment.
e) When I was a diver my equipment included mask, fins, tanks, regulator, watch, and knife.
f) A computer is the most important piece of equipment you will buy.
g) A good compass is an essential piece of equipment when you are hiking.

3. Device

i) किसी उद्देश्य विशेष के लिए आविष्कृत (invented) की गयी कोई वस्तु अथवा मशीन; जैसे 

a) Rescuers used a special device for finding people trapped in the collapsed
b) Her kitchen is equipped with labor-saving devices.
c) A GPS device can pinpoint your location anywhere in the world.
d) The terrorists said a nuclear device was set to go off sometime tomorrow in America.
e) The listening device was hidden under his collar.
f) We have a device that switches the lights on at a preset time in the evening.
g) b) He opened the communications device and touched two buttons on the flat control panel.
h) A mouse is a device that makes it easier to select different options from computer menus.
i) He invented a device for measuring very small distances exactly.
j) You should not use any personal electronic device, such as a cell phone, while driving.

ii) एक ऐसी मशीन जैसे कि फ़ोन अथवा कंप्यूटर जो इन्टरनेट से जोड़ने के लिए use की जा सकती है; जैसे 

a) You probably have a device, such as a smart phone, that has an Internet connection and a GPS.
b) You can stream music on your tablet or other mobile

4. Appliance

कोई device, मशीन अथवा उपकरण, खासतौर पर बिजली से चलने वाला, जिसका प्रयोग घरों में किया जाता है जैसे कि cooker or washing machine, stove, refrigerator, washing machine, vacuum cleaner; e.g.

a) Don’t ever plugin an electrical appliance with wet hands.
b) Are all of the kitchen appliances included in the price of the house?
c) We stock a wide range of domestic appliances, including fridges, freezers and dishwashers.
d) We recommend that an engineer services your gas appliance annually.
e) Modern appliances such as washing machines, vacuum cleaners and steam irons make housework easier.

5. Instrument

i) Piano, guitar, अथवा drum आदि जैसी वस्तुएं जो संगीत की ध्वनियाँ निकलने हेतु बजाई जाती हैं; जैसे 

a) Which instrument do you play?
b) The trumpet is a musical instrument.
c) Learning a musical instrument trains the mind.

ii) वस्तुएं खासतौर पर वे वाली जो बिना बिजली के काम में लायी जाती हैं, और जिनको किसी खास कार्य करने के लिए प्रयोग में लाया जाता है; जैसे  

a) A doctor’s instruments must be kept absolutely clean.
b) The thermometer is an instrument for measuring temperature.
c) My post-operative abdominal pain was caused by the surgeon leaving a surgical instrument inside me.
d) The man’s injuries had obviously been caused by a blunt instrument.

6. APPARATUS

वे मशीनें, औजार और उपकरण जिनकी किसी कार्य को करने में आवश्यकता होती है, मुख्य तौर पर Technical अथवा scientific कामों के लिए; जैसे

a) Dental apparatus
b) They were setting up the apparatus for the experiment.
c) The divers checked their breathing apparatus.

Tool, Equipment, Device, Appliance, Instrument, Apparatus (EXPLAINED IN ENGLISH)

1. Tool

A piece of  equipment that you use with your hands to make or repair something; e.g.

Chisel Hammer Screwdriver Stapler Clamp
Multimeter Pliers Wire striper Tile cutter Lawn mower
Cable cutter Grinder Pipe cutter Saw

2. Equipment

The set of necessary tools, clothing, etc. for a particular purpose such as a hobby or job; e.g.

office/camping/kitchen equipment; electrical equipment

sports/stereo/laboratory equipment

a) We need some new kitchen equipment.
b) They fix tractors and other farm equipment.
c) The photographer came early to set up his equipment.
d) I’m looking for a hobby that doesn’t require a lot of fancy equipment.
e) When I was a diver my equipment included mask, fins, tanks, regulator, watch, and knife.
f) A computer is the most important piece of equipment you will buy.
g) A good compass is an essential piece of equipment when you are hiking.

3. Device

i) An object or machine that has been invented for a particular purpose; e.g.

a) Rescuers used a special device for finding people trapped in the collapsed
b) Her kitchen is equipped with labor-saving devices.
c) A GPS device can pinpoint your location anywhere in the world.
d) The terrorists said a nuclear device was set to go off sometime tomorrow in America.
e) The listening device was hidden under his collar.
f) We have a device that switches the lights on at a preset time in the evening.
g) b) He opened the communications device and touched two buttons on the flat control panel.
h) A mouse is a device that makes it easier to select different options from computer menus.
i) He invented a device for measuring very small distances exactly.
j) You should not use any personal electronic device, such as a cell phone, while driving.

ii) A machine, for example a phone or computer, that can be used to connect to the internet; e.g.

a) You probably have a device, such as a smart phone, that has an Internet connection and a GPS.
b) You can stream music on your tablet or other mobile

4. Appliance

A device, machine, or piece of equipment, especially an electrical one that is used in the house, such as a cooker or washing machine, stove, refrigerator, washing machine, vacuum cleaner; e.g.

a) Don’t ever plugin an electrical appliance with wet hands.
b) Are all of the kitchen appliances included in the price of the house?
c) We stock a wide range of domestic appliances, including fridges, freezers and dishwashers.
d) We recommend that an engineer services your gas appliance annually.
e) Modern appliances such as washing machines, vacuum cleaners and steam irons make housework easier.

5. Instrument

i) An object, such as a piano, guitar, or drum, that is played to produce musical  sounds; e.g.

a) Which instrument do you play?
b) The trumpet is a musical instrument.
c) Learning a musical instrument trains the mind.

ii) Tool or other device, especially one without electrical power, used for performing  a particular piece of work; e.g.

a) A doctor’s instruments must be kept absolutely clean.
b) The thermometer is an instrument for measuring temperature.
c) My post-operative abdominal pain was caused by the surgeon leaving a surgical instrument inside me.
d) The man’s injuries had obviously been caused by a blunt instrument.

6. APPARATUS

The machines, tools, and equipment needed for doing something, especially something technical or scientific. It’s almost the same as equipment, but we use this term more formally; e.g.

a) Dental apparatus
b) They were setting up the apparatus for the experiment.
c) The divers checked their breathing apparatus.

Previous post

ERROR FINDING - PRACTICE SET-7 - SOLVED (ENGLISH & HINDI)

Next post

Person, persons, people, Peoples (EXPLAINED IN BOTH HINDI & ENGLISH)

Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

No Comment

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *