ENGLISHPairs of Words

Wait & Await (Explained in Hindi & English)

Verb ‘wait’ और ‘await’ के प्रयोग में अंतर (Explained in Hindi)

1. Await

Await = कुछ ऐसा होने का इंतज़ार करना जिसके होने की अपेक्षा हमें पहले से ही हो. यह एक सकर्मक (transitive) verb होती है; अतः इसका कोई न कोई object होना आवश्यक होता है; जैसे

i) I am awaiting your reply.
ii) She is awaiting a letter from her mother.
iii) They are awaiting the birth of their first baby.
iv) The bill is awaiting the approval of the government.

INCORRECT: We await for your reply and apologize for any inconvenience.
CORRECT: We await your reply and apologize for any inconvenience.

NOTE: Verb ‘await’ का object एक वस्तु (thing) ही होता है; व्यक्ति नहीं; जैसे

INCORRECT: I am awaiting you.
CORRECT: I am awaiting your response.

2. Wait = Verb ‘wait’ का अर्थ भी वही होता है जो अर्थ verb ‘await’ का होता है; अर्थात कुछ ऐसा होने का इंतज़ार करना जिसके होने की अपेक्षा हमें पहले से ही हो. परन्तु verb ‘wait’ एक अकर्मक (intransitive) verb होती है; अतः इसका कोई object नहीं होता. यदि इस verb के बाद कोई object (व्यक्ति अथवा वस्तु) दे भी रखा हो तो उस object के पहले preposition ‘for’ का use आवश्यक होता है; जैसे

i) We are all waiting for you. (not We are waiting you.)
ii) I have been waiting for a bus for two hours.
iii) We are waiting for his call. OR We are awaiting his call.

NOTE-I:  परन्तु जब verb ‘wait’ के बाद दिया गया object यदि कोई किसी time को बताने वाला शब्द हो तो उसके पहले preposition ‘for’ का use किया भी जा सकता है और नहीं भी; अर्थात दोनों ही शुद्ध होते हैं; जैसे

i) Put a tea bag into the cup, then add water and wait a minute or two before taking it out.
= Put a tea bag into the cup, then add water and wait for a minute or two before taking it out.

ii) I phoned the head office but I had to wait five minutes before I spoke to anyone.
= I phoned the head office but I had to wait for five minutes before I spoke to anyone.

iii) We waited hours to get the tickets.
= We waited for hours to get the tickets.

iv) Can you wait five minutes?
= Can you wait for five minutes?

v) We’ve been waiting ages.
= We’ve been waiting for ages.

NOTE-II:  Verb ‘wait’ के साथ infinitive (to + V1) का use भी किया जा सकता है; जैसे

i) The passengers were waiting to catch the bus.
ii) I am waiting to hear from him.

NOTE-III: Verb ‘wait’ का use अकेले में भी किया जा सकता है; परन्तु verb ‘await’ का नहीं; जैसे

INCORRECT: I’ll await until he arrives.
CORRECT: I’ll wait until he arrives.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

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For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

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Difference of the verb ‘wait’ and ‘await’ (Explained in English)

1. Await

Await = to wait for something that you expect to happen

‘Await’ is a transitive verb, so it must have an object; e.g.

i) I am awaiting your reply.
ii) She is awaiting a letter from her mother.
iii) They are awaiting the birth of their first baby.
iv) The bill is awaiting the approval of the government.

INCORRECT: We await for your reply and apologize for any inconvenience.
CORRECT: We await your reply and apologize for any inconvenience.

NOTE: The object of the verb ‘await’ is always a thing, not a person; e.g.

INCORRECT: I am awaiting you.
CORRECT: I am awaiting your response.

2. Wait

Wait = to stay in one place because you expect that something will happen

Verb ‘wait’ does not require an object. If it’s a person or thing after the verb ‘wait’ we use ‘wait for’; e.g.

i) We are all waiting for you. (not We are waiting you.)
ii) I have been waiting for a bus for two hours.
iii) We are waiting for his call. OR We are awaiting his call.

NOTE-I:  With ‘wait + time’ we can use it with or without ‘for’; e.g.

i) Put a tea bag into the cup, then add water and wait a minute or two before taking it out.
= Put a tea bag into the cup, then add water and wait for a minute or two before taking it out.

ii) I phoned the head office but I had to wait five minutes before I spoke to anyone.
= I phoned the head office but I had to wait for five minutes before I spoke to anyone.

iii) We waited hours to get the tickets.
= We waited for hours to get the tickets.

iv) Can you wait five minutes?
= Can you wait for five minutes?

v) We’ve been waiting ages.
= We’ve been waiting for ages.

NOTE-II:  Verb ‘wait’ can also be followed by an infinitive; e.g.

i) The passengers were waiting to catch the bus.
ii) I am waiting to hear from him.

NOTE-III: We can use the verb ‘wait’ on its own, but can’t use ‘await’ like this; e.g.

INCORRECT: I’ll await until he arrives.
CORRECT: I’ll wait until he arrives.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY
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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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