ENGLISHMiscellaneous English Grammar

USAGE OF (HAVE + OBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (V3) — Explained in Hindi & English

Usage of (Have + Object + Past Participle (V3) — Explained in Hindi

1. ‘Have + Object + Bare infinitive (V1 without TO)’ और ‘Have + Object + ing-form’ का प्रयोग कब कब होता है?

संरचना ‘Have + Object + Bare infinitive (V1 without TO)’ का प्रयोग तब किया जाता है जब एक व्यक्ति कोई कार्य किसी अन्य व्यक्ति से करवाता है. हम इस संरचना का प्रयोग तब करते हैं जब हमने किसी को जिस कार्य पर लगाया था उसने वह कार्य हमारे सामने ही समाप्त कर दिया हो (completed event). परन्तु जब हमने किसी को जिस कार्य पर लगाया था वह कार्य समाप्त नहीं हुआ हो और चल ही रहा हो तो हम संरचना ‘Have + Object + ing-form’ का प्रयोग किया जाता है; जैसे

Compare:

i) We had a strange woman come to the door selling pictures. (अर्थात वह औरत जब हमने pictures खरीदने के लिए बुलाई तो वह हमें pictures बेच कर चली गयी थी. अतः ये completed event हुई.)
ii) We had a man singing to us as we sat in the restaurant having our meal. (अर्थात जब हमने किसी आदमी को singing के लिए बुलाया था वह पूरे समय तक गाने गाता रहा जब हम खाना खा रहे थे.)

‘Have + Object + Bare infinitive (V1 without TO)’ के use के कुछ उदाहरण

a) He had Ritu make us all some tea.

b) The teacher had me stay after class to discuss my essay. ( =The teacher made me stay after class to discuss my essay.)

c) I’ll have Aman book you a ticket for Mumbai. (=I will instruct Aman to book a ticket for Mumbai for you.)

d) I’ll have her type the document immediately. (=I’ll ask/tell her to type the document right away.)

e) I’ve never had my car break down on the motorway.

f) We have never had customers complain about the quality of our products. ( =It never happened to us. Our customers have never complained about the quality of our products. )

g) She has never had people misbehave with her.

‘Have + Object + ing-form’ के use के कुछ उदाहरण

a) He had them all dancing. ( =He taught/persuaded them all to dance.)

b) I’ll have you driving in three days. ( =As a result of my efforts, you will be driving in three days.)

c) I have them all talking to each other. ( =I encourage/persuade them all to talk to each other.)

d) If you give all-night parties you’ll have the neighbours complaining. ( =The neighbours will complain/will be complaining.)

e) If film-stars put their numbers in telephone books they’d have everyone ringing them up. (Everyone would ring/would be ringing them up.)

f) I just had them doing stretch routines, and after, they got really good at it.

g) Her performance was simply superb. She had us literally crying with joy. (= We were laughing.)

Compare:

i) Piyush had his hair cut. (अर्थात पियूष अपने बाल किसी और से कटवाए — यहां ‘had’ main verb है.)
ii) Piyush had cut his hair. (अर्थात पियूष ने अपने बाल खुद काटे — यहाँ ‘had’ helping verb है.)

NOTE: कभी-कभी इन दोनों के use में कोई ख़ास अंतर नहीं होता; जैसे

i) He had me wash his car. =He had me washing his car.
ii) The teacher had the boy recite the poem. =The teacher had the boy reciting the poem.

2. Have + Object + Past Participle (V3)

जब एक व्यक्ति कोई कार्य किसी अन्य व्यक्ति से करवाता है तो संरचना ‘Have + Object + V3’ का प्रयोग भी किया जाता है, लेकिन जब इस संरचना का प्रयोग किया जाता है तो अर्थ हमेशा passive ही होता है; अर्थात वाक्य का subject action में नहीं होता; जैसे

a) We’re having the house painted next week. (अर्थात घर को पेंट करने का काम हम खुद नहीं कर रहे, बल्कि ये काम हमारे द्वारा किसी और से करवाया जा रहा है.)

b) I’m going to have my car repaired next week. ( =It’s going to be repaired next week.)

c) Have you ever had your wallet stolen? ( =Have it ever been stolen?)

d) I had to have my car washed as it had gone too dirty.

e) I think you should have the curtains dry-cleaned. Don’t try to wash them yourself.

f) I can’t ask you to dinner this week as I am having my house painted at the moment.

NOTE-I: हम verb ‘Have’ का use जब इस तरह से करते हैं तो verb ‘have’ के Present Simple Tense और Past Simple Tense के  negative और interrogative वाक्य हम helping verb ‘do/does/did’ का use करके बनाते हैं; जैसे

INCORRECT: Have you your windows cleaned every month? ~ I ‘haven’t them cleaned; I clean them myself.
CORRECT: Do you have your windows cleaned every month? ~ I don’t have them cleaned; I clean them myself.

INCORRECT: I had not my car painted.
CORRECT: I did not have my car painted.

NOTE-II: हम verb ‘Have’ का use जब इस तरह से करते हैं तो कभी-कभी इसके स्थान पर verb ‘get’ का use कर देते हैं; परन्तु ऐसा सिर्फ बोलचाल की भाषा में ही किया जाता है; standard English में ये अशुद्ध होता है; जैसे

INCORRECT: He got Ritu make us all some tea.
CORRECT: He had Ritu make us all some tea.

NOTE-III: जब हम संरचना ‘have + object + V3’ का use करते हैं तो हमेशा ये बताने के लिए नहीं करते subject में दिए गये व्यक्ति ने ही किसी से कुछ करवाया है, बल्कि कभी-कभी इसलिए भी करते हैं जब कोई कार्य किसी और कारण से होता है; और उस कार्य का प्रभाव subject को ही झेलना पड़ता है; जैसे

i)They’ve had their car stolen.

इस वाक्य का हिंदी में अनुवाद:

अशुद्ध: उन्होंने अपनी कार की चोरी करवा ली है.
शुद्ध: उनकी कार चोरी हो गयी है.

ii) Hundreds of people had their homes destroyed by the flood.

इस वाक्य का हिंदी में अनुवाद:

अशुद्ध: सैकड़ों लोगो ने बाढ़ से अपने घरों को नष्ट करवा लिया था.
शुद्ध: सैकड़ों लोगो के घर बाढ़ से नष्ट हो गये थे.

iii) He had his fruit stolen before he had a chance to pick it.

इस वाक्य का हिंदी में अनुवाद:

अशुद्ध: बटोरने से पहले ही उसने अपने फलों को चोरी करवा दिया था .
शुद्ध: बटोरने से पहले ही उसके फल चोरी हो गये थे.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

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Usage of (Have + Object + Past Participle (V3) — Explained in English

1. Use of ‘Have + Object + Bare infinitive (V1 without TO)’ & ‘Have + Object + ing-form’

When we instruct somebody to do something we use the pattern ‘Have + Object + Bare infinitive (V1 without TO)’. We use this construction for a completed event. For an event in progress we use the ‘gerund (ing-form)’; e.g.

Compare:

i) We had a strange woman come to the door selling pictures. (Completed event)
ii) We had a man singing to us as we sat in the restaurant having our meal. (Event in progress in the past)

Some examples of use of ‘Have + Object + Bare infinitive (V1 without TO)’

a) He had Ritu make us all some tea.

b) The teacher had me stay after class to discuss my essay. ( =The teacher made me stay after class to discuss my essay.)

c) I’ll have Aman book you a ticket for Mumbai. (=I will instruct Aman to book a ticket for Mumbai for you.)

d) I’ll have her type the document immediately. (=I’ll ask/tell her to type the document right away.)

e) I’ve never had my car break down on the motorway.

f) We have never had customers complain about the quality of our products. ( =It never happened to us. Our customers have never complained about the quality of our products. )

g) She has never had people misbehave with her.

Some examples of use of ‘Have + Object + ing-form’

a) He had them all dancing. ( =He taught/persuaded them all to dance.)

b) I’ll have you driving in three days. ( =As a result of my efforts, you will be driving in three days.)

c) I have them all talking to each other. ( =I encourage/persuade them all to talk to each other.)

d) If you give all-night parties you’ll have the neighbours complaining. ( =The neighbours will complain/will be complaining.)

e) If film-stars put their numbers in telephone books they’d have everyone ringing them up. (Everyone would ring/would be ringing them up.)

f) I just had them doing stretch routines, and after, they got really good at it.

g) Her performance was simply superb. She had us literally crying with joy. (= We were laughing.)

NOTE: Sometimes the ‘infinitive’ and the ‘ing-form’ can be used with little or no difference in meaning; e.g.

i) He had me wash his car. =He had me washing his car.
ii) The teacher had the boy recite the poem. =The teacher had the boy reciting the poem.

2. Have + Object + Past Participle (V3)

We also use ‘Have + Object + V3’ form when we talk about someone doing something for us which we ask or instruct them to do. But with the past participle (v3), note that it always has a passive meaning; e.g.

a) We’re having the house painted next week. (Means, we are not going to paint the house ourselves, someone else will paint it. )

b) I’m going to have my car repaired next week. ( =It’s going to be repaired next week.)

c) Have you ever had your wallet stolen? ( =Have it ever been stolen?)

d) I had to have my car washed as it had gone too dirty.

e) I think you should have the curtains dry-cleaned. Don’t try to wash them yourself.

f) I can’t ask you to dinner this week as I am having my house painted at the moment.

Compare:

i) He had his hair cut. (means that he employed someone to do it)
ii) He had cut his hair. (means that he cut it himself) (past perfect tense).

NOTE-I: When we use ‘have’ in this way the negative and interrogative of its present and past tenses are formed with ‘do’; e.g.

INCORRECT: Have you your windows cleaned every month? ~ I don’t have them cleaned; I clean them myself.
CORRECT: Do you have your windows cleaned every month? ~ I don’t have them cleaned; I clean them myself.

INCORRECT: I had not my car painted.
CORRECT: I did not have my car painted.

NOTE-II: ‘Get’ can be used in the same way as ‘have’ above but it’s use is informal, and hence incorrect in standard English.

NOTE-III: We can also use ‘have + object + V3’ form when the subject does not cause an action to happen, but at times we use this construction when something bad happens to the subject; e.g.

i)They’ve had their car stolen. ( =They are affected by the action of the car being stolen but they did not cause this to happen.)

ii) Hundreds of people had their homes destroyed by the flood. ( =Hundreds of people were affected by the flood which they did not cause.)

iii) He had his fruit stolen before he had a chance to pick it.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY
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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

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