SSC EXAMS: TYPES OF DISABILITIES
TYPES OF DISABILITIES
1. A) Blindness: Blindness refers to a condition where a person suffers from any of the following conditions:
i) total absence of sight; or
ii) visual acuity not exceeding 6/60 or 20/200 (snellen) in the better eye with correcting lenses; or
iii) limitation of the field of vision subtending an angle of 20 degree or worse.
B) Low vision: ‘Person with low vision’ means a person with impairment of visual functioning even after treatment or standard refractive correction but who uses or is potentially capable of using vision for the planning or execution of a task with appropriate assistive device.
2. Hearing Impairment: ‘Hearing Impairment’ means loss of sixty decibels or more in the better ear in the conversational range of frequencies.
3. A) Locomotor disability: ‘Locomotor disability’ means disability of the bones, joints or muscles leading to substantial restriction of the movement of the limbs or any form of cerebral palsy.
B) Cerebral Palsy: ‘Cerebral Palsy’ means a group of non-progressive conditions of a person characterised by abnormal motor control posture resulting from brain insult or injuries occurring in the pre-natal, peri-natal or infant period of development.
C) All the cases of orthopaedically handicapped persons would be covered under the category of ‘locomotor disability or cerebral palsy’.