ENGLISHMiscellaneous English Grammar

Would & Used to (Explained in Hindi & English)

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‘Would’ और ‘Used to’ के प्रयोग में समानता व अंतर (Explained in Hindi)

‘Would’ और ‘used to’ का use एक समान अर्थों में ही होता है; फर्क सिर्फ ये है कि ‘used to’ का use ‘भूतकाल की अवस्थाओं’ के लिए और ‘भूतकाल की आदतों’ दोनों के लिए किया जाता है; जबकि ‘would’ का use सिर्फ ‘भूतकाल की आदतों’ के लिए ही किया जाता है.

भूतकाल की आदतें (Past habits)
(भूतकाल की वे आदतें जो अब नहीं रहीं)

1. I used to go swimming every Thursday when I was at school.
= I would go swimming every Thursday when I was at school.

2. She used to smoke but she gave up a few years ago.
= She would smoke but she gave up a few years ago.

3. When I was younger, I used to paint for 2 hours every day.
= When I was younger, I would paint for 2 hours every day.

4. Every Sunday I used to go to church.
= Every Sunday I would go to church.

INCORRECT: When I was younger, I would be a painter.
CORRECT: When I was younger, I used to be a painter.

[इस वाक्य में मेरा एक painter होना कोई आदत नहीं है, बल्कि ये एक अवस्था है; अतः इस वाक्य में ‘would’ का use असुध होगा.]

भूतकाल की अवस्थाएं (Past states)
[भूतकाल की वे अवस्थाएं जो अब नहीं हैं.]

INCORRECT: We would live in Mumbai when I was a kid.
CORRECT: We used to live in Mumbai when I was a kid.

INCORRECT: There would not be market there. When did it open?
CORRECT: There didn’t use to be a market there. When did it open?

INCORRECT: Would you have a garden?
CORRECT: Did you use to have a garden?

NOTE: ‘Would’ के use से तात्पर्य उन घटनाओं से है जो भूतकाल में कई बार होती थीं. इस विचार को प्रकट करने के लिए Past Simple Tense का use भी किया जा सकता है; जैसे

Paintings would often be commissioned by the wealthy, and they would be hung in the home.
= Paintings were often commissioned by the wealthy, and they were hung in the home.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

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For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

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‘Would’ Vs ‘Used to’ (Explained in English)

Both ‘would’  and ‘used to’ have a very similar meaning. The only difference is that ‘used to’ is used for ‘past states’ as well as ‘past habits’ whereas ‘would’ is only used for ‘past habits’. ‘Would’ is not used for past states; e.g.

Past habits
(past habits that don’t happen anymore)

1. I used to go swimming every Thursday when I was at school.
= I would go swimming every Thursday when I was at school.

2. She used to smoke but she gave up a few years ago.
= She would smoke but she gave up a few years ago.

3. When I was younger, I used to paint for 2 hours every day.
= When I was younger, I would paint for 2 hours every day.

4. Every Sunday I used to go to church.
= Every Sunday I would go to church.

INCORRECT: When I was younger, I would be a painter.
CORRECT: When I was younger, I used to be a painter.

[It’s a past state, so you can’t use ‘would’ here.]

Past states
[Past states that are not true any more]

1. INCORRECT: We would live in Mumbai when I was a kid.
CORRECT: We used to live in Mumbai when I was a kid.

2. INCORRECT: There would not be market there. When did it open?
CORRECT: There didn’t use to be a market there. When did it open?

3. INCORRECT: Would you have a garden?
CORRECT: Did you use to have a garden?

NOTE: Use of ‘would’ means that things happened many times in the past. This idea can also be expressed by using the Past Simple Tense; e.g.

Paintings would often be commissioned by the wealthy, and they would be hung in the home.
= Paintings were commissioned by the wealthy, and they were hung in the home.

For more chapters/topics on English Grammar read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

For English Practice Sets on various topics read the following book authored by me.

Link for buying the above book

CLICK HERE TO BUY

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Maha Gupta

Maha Gupta

Founder of www.examscomp.com and guiding aspirants on SSC exam affairs since 2010 when objective pattern of exams was introduced first in SSC. Also the author of the following books:

1. Maha English Grammar (for Competitive Exams)
2. Maha English Practice Sets (for Competitive Exams)

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