ENGLISHMiscellaneous English

USAGE OF (HAVE + OBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (V3)

USAGE OF (HAVE + OBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (V3)

1. Have + Object + Infinitive (V1)  

OR

Have + Object + -ING form

When we instruct somebody to do something we use the pattern ‘Have + Object ‘Infinitive without TO. We use this construction for a completed event. For an event in progress we use the ‘-ING FORM’; e.g.

COMPARE

1. We had a strange woman come to the door selling pictures. (Completed event)
2. We had a man singing to us as we sat in the restaurant having our meal. (Event in progress in the past)

Some examples of use of HAVE + OBJECT + INFINITIVE (without TO)

a) He had Ritu make us all some tea.

b) The teacher had me stay after class to discuss my essay. ( =The teacher made me stay after class to discuss my essay.)

c) I’ll have Aman book you a ticket for Mumbai. (=I will instruct Aman to book a ticket for Mumbai for you.)

d) I’ll have her type the document immediately. (=I’ll ask/tell her to type the document right away.)

e) I’ve never had my car break down on the motorway.

f) We have never had customers complain about the quality of our products. ( =It never happened to us. Our customers have never complained about the quality of our products. )

g) She has never had people misbehave with her.

Some examples of use of HAVE + OBJECT + -ING FORM 

a) He had them all dancing. ( =He taught/persuaded them all to dance.)

b) I’ll have you driving in three days. ( =As a result of my efforts, you will be driving in three days.)

c) I have them all talking to each other. ( =I encourage/persuade them all to talk to each other.)

d) If you give all-night parties you’ll have the neighbours complaining. ( =The neighbours will complain/will be complaining.)

e) If film-stars put their numbers in telephone books they’d have everyone ringing them up. (Everyone would ring/would be ringing them up.)

f) I just had them doing stretch routines, and after, they got really good at it.

g) Her performance was simply superb. She had us literally crying with joy. (= We were laughing.)

NOTE: Sometimes the INFINITIVE and the –ING FORM can be used with little or no difference in meaning; e.g.

a) He had me wash his car. =He had me washing his car.
b) The teacher had the boy recite the poem. =The teacher had the boy reciting the poem.

2. Have + Object + Past Participle (V3)

We also use HAVE + OBJECT+ V3 form when we talk about someone doing something for us which we ask or instruct them to do. But with the past participle (v3), note that it always has a passive meaning; e.g.

a) We’re having the house painted next week. (Means, we are not going to paint the house ourselves, someone else will paint it. )

b) I’m going to have my car repaired next week. ( =It’s going to be repaired next week.)

c) Have you ever had your wallet stolen? ( =Have it ever been stolen?)

d) I had to have my car washed as it had gone too dirty.

e) I think you should have the curtains dry-cleaned. Don’t try to wash them yourself.

f) I can’t ask you to dinner this week as I am having my house painted at the moment.

COMPARE

1. He had his hair cut. (means that he employed someone to do it)
2. He had cut his hair. (means that he cut it himself) (past perfect tense).

NOTE-I: When we use HAVE in this way the negative and interrogative of its present and past tenses are formed with DO; e.g.

INCORRECT: Have you your windows cleaned every month? ~ I don’t have them cleaned; I clean them myself.
CORRECT: Do you have your windows cleaned every month? ~ I don’t have them cleaned; I clean them myself.

INCORRECT: I had not my car painted.
CORRECT: I did not have my car painted.

NOTE-II: GET can be used in the same way as HAVE above but it’s use is informal, and hence incorrect in standard English.

NOTE-III: We can also use HAVE + OBJECT + V3 form when the subject does not cause an action to happen, but at times we use this construction when something bad happens to the subject; e.g.

a)They’ve had their car stolen. ( =They are affected by the action of the car being stolen but they did not cause this to happen.)

b) Hundreds of people had their homes destroyed by the flood. ( =Hundreds of people were affected by the flood which they did not cause.)

c) He had his fruit stolen before he had a chance to pick it.

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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