ENGLISHMiscellaneous English Grammar

Use of ‘used to’ (Explained in Hindi & English)

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‘Used to’ का प्रयोग कैसे किया जाता है (Explained in Hindi)

‘Used’ को निम्नलिखित दो तरह से use किया जा सकता है:

A) Subject + Used to
B) Subject + Be/Become/Get + Used to

1. Subject + Used to
‘Subject + Used to’ का use ऐसी habits को अभिव्यक्त करने के लिया जाता है जिन habits को अब  छोड़ा जा चुका है; जैसे

a) I used to take singing classes. (अर्थात अब मैं singing classes नहीं लेता.)
b) I used not to take singing classes. (अर्थात अब मैं singing classes लेता हूँ.)
c) Used I to take singing classes?

NOTE-I: ‘Used to’ का use जब किया जाता है तो negative अथवा interrogative वाक्यों में helping verb ‘do’ का use नहीं किया जाता. ऐसा सिर्फ बोलचाल में होता है; standard English में ये अशुद्ध है; जैसे

INCORRECT: I didn’t use to take singing classes.
CORRECT: I usedn’t to take singing classes.

INCORRECT: Did I use to take singing classes?
CORRECT: Used I to take singing classes?

NOTE-II: ध्यान रहे कि ‘used to’ की कोई present form नहीं होती. इसलिए present habits अथवा present routines को अभिव्यक्त करने के लिए Present Simple Tense का use किया जाता है (‘used to’ का नहीं.); जैसे

INCORRECT: I use to go for a walk daily.
CORRECT: I go for a walk daily.

2. Subject + Be/Become/Get + Used to
इस structure में ‘used’ adjective होता है और ‘to’ preposition होता है. इस structure में क्योंकि ‘to’ एक preposition होता है इसलिए इसके साथ एक noun अथवा gerund (ing form) का use होता है. ध्यान रहे कि gerund भी एक noun ही होती है. यहाँ  adjective ‘used’ का अर्थ है ‘किसी बात का आदि होना (accustomed)’. दूसरे शब्दों में ये कहा जा सकता है कि ये structure तब use किया जाता है जब कोई किसी बात का अभ्यस्त हो चुका होता है; अर्थात वो स्थिति उसके लिए कोई नई या विचित्र नहीं है; जैसे

a-i) I am used to noise. (= मैं शोर से अभ्यस्त हूँ.  यहाँ ‘noise’ एक noun है.)
ii) I am used to working in a noisy room. (अर्थात मैं noisy room में कार्य कर चुका हूँ; अतः मुझे अब इस बात से कोई परेशानी नहीं होती.)

b-i) I’ve gotten used to smart phones.
ii) I’ve gotten used to using smart phones.

c) I got used to driving on the right when I was in America.

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Use of ‘used to’ (Explained in English)

‘Used’ can be used in the following two ways:

A) Subject + Used to
B) Subject + Be/Become/Get + Used to

1. Subject + Used to
to express a discontinued habit; e.g.

a) I used to take singing classes. (means I do not take them now.)
b) I used not to take singing classes. (means I take singing classes now)
c) Used I to take singing classes?

NOTE-I: We cannot make negative or interrogative using ‘do’ with ‘used to’. This use of ‘do’ is limited to conversation only; e.g.

INCORRECT: I didn’t use to take singing classes.
CORRECT: I usedn’t to take singing classes.

INCORRECT: Did I use to take singing classes?
CORRECT: Used I to take singing classes?

NOTE-II: Remember that ‘used to’ has no present form. So for present habits or routines we must use the Simple Present Tense (not ‘used to’); e.g.

INCORRECT: I use to go for a walk daily.
CORRECT: I go for a walk daily.

2. Subject + Be/Become/Get + Used to
In this structure ‘used’ is an adjective and ‘to’ is a preposition, and followed by a noun/gerund (ing form); remember that the gerund is also a noun. Here ‘used’ means ‘accustomed’. In other words you can say it’s used to talk about something that you are familiar with so that it doesn’t seems new or strange to you; e.g.

a-i) I am used to noise. (Here ‘noise’ is a noun).
ii) I am used to working in a noisy room. (Means I have worked in a noisy room, so the noise doesn’t bother me; I don’t mind it.)

b-i) I’ve gotten used to smart phones.
ii) I’ve gotten used to using smart phones. (Means after I have used them for a while I’ve found them quite easy to use.)

c) I got used to driving on the right when I was in America.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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